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Seizure etiologic classification and long-term outcome for cats with juvenile-onset seizures

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  • 1 Department of Medical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706.
  • | 2 Department of Medical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To identify seizure etiologic classification for cats that developed seizures at < 12 months of age and describe the long-term outcome of affected cats.

DESIGN Retrospective cohort study.

ANIMALS 15 client-owned cats with seizures that began at < 12 months of age.

PROCEDURES Information on each cat was obtained from the medical records, veterinarians, and owners. Inclusion required an onset of seizures before 12 months of age and a complete medical record, including a final diagnosis.

RESULTS 7 of the 15 cats had structural epilepsy, 4 had idiopathic epilepsy, and 4 had reactive seizures. Median age at seizure onset was 27 weeks (range, 0.4 to 41 weeks). Cluster seizures were reported in 6 cats, and status epilepticus was reported in 2. Age at the onset of seizures, presence of cluster seizures, and seizure semiology (ie, generalized vs focal seizures) were not significantly associated with seizure etiologic classification.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE Results suggested that cats that developed seizures at < 12 months of age were more likely to have structural epilepsy than idiopathic epilepsy or reactive seizures. Therefore, advanced diagnostic imaging is recommended in cats with juvenile-onset seizures if metabolic and toxic causes are excluded.

Contributor Notes

Address correspondence to Dr. Barnes Heller (heidi.barnesheller@wisc.edu).