Book Reviews: For Your Library

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Equine Clinical Medicine, Surgery, and Reproduction

Nancy Aronoff, DVM, DABVP

Equine Clinical Medicine, Surgery and Reproduction is an extremely comprehensive, well-organized book on multiple topics. If equine veterinarians could have only 1 book in their library or their vehicle, this might be it. It is easy to read, with brief sections of text as well as great images of each subject. The book is organized into chapters on a system-based approach. Each system is introduced with a description of basic anatomy and physiology, basic physical examination requirements, clinical signs, differential diagnoses, diagnosis, and prognosis. The remainder of each chapter deals with the diseases and disorders pertinent to that body system. The format is consistent throughout, and a system might have coverage in multiple chapters. There is a chapter on wound management and infections of synovial structures. Another chapter is devoted to neonates, with an emphasis on the problems pertinent to young foals. The chapters on skin and ophthalmology are excellent, and the chapter on lameness is extremely complete, as are those on the respiratory, reproduction, and gastrointestinal systems.

The strength of the book is the large amount of information organized in a manner that is easy to read. This book can be browsed through, yet readers can easily obtain information from the pictures or text. The images are outstanding. It is nice to see a book by a different group of contributors who can provide a fresh view of the subjects. Although many of the authors are not from the United States, there is no bias in this book because the information it contains can be useful to any veterinary practitioner or veterinary student wherever they are located. Readers are also informed if the discussion is beyond the scope of the book, and a list of references is included. This is an excellent book, and it is in my library.—By Graham A. Munroe & J. Scott Weese. 1,055 pages; illustrated. Manson Publishing, distributed by Thieme Publishing, 333 Seventh Ave, New York, NY 10001. ISBN 978-1-84076-119-1. 2011. Price $199.99.

Equine Reproduction Volumes 1 and 2 (2nd edition)

Pat Griffin, DVM, PhD, DACT

Equine Reproduction Volumes 1 and 2 is the long-awaited, expansive second edition of the 1993 treatise. This edition is augmented by the inclusion of 3 additional well-respected editors and is increased in scope to include contributions from 250 authors covering 325 chapters. Each volume is divided into 2 parts: volume 1 is devoted to the foal and stallion and volume 2 to the mare and a review of assisted reproductive technologies. Each part on the foal, stallion, and mare is divided systematically into sections containing chapters covering relevant aspects of anatomy, physiology, endocrinology, and pathology. In addition, there are complete and up-to-date reviews of the diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of equine reproductive practice, both surgical and medical. Importantly, attention is also directed toward pertinent nutritional, behavioral, and managerial issues faced by practitioners. Notably, the volume and scope of information devoted to the foal have been greatly expanded from the first edition. The result is an exhaustive description of the treatment and management of diseases in foals, with topics ranging from in utero evaluation to problems that arise well into the first year after birth.

Considering the breadth, volume, and quality of information provided, the text is reasonably priced. It provides information in an accessible manner and is as current as possible, given the lag time associated with the publishing process. This edition is directed primarily toward equine practitioners, but by inclusion of relevant reviews of reproductive physiology and exhaustive and extensively referenced overviews of reproductive research, the text is valuable and of interest to veterinary and graduate students as well as to basic and applied scientists. It is a highly recommended addition to the libraries of all practitioners, clinicians, and academicians involved in equine reproduction.—By Angus O. McKinnon, Edward L. Squires, Wendy E. Vaala, & Dickson D. Varner. 1,648 pages with DVD; illustrated. Wiley-Blackwell, 2121 State Ave, Ames, IA 50014. ISBN 978-0-8138-1971-6. 2011. Price $399.99.

Physiology of Domestic Animals (2nd edition)

Andrea K. Oncken, DVM, DACVECC

The second edition of Physiology of Domestic Animals is an international physiology textbook written by Norwegians. The authors have modified the layout in the second edition by adding several helpful questions after various topics. Additionally, they have added short statements in the margins that serve to underscore important points from each page, which is a useful tool when reviewing a section. Throughout each chapter, there are helpful clinical examples that serve to illustrate what happens when physiologic processes malfunction. A great number of these examples cover human conditions. Considering the title and focus of this text, it may have been ideal to see more animal examples and fewer human examples. There are multiple beautifully colored illustrations throughout the book that are helpful in understanding the concepts. There are a few minor mistakes and typographic errors in the illustrations and text.

The authors' intended audience includes students of veterinary medicine, animal science, and possibly general physiology. The book focuses largely on homeostasis rather than on pathophysiologic concepts. The layout of the chapters is logical and comprehensive, starting with an overview of basic chemistry and cells in the first few chapters and then moving to a system-by-system approach. The book covers most domesticated mammals as well as poultry. It is a good, broad overview of basic physiology in these species and would definitely be appropriately suited for pre-veterinary, zoology, or animal science undergraduate students. The material may be too basic for veterinary students or other graduate students. Unfortunately, this book is quite expensive, compared with the price of other veterinary physiology textbooks.—By Øystein V. Sjaastad, Olav Sand, & Knut Hove. 804 pages; illustrated. Scandinavian Veterinary Press, ISBN 978-82-91743-07-3. 2010. Price $183.00.

Nephrology and Urology of Small Animals

Mary H. Bowles, DVM, DACVIM

The stated intent of Nephrology and Urology of Small Animals is to provide a comprehensive urology reference for veterinary students, practitioners, and specialists alike. The 66 contributing authors have clearly accomplished this goal by writing 85 detailed chapters that cover anatomy, physiology, clinical signs, diagnostic procedures, and treatment of disorders of the upper and lower urinary tract. The contents of the text, which is also available in an electronic format, will satisfy professionals seeking in-depth medical advice as well as individuals who desire thorough descriptions of surgical procedures. With rare exception, the information appears to be the most currently available. The text is well illustrated with diagrams and numerous color photographs. Most chapters contain figures and tables to organize information and procedures in a user-friendly format, although they are conspicuously absent in a few chapters. The organization of the 11 sections of the book and the index make finding specific information a relatively straighforward process.

This text is fairly priced and has several strengths that go beyond the detail of the information provided and the impressive expertise of the authors. Readers will find that the section Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-base Disorders contains material that is pertinent to the management of problems encountered in diseases of multiple organ systems. The section Counseling Clients provides insight not usually covered by typical veterinary medicine texts. Although more limited than the information provided for cats and dogs, the section Urinary Disorders of Avian and Exotic Companion Animals provides additional value to the book. Finally, one of the text's greatest strengths is the universal use of evidence-based information combined with the experience of the expert authors to guide readers.—By Joe Bartges & David J. Polzin. 904 pages; illustrated. Wiley-Blackwell, 2121 State Ave, Ames, IA 50014. ISBN 978-0-8138-1717-0. 2011. Price $149.99.

Small Animal Ophthalmology (Self-Assessment Color Review Series)

Erica Tolar, DVM, DACVO

Small Animal Ophthalmology (Self-Assessment Color Review Series) is one in a series of self-assessment review books. The material is provided in a stimulating format with a clinical, case-based approach. Questions and large color illustrations are provided on a right-hand page, with the answers to the questions on the following page. A short history is provided with each illustration, and the questions asked are thought-provoking and stimulate good discussion. The answers include multiple differential diagnoses, appropriate diagnostic tests, and treatment options. The images throughout the book are clear and prominently display lesions. In some cases, photographs are included in the answer paragraphs to provide histopathologic, cytologic, or postoperative results. The cases are in random order, but there is a helpful index at the beginning of the book that covers each part of the eye and all of the related cases. This book would be extremely helpful to veterinary students in clinical rotations and those who are studying for licensing examinations. The price initially appears to be a little high for this type of book; however, I believe the high-quality, clinical color photographs make this book worth the price.—By Don A. Samuelson & Dennis E. Brooks. 241 pages; illustrated. Manson Publishing, distributed by Thieme Publishing, 333 Seventh Ave, New York, NY 10001. ISBN 978-1-84076-145-0. 2011. Price $44.99.

Consultations in Feline Internal Medicine (Volume 6)

Sandra Mitchell, DVM, DABVP

The author states that the goal was to write a textbook to complement the prior volumes of Consultations of Feline Internal Medicine in which timely topics of interest to progressive feline practitioners are addressed, as opposed to writing a comprehensive text on feline medicine. These goals have been remarkably achieved. Consultations in Feline Internal Medicine (Volume 6) is arranged in 11 sections (Infectious Diseases, Nutrition in Health and Disease, Gastrointestinal System, Endocrine and Metabolic Disease, Dermatology, Cardiology and Respiratory Disorders, Urinary System, Neurology, Hematopoietic Disorders, Oncology, and Population Medicine), with individual chapters dedicated to a range of related topics. Each section is written by respected clinicians and veterinarians known for their expertise within a specific field.

Interested readers can find information about current issues such as Cytauxzoon infections, dietary treatment of chronic diarrhea, hyperthyroidism and the kidneys, methicillin-resistant staphylococci, cardiac blood tests, managing and monitoring systemic hypertension, novel anticonvulsant treatments, clinical use of erythropoietin in feline medicine, mast cell tumors, use of alternative modalities in feline practice, and many other topics of interest.

These chapters are richly supported with numerous color photographs, charts, and diagrams. Some chapters, such as the chapter on influenza, provide an international perspective on emerging conditions in cats.

This book is in a format similar to that of prior volumes, but it contains entirely different content. The quality of the book and the associated images are substantially improved over those in some of the previous volumes. This volume is designed to be part of an ever-evolving series and is not a baseline text. Most chapters assume readers have a basic knowledge of anatomy and physiology, with little if any review. It contains little information that will come as a surprise to progressive practitioners who are up-to-date with the current literature; however, providing the information in a consolidated and easy-to-reference format is invaluable. The book is appropriately priced and should be in the library of those wishing to practice quality feline medicine.—By John R. August. 884 pages; illustrated. Elsevier/Saunders, 11830 Westline Industrial Dr, St. Louis, MO 63146. ISBN 978-1-4160-5641-6. 2010. Price $140.00.

Quick Reference Guide to Unique Pet Species

Lisa Harrenstien, DVM, DACZM

Quick Reference Guide to Unique Pet Species is a DVD that provides basic husbandry care and medical information for a wide variety of animals kept in captivity. All of these species could be kept as pets, although some are highly regulated with regard to private ownership in the United States.

The disk contains a 624-page, 38-MB PDF file consisting of 103 species chapters. Many species chapters contain information on > 1 related species. Species chapters range from 3 to 17 pages. An efficient and helpful search function is included, which is accessible from the opening page. Most of the information relates to natural history and husbandry, which appropriately reflects the risk factors involved in health and disease for these often-misunderstood species. Photographs of normal and abnormal conditions are prominent throughout. Much of the information has been previously published, with > 40 chapters being adapted from articles in Exotic DVM magazine and 1 chapter being adapted from the 2000 publication Exotic Companion Medicine Handbook.

Over 45 authors, most of whom are veterinarians, contributed to this disk. In the 16 species chapters without a listed author or editor, specific veterinary recommendations usually are not included; instead, there are lists of the most common disorders and special considerations and cautions.

Although not recommended as a stand-alone reference, this disk provides information that is well researched, considering its intended scope. It is appropriately suited for private practitioners, veterinary technicians, and other veterinary staff members who will appreciate a quick review before discussing or examining an unusual pet species.—Zoological Education Network. 1 DVD; illustrated. Zoological Education Network, 2324 S Congress Ave, Ste 2A, West Palm Beach, FL 33406. ISBN 0-9706395-3-8. 2011. Price $75.00.

Techniques Training: Mouse—A Visual Guide to Research Techniques

Janet B. Rodgers, DVM, MS, DACLAM

Techniques Training: Mouse—A Visual Guide to Research Techniques is intended to supplement training for researchers and others who need to conduct procedures in laboratory mice. It is a pictorial guide with supporting legends. Each of the pages is laminated, and the book is wire-bound, which makes it durable and easy to clean. The 6 sections of the book cover development of mouse pups from 1 to 13 days of age, determining the sex of pups and adults, identification methods (ear notches and ear tags), restraint, blood collection, and administration of compounds. Although it is difficult to publish methods with which all experts agree, the authors have done a fine job. The photographs are of good quality and consistent format. Photograph legends are brief, but they adequately describe the techniques pictured. Proper attention is given to aseptic procedures and personal protective equipment. Readers are advised in the Introduction to adhere to institutional standard procedures and approved experimental protocols, which should be familiar advice for researchers and animal care technicians. Animal welfare concerns are addressed, although postprocedural analgesia could have been given more emphasis for some procedures. Additional references and sources of supplies would have been helpful. This book is an excellent reference for anyone in a training program. It is reasonably priced considering its durable construction.— By David DeOrnellis, Amy Bergstedt, & Keith M. Astrofsky. 48 pages; illustrated. American Association of Laboratory Animal Science, 9190 Crestwyn Hills Dr, Memphis, TN 38125. ISBN 978-0-9789207-1-5. 2011. Price $60.00.

Basic Confocal Microscopy

Erin Brannick, DVM, MS, DACVP

Basic Confocal Microscopy is based on a workshop lecture series on confocal microscopy that has been carefully honed over years of lecture delivery. The book assumes the tone of a friendly conversation with trusted colleagues rather than that of a procedural operator's manual. This technique makes the book far more effective than an operator's manual could ever be at delivering technical, and sometimes complex, information on subjects that range from types of confocal microscopes to antibody-fluorochrome selection and physics to digital images. In the first chapter, the guiding principles of confocal microscopy are summarized as a list of confocal commandments. The remainder of the book is then devoted to demystifying how and why problems arise with each of these principles and providing potential solutions. Bright, carefully selected images illustrate examples of physical principles, distortion artifacts, and even instrument control panels, illustrating the relevance of the written information provided. Although at first glance the price may seem high for this textbook, it is worth every penny to any researcher interested in producing more than just, as the authors state, “pretty pictures” with confocal microscopy. Basic Confocal Microscopy is a well-written, thorough, and cohesive text that has the potential to improve the quality of a reader's experimental design, images, and data interpretation, whether the reader is a novice or experienced with confocal microscopy.— By Robert L. Price & W. Gray (Jay) Jerome. 302 pages; illustrated. Springer, 233 Spring St, New York, NY 10013. ISBN 978-0-387-78174-7. 2011. Price $189.00.

The Health Benefits of Dog Walking for Pets & People: Evidence and Case Studies

Lawrence Myers, DVM, PhD

The Health Benefits of Dog Walking for Pets & People: Evidence and Case Studies is a rather slender tome, and before I read it, I thought that there was likely to be little meat and much fluff, given the topic. On the contrary, the book is a well-rounded collection of essays and studies that effectively informs readers about the current state of research in this field. The methods are understandable and credible, and the conclusions are clear yet not overstated.

It should come as no surprise that much of the book concentrates on the amount of physical activity resulting from dog walking and, to a lesser extent, the social effects and benefits. Other activities are also referenced and compared. A variety of programs for adults, seniors, and children are described in sufficient detail so that interested and motivated readers should be capable of implementation.

Limitations to implementation and participation are adequately discussed. The 1 limitation to participation that is not mentioned is behavioral issues with dogs, whether these are dogs owned by participants or by others. Finally, the concentration on physical activity seems to cause relative neglect of the effect on psychological well-being of the participants. Then again, this book is a description of the current state of research in this field. I am certain more books will follow.—By Rebecca A. Johnson, Alan Beck, & Sandra McCune. 197 pages. Purdue University Press, Stewart Center 370, 504 W State St, West Lafayette, IN 47907. ISBN 978-1-55753-582-5. 2011. Price $65.00.

Ethnoveterinary Botanical Medicine: Herbal Medicines for Animal Health

Cheryl A. Cross, DVM, DACVP

Ethnoveterinary Botanical Medicine: Herbal Medicines for Animal Health is a comprehensive introduction to traditional and contemporary herbal animal health care practices from around the world. Chapters are written by a broad variety of experts, including veterinarians, ethnobotanists, pharmacologists, and chemists. The book begins by addressing methods of evaluating herbal efficacy and safety, logistical and legal considerations for botanical use in animals, and methods for extraction of bioactive principals for scientific investigation. The latter chapters focus on the herbs traditionally and currently used regionally (India, Southeast Asia, North America, South and Latin America, Southern Africa, East Africa, Middle East and North Africa, West Africa, China, and the European Union), with tables and references to indicate their mechanism of action, safety and efficacy (or lack thereof), and challenges to their use.

This is not a how-to book or a clinic manual, and it does not address herb-drug interactions, preparation of herbs for administration, or frequency of administration. It often serves as an abridged inventory. Chapters may not stand alone as a complete and definitive volume for specific regions. For example, the chapter on China is largely a review of single herbs instead of the herbal combinations that are more often used in Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine. The authors point out that to discuss herbal blends would require volumes instead of a single chapter. However, what the book lacks in depth, it makes up for in breadth. This book belongs in the library of veterinary practitioners with an interest in botanical, global, and anthropological veterinary medicine as well as those interested in the challenges of herbal inclusion in evidence-based veterinary medicine.—By David R. Katerere & Dibungi Luseba. 434 pages; illustrated. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, 6000 Broken Sound Pkwy NW, Ste 300, Boca Raton, FL 33487. ISBN 978-1-4200-4560-4. 2011. Price $139.95.

Complementary Medicine for Veterinary Technicians and Nurses

Barbara Brewer Welsch, DVM, PhD, DACVIM, DACVECC

Complementary Medicine for Veterinary Technicians and Nurses is written as a manual to help veterinary technicians talk with pet owners and be informed about the myriad of alternative healing practices that clients may want to use or wish to discuss with their veterinarian and veterinary staff members. Secondarily, it serves as a reference for any veterinarian who is curious about the field but who does not yet need the depth of a textbook.

It is an informative, exceedingly inclusive volume that bridges the gap between material for laypersons and in-depth textbooks. It is a fascinating, easy, and interesting textbook that covers the holistic world fairly inclusively and is complemented by extensive references and appendices for further reading. The book covers the more typical complementary modalities (acupuncture, herbal medicine, diet, and nutra-ceuticals) as well as unusual modalities, many of which are uncommon in human medicine and have not yet been translated into veterinary medicine. Each description contains a short section on a veterinarian's role and a technician's role in the use of each modality. This book would be a useful addition for all veterinary practices.—By Nancy Scanlan. 359 pages; illustrated. Wiley-Blackwell, 2121 State Ave, Ames, IA 50014. ISBN 978-0-8138-1862-7. 2011. Price $49.99.

Case Studies in Veterinary Technology: A Scenario-Based Critical Thinking Approach

Jennifer L. Martin, DVM

Case Studies in Veterinary Technology: A Scenario-Based Critical Thinking Approach does an exceptional job of filling a void that, until now, existed within textbooks used by veterinary technician students. This textbook provides guidance to veterinary technician students by helping them learn critical thinking skills via a case-based format. The textbook is organized into chapters that closely coincide with the major areas found within the AVMA Veterinary Technology Student Essential and Recommended Skills List, which veterinary technology programs use when developing a curriculum to ensure critical skills are included in instruction.

The book begins with an introductory chapter that explains what critical thinking is and how to apply critical thinking skills to veterinary patients as well as an introduction to and examples of subjective-objective-assessment-plan (ie, SOAP) notes and the concept map. The next 13 chapters each contain several examples of cases on the chapter topic. These chapter topics include clinical anatomy, client communication-documentation, restraint, surgical nursing, anesthesia, diagnostic imaging techniques, medical nursing and behavior, clinical laboratory procedures, pharmacology, nutrition, emergency medicine, zoonotics, and laboratory animals–exotics. The subsequent chapter contains examples of cases that allow veterinary technology students to practice developing SOAP notes and concept maps. The final chapter includes photographs of case studies. Among other items, the appendix contains tables that reference the AVMA essential and recommended skills with the case studies, and vice versa.

In addition to the numerous case studies, this book contains many other excellent features. First, the authors have seamlessly incorporated the individual skills from the AVMA Veterinary Technology Student Essential and Recommended Skills List into case studies throughout this textbook, which makes this an extremely practical book for instructors to integrate into many courses within a veterinary technology program. Second, the list of references included at the end of each case study provides guidance for veterinary technology students as they work through the cases. A third feature of this paperback book is its reasonable price.

Overall, the authors do an outstanding job of providing veterinary technology students with a variety of case studies pertinent to contemporary veterinary medicine that will encourage them to further develop their problem-solving skills. With its outstanding content and affordable price, I believe this would be an excellent textbook to incorporate into the curriculum of veterinary technology programs.—By Jody Rockett & Chani Christensen. 452 pages; illustrated. Rockett House Publishing, 407 S 800 W, Heyburn, ID 83336. ISBN 978-061543-505-3. 2010. Price $44.00.

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