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  • 1 Department of Veterinary Internal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Konkuk University, Seoul, South Korea
Introduction

A 10-year-old spayed female Japanese Spitz was presented to the Konkuk University Veterinary Medicine Teaching Hospital for a routine medical check-up of systemic lupus erythematosus. Physical examination revealed an overall good body condition (weight, 7.8 kg; body condition score, 6/9), pink mucous membranes, and normal capillary refill time (< 1 second). The dog was bright, alert, and responsive. Respiratory rate was 30 breaths/min, and rectal temperature was 38.5 °C. Cardiac auscultation revealed no heart murmur, but a slower heart rate (78 beats/min) than that recorded during the previous examination (124 beats/min) and an irregular heart rhythm was detected. Femoral

Contributor Notes

Corresponding author: Jung-Hyun Kim (junghyun@konkuk.ac.kr)