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A review of medically unnecessary surgeries in dogs and cats

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  • 1 Animal Welfare Program, Faculty of Land and Food Systems, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z6, Canada.
  • | 2 Animal Welfare Program, Faculty of Land and Food Systems, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z6, Canada.
  • | 3 Department of Population Medicine, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada.

Contributor Notes

Address correspondence to Dr. Niel (lee.niel@uoguelph.ca).