The Environmental Protection Agency is reconsidering its approvals of spring-loaded poison traps to kill wild predators.
In an Aug. 15 announcement, EPA Administrator Andrew Wheeler said he was withdrawing an interim decision that would have modified but continued the registration for sodium cyanide, which is used in M-44 devices to kill coyotes, foxes, and feral dogs. Agency officials found the decision needed further review.
The products remain available under the existing registration during the review, an EPA spokesperson said.
EPA information indicates M-44 devices—known as cyanide bombs—are loaded with a single-dose sodium cyanide capsule and used with bait to kill wildlife that prey on livestock. They are used by the U.S. Department of Agriculture and agriculture departments in at least five states: Montana, New Mexico, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming, Wheeler's announcement states.
“I look forward to continuing this dialogue to ensure U.S. livestock remain well-protected from dangerous predators while simultaneously minimizing off-target impacts on both humans and non-predatory animals,” Wheeler said in the announcement.
The announcement notes risks to nontarget bird and mammal species. The EPA review will include examinations of the precautions needed for use, such as notices to people near the devices and where they can be placed.
NEW PRACTICE RESOURCE SIMPLIFIES ANTIMICROBIAL STEWARDSHIP
A new tool for AVMA members streamlines the development and implementation of an effective antimicrobial stewardship plan for veterinary practices.
The veterinary checklist for antimicrobial stewardship goes through actions that practicing veterinarians can take to support good stewardship. The checklist is organized around five key activities:
• Commit to stewardship.
• Advocate for a system of care to prevent common diseases.
• Select and use antimicrobials judiciously.
• Evaluate antimicrobial use.
• Educate and build expertise.
The checklist complements the AVMA's definition and core principles of stewardship. Practices can use it to first establish a baseline and then regularly review progress.
The checklist is part of a growing inventory of practical resources that help AVMA members practice good stewardship and talk with clients about effective antimicrobial use. Other tools include free client handouts and posters, an FAQ document, and more. These can be found along with related AVMA policies and other materials at avma.org/antimicrobials.
The stewardship checklist was developed by the AVMA Committee on Antimicrobials and AVMA staff, and it builds on work done by an earlier volunteer group, the AVMA Task Force on Antimicrobial Stewardship in Companion Animal Practice.
FSIS EXPANDS TESTS FOR MAN-MADE CONTAMINANTS
Department of Agriculture food inspectors will look for more environmental contaminants and drug residues in meat and eggs.
USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service officials announced Aug. 30 they are adding tests in beef for per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances, or PFAS, which are persistent environmental contaminants from materials made in the U.S. since the 1940s. Products made with the substances include Teflon, stain-repellent fabrics, polishes, firefighting foam, and some food packaging.
Agency officials also are shifting to a new drug residue screening method able to detect 107 compounds—up from 92—in kidney and muscle tissue of cattle, pigs, poultry, goats, and sheep, as well as catfish muscle tissue and liquid egg products.
FSIS is adding the PFAS testing during the federal fiscal year 2020, which started Oct. 1. The agency also planned to start use of the new drug screening method Oct. 1 and expand use during the fiscal year.
Bransford talks about the office's new strategic focus
Interview and photo by R. Scott Nolen
Dr. Grace Bransford's second year as AVMA vice president will look a lot different than the first.
The AVMA Board of Directors in July voted to make the office more strategic in its outreach to veterinary schools and include recent graduates in those efforts.
Dr. Bransford spoke to JAVMA News about what the revamped position looks like and what students are telling her during her school visits. The following responses have been edited for length and clarity.
Q. WHAT CHANGES WERE MADE TO THE OFFICE OF AVMA VICE PRESIDENT?
A. I had the good fortune to be a member of the AVMA School Engagement Optimization Committee, made up of both volunteer leadership and staff members. We spent months reviewing data, feedback, and projections and came up with a plan that focuses the AVMA vice president's work on veterinary student leadership at the national level and builds stronger relationships with school deans and faculty.
That plan designates the vice president as the Board's liaison to the Student AVMA Executive Board and SAVMA House of Delegates. Key AVMA staff liaisons to the SAVMA student chapters are Student Initiatives Team members Drs. Derrick Hall, Caroline Cantner, and Anna Reddish.
Finally, the vice president will be the AVMA liaison to the deans and faculty of the veterinary schools. One important responsibility is identifying ways the AVMA can support veterinary faculty.
Q. HOW DO THESE CHANGES AFFECT SCHOOL VISITS?
A. As there are now 37 veterinary schools with Student AVMA chapters, it has become extremely difficult for a vice president with a full-time job to visit all schools during the two-year term. Were the “visit all schools” travel expectation to remain, we would find our only candidates for vice president are retired or only work part time. The expectation to visit every school is neither in the AVMA Bylaws nor stated in any AVMA policy.
This summer, I met with AVMA's Student Initiatives Team, and we came up with a list of several schools for me to visit during my final year as vice president. Many of these are newer schools, schools that were undergoing changes, and schools that need a visit from the AVMA vice president.
Q. WHAT'S YOUR MESSAGE TO STUDENTS?
A. One key message is to let students know about AVMA's expansive efforts of support in the areas of educational debt, well-being, and career planning. It was not that long ago that those were areas that were critical to me as I planned the road ahead after completing veterinary school. I also let students know that their concerns and worries, as well as many of their dreams, are shared by veterinary students across the country and around the world.
Q. WHAT ARE YOU HEARING FROM STUDENTS?
A. I am hearing concerns about the level of educational debt and questions on how they might manage it along with planning to raise a family and purchase a home. I am also hearing about some very creative and innovative plans for their careers. Although clinical medicine is still the mainstay, many students are considering work in public health, nongovernmental organizations, and politics or industry.
Q. ARE EDUCATIONAL DEBT AND STARTING SALARIES STILL A TOP CONCERN?
A. I would say I hear a little less buzz over the concern regarding starting salaries. Unemployment for veterinarians is at 0.5%, while the overall national unemployment rate hovers around 3%. That is good news for graduating students searching for their first job. On the other hand, while the current average starting salary is twice what it was when I graduated in 1998, the current average student debt figure is four times higher. AVMA needs to continue to collaborate with all entities available to help our graduating students.
Q. WHAT ABOUT WELL-BEING?
A. Another full-court press issue. Educational debt and well-being are inextricably linked. A lot of well-being issues stem from concerns about debt and a student's future. I think if we could wave a magic wand and eliminate all veterinary educational debt, we would see concerns over depression and suicide among veterinary students and veterinarians decrease a notch. There are multiple reasons why veterinary students and veterinarians deal with depression and anxiety, but debt often plays a major factor.
Q. OVERALL, WHAT IS STUDENTS' IMPRESSION OF THE AVMA?
A. It is very positive. I think we have done a good job of letting students know that AVMA is working hard to address the issues that are of concern to them. The website My Veterinary Life at myvetlife.avma.org has been a very successful tool providing support for veterinary students. Its emphasis on debt and finances, well-being, and career planning means it is a valuable tool in helping students and recent graduates deal with the challenges they face. I believe they know that AVMA is here for them.
Q. DID YOU LEARN ANYTHING DURING YOUR FIRST YEAR AS VICE PRESIDENT THAT SURPRISED YOU?
A. That something that could be so different could be so similar. What I mean by that is that each veterinary school is so distinctive. Its geography, the make-up of its students, and areas of clinical excellence are distinctive. What is so similar are the issues the students, deans, and faculty face and the solutions they create. There will be great benefit in sharing those solutions and realizing we are not alone and we are all in this together.
Q. HOW DO YOU HOPE STUDENTS WILL REMEMBER YOU?
A. I hope they will remember that I am doing my best to be a good listener and to be empathetic to their concerns. I remember when I was a veterinary student talking to the AVMA vice president at that time, Dr. Allen Miyahara, that he really listened. I knew that what I had to say would be taken to AVMA headquarters. He later became a valuable mentor and reinforced that to me as I worked my way up the ladder of AVMA volunteer leadership.
Q. IS THERE ANYTHING ELSE YOU WOULD LIKE TO SHARE?
A. I have been told by several previous AVMA vice presidents that this is one of the best positions, if not the best position, in AVMA volunteer leadership. This comes from a number of folks who made their way up to AVMA president. I have to agree. To work with and help support the future of our profession—the students and those who develop them, the faculty—is a tremendous thing.
ASSOCIATION SEEKS VOLUNTEERS TO TAKE ON ISSUES
The AVMA is seeking volunteers to become leaders of the Association or to serve in council, committee, or liaison positions, taking on top issues in veterinary medicine.
Members of the AVMA Council on Veterinary Service, for example, discussed veterinary dentistry, microchip identification, diagnostic codes, and hazardous waste while meeting Sept. 12–13 at AVMA headquarters in Schaumburg, Illinois.
The Association currently seeks candidates for president-elect and for two seats on the Board of Directors as well as nominations or applications for numerous other volunteer positions. Details and forms are available by visiting jav.ma/AVMAvolunteers or emailing OfficeEVP@avma.org.
PRESIDENT-ELECT, BOARD OF DIRECTORS
The AVMA is calling for candidates to run for president-elect for the Association year running from summer 2021 to summer 2022. While the Association will accept applications through summer 2021, candidates who submit materials by April 1, 2020, can formally announce their candidacy and present to the AVMA House of Delegates in conjunction with AVMA Convention 2020.
Candidates will then have a full year to campaign. Election by the House of Delegates will take place during its regular annual session in conjunction with the 2021 convention. The president-elect will serve as president for the 2022–23 Association year.
The AVMA also will continue to accept nominations for 2020–21 president-elect and 2020–22 vice president until July 27, 2020. Election by the House will take place during its regular annual session in conjunction with the 2020 convention.
The Association is currently seeking nominations from AVMA voting members in districts IV and XI for a representative from each district to serve on the Board of Directors for a six-year term starting in August 2020. District IV comprises Florida, Georgia, and Puerto Rico. District XI comprises Alaska, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, and Wyoming.
The AVMA will accept nominations from a state VMA in each district or by petition of 50 AVMA voting members in the district. The deadline for receipt of nominations is Feb. 1, 2020. If a district has more than one nominee, the Association will distribute a ballot to each voting member in the district.
COUNCILS, COMMITTEES, LIAISONS
In May 2020, the Council on Education Selection Committee will select a new member for the AVMA Council on Education. The committee will post a call for applications in mid-January for a COE member to represent private small animal clinical practice. The deadline is March 15, 2020. Another new member will be appointed by the Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges to represent small animal clinical science.
The AVMA House of Delegates will elect members of councils other than the COE this coming summer during its regular annual session in conjunction with AVMA Convention 2020. The House fills vacancies on the Council on Biologic and Therapeutic Agents, Council on Public Health, Council on Research, and Council on Veterinary Service.
The AVMA will accept nominations for positions on these councils from organizations in the HOD or by petition of 10 AVMA voting members. The deadline is April 1, 2020.
The AVMA Board of Directors will fill a number of committee and liaison positions in April 2020. The vacancies include positions on committees addressing subjects ranging from animal welfare to antimicrobials to veterinary economics.
For many of these vacancies, AVMA members can apply on their own behalf or make a nomination on another member's behalf. For other vacancies, nominations must be made by a specific organization to be represented by the nominee or as otherwise stated in the vacancy description. The deadline is March 8, 2020.
DEAL MAKES ELANCO SECOND-LARGEST ANIMAL DRUG COMPANY
Elanco Animal Health in August announced it had agreed to buy Bayer's animal health unit for $7.6 billion, making Elanco the world's second-largest animal drug manufacturer.
Although still subject to regulatory approval, the purchase would double Elanco's companion animal business, balance its food animal and companion animal segments, and expand the company's presence in e-commerce and retail stores.
“This combination will join two complementary animal health-focused entities previously under the human pharma umbrella into a dedicated company focused on delivering for farmers, veterinarians and pet owners,” Elanco President and CEO Jeffrey Simmons said in a statement.
“We look forward to adding Bayer Animal Health's employees' breadth of expertise. Ultimately, we believe these increased capabilities and knowledge will allow us to better support the veterinarian, creating a bridge between the pet owner and the veterinarian where relationships don't exist today.”
Global sales of vaccines, medicines, and medical devices for companion animals have exceeded about $8 billion annually, with an additional $14 billion in sales of vaccines and medicines for livestock. Zoetis is the world's largest company in the animal health sector, with revenue of close to $6 billion as of 2018.
Bayer has been selling off assets since the German company's $63 billion purchase of Monsanto last year and in preparation for a potential settlement of lawsuits over an alleged cancer-causing effect of Monsanto's weedkiller Roundup.
Elanco and Bayer expect to close the deal later next year following approvals from regulatory and government agencies around the world, Bob Jones, president of Brakke Consulting, noted in a Brakke newsletter.
“Elanco is now balanced between companion animal and farm animal sales, and Bayer gets to focus on its pharmaceutical and crop chemical and seed business,” Jones said. “Elanco can work on deleveraging and Bayer can work on its legal issues with Roundup.”
NOMINATIONS OPEN FOR 2020 AVMA AWARDS
The nomination period is open for the following AVMA Excellence Awards for 2020. The awards program recognizes contributions by veterinarians and nonveterinarians to the veterinary profession and to animal health and welfare.
THE AVMA AWARD
The Association's preeminent award recognizes an AVMA member who has contributed to the advancement of veterinary medicine in its organizational aspects.
AVMA MERITORIOUS SERVICE AWARD
This award recognizes an AVMA member who has brought honor and distinction to the veterinary profession through personal, professional, or community service activities outside organized veterinary medicine and research.
AVMA ADVOCACY AWARD
This award recognizes an AVMA member or nonveterinarian for advancing the AVMA legislative agenda and advocating on behalf of the veterinary profession.
AVMA ANIMAL WELFARE AWARD
This award recognizes an AVMA member for accomplishments in the field of animal welfare in leadership, public service, education, research, product development, or advocacy.
AVMA CAREER ACHIEVEMENT AWARD IN CANINE RESEARCH
This award honors an AVMA member's long-term contribution to the field of canine research.
AVMA CLINICAL RESEARCH AWARD
This award recognizes an AVMA member's achievements in patient-oriented research.
AVMA GLOBAL VETERINARY SERVICE AWARD
This award recognizes an AVMA member who has contributed to international understanding of veterinary medicine.
AVMA HUMANE AWARD
This award recognizes a nonveterinarian for accomplishments in the field of animal welfare in leadership, public service, education, research, product development, or advocacy.
AVMA LIFETIME EXCELLENCE IN RESEARCH AWARD
This award recognizes a veterinarian for lifetime achievements in basic, applied, or clinical research.
AVMA PUBLIC SERVICE AWARD
This award recognizes an AVMA member for long-term, outstanding public service or unusual contributions to the practice or science of public health and regulatory veterinary medicine.
AVMF/WINN FELINE FOUNDATION RESEARCH AWARD
The American Veterinary Medical Foundation and Winn Feline Foundation established this award to honor a recipient's contribution to advancing feline health through research.
BUSTAD COMPANION ANIMAL VETERINARIAN OF THE YEAR AWARD
This award recognizes the outstanding work of an AVMA member in preserving and protecting the human-animal bond.
The deadline for all award nominations is Feb. 17, 2020. Award information and nomination forms are available by visiting avma.org/awards, emailing email@example.com, or calling 800-248-2862.
NEW MEMBER BENEFIT SIMPLIFIES PURCHASING FOR A PRACTICE
As anyone working in veterinary practice knows, any given day's work can include a variety of tasks. A new benefit available to AVMA members can help simplify and optimize one of these tasks: purchasing for a practice.
AVMA Direct Connect, online at avma.org/directconnect, is a tool that makes purchasing for practices more efficient and economical.
Direct Connect combines the catalogs of all veterinary vendors on one website, so practices can save time and money while buying from the vendors they already know and trust. Practices can research products, compare prices, see what's in stock, and place orders on one platform. The tool is powered by Vetcove—which is already used by more than 7,000 veterinary clinics in the U.S.—and includes features that are only available to AVMA members. AVMA-exclusive capabilities include the following:
• An online pharmacy pricing tool that lets practices compare real-time pricing at consumer pharmacies.
• Access to exclusive promotions, manufacturers' rebates, and coupons.
• Advanced purchasing analytics that help practices understand customers' purchasing habits, predict customers' buying behavior, and make strategic business decisions.
To start using Direct Connect, practices don't have to create a new Vetcove account if they already have one. Instead, they can upgrade their existing account to access the AVMA-only benefits. Once a practice is logged in, the unified catalog will display the practice's specific pricing, including any negotiated pricing or pricing through a buying group.
Direct Connect is part of a larger AVMA program, AVMA Member Edge, that gives AVMA members access to deals and discounts from numerous providers. Member Edge, online at avma.org/memberedge, offers savings on products and services veterinarians use every day, including office supplies, business products, financial solutions, and even hotels and travel.
MYSTERY DISORDER STRIKES FLORIDA PANTHERS
By R. Scott Nolen
State and federal wildlife officials are investigating a mysterious neurologic disorder affecting a small number of Florida panthers and bobcats in the southwest part of the state.
As of September, trail cameras in Collier, Sarasota, and Lee counties had documented eight of the endangered panthers, mostly kittens, and one adult bobcat exhibiting various degrees of hind limb weakness and difficulty walking. One panther photographed in Charlotte County may also have been affected.
Although necropsies confirmed neurologic damage in a panther and a bobcat, the cause was undetermined, according to the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission.
“While numerous diseases and possible causes including distemper, cerebellar hypoplasia, and degenerative myelopathy have been considered, a definitive cause has not been determined,” Carli Segelson, a spokeswoman for the agency, said in an email. “The FWC is testing for various potential toxins, including neurotoxic rodenticide, as well as infectious diseases and nutritional deficiencies.”
Most Florida panthers make their homes south of Lake Okeechobee, but the large cats have been spotted throughout the Florida peninsula and as far north as Georgia. The Florida panther is an endangered species, with estimates of the number of adult panthers remaining in the wild ranging from 120–230 individuals.
Wildlife officials are unsure how widespread the disorder might be. Panthers are notoriously difficult to spot in the wild, and most of the evidence of sick animals comes from videos. “The FWC has evidence of less than 10 animals, including the bobcat. It is at times difficult to tell if some of the affected animals are ones that have already been documented,” Segelson acknowledged.
The FWC has deployed additional trail cameras as part of the investigation, which involves the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and “a wide array of experts from around the world,” the agency said.
The public can assist by submitting trail camera footage or other videos showing animals stumbling or otherwise having trouble with their hind limbs. Contact the FWC for more information on how to share those videos at Panther.Sightings@MyFWC.com.
OWNERS OF BRACHYCEPHALIC DOGS ARE A COMPLICATED LOT
Most owners of Pugs, French Bulldogs, and Bulldogs believe their dog to be in “very good health” or the “best health possible” despite documented health and welfare problems associated with brachycephalic breeds, according to a PLOS One study published in July, available at jav.ma/PLOSstudy.
Researchers reported responses from 2,168 owners of brachycephalic dogs in the United Kingdom, United States, and Canada—789 Pug owners, 741 French Bulldog owners, and 638 Bulldog owners—to an online survey about veterinary diagnoses, conformation-related surgeries performed, veterinary costs, and emotional bonding.
The most common owner-reported disorders in their dogs were allergies, corneal ulcers, skin fold infections, and brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome. One-fifth of owners reported that their dog had undergone at least one conformation-related surgery, 36.5% of dogs were reported to have a problem with heat regulation, and 17.9% were reported to have problems breathing.
Despite these health issues, 70.9% of respondents considered their dog to be in very good health or the best health possible. Paradoxically, just 6.8% of owners considered their dog to be less healthy than average for its breed.
Dog-owner relationships were extremely strong across all three breeds. Emotional closeness to their dog was highest for owners of Pugs, female owners, and owners with no children.
“Ownership of brachycephalic dog breeds is a complex phenomenon, characterized by extremely strong dog-owner relationships and unrealistic perceptions of good health set against high levels of disease in relatively young dogs,” the researchers wrote. “Perceptual errors in owner beliefs appear to exist between brachycephalic owner perspectives of their own dog's health versus the health of the rest of their breed, which may be fueled by cognitive dissonance processes.”
Despite the high levels of disease reported, the dogs in this study were generally young, with a median age of 2.17 years. It is likely that the prevalence, spectrum, and severity of disorders in these dogs will increase as the population ages. “This suggests that even the alarmingly high disease prevalence values reported in the current study may still be an underestimate of the true age-standardized disease prevalence that will be shown by the study dogs over time,” the researchers wrote.
These novel data, researchers concluded, elucidate the cognitive processes and relationships that facilitate the rising popularity of breeds affected by high levels of conformation-related morbidity.
Hunting for detection dogs as demand spikes
Group wants to create a national cooperative to breed, improve working dogs
By Greg Cima
Well-trained detection dogs can locate drugs, bombs, people buried under rubble, smuggled food, pipeline leaks, game animals, and cancer.
But their versatility, especially for security purposes, is driving a global spike in demand. Dr. Cynthia Otto, executive director of the Penn Vet Working Dog Center at the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine, said branches of the U.S. military and federal government are having trouble getting ahold of sufficient numbers of dogs to meet their needs.
The military and federal government rely on breeders in Eastern Europe for dogs, Dr. Otto said. She and leaders of the American Kennel Club are concerned that the best dogs stay in Europe or go to customers who pay premium prices.
“The U.S. is not really willing to pay as much as Saudi Arabia for these dogs,” Dr. Otto said. “And so we're getting the dogs that are kind of on the bottom of the heap.”
The U.S. lacks control over the supply chain, placing its access to dogs at risk from disease outbreaks or political unrest, Dr. Otto said. Buyers also lack input on genetics, breeding, health, and welfare of the dogs.
“I feel like, as veterinarians, we need to make a stand that we want to have some input,” Dr. Otto said.
The Penn Vet Working Dog Center and the AKC are leading projects to make it easier for domestic dog breeders to sell to federal agencies and police departments, although through separate models. Dr. Otto favors a cooperative of U.S. dog breeders who could sell detection dogs primarily to federal agencies and maybe eventually to local police departments, private companies, or other governments if more dogs are available.
She wants to make it easier for small breeders to work with government procurement processes and use their combined expertise to improve dog breeding and training.
Carmen Battaglia, PhD, chair of the AKC Detection Dog Task Force, said the AKC favors, instead, helping breeders find more information on how to breed, raise, and socialize dogs, along with helping them find buyers. That includes providing a marketplace where breeders can advertise potential working dogs and—depending on whether they have gone through the process to become approved government vendors—sell the dogs either to middlemen or the agencies themselves.
The AKC model, already in a pilot program, is encouraging individual breeders to hang on to dogs until they become valuable for agencies.
BREEDERS, AGENCIES HARD TO CONNECT
Chris Shelton is the supervisory air marshal in charge at the Transportation Security Administration Canine Training Center at Joint Base San Antonio, where the agency trains dog teams for the TSA and its law enforcement partners, putting them to work in simulated transportation and cargo sites. He said the TSA has about 1,000 dogs and has been buying 300–400 in each of the past few years to replenish and expand the pack as it's diminished by aging dogs, health problems, and retiring handlers.
Buying qualified dogs gets tougher each year, he said. Many litters in the U.S. have puppies that would fit the TSA's needs, if the agency could connect with their owners.
The AKC estimates the U.S. has about 15,000 working dogs in government or private hands. About 20%—3,000 dogs—retire each year.
The Department of Defense runs a small breeding program focused on Belgian Malinois at Joint Base San Antonio, and the TSA shut down its Labrador Retriever-focused breeding program in 2012 because of budget cuts.
Sheila Goffe, the AKC's vice president of government relations, said she learned three years ago that 80–90% of the dogs used to detect explosives by the Department of Homeland Security and Department of Defense were from another country. She advocates for dogs as the best technology for finding potential bombs and thinks American dogs have potential to be the world's best at that job.
Federal agencies buy a mix of purebred and mixed-breed dogs on the basis of detection ability, health, and personality. Goffe said the Labrador Retrievers and German Shorthaired Pointers typically used by the TSA are often easy to train, calm in crowds, and less intimidating than, say, a German Shepherd Dog.
Breeders in the U.S. also raise more Labradors than puppies of any other breed, she said.
Two years ago, testifying before a joint committee meeting of the House of Representatives on the use of dogs in security, Goffe said an AKC-led team that studied use and procurement of bomb-finding dogs had concerns not only about the sources of dogs but also about an opaque buying process with high failure rates, intimidating procurement processes, and inconsistent use of research on dog training.
The hearing was for two House entities: the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform Subcommittee on Intergovernmental Affairs and the Committee on Homeland Security Subcommittee on Transportation and Protective Security.
Breeders also told the AKC team they were willing to sell or donate high-quality puppies. But they tend to sell their puppies within their first three months, whereas government agencies offer similar prices but want the dogs at 9–12 months old.
“The older age at which the government wants a puppy is problematic for breeders,” Goffe said. “Many kennels do not have facilities to maintain quantities of puppies for an additional six months or longer, especially with no guarantee of purchase at a later date.”
Any dogs rejected for detection work would be past the ideal age for placement in pet homes or homes looking for hunting or field trial dogs.
A POTENTIAL SOLUTION
A year ago, Dr. Otto and four co-authors published an article in Frontiers in Veterinary Science in which they proposed creating the Detector Dog Center of Excellence, a nonprofit cooperative led by academics in canine science and guided by others involved with working dogs. Those running the organization could oversee how dogs are bred and raised, would have the approvals for and familiarity with agency appropriations processes to allow them to act as middlemen between agencies and breeders, and could help breeders store genetic material.
“As a data collection and genetic evaluation center, the DDCoE will lead research to define quantitative traits involved in odor detection, to understand how these traits develop, and methods to optimize training of dogs endowed with enhanced odor detection ability,” the article states.
Success would require decades of work, so the cooperative needs to be able to survive when federal funding is scarce, the article states. Dr. Otto said a cooperative focused on phenotype and performance could change dogs in much the same way the U.S. dairy industry has changed cattle to improve their performance.
“We need to be able to characterize those phenotypes, and that tool to assess them is really critical,” she said. “And so we're working on a lot of ideas. How do we measure it? How is it reproducible?”
The DDCoE also can ensure that dogs are trained to work on slippery floors and in areas with loud noises, small children, and unfamiliar clothing, she said.
Penn Vet runs a working dog research and training facility, with a breeding program intended to help produce the next generation of detection dogs, university information states. Program leaders also plan to host a working dog conference in April 2020.
Auburn University College of Veterinary Medicine also has a Canine Performance Sciences program with a breeding program focused on improving detection dogs. The program uses the latest theriogenology practices to improve selection and runs dogs through an 11-month training and socialization program before selling them to vendors, university information states. Continuous evaluations help show which jobs are most likely to be the best fit for the dogs.
Scott Thomas, who ran the TSA's breeding dog program from its inception in 2002 to its shutdown in 2012, co-authored the article with Dr. Otto and works with the AKC on its detection dog program. He said his group in the TSA successfully trained 600 dogs before the DHS shuttered a “gold mine” to save money.
In recent years, the quality of imported dogs has slipped, he said. Some vendors lie about ages and pedigrees, and some have low health standards that raise welfare concerns. Buyers hope to fix problems in training.
Federal agencies pay $4,000-$8,000 each for dogs bought in the U.S., including untrained dogs, according to figures from trainers and the AKC. Thomas thinks the accounting used on procurement trips has left out expenses and given a false impression that dogs in Europe are sold at comparable prices or cheaper.
The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018, signed in December 2017, directed the Department of Defense to examine the full costs of buying dogs, including personnel travel and shipping, rather than just the price tag per animal. The analysis also will include the washout rate.
The appropriations bill also resulted in formation of a working group of 10 experts on detection dogs that included Dr. Otto and representatives from the TSA, the Department of Homeland Security, Auburn University, Johns Hopkins University, law enforcement, and dog vendors. The group wrote a recommendation that was still working its way through various agencies on its way to Congress—and was unpublished at press time—to form a national breeding cooperative. Dr. Otto hopes lawmakers will approve.
The cooperative's model is still developing, but Dr. Otto said it should have a central clearinghouse that sells to agencies that would be the best fit for the dogs.
“There has to be a center of excellence in order to make it run because, when you've got such a distributed model, there has to be a main hub that has oversight and drives the research and collects the data and makes sure everything is going along according to plan,” she said.
Federal detection dogs would be the cooperative's priority, followed by dogs with multiple jobs, such as a police dog trained to detect narcotics and pursue fleeing people.
Dr. Battaglia said the cooperative model looks good on paper, but its application would require dealing with added oversight, regulations, and tax issues, in addition to the complexities of buying and reselling dogs. He is on the federal committee that recommended the cooperative, but he said the AKC favors instead the model the organization is developing in a pilot program, through which dog owners work with experts, test their dogs as they grow, and work to connect them to government buyers.
Kenneth D. Licklider is founder and owner of Vohne Liche Kennels, an Indiana-based company that trains dogs for federal and local police agencies. It also resells untrained dogs that have potential as working dogs. He said ample dogs are available—he bought 45 in Europe most recently—but the problem lies in certain agencies' selection processes.
TSA buyers accept about one-third of the dogs he submits. He blames unforgiving and arbitrary tests that disqualify young dogs, some of which are recovering from travel to Lackland Air Force Base.
“We have the same goals, but it's adversarial when they come,” he said.
Licklider said he can sell the rejected dogs within a week, such as a few bomb detection dogs he just sold to agencies in Senegal and Mauritania.
CERTIFICATION AVAILABLE FOR WORKING DOG CARE
Veterinarians who treat working dogs or canine athletes can get advanced education on their care.
The Penn Vet Working Dog Center has an 80-credit-hour Working Dog Practitioner Program that trains veterinarians on how to address the needs of dogs with high physical demands and risk of injury or exposure to hazardous substances.
The program consists of a combination of online and in-person instruction, including a three-day event held at the Penn Vet Working Dog Center in Philadelphia. Details are available at workingdogpractitioner.com.
Ken Pavlick, co-owner and head trainer of Pacific Coast K9 in Custer, Washington, agreed with Licklider on testing, although he said demand for detection dogs is exceeding supply as their use has expanded over the past five to seven years. He said federal agencies use rigid testing methods to reject dogs that still become successful elsewhere. Some government buyers have rejected his dogs because they wouldn't play with a Kong toy or wouldn't play tug of war, he said.
Thomas wants to see more transparency in the government assessment process and assurances the testers are qualified to evaluate working dogs. Tests should be consistent, repeatable, and validated by science, rather than the opinion of someone who, for example, dismisses a dog's potential because the dog was confused when it saw a blue tarp for the first time.
Chris Shelton at the TSA's Canine Training Center acknowledged that vendors complain when TSA evaluators reject their dogs, but he said the mission is too important to lower standards. He said the agency wants to buy dogs from those domestic vendors and is trying to help people understand the agency's standards and needs.
TSA officials accept 30%-40% of the dogs they examine, Shelton said. The dogs need to be happy and healthy, with a mix of social skills and innate drive. Many are rejected over medical problems.
The TSA has a full supply of dogs now, Shelton said, but the agency sees competition over a limited supply. A domestic breeding program could give stability.
Licklider is skeptical whether a domestic breeding program will succeed, citing the cost of raising dogs and uncertainty of success. Pavlick also questioned how the dogs could be raised to pass agency tests and what breeders could do with those that fail.
Goffe acknowledges not all the dogs raised as working dogs will make the cut for federal work. Some may become service dogs or pets.
Dr. Otto said the demand for working dogs comes with great opportunities to help dogs and protect people.
“I just really believe our dogs need to be made in the U.S.A. I think we've got the ability and we've got the skills and we've got all the resources to do it and to do it well—in the best interest of the country but also in the best interest of the dogs,” she said.
People: Veterinary scientist advocates for endangered whales
Moore's research shines light on plight of North Atlantic right whales
By R. Scott Nolen
As a veterinary scientist, Dr. Michael Moore sees himself as an “objective advocate” for the marine mammals he's made a career of studying.
“The veterinarian is, by training and expectation, an advocate for their patient, whereas a scientist is more of an objective assessor looking at the factors involved and what the results are. The two (roles) together are very powerful because it allows you to be something of an objective advocate,” he explained.
Dr. Moore has worked for the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in Massachusetts since 1986, first as a graduate student and now as a senior scientist and director of its Marine Mammal Center. His research on the health and welfare aspects of human interactions with marine mammals—namely shipping and fishing—have shone a much-needed spotlight on a previously unrecognized animal welfare crisis.
EXPLOSIVE HARPOONS AND ENTANGLEMENTS
He recalled becoming interested in marine mammals as a preveterinary student at the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom during the early '80s. “The lecturers kept on harping back to marine mammals as the exception to every rule. From an evolutionary point of view, they are fascinating, like how a sperm whale holds its breath for an hour. That's how I became curious about them,” Dr. Moore said.
Later, after completing his veterinary degree at the university, Dr. Moore's first job was as an observer for the International Whaling Commission on an Icelandic whale catcher in the Denmark Strait to investigate the killing efficiency of explosive harpoons.
“There was and is a perception that explosive harpoons are not a particularly humane thing to use,” Dr. Moore said. “But having been trained in meat inspection and observing an abattoir (slaughterhouse) at work, I had a certain understanding of what it takes to kill an animal efficiently. I came away from that Icelandic ship with a pretty strong sense of the efficiency of a 90-millimeter-caliber cannon with an explosive grenade harpoon on it.”
Explosive harpoons are still problematic, Dr. Moore noted, particularly because a whale shot with one may take as long as 20 minutes to die. Compared with human interactions that unintentionally kill whales, however, the harpoons are more humane. “If you kill a whale by wrapping rope around it, you may drown it; in which case, it's going to take about an hour, because they can hold their breath for that long. Or it's going to take months or years if you're going to strangle them slowly, stop their feeding, constrict their appendages, and cause chronic infection and stress.
“When I started looking at some of these cases (of whale deaths) we were seeing on the beach, I thought back to the ongoing criticism of Icelandic, Norwegian, and Japanese whalers and thought, ‘Wait a minute, there's some serious hypocrisy going on here.’”
A CLEARER PATH
Necropsies by many people, including Dr. Moore, of endangered North Atlantic right whales and other species revealed that a large majority of whale deaths are caused by fishing line entanglements and vessel strikes. These findings, along with diverse, sustained public advocacy, resulted in fishing regulations by the National Marine Fisheries Service in the United States, the Department of Fisheries and Oceans in Canada, and the International Maritime Organization changing the path of shipping lanes within the right whale's habitat.
Dr. Moore's research brought to light the suffering whales and dolphins experience from entanglement-inflicted wounds such as amputations, lacerations, and infections. As such, he is a proponent of ropeless fishing, an admittedly expensive alternative to the buoy lines currently in use that use wireless modems to mark lobster traps on the sea floor.
“If only the average consumer of a lobster roll knew the risks of the gear being used for their culinary interest,” Dr. Moore said. ““Out of sight, out of mind” is definitely a challenge we deal with. Nobody wants to hear it because they don't really understand the consequences.
“If an entangled whale were part of the urban landscape, like dying on the sidewalk in New York or Boston, it would be a very different story when that nice pink lobster shows up on your table. Then you couldn't ignore the risks associated with how it got there.”
Dr. Moore helped develop the first whale sedation system to reduce boat avoidance by fatally entangled whales so rescue teams can more safely free them. The ballistic system is capable of administering 60 mL of highly concentrated sedative, in 20 mL boluses, to the muscle of a swimming whale through about 8 inches of blubber from a moving vessel 15 meters away. The system was used successfully in 2007 to deliver antibiotics to two humpback whales and in 2009 and 2011 with entangled North Atlantic right whales that were sedated so lines could be removed. The right whales both subsequently died of their entanglement wounds, but Dr. Moore said the principle of veterinary intervention at sea was established.
Dr. Craig Harms, a professor of aquatic animal medicine at North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine, called the whale sedation system “a remarkable technological success” for improving the health and welfare of entangled whales. “The prospects of attempting to sedate a swimming 20,000- to 40,000-kilogram animal are daunting,” Dr. Harms said. “Dr. Moore and his collaborators … ultimately succeeded in sedating an entangled right whale that could not otherwise be approached, making disentanglement possible.”
TEXAS A&M DEAN TO MOVE ON
Dr. Eleanor M. Green will leave her position as the dean of Texas A&M University College of Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences in June 2020 or upon the appointment of her successor. Dr. Green (Auburn '73) is joining the Animal Policy Group, a policy and lobbying firm, as a senior adviser and consultant, according to a Sept. 10 press release from the group.
She has been the dean at Texas A&M's veterinary college since 2009. During her tenure, Dr. Green led a multimillion-dollar renovation and expansion project, resulting in the opening of the Veterinary and Biomedical Education Complex in 2016—the 100th anniversary of the veterinary college—and an expansion in class size by up to 30 students. That same year, the veterinary college announced further plans to expand veterinary education, research, and undergraduate outreach into other regions of the state through its own network. The program broke ground in 2018 on the Veterinary Education, Research & Outreach facility, as well as a new Texas A&M Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory, at West Texas A&M University in Canyon, Texas, to “bring the needed training and research back to the heart of large animal production agriculture in Texas,” according to the university.
This includes the veterinary college announcing a 2+2 program with West Texas A&M, allowing students to spend the first two years at the WTAMU campus.
Dr. Green also helped start a number of initiatives at the veterinary college, including the Center for Educational Technologies as well as the Veterinary Innovation Summit in 2017 with the North American Veterinary Community.
Before working at Texas A&M, Dr. Green served as the University of Florida College of Veterinary Medicine's chair of the Department of Large Animal Clinical Science and chief of staff for the college's Large Animal Hospital. She also has served on the veterinary faculties of the University of Tennessee, the University of Missouri, and Mississippi State University. Dr. Green owned a practice in Mississippi prior to working in academia.
She has served as president of the American Association of Equine Practitioners, the American Board of Veterinary Practitioners, the American Association of Veterinary Clinicians, and the Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges. Dr. Green is a diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine and the American Board of Veterinary Practitioners.
In her new position with the Animal Policy Group, Dr. Green will focus on regulatory, policy, and strategic issues, including accreditation of veterinary colleges. She will explore opportunities to improve animal health care in a rapidly evolving and technology-rich era, while serving on industry boards to advance the veterinary profession, according to the press release.
Veterinary groups meet in Washington, D.C.
Compiled by Anita Suresh
Forty-nine AVMA-allied and other veterinary-related organizations and 31 alumni groups from colleges and schools of veterinary medicine convened this August at AVMA Convention 2019 in Washington, D.C. These groups engaged in a wide variety of activities during the convention, including lectures, certification examinations, business meetings, workshops, and social gatherings. Many of the organizations co-sponsored the AVMA's educational sessions.
The following pages highlight the activities and honors reported by some of these organizations.
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF AVIAN PATHOLOGISTS
American Association of Avian Pathologists Inc. meeting, Aug. 2–5, Washington, D.C.
Bruce W. Calnek Applied Poultry Research Achievement Award
Joseph Giambrone, PhD, Auburn, Alabama, for research contributions that resulted directly or indirectly in a measurable, practical impact on the control of one or more important diseases of poultry. Dr. Giambrone earned his doctorate in medical microbiology in 1977 from the University of Georgia. He is a professor in the Department of Poultry Science at the Auburn University College of Agriculture. Dr. Giambrone was honored for his research on infectious laryngotracheitis virus. His research has led to key new knowledge regarding the ecology and control of this disease.
Lasher-Bottorff Award and Hall of Honor Inductee
Dr. Hector Cervantes (Mexico '78), Watkinsville, Georgia, won the Lasher-Bottorff Award, given in recognition of an avian diagnostician or technical service veterinarian who has made important contributions to the poultry health program in North America over the past 10 years. He was also inducted into the Hall of Honor for his contributions to avian medicine, global technical services, and the AAAP. Dr. Cervantes is senior manager of poultry veterinary services for the North American region at Phibro Animal Health.
Phibro Animal Health Excellence in Poultry Research
Dr. Haroldo Toro, Auburn, Alabama, for sustained excellence in poultry disease and health for 20 years or more. Dr. Toro received his veterinary degree in 1983 from the University of Chile and earned his doctorate in 1987 from the Institute of Avian Diseases at the University of Giessen in Germany. He is a professor in the Department of Pathobiology at the Auburn University College of Veterinary Medicine. Dr. Toro was recognized for his work as a global expert in immunosuppressive and respiratory diseases in poultry.
Bayer-Snoeyenbos New Investigator Award
Dr. Monique Silva de Franca, Bogart, Georgia, for research contributions to the field of avian medicine. Dr. Silva de Franca received her veterinary degree in 2007 from Sao Paulo State University in Brazil and earned her doctorate in veterinary pathology in 2013 from the University of Georgia. She is an assistant professor at the University of Georgia Poultry Diagnostic and Research Center. Dr. Silva de Franca was honored for her research on economically important infectious diseases of poultry such as avian influenza, focal duodenal necrosis, and salmonellosis.
Hall of Honor Inductee
Dr. Daniel “Jack” King (Iowa State '61), Athens, Georgia. Dr. King earned his doctorate in 1976 from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He is retired from the Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Research Service. Dr. King was recognized for his research regarding the characterization of emergent domestic and exotic Newcastle disease virus isolates and their comparisons with historic isolates. He was also recognized for his contributions to the AAAP.
Outstanding Field Case and/or Diagnostic Report Award
Dr. Danny L. Magee (Auburn '79), Brandon, Mississippi. Dr. Magee is a clinical professor in the Department of Pathobiology and Population Medicine at Mississippi State University College of Veterinary Medicine.
P.P. Levine Award
Dr. Gustavo H. Schneiders, Athens, Georgia, won this award, presented to the senior author of the best paper published in the journal Avian Diseases. Dr. Schneiders received his veterinary degree in 2013 from the Federal University of Santa Maria in Brazil. He is a graduate research assistant in poultry science at the University of Georgia Extension.
Reed Rumsey Student Award
Drs. Daniel A. Maekawa Maeda, Athens, Georgia, and Carmen Jerry, Athens, Georgia, for clinical and basic research in avian medicine. Dr. Maekawa Maeda received his veterinary degree in 2008 from the National University of San Marcos in Peru. Dr. Jerry received her veterinary degree in 2011 from the University of the West Indies and earned her doctorate in veterinary pathology in 2019 from the University of Georgia.
Richard B. Rimler Memorial Paper Scholarship
Kelly A. Mulholland, Wilmington, Delaware, for excellence in poultry disease research. Mulholland is a graduate research assistant at the University of Delaware.
A.S. Rosenwald Student Poster Award
Blanca Lopez de Juan Abad, Cary, North Carolina, won in the category of applied research. She is a graduate research assistant at the University of North Carolina. Dr. Victor Palomino-Tapia, Calgary, Alberta, won in the category of basic research. Dr. Palomino-Tapia received his veterinary degree in 2007 from the National University of San Marcos in Peru. He is a postdoctoral student at the University of Calgary.
Drs. Eric Jensen, Huntsville, Alabama, president; David Frame, Ephraim, Utah, president-elect; Suzanne Dougherty, Elkmont, Alabama, executive vice president; Nathaniel Tablante, College Park, Maryland, immediate past president; K.A. “Ton” Schat, Ithaca, New York, northeast director; Samuel Christenberry, Cullman, Alabama, south director; Michelle Kromm, Wilmar, Minnesota, central director; Rocio Crespo, Puyallup, Washington, western director; Valerie Marcano, Athens, Georgia, student director; and directors at large—Drs. Rosemary Marusak, Chetek, Wisconsin, and Jarra Jagne, Ithaca, New York
Janece Bevans-Kerr, Director of Member Services, American Association of Avian Pathologists, 12627 San Jose Blvd., Suite 202, Jacksonville, FL 32223; phone, 904-425-5735; firstname.lastname@example.org; aaap.info
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF FOOD SAFETY AND PUBLIC HEALTH VETERINARIANS NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF FEDERAL VETERINARIANS
American Association of Food Safety and Public Health Veterinarians and National Association of Federal Veterinarians, joint meeting, Aug. 4, Washington, D.C.
Dr. Burke Healey, deputy administrator of the Department of Agriculture's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Veterinary Services, spoke on the good relationship between the NAFV and APHIS VS and his intention to further strengthen the line of communication between both organizations. Paul Kiecker, deputy administrator of the USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service, spoke about the critical role that veterinarians play in the service and his goal of making it a careerlong choice for federal veterinarians. Dr. Maria Esteras, veterinary recruitment outreach coordinator at the FSIS, discussed the strategies and plans she has put forth towards the recruitment and retention of public health veterinarians in the service.
AAFSPHV Public Health Veterinarian of the Year
Dr. Jeff Bender (Minnesota '89), Ham Lake, Minnesota. Dr. Bender is a professor in the Division of Environmental Health Sciences in the School of Public Health at the University of Minnesota and directs the U.S. Agency for International Development's Emerging Pandemic Threats 2 One Health Workforce Project at the university. He also serves as co-director of a National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health center at the university focused on agricultural occupational safety and health. A diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Preventive Medicine, Dr. Bender has directed and collaborated on several research and surveillance projects pertaining to infectious and zoonotic diseases.
AAFSPHV Food Safety Veterinarian of the Year
Dr. Jaime Kirkpatrick (Iowa State '05), Ames, Iowa. Dr. Kirkpatrick is an enforcement investigations and analysis officer with the USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service. She was honored for her dedication to food safety, for assisting individuals seeking advice on food safety issues, and for her many years of service in the FSIS.
AAFSPHV Student Scholarship
Dr. Stephanie Ringler (Louisiana State '19), Butler, Pennsylvania. Dr. Ringler is a veterinary medical officer with the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service's Veterinary Services.
NAFV Dr. Daniel E. Salmon Award
Commander Richard Luce (North Carolina State '03), Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, for distinguished service, exemplary leadership, and pioneering contributions to the promotion of public health, infectious disease control, and management of neglected health problems in underserved populations in the United States and the world. A commander in the U.S. Public Health Service Commissioned Corps, Dr. Luce is a detailee to the World Health Organization's Regional Office for Africa, serving as an accelerated immunization initiative officer with the intercountry support team based in Burkina Faso. His work focuses on vaccine-preventable diseases in 17 countries.
The AAFSPHV provided its members an update on membership, strategic planning, budget, and the then-upcoming food safety symposium at the United States Animal Health Association meeting in October. Discussions were held during the joint business meeting on the latest efforts in public practice.
AAFSPHV: Drs. Jennifer Koeman, San Luis Obispo, California, president; Donna DeBonis, Oak Harbor, Washington, president-elect; Michele Pfannenstiel, Cumberland, Maine, recording secretary; Kelly Vest, Blackwell, Oklahoma, immediate past president; Katherine Waters, Denver, executive vice president and AVMA alternate delegate; Kristen Obbink, Ames, Iowa, AVMA delegate; and directors—Drs. Roger Murphy, Raleigh, North Carolina; Nancy Frank, Haslett, Michigan; Thomas Doker, Aiken, South Carolina; Mike Gilsdorf, Sykesville, Maryland; Kristen Obbink, Ames, Iowa; and Candace Jacobs, Olympia, Washington.
NAFV: Drs. Barbara Porter-Spalding, Raleigh, North Carolina, president and AVMA alternate delegate; Deanna A. Brown, Batesville, Arkansas, president-elect; Larry A. Davis, Jackson, Mississippi, secretary-treasurer and immediate past president; and Joseph F. Annelli, Washington, D.C., executive vice president and AVMA delegate
AAFSPHV: Dr. Katherine Waters, Executive Vice President, American Association of Food Safety and Public Health Veterinarians, 1901 E. 13th Ave., #8D, Denver, CO 80206; phone, 360-281-6088; email@example.com; aafsphv.org
NAFV: Dr. Joseph F. Annelli, Executive Vice President, National Association of Federal Veterinarians, 1910 Sunderland Place NW, Washington, DC 20036; phone, 443-677-9001, firstname.lastname@example.org; nafv.org
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF INDUSTRY VETERINARIANS
American Association of Industry Veterinarians meeting, Aug. 3–5, Washington, D.C.
The association celebrated its 65th anniversary at a networking reception that drew more than 70 attendees and participated in the AVMA Career Fair.
Members can use the association's website to access archived business and career-related webinars, past compensation surveys, and other career resources.
Drs. Debra Nickelson, Kansas City, Missouri, president; Pam Mitchell, Metairie, Louisiana, president-elect; Matt Krecic, Miami, secretary; Eduardo Vivas, Stilwell, Kansas, treasurer; and Ellen Lowery, Olathe, Kansas, immediate past president
Dr. Debra Nickelson, President, American Association of Industry Veterinarians, 13800 NW 79th Terrace, Kansas City, MO 64152; phone, 602-363-6382; email@example.com; aaivet.org
AMERICAN BOARD OF VETERINARY TOXICOLOGY
American Board of Veterinary Toxicology meeting, Aug. 5, Washington, D.C.
Drs. Charles H. Hobbs (Colorado State '66), Stockdale, Texas, and Merl F. Raisbeck (Colorado State '75), Laramie, Wyoming. Dr. Hobbs is a senior scientist emeritus at Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Prior to his retirement from the institution, he served as director of the Toxicology Division and was vice president of the Lovelace Biomedical and Environmental Research Institute. Dr. Hobbs is a diplomate of the ABVT and American Board of Toxicology. He was honored for his contributions to the ABVT membership and to veterinary toxicology. Dr. Raisbeck is a professor emeritus in the Department of Veterinary Sciences at the University of Wyoming. While at the university, he also held a joint appointment in the Wyoming State Veterinary Laboratory. A diplomate of the ABVT, Dr. Raisbeck had research interests including selenium poisoning and metal intoxication in wildlife and livestock. He was recognized for his contributions to the art and science of veterinary toxicology.
Dr. Shannon Darby, University of Florida, for “Plasma l-indospicine and 3-nitropropionic acid in ponies fed creeping indigo.”
Drs. Megan Romano, Lexington, Kentucky, and Wilson Ramirez-Duarte, Davis, California
A new website is being created and is expected to be functioning in a few months.
Drs. David Dorman, Raleigh, North Carolina, president; Tam Garland, College Station, Texas, president-elect; Adrienne Bautista, Davis, California, secretary; Ahna Brutlag, Bloomington, Minnesota, treasurer; and Timothy Evans, Columbia, Missouri, immediate past president
Dr. Adrienne Bautista, Secretary, American Board of Veterinary Toxicology, 1411 W. Covell Blvd., Suite 101, Davis, CA 95616; phone, 530-750-1056; firstname.lastname@example.org; abvt.org
AMERICAN COLLEGE OF ANIMAL WELFARE
American College of Animal Welfare meeting, Aug. 1, Washington, D.C.
The meeting drew more than two dozen attendees. The college offered its short course as part of the AVMA's animal welfare continuing education program and hosted a mixer offering diplomates an opportunity to build community and for veterinarians to gather information about board certification and meet potential mentors.
Robin Chadwin, Woodland, California
Mark Flint, Columbus, Ohio
Barry Kipperman, San Ramon, California
Heather L. Narver, Bethesda, Maryland
Patricia Pryor, Herring Cove, Nova Scotia
Sandra Strong, Raleigh, North Carolina
Discussions were held on the college's efforts toward full recognition, including a focus on continued improvement of the college's training and short course programs and the refinement of the credentialing and examination processes.
Drs. Jeff Boehm, Sausalito, California, president; Jan Shearer, Ames, Iowa, president-elect; Kathryn Bayne, Frederick, Maryland, secretary; Steven R. Hansen, Phoenix, treasurer; and Gail Golab, Schaumburg, Illinois, immediate past president
Dr. Jeff Boehm, President, American College of Animal Welfare, The Marine Mammal Center, 2000 Bunker Road, Sausalito, CA 94965; phone, 415-289-7337; email@example.com; acaw.org
AMERICAN COLLEGE OF POULTRY VETERINARIANS
American College of Poultry Veterinarians meeting, Aug. 2–5, Washington, D.C.
Brandon Armwood, Athens, Georgia
Julia Blakey, Turlock, California
Judith Labounty, Grimes, Iowa
Eric Parent, St. Hyacinthe, Quebec
Abigail Reith, Bentonville, Arkansas
The ACPV certification examination was administered electronically for the first time.
Drs. Andrea Zedek, Simpsonville, South Carolina, president; Rocio Crespo, Zionsville, Indiana, president-elect; David Hermes, Washington, Indiana, immediate past president; Suzanne Dougherty, Athens, Alabama, executive vice president; James Barton, Fayetteville, Arkansas, AVMA American Board of Veterinary Specialties representative; and governors—Drs. Don Ritter, Millsboro, Delaware; Sarah Tilley, Baldwin, Georgia; Joel Cline, Elba, Alabama; Susan Williams, Athens, Georgia; Gregorio Rosales, Athens, Alabama; and Bruce Stewart-Brown, Salisbury, Maryland
Janece Bevans-Kerr, Executive Director, American College of Poultry Veterinarians, 12627 San Jose Blvd., Suite 202, Jacksonville, FL 32223; phone, 904-425-5735; firstname.lastname@example.org; acpv.info
AMERICAN COLLEGE OF VETERINARY PREVENTIVE MEDICINE
American College of Veterinary Preventive Medicine meeting, Aug. 4, Washington, D.C.
Dr. Scott Brooks (Texas A&M '90), Colorado Springs, Colorado, for outstanding and prolonged service to the ACVPM. Dr. Brooks is president of River Run Consulting, providing food safety, quality, and regulatory services to the food industry. He is a diplomate of the ACVPM.
Distinguished Diplomate Award
Brig. Gen. Erik H. Torring III (Kansas State '89), Boerne, Texas, for significant contributions to the specialty of veterinary preventive medicine. Dr. Torring recently retired as chief of the Army Veterinary Corps. As chief, he oversaw programs to recruit, train, develop, and equip nearly 3,000 veterinary and warrant officers and enlisted personnel. He is a diplomate of the ACVPM.
Frank A. Todd President's Award
Dr. Kristen Voehl (Michigan State '01), Milton, Massachusetts, for meritorious service to the college.
Dr. Voehl is a clinical veterinarian and an instructor of veterinary parasitology in the veterinary technology program at Massasoit Community College in Brockton, Massachusetts. She is a diplomate of the ACVPM.
Laura Marie Anderson, Rockville, Maryland
Kristopher T. Appler, Raeford, North Carolina
Nancy M. Barnett, Hume, Virginia
Shawn C. Basinger, College Station, Texas
Amanda M. Berrian, Columbus, Ohio
Jocelin S.Y. Blake, San Antonio
Jessica Bowden, Lacey, Washington
Philip A. Bowling, Frederick, Maryland
Jenifer Chatfield, Dade City, Florida
Daniel L. Cole, U.S. armed forces
Andrea L. Coté, Clarksville, Tennessee
Jason R. Crawford, Kensington, Maryland
Emily J. Curren, Atlanta
Benjamin C. Dixon, Myersville, Maryland
Ernesto D. Villegas, Waynesboro, Virginia
Randal S. Dudis, Silver Spring, Maryland
Lizette O. Durand, Waianae, Hawaii
Jennifer A. Edmundson, Laurel, Maryland
Natalie Erker, San Diego
Emily E. Feyes, Columbus, Ohio
Klibs N.A. Galvão, Gainesville, Florida
Hailey Harroun-White, Terrell Hills, Texas
M. Erin Henry, Ithaca, New York
Drew B. Henschen, Silver Spring, Maryland
Levi D. Hoffman, Gainesville, Florida
Jessica J. Huwa, Owings Mills, Maryland
Eugene S. Johnson, Platte City, Missouri
Jodie M. Jones, Anchorage, Alaska
Donna J.A. Kelly, Akron, Pennsylvania
Katherine J. Kilzer, Jeffersonville, Indiana
Jennifer M. Kishimori, Cabin John, Maryland
Christopher M. Lewis, Kansas City, Missouri
Meghan Louis, Apex, North Carolina
Pádraig Lucey, Tulare, California
Muhammad M. Makhdoomi, Edinburg, Texas
Jacob G. Marcek, Clarksville, Tennessee
Robert A. Messenger, Gunpowder, Maryland
Michael F. Neafsey II, Holly Springs, North Carolina
Kathleen C. O'Hara, Davis, California
Sally Plichta, Aberdeen, North Carolina
Iwona T. Popkowski, New York
Karren Prost, Barrie, Ontario
Laurel E. Redding, West Chester, Pennsylvania
Thomas D. Rose, Columbia, Missouri
Kyle P. Ross, San Diego
Nicole L. Rowley, Gaithersburg, Maryland
Katie A. Rumsey, Urbandale, Iowa
Meghan C. Schirger, Rockford, Illinois
Constance Silbernagel, Encinitas, California
Patricia B. Simon, Inglewood, California
Christan H. Stager, Colonial Heights, Virginia
Dennis M. Summers, Etna, Ohio
Sara J.C. Taetzsch, Buena Vista, Virginia
Shawn Thomas, U.S. armed forces
Tara Urbano, Davis, California
Cole F. Vanicek, Oakwood, Ohio
Elizabeth Venit, Washington, D.C.
Whitney A. Waldsmith, Aberdeen, North Carolina
Natalie M. Wendling, Atlanta
Drs. Danelle Bickett-Weddle, Ames, Iowa, president; Rick Hill, Ames, Iowa, president-elect; Thomas Doker, Aiken, South Carolina, secretary-treasurer; Thomas Berg, Richland, Michigan, executive vice president; Marianne Ash, Lafayette, Indiana, immediate past president; Sarah Hamer, College Station, Texas, Specialty of Epidemiology president; John Sanders, Kearneysville, West Virginia, American Board of Veterinary Specialties representative; and councilors—Drs. Barbara Jones, Durham, New Hampshire; Matt Doyle, College Park, Maryland; and Evan Shukan, Bethesda, Maryland
Dr. Marianne Ash, Immediate Past President, American College of Veterinary Preventive Medicine, 2514 Marruth Drive, Lafayette, IN 47905; phone, 765-427-7113; email@example.com; acvpm.org
AMERICAN VETERINARY EPIDEMIOLOGY SOCIETY
American Veterinary Epidemiology Society meeting, Aug. 5, Washington, D.C.
Karl F. Meyer-James H. Steele Gold Headed Cane Award, sponsored by Hartz Mountain Corp.
Drs. Jack A. Shere (Iowa State '87), Washington, D.C., and Kelley J. Donham (Iowa State '71), Iowa City, Iowa. Dr. Shere is associate administrator of the Department of Agriculture's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Earlier, he served as deputy administrator of APHIS Veterinary Services. A diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Preventive Medicine, Dr. Donham is a professor of occupational and environmental health at the University of Iowa. He co-authored “Agricultural Medicine: Rural Occupational and Environmental Health, Safety, and Prevention.”
AVES Early Career Professional Achievement Award, sponsored by Hartz Mountain Corp.
Lt. Cmdr. Matthew M. Doyle (Michigan State '08), College Park, Maryland, was the inaugural recipient of this award, given in recognition of contributions toward one health early in one's career. Dr. Doyle serves as a senior veterinary medical officer in the U.S. Public Health Service Commissioned Corps. A diplomate of the ACVPM, he is part of a response team for the Food and Drug Administration's Coordinated Outbreak Response and Evaluation Network.
Honorary Diplomates, sponsored by Hartz Mountain Corp.
Dr. Andrew T. Maccabe, Washington, D.C.; Dr. Ashley E. Hill, Davis, California; Capt. Casey Barton Behravesh, Atlanta; Capt. Christa R. Hale, Denver; Gloria L. Gellin, Lexington, Kentucky; Dr. Gregory C. Gray, Durham, North Carolina; Capt. Kis Robertson Hale, Silver Spring, Maryland; Dr. Megin C. Nichols, Atlanta; Dr. George R. Lueddeke, Hampshire, England; and Dr. Yrjö T. Gröhn, Ithaca, New York
The late Dr. Leon H. Russell (see obituary, Aug. 15, 2019, page 415), a past recipient of the Karl F. Meyer-James H. Steele Gold Headed Cane Award, and the late Dr. Rene Carlson (see obituary, May 15, 2019, page 1151), an honorary diplomate of the AVES, were memorialized at the meeting. It was announced that a biography of Dr. James H. Steele, “Animal Health, Human Health, One Health: The Life and Legacy of Dr. James H. Steele,” is available on amazon.com and at other booksellers. All proceeds will go to the society to help implement and sustain future programs. The society's website can be accessed to follow recent AVES activities, to learn about the history of the organization, and to make a donation to support programs.
Dr. Craig Carter, Lexington, Kentucky, president; and board members—Keith Goldman, Secaucus, New Jersey; Dr. Lonnie King, Columbus, Ohio; Dr. George Beran, Ames, Iowa; Dr. Ron DeHaven, El Dorado Hills, California; Dr. Bruce Kaplan, Sarasota, Florida; Dr. William Stokes, Apex, North Carolina; Dr. Laura Kahn, Princeton, New Jersey; and Dr. Lisa Conti, Tallahassee, Florida
Dr. Craig N. Carter, President, American Veterinary Epidemiology Society, 3135 Newman Road, Lexington, KY 40515; phone, 859-321-4890; firstname.lastname@example.org; avesociety.org
AMERICAN VETERINARY MEDICAL HISTORY SOCIETY
American Veterinary Medical History Society meeting, Aug. 4, Washington, D.C.
The immediate past president of the AVMHS, Dr. Russell W. Currier, presided over the meeting. The AVMA poster display area included posters contributed by AVMHS members—Drs. Howard H. Erickson, Manhattan, Kansas; Philip M. Teigen, Silver Spring, Maryland; Russell W. Currier, Des Moines, Iowa; and Shannon Greeley, Burbank, Illinois. Drs. Erikson and Teigen contributed the poster titled “C. Barnwell Robinson (1859–1921): Founder of U.S. College of Veterinary Surgeons, Fire-Dept and District of Columbia Veterinarian.” Dr. Currier's poster was titled “Washington DC's Private Veterinary Schools, 1892–1918: Case study of Daniel Salmon's Short-lived National Veterinary College.” Dr. Greeley's poster was titled “Milestones in the History of One Health.” The society's exhibit booth featured the poster titled “Marking the Centennial Anniversary of AVMA Presidency Dr. Charles Allen Cary.” Dr. Cary served as president of the AVMA from 1919–20 and was founding dean of the Auburn University College of Veterinary Medicine and a past Alabama state veterinarian. His biography, “The Cary Legacy,” authored by Sam Hendrix, was also on display at the booth.
J. Fred Smithcors Student Veterinary History Essay Contest, sponsored by the Donaldson Charitable Trust First place (tie)—Jennifer Chong Fan (Cornell '21), for “Animals in Court: The Early Days of Veterinary Forensics,” and Scarlett Denise Welfel (Iowa State '22), for “Doctor of Donkeys: The Story of Claude Bourgelat Who Turned His Love of Equids into a Medical Profession”; third place—Annelise Radzin (Ohio State '23), for “Trypanosoma brucei brucei: The Parasite that Plagued a Continent”; and fourth place—Dr. Brooke Fourthman (Purdue '19), for “A Brief History of Interventional Cardiology.”
Similar to previous years, members had been sent a postcard outlining the program in Washington, D.C. This year's postcard featured a line drawing of the front of the building of the United States College of Veterinary Surgeons, a veterinary college in operation from 1894–1927 in Washington, D.C. Reports on ongoing AVMHS activities were presented, including the publication of two issues of the bulletin Veterinary Heritage in November 2018 and June 2019; the society's Registry of Heritage Veterinary Practices, which honors veterinary hospitals and clinics nationwide that are more than 50 years old; the AVMHS Time-Bites, a series of historical ministories, links to which are regularly published in the Veterinary Information Network's email newsletters; and the 2019 J. Fred Smithcors Student Veterinary History Essay Contest. It was announced that the Donaldson Charitable Trust will continue to sponsor and provide funding for the essay contest for another five years and that Dr. Kavan Flaming, Ames, Iowa, will continue to provide support for the enhanced AVMHS website. Dr. Rolan Tripp, founder of the Veterinary Future Society, presented his views on the future of veterinary medicine, focusing on telemedicine.
Dr. Jerry M. Owens, Glen Ellen, California, president; Dr. Zbigniew W. Wojcinski, Ann Arbor, Michigan, president-elect and program chair; Susanne K. Whitaker, Ithaca, New York, secretary-treasurer; Dr. Russell W. Currier, Des Moines, Iowa, immediate past president; and members at large—C. Trenton Boyd, Columbia, Missouri; Dr. Margaret N. Carter, Terrell Hills, Texas; Dr. Candace A. Jacobs, Olympia, Washington; and Dr. Janver D. Krehbiel, Okemos, Michigan
Susanne K. Whitaker, Secretary-Treasurer, American Veterinary Medical History Society, 23 Wedgewood Drive, Ithaca, NY 14850; phone, 607-257-9248; email@example.com; avmhs.org
ASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN VETERINARY MEDICAL COLLEGES
Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges meeting, Aug. 3, Washington, D.C.
Dr. Michael Lairmore, AAVMC president, outlined the progress of the association's current strategic planning process. He noted that a series of concept papers, exploring top issues in academic veterinary medicine, had been developed by staff members, board members, and volunteers, and the strategic plan is on schedule for completion in early 2020. Dr. Eleanor Green, dean of Texas A&M University College of Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences and lead for the Veterinary Futures Commission, reported that the commission is nearing completion of a report on the future of veterinary medicine. Dr. Scott Angle, director of the National Institute of Food and Agriculture, spoke on the status of the relocation of the institute from Washington, D.C., to Kansas City, Missouri. He noted that only 25% of employees are expected to relocate, but the move is being approached as an opportunity for change. Dr. Stephane Martinot, president of the European Association of Establishments for Veterinary Education, outlined current issues and operations of the EAEVE. Dr. Sally Rockey, executive director of the Foundation for Food and Agriculture Research, spoke on FFAR Vet Fellows, a summer fellowship program offered to veterinary students, in collaboration with the AAVMC. The fellowship allows students to pursue research careers in global food security and sustainable animal production. Dr. Douglas L. Steels, vice president for food, agriculture, and natural resources with the Association of Public and Land-Grant Universities, presented an overview of the association's current operations and priorities. The AAVMC has recently partnered with the APLU on the establishment of the National Institute for Antimicrobial Resistance Research and Education. The meeting concluded with a presentation on the Veterinary Business Management Association by Ricky Walther and Emily Farmer, president and vice president of the association, respectively.
Drs. Michael Lairmore, University of California-Davis School of Veterinary Medicine, president; Mark Markel, University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Veterinary Medicine, president-elect; Ruby Perry, Tuskegee University College of Veterinary Medicine, secretary; Mark Stetter, Colorado State University College of Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences, treasurer; and Calvin Johnson, Auburn University College of Veterinary Medicine, immediate past president
Jeanne Johnson, Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges, 655 K Street NW, Suite 725, Washington, DC 20001; phone, 202-371-9195, ext. 144; firstname.lastname@example.org; aavmc.org
PRIDE VETERINARY MEDICAL COMMUNITY
Pride Veterinary Medical Community meeting, Aug. 1, Washington, D.C.
LGBTQ+ 2019 Leadership Award
Dr. Janet Donlin (Minnesota '81), Schaumburg, Illinois. Dr. Donlin is executive vice president and chief executive officer of the AVMA. She previously served as chief executive officer of the AVMA PLIT and before that was chief veterinary officer of the Global Veterinary Business Channel of Hill's Pet Nutrition Inc. Dr. Donlin was honored for driving AVMA support of LGBTQ+ issues and the mission of the Pride VMC.
The board of directors completed a strategic plan to outline the next three years. The plan focuses on education and advocacy for LGBTQ+ inclusion and diversity, student empowerment through leadership development and mentorship, and member engagement and outreach.
Dr. Dane Whitaker, San Francisco, president; Dr. Abby McElroy, Harrisville, Rhode Island, secretary; Kara Burns, Olathe, Kansas, treasurer; Dr. Sandy Hazanow, San Francisco, immediate past president: Corinne Weston, Corvallis, Oregon, student representative; and board members—Drs. Ellen Lowery, Olathe, Kansas; Jay Gladden, Madison, Wisconsin; and Mike Dibler, Orlando, Florida
Dr. Abby McElroy, Secretary, Pride Veterinary Medical Community, 584 Castro St. #492, San Francisco, CA 94114; phone, 304-546-0866; email@example.com; pridevmc.org
VETERINARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION EXECUTIVES
Veterinary Medical Association Executives meeting, Aug. 2, Washington, D.C.
Executive of the Year
Christine Shupe, Alachua, Florida, for exemplifying the best in association management and continually bringing credit to the association executive profession and the association community. Shupe is executive director of the Veterinary Hospital Managers Association. Under her leadership for the past 21 years, the association has seen an increase in membership of 361%, received accreditation from the Institute for Credentialing Excellence for the VHMA program to certify veterinary practice managers, published a comprehensive biennial compensation and benefits survey, and launched an online networking community in 2011 dedicated to veterinary practice management.
Distinguished Service Award
Adrian Hochstadt, Schaumburg, Illinois, for exceptional service to the VMAE, demonstrating initiative, integrity, and commitment in serving the veterinary profession and association colleagues. Hochstadt is deputy chief executive officer of the AVMA. His efforts toward establishing what is now known as the AVMA Division of State Advocacy have benefited state VMAs in helping advance their public policy objectives. A past president of the VMAE, Hochstadt has served on several of the association's committees and task forces.
Best in Business Award
Indiana VMA. The IVMA was honored for its Power of You program, targeting midcareer veterinarians who may need a refresh, recharge, or renewal of their passion for veterinary medicine. The program features four one-day sessions in the areas of insight and personalities, cohesive team strategies, veterinary wellness, and financial and business wellness.
Megan Kilgore, Topeka, Kansas, president; Susan Blevins, Atlanta, president-elect; Jost am Rhyn, Ottawa, Ontario, secretary; Dr. Randy Wheeler, Ankeny, Iowa, treasurer; and Dan Tjornehoj, South St. Paul, Minnesota, immediate past president
Megan Kilgore, President, Veterinary Medical Association Executives, P.O. Box 77, Lyndon, KS 66451; phone, 785-221-0312; firstname.lastname@example.org; vmae.org
Obituaries: AVMA MEMBER | AVMA HONOR ROLL MEMBER | NONMEMBER
WAYNE G. BENSTEAD
Dr. Benstead (Minnesota '62), 86, Delavan, Wisconsin, died Aug. 10, 2019. He owned Delavan Small Animal Clinic from 1976–94. Earlier, Dr. Benstead practiced in South Wayne, Wisconsin. He was a past president of the Delavan Lions Club. Dr. Benstead served in the Army during the Korean War.
His two sons, two daughters, seven grandchildren, and a sister survive him. Memorials may be made to Albert's Dog Lounge Rescue, N7285 Woodfield Lane, Whitewater, WI 53190, albertsdoglounge.org, or Lakeland Animal Shelter, 3615 WI-67, Delavan, WI 53115, lakelandanimalshelter.org.
JOHN F. FERRELL
Dr. Ferrell (Cornell '58), 84, Leesburg, Virginia, died June 9, 2019. A diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Pathologists, he co-founded the Experimental Pathology Laboratory in 1971 in Herndon, Virginia, providing pathology support to companies and government agencies, and EPL Pathology Archives Inc. in 1978 in Leesburg, providing biorepository services.
Earlier in his career, Dr. Ferrell served in the Army and was a chief pathologist for Hazelton Laboratories in Vienna, Virginia. He was a past president of the Society of Toxicologic Pathology, a past director of the Wildlife Center of Virginia, and a member of the International Academy of Pathology, Society of Toxicology, and American College of Toxicology.
Dr. Ferrell's wife, Janis; two sons; two grandchildren; and a sister survive him. Memorials may be made to St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, P.O. Box 1000, Department 142, Memphis, TN 38148.
LAUREN P. FLATO
Dr. Flato (Pennsylvania '93), 52, Sunnyvale, California, died July 21, 2019. A small animal veterinarian, she owned Sit Stay Wag Dog Training, providing training and behavior modification services in the south San Francisco Bay Area. Dr. Flato was certified by the Certification Council for Professional Dog Trainers and was a member of the Association of Professional Dog Trainers, American Veterinary Society of Animal Behavior, and Pet Professional Guild.
Her husband, Steven, and her children survive her.
WOODROW W. HOLLAND
Dr. Holland (Kansas State '56), 94, Erie, Kansas, died June 4, 2019. He practiced mixed animal medicine in Erie until retirement in 2013. Dr. Holland served in the Navy from 1941–43. An avid collector of plants and flowers, he donated extensive collections to the University of Kansas, Kansas State University, and Pittsburgh State University.
Dr. Holland is survived by his wife, Patricia; three daughters and two sons; 13 grandchildren; and 11 great-grandchildren. Memorials may be made to Prairie Mission Retirement Village, 242 Carroll St., St. Paul, KS 66771; St. Francis Catholic Church Rectory, 208 Washington St., St. Paul, KS 66771; or Kindred Hospice, 1819 Main St., Parsons, KS 67357.
WILLIAM H. JERNIGAN
Dr. Jernigan (Auburn '63), 87, Sebring, Florida, died Sept. 7, 2019. He was the founder of Sebring Animal Hospital, where he initially practiced mixed animal medicine, eventually transitioning to solely small animal medicine.
Dr. Jernigan was a member of the Florida VMA and the University of Florida Alumni Association. He was also active with the Boy Scouts of America and Sebring Rotary Club. Dr. Jernigan served in the Air Force. His wife, Marge; a son and a daughter; four grandchildren; five great-grandchildren; and a sister survive him. Dr. Jernigan's son, Dr. Wm. Lawrence Jernigan (Florida '82), owns Sebring Animal Hospital.
Memorials may be made to First United Methodist Church, 126 S. Pine St., Sebring, FL 33870, or Rotary Club of Sebring Charities Inc., Band Scholarship Fund, c/o Bruce Lybarger, 226 S. Ridgewood Drive, Sebring, FL 33870.
RICHARD J. KRATOCHVIL
Dr. Kratochvil (Michigan State '52), 92, Traverse City, Michigan, died Aug. 18, 2019. He was the co-founder of Grand Traverse Veterinary Hospital in Traverse City. Dr. Kratochvil retired in 1996.
A life member of the Michigan VMA, he served on its Ethics Committee from 1964–68. Dr. Kratochvil is survived by his wife, Jean, and five daughters.
ARTHUR J. NESTVED
Dr. Nestved (Cornell '64), 85, Shelby, North Carolina, died July 5, 2019.
He was an equine veterinarian. Dr. Nestved's wife, Joanne; four sons and three daughters; eight grandchildren; five great-grandchildren; and a brother survive him.