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Effects of intravenous administration of pimobendan on hemodynamic indices and indices of left atrial longitudinal strain derived from speckle-tracking echocardiography in healthy dogs

Shingo Miki DVM1, Kensuke Nakamura DVM, PhD1, Tomoya Morita DVM, PhD1, Tatsuyuki Osuga DVM, PhD1, Sei Kawamoto DVM1, Noboru Sasaki DVM, PhD1, and Mitsuyoshi Takiguchi DVM, PhD1
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  • 1 From the Laboratory of Veterinary Internal Medicine (Miki, Morita, Osuga, Kawamoto, Sasaki, Takiguchi) and Veterinary Teaching Hospital (Nakamura), Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-0818, Japan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To determine the effects of IV administration of pimobendan on hemodynamic indices and indices of left atrial (LA) longitudinal strain by speckle-tracking echocardiography in healthy dogs.

ANIMALS

6 healthy Beagles.

PROCEDURES

After the dogs were anesthetized, the right heart was catheterized and 2-D conventional and speckle-tracking echocardiography were performed before and after IV administration of 0.15 mg of pimobendan/kg. Speckle-tracking echocardiography was performed to assess the 3 LA phasic functions through LA deformation (longitudinal strain and strain rate) and volumetric analyses.

RESULTS

Pimobendan significantly increased stroke volume and cardiac output and decreased systemic vascular resistance. Pimobendan significantly improved left ventricular function assessed by the Tei index and LA booster pump function assessed by LA longitudinal strain and change in fractional volume during atrial systole. Indices of LA reservoir and conduit function were unchanged.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE

In healthy dogs, IV administration of pimobendan improved the indices of LA booster pump function but had no effect on the indices of LA reservoir and conduit functions. Further studies are needed to validate whether these results can be extrapolated to dogs with myxomatous mitral valve disease.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To determine the effects of IV administration of pimobendan on hemodynamic indices and indices of left atrial (LA) longitudinal strain by speckle-tracking echocardiography in healthy dogs.

ANIMALS

6 healthy Beagles.

PROCEDURES

After the dogs were anesthetized, the right heart was catheterized and 2-D conventional and speckle-tracking echocardiography were performed before and after IV administration of 0.15 mg of pimobendan/kg. Speckle-tracking echocardiography was performed to assess the 3 LA phasic functions through LA deformation (longitudinal strain and strain rate) and volumetric analyses.

RESULTS

Pimobendan significantly increased stroke volume and cardiac output and decreased systemic vascular resistance. Pimobendan significantly improved left ventricular function assessed by the Tei index and LA booster pump function assessed by LA longitudinal strain and change in fractional volume during atrial systole. Indices of LA reservoir and conduit function were unchanged.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE

In healthy dogs, IV administration of pimobendan improved the indices of LA booster pump function but had no effect on the indices of LA reservoir and conduit functions. Further studies are needed to validate whether these results can be extrapolated to dogs with myxomatous mitral valve disease.

Contributor Notes

Address correspondence to Dr. Nakamura (nken@vetmed.hokudai.ac.jp).