Book Reviews: For Your Library

The Cat: Clinical Medicine and Management

Reviewed by Janet Cohn, DVM, DABVP

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The stated objective for The Cat: Clinical Medicine and Management is to be a practical and usable source of information for primary care practitioners, and I think the book accomplishes this goal very well. The book starts out with general information regarding cats and caring for cats in a veterinary hospital situation, and it provides many helpful tips for those who may be pursuing the American Association of Feline Practitioners Cat Friendly Practice status. I found the chapters on fluid therapy and nutrition helpful, especially the sections with specific recommendations for feline patients with certain disease states. The chapter on current controversies in feline nutrition is extremely interesting and summarizes the current evidence for and against some commonly propounded recommendations.

The book contains a thorough review of feline internal medicine organized on the basis of body systems. It effectively uses photographs, diagrams, and charts to clarify the information. The chapter editors do a good job of providing references for more in-depth information on most topics. The chapter on concurrent disease management should prove helpful to general practitioners, although I would have preferred a section on hyperthyroidism and inflammatory bowel disease because this seems to be a common combination in my patients. The chapters on management considerations for senior cats are a great resource. The section on palliative medicine has a well-written and thought-provoking discussion of end-of-life issues. The index seems to be quite thorough and user-friendly.

Overall, I highly recommend this book, and I think that it will make an excellent first-line reference for practitioners who work with a lot of cats or who would like to increase the feline portion of their practice.—By Susan E. Little. 1,398 pages; illustrated. Elsevier, 11830 Westline Industrial Dr, St Louis, MO 63146. ISBN 978-1-4377-0660-4. 2012. Price $189.00.

Blackwell's Five-Minute Veterinary Consult: Canine and Feline (Five-Minute Veterinary Consult Series) (5th edition)

Reviewed by Julie E. Fixman, DVM, DABVP

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Similar to previous editions, the fifth edition of Blackwell's 5-Minute Veterinary Consult: Canine and Feline continues to provide succinct, informative summaries of disease conditions and clinical and laboratory abnormalities in small animals. Most subject listings are 1- to 2-pages long and divided into sections on basic etiology and clinical signs, diagnosis, treatment and monitoring, and follow-up. Each summary is written by an expert in the field and is supplemented with suggestions for further reading and, in some cases, Internet resources. A major improvement over previous editions is the reorganization of subjects in alphabetic order, which makes it much easier to find content without the need to consult the table of contents or index (previous editions contain several sections that are subdivided into topics). There is additional useful information in the appendices, which include conversion and reference range tables, endocrine testing protocols, 3 toxicology tables, and a listing of veterinary telephone hotlines. There is also a drug formulary, which has been expanded in this edition; however, dosing information is still quite brief, and more accurate dosing and monitoring information can be obtained from the topic summaries or from an alternate formulary. Similar to previous editions, customizable client information handouts are available online. This reference is useful for veterinary students and general practitioners alike; each subject heading provides diagnostic and treatment information that makes this book a valuable quick reference for use in day-today clinical practice.—By Larry P. Tilley & Francis W. K. Smith Jr. 1,538 pages with links to client education handouts; illustrated. Wiley-Blackwell, 2121 State Ave, Ames, IA 50014. ISBN 978-0-8138-0763-8. 2011. Price $99.99.

Deafness in Dogs and Cats

Reviewed by Karen Kline, DVM, MS, DACVIM

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Deafness in Dogs and Cats is written with clinicians, residents, specialists, and laypeople in mind in terms of content and readership. It is appropriately priced, and it is a great resource for all members of the veterinary profession as well as for pet owners. It is well organized in terms of discussion and review of the anatomy and physiology of the auditory system as well as the forms and mechanisms of deafness. The book is easy to read and touches on the science of deafness as well as the effects of deafness on pet owners. The discussion of the physics of the brainstem auditory evoked response (BAER) and other tests of auditory function is especially useful for veterinary neurologists as well as for residents and veterinary technicians who are training to use this electrodiagnostic tool. The troubleshooting tips offered for what to do if the BAER test does not work are extremely useful and helpful for a modality that can be an extremely user- and patient-dependent process. Overall, the book is a well-organized and useful contribution to the veterinary literature.—By George M. Strain. 150 pages; illustrated. CABI, 875 Massachusetts Ave, 7th Floor, Cambridge, MA 02139. ISBN 978-1-84593-937-3. 2011. Price $70.00.

Applied Veterinary Clinical Nutrition

Reviewed by Julie A. Churchill, DVM, PhD, DACVN

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The stated intent of Applied Veterinary Clinical Nutrition is to provide clinically relevant and applicable nutritional advice for daily use in small animal practice. These goals have readily been achieved in this text. It is intended to be a useful resource for veterinary practitioners as well as for veterinary students, residents, and specialists of multiple disciplines. There is a clear need for this valuable resource because clinical nutrition is likely to have been limited or only a minor component of a veterinarian's medical education.

The 21 chapters are written by 20 well-respected contributing authors, most of whom are practicing nutritionists offering practical and relevant solutions for nutritional management of veterinary patients. The introductory chapter is a thought-provoking discussion of implementing nutrition into clinical practice, including aspects of practice management and realistic ways to make nutrition recommendations and provide a high standard of patient care. This is followed by brief chapters that review basic nutrition, reviews of useful calculations and energy requirements, signs of nutrient deficiencies and recommended tests, pet foods, and homemade diets. These early succinct chapters of nutrition principles serve as a foundation for the remainder of the text, which addresses feeding principles and practices for healthy dogs and cats and nutritional considerations in patients with diseases. Two-thirds of the book is devoted to chapters on nutritional management of diseases. These chapters can stand alone and will serve as useful resources for nutritional management of patients with diseases, including orthopedic, dermatologic, gastrointestinal, urological, endocrine, cardiovascular, oncological, and critical care needs. This book is concisely written and provides current and thoroughly referenced material for those who desire further reading. The format is consistent, with each chapter closing with a summary box of key points. It would be a valuable addition to the library of veterinary students, practitioners, and academicians.—By Andrea J. Fascetti & Sean J. Delaney. 388 pages; illustrated. Wiley-Blackwell, 2121 State Ave, Ames, IA 50014. ISBN 978-0-8138-0657-0. 2012. Price $99.99.

Small Animal Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics (2nd edition)

Reviewed by Jennifer L. Buur, DVM, DACVCP, PhD

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The second edition of Small Animal Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics has been expanded to include a greater emphasis on evidenced-based medicine. Similar to the first edition, it starts by providing a firm foundation of the principles of pharmacology and then follows with chapters on specific classes of drugs. Drug-specific chapters include reviews of the relevant physiology, drug-specific pharmacokinetic data when available, and in-depth literature reviews on the safety and efficacy of drugs commonly used in veterinary medicine. In the face of the increased breadth and depth of information in this edition, formatting has been updated to include call-out boxes for take-home information points and clinical examples as well as an abundance of tables for ease of use. Chapters are more fully referenced as well. This book would be an asset to students in veterinary medicine and veterinary technician curriculums. It would also be a good complement to a comprehensive formulary in busy small animal practices. Similar to other books of this nature, the fast-paced changes in veterinary medicine and pharmacology may quickly outdate the information provided. The book is fairly priced.—By Dawn Merton Boothe. 1,334 pages; illustrated. Elsevier/Mosby, 11830 Westline Industrial Dr, St Louis, MO 63146. ISBN 978-0-7216-0555-5. 2011. Price $99.95.

Veterinary Microbiology and Microbial Disease (2nd edition)

Reviewed by Rebecca J. Morton, DVM, PhD

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The second edition of Veterinary Microbiology and Microbial Disease has been greatly expanded, enhanced, and updated. The change from black and white to color greatly improves the numerous figures and tables throughout the book. Sections are color-coded for easy reference. Overall, the book is more appealing to the eye and user friendly.

There are 12 new chapters including antimicrobial resistance and antimicrobial therapy with added chapters on antifungals and antivirals. Four chapters—Renal, Cardiovascular, Musculoskeletal, and Integumentary—have been added to the Disease Section to complete a systems approach to microbial disease. Molecular diagnostic techniques are covered in a separate chapter. A new chapter on immunodeficiency diseases follows the chapter on immunology, and together they are an excellent review and summary of both topics. Every chapter has been updated with current classification and nomenclature, vaccines, molecular diagnostic techniques, pathogenesis, and antimicrobial resistance problems where appropriate.

Regardless of one's approach to teaching of veterinary infectious diseases, this book should be an excellent instructional tool. Although intended for students in veterinary microbiology, it is extremely comprehensive and has sufficient scope and depth to be used by graduate students as well. The price is fair because the book is extremely comprehensive and should serve as an excellent resource tool as well as a teaching text.—By P.J. Quinn, B. K. Markey, F. C. Leonard, E. S. FitzPatrick, S. Fanning, & P. J. Hartigan. 912 pages; illustrated. Wiley-Blackwell, 2121 State Ave, Ames, IA 50014. ISBN 978-1-4051-5823-7. 2011. Price $99.99.

Bacterial Pathogenesis: Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms

Reviewed by Thomas E. Besser, DVM, PhD

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Bacterial Pathogenesis: Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms provides a state-of-the-art overview of bacterial pathogenesis, including general approaches to studying bacterial pathogenesis, bacterial adhesion, bacterial toxins, cellular invasion, and bacterial evasion of host defenses. The chapters are written by prominent scientists who represent eminent scientific institutes. The chapters vary in their approach to coverage of the subject matter, ranging from simply providing key principles that are illustrated by 1 or 2 examples of specific pathogens to more in-depth reviews that comprehensively address the minor variations in strategies used by many pathogens relevant to each principle. Therefore, chapters may be more or less useful to readers with differing needs, with the key-principles approach more useful for an initial broad overview of the topic and the comprehensive approach more useful to those interested in the range of variation of strategies used by the various organisms.

I found chapters 6 (Biofilms) and 7 (Toxins Damaging Cell Membranes) to be outstanding examples of the broad overview approach. Chapter 10 (Bacterial Life in a Vacuole) is also excellent and is made more compelling by explicit consideration of the evolutionary implications underlying the mechanisms discussed. The book features many useful images, which are printed in black and white within the chapters and reprinted in larger-scale color illustrations in a special section that follows the Index. The book is generally clearly written and well edited. The readability is slightly affected by the style of citation used in the text (ie, author and year); some sections contain hundreds of references, which leads to multiple lines of citations following a single sentence. I would recommend this book as a resource for graduate students beginning their studies of bacterial pathogenesis as well as established investigators who are delving into a new area of bacterial pathogenesis research. Unfortunately, the purchase price of the book may represent a major obstacle, especially when compared with the prices for competing books in the field.—By Camille Locht & Michel Simonet. 378 pages; illustrated. Caister Academic Press, distributed by International Specialized Book Services, 920 NE 58th Ave, Ste 300, Portland, OR 97213. ISBN 978-1-904455-91-2. 2012. Price $350.00.

Pathologic Basis of Veterinary Disease (5th edition)

Reviewed by Craig A. Thompson, DVM, DACVP

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The fifth edition of Pathologic Basis of Veterinary Disease provides an outstanding entry in the books that serve as a bastion of veterinary pathology. The book is divided into General Pathology and Pathology of Organ Systems sections. These sections are subdivided into chapters that deal with specific topics. The overall content is thorough and placed into chapters with an appropriate amount of duplication (eg, hypersensitivity types), without overemphasizing areas or deeply delving into esoteric subjects. Each chapter offers an excellent review of anatomy and physiology, which is followed by pathophysiology or specific diseases (or both). The expertly written text is supported by outstanding diagrams, photomicrographs, and gross images. A few slightly grainy scanned photographs are an exception to the hundreds of crisp, germane images. Tables and boxes provide a particularly potent way to condense volumes of information into useful, easy to use components. These supplements are especially useful in the nervous system and integument chapters. In addition to the supporting ancillary components of the book, there are online materials available. Linked references, digital images, and content deemed superfluous to the book are all on a website. This resource is necessary to keep the already marginally wieldy book to 1 volume. This is a superb book that would be useful for veterinary students as well as those in training programs (veterinary pathology and other specialties). Practicing veterinarians will find the gross images, disease descriptions, differential diagnoses, and review of physiology and pathogenic mechanisms useful.—By James F. Zachary & M. Donald McGavin. 1,322 pages; illustrated. Elsevier/Saunders, 11830 Westline Industrial Dr, St Louis, MO 63146. ISBN 978-0-323-07533-6. 2012. Price $139.00.

Atlas of Comparative Diagnostic & Experimental Hematology (2nd edition)

Reviewed by Elizabeth Spangler, DVM, PhD, DACVIM, DACVP

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The second edition of the Atlas of Comparative Diagnostic & Experimental Hematology provides an overview of the expected hematologic findings for species commonly used in toxicologic studies. As an atlas, this book is primarily an organized collection of images and charts, with a brief discussion of findings that are characteristic of particular species. Revisions from the first edition include examples of data provided by current hematologic analyzers and a chapter that discusses the application of flow cytometry. The first 6 chapters are divided on the basis of species (Rodent, Rabbit, Cat, Dog, Monkey, and Other) and include brief descriptions of the expected hematologic findings, charts that illustrate the reference values for animals of various ages, examples of output from various hematology analyzers, and an extensive collection of photomicrographs of blood and bone marrow smears. More than 400 photomicrographs are included in the book, and the quality is excellent. Additional chapters provide brief descriptions of methods for blood collection and sample preparation, an excellent discussion of artifacts that may be encountered, and an overview of various methods for collection of bone marrow samples and smear preparation. The final chapter is an introduction to flow cytometry and describes several applications of this technique. A short list of references is provided for each chapter. This book is not intended to address the interpretation of hematologic abnormalities associated with disease or to provide a detailed strategy for bone marrow analysis and interpretation. This book may not be useful for the typical veterinary student or practitioner, but it is an excellent resource for those involved in preclinical studies on toxicosis.—By Clifford Smith & Alfred Jarecki. 137 pages; illustrated. Wiley-Blackwell, 2121 State Ave, Ames, IA 50014. ISBN 978-1-4051-7107-6.2011. Price $99.99.

Ferrets, Rabbits, and Rodents: Clinical Medicine and Surgery (3rd edition)

Reviewed by Brent J. Martin, DVM, DACLAM

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The third edition of Ferrets, Rabbits, and Rodents: Clinical Medicine and Surgery has approximately 60 contributing authors. It is an excellent and comprehensive resource appropriate for any pet animal practice that works with small mammals. The book is divided into 6 sections plus a formulary. It is organized by species, and each section covers normative biology, handling, and general techniques, followed by medical matters for that species. The first 2 sections occupy approximately half of the book and are on ferrets and rabbits. The third section is on guinea pigs and chinchillas, and the fourth section is on rats, mice, hamsters, and gerbils. Sugar gliders and hedgehogs each have a chapter in section 5. The last section is not species specific; rather, it provides information on topics such as dentistry, diagnostic imaging, and ophthalmology.

All of the chapters are well illustrated with colorful photographs, illustrations, and tables. Nearly all of the photographs are of high quality and make important contributions; however, there are a few photographs that have a soft focus. The general organization and understandable descriptions in the book contribute to the comprehensive coverage.

When dealing with an uncommon species, the ability to find information in a timely manner can be critical. Veterinarians considering the purchase of this book should examine the index carefully because it has an unusual organization. The index is designed with multiple tiers of subheadings, rather than individual keywords that have their own heading. For example, under the letter F, there are 27 primary headings, but 13 of those are for ferrets, each with multiple subheadings.—By Katherine E. Quesenberry & James W. Carpenter. 596 pages; illustrated. Elsevier, 3251 Riverport Lane, Maryland Heights, MO 63043. ISBN 978-1-4160-6621-7. 2012. Price $79.95.

The Minipig in Biomedical Research

Reviewed by Stacy Pritt, DVM, MS, MBA

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The Minipig in Biomedical Research seeks to provide a comprehensive review of the use of, techniques for, and normative values in minipigs for biomedical research. As stated by the authors, many times minipigs are passed over for use in animal studies because of a lack of centrally located information regarding physiology, dosing techniques, relative advantages, and background data on minipigs. This book provides such a resource to promote the appropriate use of this species in biomedical research.

To cover a wide range of topics, from basic husbandry and management, to animal welfare, to diseases, to specific research models based primarily on organ systems, the chapters are relatively short when compared with those in other textbooks. The authors draw on experiences from academic, breeding, governmental, industrial, and international facilities, which provide this book with a well-rounded approach to its topic. All of the chapters contain appropriate references and provide specific physiologic values that many researchers and testing laboratories will find useful. A set of color photographs in the middle of the book is worthy of mention, although some of the ocular photographs are out of focus. Most chapters contain black-and-white photographs, drawings, or tables. A few chapters without illustrations could have been strengthened by their inclusion.

True to its title, the book contains little clinical information. Veterinarians seeking clinical information on minipigs should consult other textbooks. Researchers, including veterinary researchers, will find the book refreshing in its complete coverage of the various published minipig research models.—By Peter A. McAnulty, Anthony D. Dayan, Niels-Christian Ganderup, & Kenneth L. Hastings. 643 pages; illustrated. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, 6000 Broken Sound Pkwy NW, Ste 300, Boca Raton, FL 33487. ISBN 978-1-4398-1118-4. 2012. Price $189.95.

Bovine Anatomy (2nd extended edition)

Reviewed by Robert M. Bowker, VMD, PhD

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The second extended edition of Bovine Anatomy is an excellent guide for those interested in anatomy, whether they are just starting their careers in a veterinary college or are a more seasoned veteran near retirement. The book provides a concise and clear understanding of both basic and applied anatomy of bovine animals. The second extended edition is an extended version of the first edition (published in 2003). Similar to most of the textbooks by these authors, this book is extremely well organized and thorough. Guidelines on how to use and integrate the basic anatomy portion of the text with the clinical information are extremely helpful for all students because the book continually emphasizes the importance of the need to understand the basic anatomy to fully appreciate the clinical issues and problems seen in clinical situations. The authors have added a number of well-known contributors to the list of people involved in the second extended edition of the book, and this fact by itself makes the book a valuable resource written by notable people in this field.

The chapters are divided into regions from the thoracic limb to abdominal and pelvic cavities, with a short chapter on bovine spongiform encephalopathy, which is similar to the first edition. In this portion of the text, concise and detailed descriptions are clear and enable some of the more difficult topics to be more easily understood, especially with the aid of the detailed drawings. Where necessary, the contributors have contrasted the findings of cattle to those of horses. As expected, the illustrations are thorough and their presentation well planned such that the important concepts are easily understood. In the newly added clinical portion, the additional contributors make the basic anatomy relevant as they incorporate the anatomy into the clinical descriptions. Several topics such as biomechanics and the anatomy of the distal aspects of the limbs, joints, and hooves are well covered, providing sufficient details to explain pathologically and clinically relevant information and describing the biomechanics in terms that can be easily understood. The guides and color coding of the clinical topics are helpful, and they encourage readers to continually refresh their understanding of applied anatomy with the clinical observations. The references are reasonably complete and are a good starting point for those interested in further exploring specific bovine topics. However, several important contributions are notably lacking from the reference list. This text is a valuable resource for anyone studying bovine animals because the information has been condensed to the relevant basic and applied descriptions of these creatures.—By Klaus-Dieter Budras & Robert E. Habel, with Christoph K. W. Mülling & Paul R. Greenough. 176 pages; illustrated. Schlütersche Verlagsgesellschaft/Thieme Medical Publishers, 333 Seventh Ave, New York, NY 10001. ISBN 978-3-89993-052-8. 2011. Price $160.00.

Equine Pediatric Medicine

Reviewed by Tom Seahorn, DVM, MS, DACVIM, DACVECC

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Equine Pediatric Medicine provides an excellent reference for the target audience of equine practitioners and veterinary students, as articulated in the preface. The overview of pediatric medicine is thorough and easy to access for each organ system. The first 2 chapters, which address physical examination, shock, resuscitation, and fluid and electrolyte therapy, are thorough and provide a succinct approach for readers. A unique feature of the book is the key points throughout all chapters, except for the first chapter, which provides readers with critical information needed to assess a patient, treat shock, and address specific organ systems. The illustrations, which include clinically affected animals as well as ultrasonographic and ocular images, are excellent and contribute to the overall value of the book. The tables are easy to view and add another dimension to the usefulness of the book. The dosages for recommended medications are readily accessible. This book will literally walk readers through physical examination, diagnostic techniques, and potential therapeutic interventions. Considering the quality of the illustrations, tables, and clarity of writing, this book is well worth the investment. Although the book describes and illustrates some techniques that may not be feasible for the target audience, there are illustrations and descriptions that make the necessity for such interventions, including cardiac output assessment and invasive blood pressure monitoring, an indication for referral to specialists in the field of equine medicine and emergency critical care.—By William Bernard & Bonnie S. Barr. 352 pages; illustrated. Manson Publishing, distributed by Thieme Publishing, 333 Seventh Ave, New York, NY 10001. ISBN 978-1-84076-081-1. 2012. Price $99.50.

Invertebrate Medicine (2nd edition)

Reviewed by Leigh Ann Clayton, DVM, DABVP

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The second edition of Invertebrate Medicine has been updated and incorporates information that has become available since the 2006 publication of the first edition. New chapters expand the relevance of this edition and cover unique aspects of captive invertebrate management (butterfly houses and coral reef aquarium husbandry and health), species of concern (honeybees), and broad concepts in invertebrate animal care (euthanasia, invertebrate animal welfare, invertebrate health issues in conservation, sources of invertebrates, and supplies). This edition also includes new images of clinically relevant topics.

This is the only veterinary textbook that exclusively provides an in-depth treatise on aquatic and terrestrial invertebrate animal medicine. The chapters remain well organized and easy to follow, with clinically relevant reviews of basic anatomy, appropriate husbandry, disease conditions, diagnostic guidance, and treatment options. The text centralizes available references for interested readers. Compared with information in domestic animal veterinary texts, the information on medical care still relies heavily on anecdotal information and personal experience, which is a result of the still-limited amount of published veterinary literature on these animals. Despite this, the text provides appropriate guidance for readers who care for invertebrate animals.

The price seems appropriate for the amount of information and number of images. Clinicians who regularly work with these species in any context should consider obtaining the book for their library. This textbook continues to highlight the lack of even basic veterinary information for many species and will hopefully inspire continued research and clinically relevant publications regarding these animals.—By Gregory A. Lewbart. 488 pages; illustrated. Wiley-Blackwell, 2121 State Ave, Ames, IA 50014. ISBN 978-0-8138-1758-3. 2012. Price $164.99.

Animals, Diseases, and Human Health: Shaping Our Lives Now and in the Future

Reviewed by James Wohl, DVM, MPA

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Animals, Diseases, and Human Health: Shaping Our Lives Now and in the Future should be of interest to veterinarians. Chapters are written by experts in the field of veterinary public health and geared toward the general public (and perhaps aspiring veterinary and public health professionals). Chapters center on animal diseases and how the proximity of animals impacts human health and well-being. The information on emerging diseases, zoonoses, and the impact of pets on humans in health-care facilities, the home, and the community is easily accessible and organized in a logical manner. The final 2 chapters that focus on the future (One Health and the Future of Animal Biotechnology) serve readers well as concluding themes that draw on ideas previously covered in the book.

The book has a clear emphasis on pets, which makes it unique among books on veterinary public health. There are no chapters devoted to agribusiness or agroterrorism or to detailed epidemiological theory that typifies textbooks on veterinary public health. The intent of the book is to educate the general public, but it will also be useful for undergraduate students who are seeking an overview on the history and implications of living in contact with animals. This book would be a valuable addition to the waiting room library of any practice whose clientele is motivated by the role of animals in society or expresses an interest in the public health consequences of living among animals. Clients, students, and veterinarians seeking to become well versed in the public dialogue on animal health, the one health movement, and ways in which human health is enriched as well as threatened by animals will be abundantly rewarded by reading this book.—By Radford G. Davis. 286 pages. Praeger, 130 Cremona Dr, Santa Barbara, CA 93117. 978-0-313-38529-2. 2011. Price $48.00.

A Worldview of Animal Law

Reviewed by John F. Scott, DVM, JD

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A Worldview of Animal Law is clearly the result of many hours of intensive research and organization. The book contains an enormous amount of information concerning the regulation of the treatment of animals throughout the world. Anyone reading this book from cover to cover will be impressed with the effort of the authors to assemble and categorize the myriad statutes and regulations applicable to animals.

However, despite the presentation of vast amounts of material, the book is limited in its usefulness in 2 specific ways. First, the use of endnotes rather than footnotes makes for tedious reading. The book contains copious amounts of notes, but the use of endnotes requires readers to constantly turn to the end of a chapter to read the notes. For example, Chapter 2 contains 48 pages of text and 30 pages of endnotes, and Chapter 4 contains 47 pages of text and 23 pages of endnotes. Readers must constantly turn to the end of each chapter to determine whether a note is a technical one or whether there is a lengthy note that provides substantial additional information to the text.

The other factor that affects the usefulness of the book as a reference volume is the limited index, which is < 4 pages for 325 pages of text. The index appears to be accurate, but it is of limited value for locating specific regulations for a specific species in a specific country. The entry “United States” contains 70 page references with no additional indication of the information that can be found on those pages. Similarly, the entry “dogs” contains 39 page references with no additional information. Conversely, “chickens” contains 1 page reference, “chickens, broiler” contains 4 page references, and “chickens, layer” contains 1 page reference. One of the most useful lists included in the book is a 3-page List of Terms, which provides acronyms for various regulations, legislative acts, and organizations.

Potential readers should be aware that the book is written from an animal welfare perspective. This is not surprising given that one of the authors is a staff attorney at the Animal Legal Defense Fund. In the preface to the book, one of the authors states: “While there are some significant differences in the current legal protection for animals, our conclusions are that there is much similarity in the way animals are treated—and great room for improvement. Some countries may be lagging in developing particular protections in certain areas; others may have developed an intricate set of laws in a given area, but in the end still provide little in the way of meaningful standards that will have any value to individual animals. We are still at the beginning … Certainly our deepest desire is that what we have written will stimulate positive change for them.”—By Bruce A. Wagman & Matthew Liebman. 340 pages. Carolina Academic Press, 700 Kent St, Durham, NC 27701. ISBN 978-1-59460-462-1. 2011. Price $50.00.