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Transphyseal screw placement with and without hemicircumferential periosteal transection and elevation for correction of severe bilateral carpal varus deformities in an alpaca cria

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  • 1 From the School of Veterinary Medicine, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland.

Abstract

CASE DESCRIPTION

A 2.5-month-old 17.5-kg female alpaca cria was presented for evaluation and treatment of severe bilateral carpal varus deformities.

CLINICAL FINDINGS

No lameness was evident at a walk, and neither carpal varus deformity could be corrected by means of manipulation. Radiography revealed severe varus of the left (27°) and right (21°) carpal regions. No additional conformational abnormalities were detected.

TREATMENT AND OUTCOME

A single 2.7-mm transphyseal cortical screw was placed in the distolateral aspect of the radius in each limb. On reexamination 8 weeks after screw placement, the left carpal varus deformity had corrected from 27° to 2.6°, and the left transphyseal screw was removed. The right carpal varus deformity had improved but was still present (18°), and hemicircumferential periosteal transection and elevation was performed on the mediodistal aspect of the right radius. Five weeks after the second surgery, the right carpal varus deformity had corrected to 2.4°, and the right transphyseal screw was removed. Six months after the second screw removal, both thoracic limbs remained straight, the cria had a normal gait, and the owner was happy with the cosmetic result.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE

Placement of a single transphyseal cortical screw with or without the addition of hemicircumferential periosteal transection and elevation can provide a favorable outcome in skeletally immature alpacas with severe carpal varus deformities.

Abstract

CASE DESCRIPTION

A 2.5-month-old 17.5-kg female alpaca cria was presented for evaluation and treatment of severe bilateral carpal varus deformities.

CLINICAL FINDINGS

No lameness was evident at a walk, and neither carpal varus deformity could be corrected by means of manipulation. Radiography revealed severe varus of the left (27°) and right (21°) carpal regions. No additional conformational abnormalities were detected.

TREATMENT AND OUTCOME

A single 2.7-mm transphyseal cortical screw was placed in the distolateral aspect of the radius in each limb. On reexamination 8 weeks after screw placement, the left carpal varus deformity had corrected from 27° to 2.6°, and the left transphyseal screw was removed. The right carpal varus deformity had improved but was still present (18°), and hemicircumferential periosteal transection and elevation was performed on the mediodistal aspect of the right radius. Five weeks after the second surgery, the right carpal varus deformity had corrected to 2.4°, and the right transphyseal screw was removed. Six months after the second screw removal, both thoracic limbs remained straight, the cria had a normal gait, and the owner was happy with the cosmetic result.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE

Placement of a single transphyseal cortical screw with or without the addition of hemicircumferential periosteal transection and elevation can provide a favorable outcome in skeletally immature alpacas with severe carpal varus deformities.

Contributor Notes

Address correspondence to Dr. McQuillan (siobhan.mc-quillan.1@ucdconnect.ie).