• 1. Neilson JC. House soiling by cats. In: Horwitz DF, Mills DS, eds. BSAVA manual of canine and feline behavioural medicine. 2nd ed. Gloucester, England: British Small Animal Veterinary Association, 2009; 117126.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 2. Landsberg G, Hunthausen W, Ackerman L. Feline housesoiling. In: Handbook of behavior problems of the dog and cat. Edinburgh: Saunders, 2003; 365384.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 3. MacDonald DW, Apps PJ, Carr GM, et al. Social dynamics, nursing coalitions and infanticide among farm cats, Felis catus. Ethology 1987;(suppl 28):164.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 4. Beaver B. Feline communicative behavior. In: Feline behavior: a guide for veterinarians. St Louis: Saunders, 2003; 101126.

  • 5. Buffington CA, Chew DJ, Kendall MS, et al. Clinical evaluation of cats with nonobstructive urinary tract diseases. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1997; 210: 4650.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6. Sung W, Crowell-Davis SL. Elimination behavior patterns of domestic cats (Felis catus) with and without elimination behavior problems. Am J Vet Res 2006; 67: 15001504.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 7. Horwitz DF. Behavioral and environmental factors associated with elimination behavior problems in cats: a retrospective study. Appl Anim Behav Sci 1997; 52: 129137.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8. Crowell-Davis SL, Barry K, Wolfe R. Social behavior and aggressive problems of cats. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 1997; 27: 549568.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 9. Landsberg G, Hunthausen W, Ackerman L. Feline aggression. In: Handbook of behavior problems of the dog and cat. Edinburgh: Saunders, 2003; 427453.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 10. Horwitz DF. Fractious and fighting felines, in Proceedings. 80th West Vet Conf 2008; 4347.

  • 11. Borchelt PL, Voith VL. Aggressive behavior in cats. In: Voith VL, Borchelt PL, eds. Readings in companion animal behavior. Trenton, NJ: Veterinary Learning Systems, 1996; 208216.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 12. Neilson JC. Feline house soiling: elimination and marking behaviors. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2003; 33: 287301.

  • 13. Buffington CA, Westropp JL, Chew DJ, et al. Clinical evaluation of multimodal environmental modification (MEMO) in the management of cats with idiopathic cystitis. J Feline Med Surg 2006; 8: 261268.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 14. Heath S. Aggression in cats. In: Horwitz DF, Mills DS, eds. BSAVA manual of canine and feline behavioural medicine. 2nd ed. Gloucester, England: British Small Animal Veterinary Association, 2009; 223244.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 15. Pryor PA, Hart BL, Bain MJ, et al. Causes of urine marking in cats and effects of environmental management on frequency of marking. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2001; 219: 17091713.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 16. Melese P. Detecting and neutralizing odor sources in dog and cat elimination problems. Appl Anim Behav Sci 1994; 39: 188189.

  • 17. Frank DF, Erb HN, Houpt KA. Urine spraying in cats: presence of concurrent disease and effects of a pheromone treatment. Appl Anim Behav Sci 1999; 61: 263272.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 18. Mills DS, Mills CB. Evaluation of a novel method for delivering a synthetic analogue of feline facial pheromone to control urine spraying by cats. Vet Rec 2001; 149: 197199.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 19. Frank D, Beauchamp G, Palestrini C. Systematic review of the use of pheromones for treatment of undesirable behavior in cats and dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2010; 236: 13081316.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 20. Hart BL, Cliff KD, Tynes VV, et al. Control of urine marking by use of long-term treatment with fluoxetine or clomipramine in cats. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2005; 226: 378382.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 21. Pryor PA, Hart BL, Cliff KD, et al. Effects of a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor on urine spraying behavior in cats. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2001; 219: 15571561.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 22. Stahl SM. Antidepressants. In: Essential psychopharmacology. 3rd ed. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 2008; 511666.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 23. Crowell-Davis SL, Murray T. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. In: Veterinary psychopharmacology. Ames, Iowa: Blackwell Publishing, 2006; 80110.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

Advertisement

Animal Behavior Case of the Month

Meredith E. Stepita DVM, DACVB1
View More View Less
  • 1 William R. Pritchard Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California-Davis, Davis, CA 95616.
Statement of the Problem

A cat was evaluated because of urinating outside the litter box and aggression toward the other household cat.

Signalment

The patient (cat A) was a 3-year-old castrated male domestic shorthair cat.

History

Cat A had been acquired from a shelter at 5 months of age. At that time, the owner already owned a 1-year-old spayed female domestic shorthair cat (cat B). Soon after cat A was adopted, it would squat every 2 to 3 weeks to urinate in large volumes on various horizontal substrates in all rooms throughout the house. This behavior escalated when human visitors

Contributor Notes

Dr. Stepita's present address is East Bay Veterinary Specialists, 2803 Ygnacio Valley Rd, Walnut Creek, CA 94598.

Address correspondence to Dr. Stepita (meredithstepita@yahoo.com).