Book Reviews

books for veterinarians

Advances in Agricultural Animal Welfare: Science and Practice

Joy A. Mench, PhD

269 pages. 2018. Woodhead Publishing (an imprint of Elsevier). ISBN 978-0-08-101215-4. Price $170.00.

Although veterinarians support the concept of animal welfare as a profession, many know little about the discipline of animal welfare science. In the United States particularly, animal welfare research remains the purview of animal scientists and behaviorists. The lack of veterinary involvement is a detriment to both the field and to veterinarians. Advances in Agricultural Animal Welfare: Science and Practice helps bridge that gap, allowing veterinarians to familiarize themselves with some of the important welfare issues that are facing agricultural animals today.

The book is divided into 5 main sections. It begins with a chapter on the latest advances in animal welfare science then proceeds to cover topics such as sustainability, international challenges, and application of recent research results in the field. This breath of subject matter is not a negative because it allows this relatively thin volume to cover a great deal of territory.

For most veterinarians, the most interesting part of this book will undoubtedly be the chapter titled, “Perspective on the emerging role of US veterinarians in education, policy, politics, and research.” The authors do an admirable job outlining the past, present, and future of veterinary involvement in animal welfare science research. They emphasize the need for veterinarians in the United States to join their international peers in actively participating in agricultural animal welfare research and applying welfare concepts in their practices.

As with any multiple-author book, some chapters are better than others. However, overall this is an extremely valuable book for anyone interested in agricultural animal welfare in general as well as for veterinarians with a food animal emphasis.

Janice Kritchevsky, VMD, MS, DACVIM

Purdue University West Lafayette, Ind

Air Quality and Livestock Farming (Sustainable Energy Developments Series)

Thomas Banhazi, PhD; Andres Aland, DVM, MSc, Dr vet med; & Jörg Hartung, Dr med vet, Dr med vet habil

370 pages. 2018. CRC Press (an imprint of Taylor & Francis Group). ISBN 978-1-138-02703-9. Price $239.95.

Air Quality and Livestock Farming is part of a series called Sustainable Energy Developments, which concentrates on solutions for the integration of sustainable energies that will help protect the climate. The book begins with an explanation of the impact of air quality on human and animal health and how airway inflammation of housed food animals leads to decreased production. The intended audience for this book includes stakeholders in the animal agriculture industry and those involved in creating policies to improve the environmental impact of animal agriculture.

Most of the book consists of scientific papers that focus on measuring various airborne pollutants in swine, dairy, and poultry facilities. It also includes several reports on different ways to measure air pollutants and various methods to reduce air contaminants, such as filtration systems and oil-spraying technologies. Each chapter is written by different authors; however, the chapters are ordered in a logical and easy-to-read manner. This book will be a valuable resource for food animal veterinarians regardless of whether they work in industry or with individual producers. Extension veterinarians can also use information from this book in the development of food animal health outreach programs.

Heidi Ward, DVM, PhD

University of Arkansas Fayetteville, Ark

Pathology of Wildlife and Zoo Animals

Karen A. Terio, DVM, PhD, DACVP; Denise McAloose, VMD; & Judy St. Leger, DVM, DACVP

1,084 pages. 2018. Academic Press (an imprint of Elsevier). ISBN 978-0-12-805306-5. Price $153.00.

Pathology of Wildlife and Zoo Animals is a long-needed textbook in the field of veterinary medicine. The beautiful artwork on the cover by Charley Harper is an appropriate introduction to the beautiful composition within. It is a large textbook, as is expected for a comprehensive pathological reference that includes species ranging from invertebrates to Cetacea. The extensive list of contributing authors includes individuals who have accumulated a wealth of knowledge and experience in the field.

The book begins with introductory chapters on general laboratory methodology as applicable to nondomestic species. Topics covered include necropsy, forensic wildlife pathology, laboratory diagnostics, and clinical pathology. Chapters 5 through 41 are species specific and largely categorized by order. This organization makes it easy to quickly find specific information, which is important for a textbook that touches on the known pathology of most species on Earth. Many readers will find Appendix A particularly useful, as it is a comprehensive list of viral families and the associated documented disease processes within specific species. No doubt this took quite some time to compile from the literature.

This book does not extensively address clinical pathology, and some readers may view that as a shortcoming. However, other textbooks cover clinical pathology of nondomestic species in depth, and it is not necessary for this book to do so as well.

Overall, I am very excited that this book now exists. I highly recommend it for any veterinarian or biologist who works with nondomestic species on a regular basis.

Laura J. Black, DVM, DACVP

Specialty VETPATH Seattle, Wash

Field Manual for Small Animal Medicine

Katherine Polak, DVM, MPH, MS, DACVPM & Ann Therese Kommedal, DVM

696 pages. 2018. Wiley Blackwell. ISBN 978-1-119-24327-4. Price $124.99.

Field Manual for Small Animal Medicine is a one-of-a-kind comprehensive guide for those interested in large-scale veterinary and shelter work with small animals. On the basis of my expertise as a forensic veterinarian who has been involved with national large-scale cruelty cases, I believe this book excels in illustrating the most commonly encountered field conditions including skin dermatoses, parasitic infections, and infectious diseases such as babesiosis and distemper. The book outlines various protocols from gold-standard protocols to alternative protocols. This is important because resources are often limited in the field and you have to be creative with what resources are available. The organization and tables are easy to follow and comprehend. This book is a necessary resource for anyone interested in best practices for large-scale veterinary and shelter medicine.

Rhonda Windham, MVB

Animal Kind Veterinary Hospital Brooklyn, NY

Guide to Canine and Feline Electrocardiography

Ruth Willis, BVM&S, DVC; Pedro Oliveira, DVM, DECVIM; & Antonia Mavropoulou, DVM, PhD, DECVIM

436 pages. 2018. Wiley Blackwell. ISBN 978-1-119-25384-6. Price $125.00.

The first textbook of veterinary electrocardiography was written in 1975 and the last one in 1992. Although there have been numerous handbooks, articles, and self-assessments on the topic since then, a comprehensive textbook that is both easy to understand and advanced enough for specialists has not existed until now. Guide to Canine and Feline Electrocardiography fills a huge long-standing void and does it exceptionally well.

I cannot say enough good things about this book. Not only does it have the requisite chapters on anatomy, physiology, and specific arrhythmias and conduction abnormalities, but it also includes chapters that reflect the current sophistication and advanced technologies that are available to veterinary cardiologists (eg, heart rate variability, electrophysiology studies, and catheter ablation).

The illustrations and figures are clear, concise, and easy to understand. Boxes that highlight key points are scattered throughout the text and could have been used even more. I was especially glad to see separate chapters dedicated to atrial fibrillation and systemic disease–noncardiogenic causes of collapse. The chapters on wide-complex and narrow-complex tachycardias are also helpful. Descriptions of the mechanisms of complex arrhythmias are especially good and help readers understand difficult concepts. Information regarding diagnosis and treatment of specific arrhythmias is intensely practical. The book also includes several useful appendices, a self-assessment section, and companion website. The content of the website is the same as the book and includes all figures.

I have no criticisms of this book other than, in future editions, I would like to see a larger section on artifacts (eg, ring artifact); a better discussion of atrioventricular dissociation, the importance of compensatory versus noncompensatory pauses, and the Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome as part of preexcitation; and a section dedicated to explaining ladder diagrams. Nonetheless, given this book's completeness and clarity, it is a bargain for the price. It should be part of any veterinarian's library.

Betsy Bond, DVM, DACVIM

The Animal Medical Center New York, NY

Histologic Basis of Ocular Disease in Animals

Bruce Grahn, DVM, DACVO, DABVP; Robert Peiffer, DVM, PhD, DACVO; & Brian Wilcock, DVM, PhD, DACVO

448 pages. 2019. Wiley Blackwell. ISBN 978-1-118-38877-8. Price $249.99.

The beauty of pathology is that it illuminates clinically observable phenomena through an understanding of tissue responses. In the Histologic Basis of Ocular Disease in Animals, the authors bring their combined experience in pathology and clinical ophthalmology to bear on that continuum. Throughout this superbly illustrated textbook, the authors use a combination of histology, gross specimens, and many clinical examples to describe ocular diseases and their underlying pathophysiology. The first 2 chapters provide a concise and practical overview of tissue preparation and general pathology of the eye. The remaining chapters are organized principally by anatomic region or by process, such as diseases that may involve the entire globe, glaucoma, trauma, neoplasia, and congenital disorders. In general, each chapter begins with a description of the characteristic tissue responses to the injury being discussed. Those reactions are often nonspecific but nevertheless strongly influence the clinical characteristics and treatment of affected animals. With corneal ulceration used as an example, epithelial, stromal, and endothelial responses to severity and chronicity of ulceration are clearly explained and thoroughly illustrated. A comprehensive list of specific corneal disease entities in various species follows. Discussion includes clinical signs and the typical disease course and histologic features that allow specific diagnosis. Diseases of domestic species are emphasized; however, conditions of reptiles, fish, birds, and exotic species are also included. The table of contents and index make the book easy to navigate. References are appropriate in regard to the number and selection. Overall, this book is a valuable and fairly priced resource for veterinary students, veterinarians, and pathologists.

Caroline Zeiss, PhD, DACVP, DACLAM

Yale University School of Medicine New Haven, Conn

The Teeth of Mammalian Vertebrates

Barry Berkovitz, MSc, PhD, FDS, LDSRCS, & R. Peter Shellis, BSc, MSc, PhD

334 pages. 2018. Academic Press (an imprint of Elsevier). ISBN 978-0-1280-2850-6. Price $106.25.

The Teeth of Mammalian Vertebrates is the companion textbook to The Teeth of Non-Mammalian Vertebrates. This book covers in great detail aspects of the jaw and dentition from the evolution of those structures to how they work in mammals. It has a very detailed chapter devoted to tooth structure and function, with some wonderful ultrastructure images of the various types of enamel, dentin, and cementum. It also has a very interesting chapter on how teeth can be used in various ways to age an individual at the time of death and assess evidence of major life events as well as a discussion on methods for determining the amount of time since death.

Most of the book consists of thoroughly referenced chapters broken down into major mammalian classes or orders. Each chapter provides information about the class or order being discussed and then specific details about individual species within that class or order. High-quality images of the skulls of various species have been obtained from collections around the world. When available and appropriate, the authors have included 3-D CT reconstruction and radiographic images and photomicrographs. They have also integrated information regarding the skull, temporomandibular joint, masticatory musculature, teeth morphology, and diet for each of the species to provide readers a clear functional overview of the masticatory system. Information regarding deciduous dentition and tooth succession and wear is also provided for each species discussed.

This book is a must-have for anyone whose daily activities require detailed knowledge of mammalian orodental structures and function. It is a definite improvement on past books covering the subject and is well worth the investment.

Curtis Stiles, DVM, DAVDC

North Carolina State University Raleigh, NC

Veterinary Dentistry: A Team Approach (3rd edition)

Steven E. Holmstrom, DVM, DAVDC

428 pages. 2019. Saunders (an imprint of Elsevier). ISBN 978-0-3234-8527-2. Price $60.76.

The third edition of Veterinary Dentistry: A Team Approach is a practical and comprehensive review of the entire scope of dental practice directly applicable to all members of the veterinary staff. The author is a renowned board-certified veterinary dentist. This book will be a welcome addition to the libraries of practices that are looking to expand their knowledge base, diagnostic capabilities, and level of dental care provided.

The author shares information in an engaging manner, which makes for easy reading. The book encompasses over 400 pages and 15 chapters. Readers will find pertinent information about dental instrumentation and equipment, charting, safety, oral home care products, and marketing in addition to core disciplines and intraoral imaging. This edition has an expanded section on radiographic interpretation and an update of radiology equipment and imaging techniques. Each chapter begins with an outline, learning objectives, and key terms and is broken down into boldly titled subcategories, which fit logically into the topic of the chapter. Within the text, numerous referenced high-quality color photographs assist readers in committing new knowledge to memory. The expanded chapter on diagnosis recognition contains images of almost every dentition-related condition and oral lesion to aid veterinarians in recognizing them in practice. All chapters conclude with a review worksheet so that readers can self-assess their understanding of the subject. Numerous appendices, an extensive bibliography and glossary, answers to the worksheets, and an exhaustive index are provided at the end of the book.

In summary, this book delivers a descriptive account of all aspects of veterinary dentistry. It is written in a manner to make the content relevant to general practitioners, veterinary technicians, and other veterinary staff. This book is definitely worth reading, and I suspect it will become a daily reference for many.

Barbara L. Stapleton, DVM, FAVD, DAVDC

Barrington Animal Hospital Barrington, Ill

BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Dentistry and Oral Surgery (4th edition)

Alexander M. Reiter, DTzt, DrMedVet, DAVDC, DEVDCM, & Margherita Gracis, DVM, DAVDC, DEVDC

384 pages. 2018. British Small Animal Veterinary Association & Wiley Blackwell. ISBN 978-1-905-31960-2. Price $100.00.

The fourth edition of the BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Dentistry and Oral Surgery is a reasonably priced softcover book written for veterinarians, technicians, and veterinary students. It is divided into 13 chapters, which are logically arranged to cover the full gamut of current knowledge in veterinary dentistry and oral surgery. Each chapter is well referenced for those who are interested in further reading. The first few chapters deal with ethics, anatomy, oral examination, and imaging. Subsequent chapters deal with common abnormalities and anesthetic considerations. The remainder of the book discusses management of the most common disease processes found in the oral cavity. It is a very visual book, with numerous excellent photographs of clinical conditions, equipment, CT images, and radiographs. Diagrams complement the text and facilitate understanding of the concepts described. Select chapters end with a section entitled Operative Techniques, which provides a step-by-step guide for performing specific procedures. Those procedures may (eg, obtaining full-mouth dental radiographs for dogs and cats) or may not (eg, some endodontic procedures) be common in general practice. Some of the information in the book may be overwhelming or too detailed for general practitioners and technicians. As stated in the ethics section, general practitioners should not attempt to perform procedures unless they have been well trained and are comfortable doing so. General practitioners cannot become proficient performing some of the advanced procedures described in this book without advanced training.

John Huff, DVM, FAVD, DAVDC

Animal Dental Care & Oral Surgery Castle Pines, Colo

Locking Plates in Veterinary Orthopedics (Advances in Veterinary Surgery Series)

Matthew D. Barnhart, DVM, MS, DACVS, & Karl C. Maritato, DVM, DACVS

240 pages. 2019. Wiley Blackwell & ACVS Foundation. ISBN 978-1-119-38012-2. Price $149.99.

Locking Plates in Veterinary Orthopedics is part of the Advances in Veterinary Surgery book series, which is published in cooperation with the American College of Veterinary Surgeons. The target audience for this book is board-certified veterinary surgeons and residents in training; however, the content may also benefit veterinary interns and students and general practitioners who regularly perform fracture stabilization.

The book is well organized and divided into several sections including the history of locking plate development, principles of locking plate application, and specific situational use of locking plates for various bone fractures and osteotomy procedures. The chapter that compares traditional compression plates with locking plates is especially well written. The information in that chapter is important because a full understanding of the mechanical differences between compression and locking plates is essential for proper decision making regarding fracture stabilization. The authors do not simply overstate that locking plates are better; instead, they detail the advantages of locking plates and the clinical situations that benefit from their use as well as those that do not. Chapters are well illustrated with numerous figures and radiographs to assist readers with understanding locking plate concepts. Compared with other orthopedic surgery textbooks, this book provides a more thorough review of the nuances of multiple commercially available locking plate systems. That information can be used to assist surgeons who are unfamiliar with locking plates decide which system may be best for their practice and aid those who are familiar with locking plates transition from one system to another.

The authors of this book assume readers will have prior knowledge and experience with fracture fixation, and this book cannot and should not be used as a guide for learning general fracture stabilization principles. Instead, this book provides an in-depth and comprehensive summary of locking bone plates and their diverse and evolving use in veterinary orthopedic surgery. This book will be a welcome addition to the library of any surgeon or practice where veterinary orthopedic surgery is regularly performed.

Eric C. Hans, DVM, DACVS

MedVet Indianapolis Carmel, Ind

Veterinary Anesthetic and Monitoring Equipment

Kristen G. Cooley, BA, CVT, VTS, & Rebecca A. Johnson, DVM, PhD, DACVAA

525 pages. 2018. Wiley Blackwell. ISBN 978-1-119-27715-6. Price $149.99.

Veterinary Anesthetic and Monitoring Equipment is a very nice compilation of anesthetic equipment–related topics. The authors are a diverse group and provide a global perspective on what equipment is still being used or is new and how some equipment can be adapted for use with a wide variety of veterinary species. This is important because new editions of human anesthetic equipment books often do not include descriptions of old equipment still commonly used in veterinary medicine. The text is very easy to read and contains good explanations of concepts. It is concise and not too extensive, avoiding every single possible detail for each piece of equipment. The text is complemented with good-quality photographs and diagrams accompanied by explanations. Some of the information is redundant across chapters, but that might have been intentional to make it easier for readers to access and remember important details. This book will be a nice reference for veterinary students, technicians, veterinarians, and anesthesiologists who are trying to understand how certain machines function or how to troubleshoot a malfunctioning machine in daily practice or making an educated decision regarding the purchase of anesthetic and monitoring equipment. It is not intended to be a comprehensive textbook on the topic for those in advanced training programs. The price is reasonable, but this book is not cheap when compared with similar human anesthesia equipment books. Nevertheless, I recommend this book for anyone who is learning about veterinary anesthesia or intends to perform anesthesia.

Natalia Henao-Guerrero DVM, MS, DACVAA

Virginia-Maryland College of Veterinary Medicine Blacksburg, Va

Analgesia and Anesthesia for the Ill or Injured Dog and Cat

Karol A. Mathews, DVM, DVSc, DACVECC; Melissa Sinclair, DVM, DVSc, DACVAA; Andrea M. Steele, MSc, RVT; & Tamara Grubb, DVM, PhD, DACVAA

480 pages. 2018. Wiley Blackwell. ISBN 978-1-119-03656-2. Price $124.99.

Analgesia and Anesthesia for the Ill or Injured Dog and Cat covers wide-ranging aspects of anesthesia and pain management for companion animal practitioners. It is designed to be a desktop manual and is written in a manner that provides readers quick and easy access to detailed information on the topics discussed.

The book is written by highly respected experts in the field, and the content flows smoothly through their different areas of knowledge and experience. Tables and illustrations are used to provide additional perspectives on important information and are easy to access. Topics are framed such that key points and lists of needed supplies for procedures are provided as bulleted points, which allows technicians and practitioners to work together to put the techniques into practice.

The content of the book is most applicable to primary and emergency care practitioners, but the breadth of information provided will make it an excellent resource for specialists. The sections on adjunct pain medications and techniques are timely, and the inclusion of physical medicine, such as acupuncture, is an important and needed step for the veterinary profession.

Unfortunately, this book does not have an electronic access component to allow users to access information when the book is not available. This is becoming more common and is readily used by many students who are looking for easy access to information. However, that is a minor limitation to a truly useful resource. It is a valuable addition to our clinic's reference library, and I will be suggesting it as a reference to students who rotate through our emergency service.

Jeff Wilson, DVM, DACVAA

Virginia-Maryland College of Veterinary Medicine Blacksburg, Va

books for veterinary technicians

Veterinary Technician's Manual for Small Animal Emergency and Critical Care (2nd edition)

Christopher L. Norkus, VTS, DVM, DACVAA

607 pages. 2019. Wiley Blackwell. ISBN 978-1-119-17909-2. Price $99.99.

The second edition of the Veterinary Technician's Manual for Small Animal Emergency and Critical Care is a comprehensive and practical guide for veterinary technicians of all levels of experience. This revised and updated edition provides readers with the most current evidence-based techniques relevant to the growing and demanding field of emergency and critical care (ECC). Written by technicians for technicians, each chapter is authored by veterinary technician specialists from around the world who have a unique and accurate perspective of what technicians in the field of ECC need and want to know.

The book is divided into 3 distinct sections: Initial Patient Management, Specific Organ System Disorders, and Select Emergency/Critical Care Topics and Therapies. This logical format makes the book useful for technicians (and veterinarians) who need to reference material in a clinical setting or as an advanced-level study guide in preparation for the Veterinary Technician Specialists certification examination in ECC (VTS[ECC]). The book contains many useful photographs, illustrations, tables, and boxed highlights that can be used as quick references in practice.

New to this edition are chapters on mechanical ventilation, renal replacement therapy, ECC nursing skills, and caring for caregivers as well as an updated chapter on CPR, which outlines the current RECOVER guidelines. The book has a companion website that contains multiple-choice questions and downloadable slides of all figures in the book. Overall, this book is an excellent, fairly priced, evidence-based resource for veterinary technicians in ECC settings and a must have for VTS(ECC) candidates.

Leslie R. Wereszczak, LVMT, VTS(ECC)

University of Tennessee Knoxville, Tenn

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