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Double-cut center of rotation of angulation–based leveling osteotomy for treatment of cranial cruciate ligament deficiency and excessive tibial plateau angle secondary to growth anomaly in two dogs

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  • 1 From Centre Hospitalier Vétérinaire St Martin, 74370 Fillière, France.

Abstract

CASE DESCRIPTION

A 4-year-old female Staffordshire Bull Terrier (dog 1) and a 6-year-old male Yorkshire Terrier (dog 2) were evaluated because of left pelvic limb lameness.

CLINICAL FINDINGS

Both dogs had a partial rupture of the left cranial cruciate ligament associated with a unilateral excessive tibial plateau angle (51° in dog 1 and 41° in dog 2) secondary to a growth anomaly.

TREATMENT AND OUTCOME

Both dogs underwent a double-cut center of rotation of angulation–based leveling osteotomy combining rotation of the proximal fragment with a cranial closing wedge ostectomy. The procedure allowed leveling of the tibial plateau to a final angle of 11° in one dog and 10° in the other without perioperative complications. Both dogs had excellent functional outcomes ≤ 4 months after the surgery. No postoperative complications were reported during follow-up (12 months and 9 months for dogs 1 and 2, respectively).

CLINICAL RELEVANCE

Results for these dogs suggested that double-cut center of rotation of angulation–based leveling osteotomy can be considered as a viable treatment option for cranial cruciate ligament deficiency associated with excessive tibial plateau angle.

Abstract

CASE DESCRIPTION

A 4-year-old female Staffordshire Bull Terrier (dog 1) and a 6-year-old male Yorkshire Terrier (dog 2) were evaluated because of left pelvic limb lameness.

CLINICAL FINDINGS

Both dogs had a partial rupture of the left cranial cruciate ligament associated with a unilateral excessive tibial plateau angle (51° in dog 1 and 41° in dog 2) secondary to a growth anomaly.

TREATMENT AND OUTCOME

Both dogs underwent a double-cut center of rotation of angulation–based leveling osteotomy combining rotation of the proximal fragment with a cranial closing wedge ostectomy. The procedure allowed leveling of the tibial plateau to a final angle of 11° in one dog and 10° in the other without perioperative complications. Both dogs had excellent functional outcomes ≤ 4 months after the surgery. No postoperative complications were reported during follow-up (12 months and 9 months for dogs 1 and 2, respectively).

CLINICAL RELEVANCE

Results for these dogs suggested that double-cut center of rotation of angulation–based leveling osteotomy can be considered as a viable treatment option for cranial cruciate ligament deficiency associated with excessive tibial plateau angle.

Contributor Notes

Address correspondence to Dr. Dumartinet (caroline.dumartinet@gmail.com).