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Veterinary legislators propose 2011 as World Veterinary Year

Congress has been asked to mark the upcoming 250th anniversary of veterinary medicine by proclaiming 2011 as World Veterinary Year.

The two veterinarians serving in Congress—Rep. Kurt Schrader and Sen. John Ensign—introduced nearly identical resolutions July 15 honoring the contributions of veterinarians in the promotion of animal and public health.

Because the world's first veterinary school was established in Lyon, France, in 1761, the international veterinary community is celebrating 2011 as the 250th anniversary of the veterinary medical profession.

“Historically, veterinarians have been the most qualified health professionals to help us deal with zoonotic diseases, bioterrorism, comparative medicine, and food safety issues on the front lines and through research and scientific innovation,” Dr. Schrader said.

“This resolution recognizes and brings attention to the important roles veterinarians have played for more than 250 years,” the Oregon congressman continued.

Dr. Ensign said people in his home state of Nevada and across the country view their pets as family members and look to their veterinarians to ensure their health and well-being.

“Also, veterinarians play an integral role in food safety,” he said. “For this reason, I have asked the Senate to officially bring attention to, and show appreciation for, the veterinary profession by declaring 2011 as World Veterinary Year.”

The resolutions will have to be voted out of committee before being considered by the House and Senate.

The slogan for World Veterinary Year is “Vet for health, Vet for food, Vet for the Planet!” suggested by Dr. Jacques Bruhlet of the General Council of Food, Agriculture and Rural Areas within the French Ministry of Agriculture and Fishing.

The AVMA is working with foreign colleagues on plans to commemorate the anniversary. Veterinary organizations within 78 countries are expected to observe the 2011 milestone with special events throughout the year.

Event highlights include an opening ceremony Jan. 24, 2011, in Versailles, France, organized by the French Veterinary Academy and the National Veterinary School of Alfort. The second World Conference on Veterinary Education is scheduled for May 12–16 in Lyon, followed by a closing ceremony Oct. 10–14, to be held in conjunction with the 30th World Veterinary Congress in Cape Town, South Africa.

Additionally, the European Commission, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, and the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) have signed on to highlight the many ways veterinarians have protected human health and advanced animal medicine over the past two centuries.

AVMA CEO Ron DeHaven welcomed his veterinary colleagues' efforts to honor the veterinary profession. “The United States is joining with citizens from around the globe to honor the contributions veterinary medicine has made to animal health, public health, animal welfare, and food safety,” Dr. DeHaven said.

To learn more about Vet 2011, visit www.vet2011.org/index.php.

—R. Scott Nolen

Resolution honors 250 years of veterinary achievements


Sen. John Ensign

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 237, 4; 10.2460/javma.237.4.346


Rep. Kurt Schrader

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 237, 4; 10.2460/javma.237.4.346

Text of House Resolution 1531, introduced by Rep. Kurt Schrader, a veterinarian, which proposes to express Congress' support for designating 2011 as World Veterinary Year:

  • WHEREAS the world's first veterinary school was founded in Lyon, France, in 1761;

  • WHEREAS 2011 will mark the 250th anniversary of veterinary education;

  • WHEREAS 2011 will mark the 250th anniversary of the founding of the veterinary medical profession;

  • WHEREAS 2011 will mark the beginnings of comparative biopathology, a basic tenet of the “one health” concept;

  • WHEREAS veterinarians have played an integral role in discovering the causes of numerous diseases that affect the people of the United States, such as salmonellosis, West Nile Virus, yellow fever, and malaria;

  • WHEREAS veterinarians provide valuable public health service through preventive medicine, control of zoonotic diseases, and scientific research;

  • WHEREAS veterinarians have advanced human and animal health by inventing and refining techniques and instrumentations such as artificial hips, bone plates, splints, and arthroscopy;

  • WHEREAS veterinarians play an integral role in protecting the quality and security of the herd and food supply of the United States;

  • WHEREAS military veterinarians provide crucial assistance to the agricultural independence of developing nations around the world;

  • WHEREAS disaster relief veterinarians provide public health service and veterinary medical support to animals and humans displaced and ravaged by disasters;

  • WHEREAS veterinarians are dedicated to preserving the human-animal bond and promoting the highest standards of science-based, ethical animal welfare;

  • WHEREAS 2011 would be an appropriate year to designate as “World Veterinary Year” to bring attention to and show appreciation for the veterinary profession on its 250th anniversary; and

  • WHEREAS colleagues in the United States will join veterinarians from around the world to celebrate this momentous occasion: Now, therefore, be it

  • RESOLVED, That the House of Representatives

House subcommittee examines antimicrobial use in animal agriculture

Ban on nontherapeutic uses considered


Dr. Christine Hoang, AVMA Scientific Activities Division assistant director, tells a House subcommittee that veterinarians share the same concerns about antimicrobial resistance as do their human health counterparts. (Photo by Ashley Mattox)

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 237, 4; 10.2460/javma.237.4.346

A hearing before a congressional subcommittee this summer looked at the extent to which antimicrobial use in animal agriculture may be contributing to the ineffectiveness of antimicrobial drugs used in human medicine.

It was the third hearing before the House Energy and Commerce Committee's Subcommittee on Health on the overall threat of antimicrobial resistance to public health—an issue that's been called one of the greatest health care challenges of modern time.

This latest hearing, held July 14, brought together physicians and veterinarians who offered conflicting analyses of the degree to which they believe resistant pathogens are moving through the food supply.

Henry A. Waxman, chairman of the Energy and Commerce Committee, called “overprescribing” of antimicrobials a standard practice in U.S. animal agriculture. “(A)nimals regularly are fed these drugs—not to treat any illness at all—but simply to promote growth,” he said.

“There appears to be universal agreement on yet another point: The key to reducing antibiotic resistance is to reduce the use of antibiotics,” Waxman added.

The controversy over antimicrobial use in livestock is not new, but the issue has been heating up this summer. In June the Food and Drug Administration issued a draft guidance aimed at curbing drug use in food animals if the drugs are important to human medicine. The agency also recommends expanding veterinary oversight of antimicrobial use in animal agriculture (see JAVMA, Aug. 1, 2010, page 242).

Ali S. Khan, MD, who in addition to being the assistant surgeon general is acting deputy director of the National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, told the subcommittee the CDC supports the FDA's approach because antimicrobials should be limited to protecting human and animal health.

“Purposes other than the protection of animal or human health should not be considered judicious use,” Dr. Khan said.

The veterinary profession itself continues to be heavily engaged in the debate over the judicious use of antimicrobials. As of press time in July, members of the AVMA House of Delegates were expected to vote later that month on whether to consider two resolutions dealing with antimicrobials when they convened in Atlanta for the HOD's regular annual session.

Following last summer's HOD session, and at the direction of delegates, the AVMA convened an Antimicrobial Use Task Force that, in its recently released executive summary, stated: “The issues surrounding antimicrobial use in veterinary medicine are multifaceted, involving highly complex information as well as a multitude of scientific unknowns.”

Dr. Christine Hoang, an assistant director of the AVMA Scientific Activities Division, reiterated this conclusion for the Health Subcommittee at the hearing and cautioned against a rush to restrict the use of antimicrobials in animal agriculture.

“Our members share the same concerns as our human health counterparts,” Dr. Hoang said. “Yet we also have additional concerns that must be considered—impacts on animal health and welfare and even negative impacts on human health that are often unrealized.”

Dr. Hoang noted a two-decades-old study that concluded human health hazards from growth-promotant uses could not be proved or disproved. Moreover, there is no agreement over the acceptable degree of risk to humans associated with the use of antimicrobials in food animals.

Countries that have banned growth-promotant uses of the drugs, most notably Denmark, have seen significant increases in the therapeutic use of antimicrobials, Dr. Hoang told the subcommittee. In addition, therapeutic drug use has increased as the prevalence of animal diseases has risen, and there's no clear evidence public health is enhanced when the drugs are used only for clinical illness.

“Veterinarians are trained medical professionals with the ability to predict disease conditions and recommend appropriate therapy,” she said. “Those uses should not be considered injudicious nor banned as routine use. If a disease is predictable and can be prevented, it is incumbent upon the veterinarian to initiate appropriate therapy to prevent animal pain and suffering.”

Dr. Gail R. Hansen of Pew Charitable Trusts' Human Health and Industrial Farming Campaign told subcommittee members that the routine, nontherapeutic use of antimicrobials in livestock has spurred generations of resistant bacteria that are causing life-threatening illnesses once easily treatable with antimicrobials.

A former AVMA Congressional Science Fellow, Dr. Hansen called on Congress not to wait for new FDA regulation but to instead pass the Preservation of Antibiotics for Medical Treatment Act, which is currently before the House Subcommittee on Health as well as in the Senate.

With a stated purpose of reducing antimicrobial-resistant bacteria, PAMTA (H.R. 1549/S. 619) would prohibit approvals for certain uses of any new animal drug for food-producing animals if the drug is already used in human medicine. Additionally, an animal drug would be removed from the market within two years of the law's enactment if the drug is also used in human medicine and unless certain safety requirements are met.

The AVMA says the requirement for reasonable certainty of no harm is extremely difficult to prove, however, and opposes the legislation because it would result in increased animal disease and death without assurance of improving human health.

—R. Scott Nolen

Ohio may have avoided ballot fight

State could adopt new rules on livestock and pets


Galen Harris/Ohio Farm Bureau Federation

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 237, 4; 10.2460/javma.237.4.346

Ohio could adopt new rules for housing and euthanasia of livestock and treatment of downer cattle.

And the governor will push for new restrictions on dog breeders and exotic pets owners as well as more severe punishments for cockfighting.

Under an agreement negotiated with Gov. Ted Strickland, organizations that include the Humane Society of the United States, the Ohio Farm Bureau Federation, and agricultural commodity groups will together recommend that the recently created Ohio Livestock Care Standards Board implement the following standards:

  • • All veal calves would be transitioned to group housing by 2017.

  • • Sows would be housed outside of gestation stalls in any facilities constructed after Dec. 31, 2010.

  • • Sow gestation stall use would be phased out by 2025, with exceptions for sows held in stalls until they are confirmed to be pregnant.

  • • Euthanasia methods would be made consistent with AVMA guidelines.

  • • Downer cattle would not be sold, transported, or used in the food supply.

  • • Producers would be effectively prohibited from constructing new egg production facilities that include battery cages, although farms could expand or modify existing facilities with cages.

The governor will also recommend passage of bills that would make it a felony to train or use a rooster for cockfighting and would create new dog breeding rules involving licensing, insurance, inspections, dog health certifications, housing, medical procedures, and punishments for mistreatment. The Ohio Department of Agriculture and Department of Natural Resources are also expected to develop regulations that would affect the sales and ownership of “wild and dangerous” animals, including big cats, bears, primates, constricting and venomous snakes, alligators, and crocodiles, according to a draft of the agreement provided by the governor's office.

Strickland announced June 30 that, because of the agreement, the HSUS and other organizations such as Ohioans for Humane Farms agreed to stop pushing for a ballot initiative this November. He said the new rules and laws will enhance animal welfare and care while keeping a strong agriculture industry.

“Instead of expending tens of millions of dollars and unproductive energy fighting an acrimonious campaign through the fall, both sides will be able to continue investing in our agricultural base and taking care of animals,” the announcement states.

Robert J. Boggs, director of the Ohio Department of Agriculture, said the recommendations provided through the agreement were helpful but not necessarily indicative of the rules the Ohio Livestock Care Standards Board would pass. He thinks many people mistakenly believe the board will rubber-stamp the agreement rather than seek input from the public and animal care experts prior to acting on the proposals.

Boggs noted that the board has to agree on the language of any new rules and accept public comments prior to implementation, which he expected would take at least six months.

Dr. Tony M. Forshey, Ohio's state veterinarian and a member of the Ohio Livestock Care Standards Board, said the agreement is good for the state, but the board will consider the components of the agreement as a set of recommendations and treat them in the same manner as recommendations from any other group.

“The Livestock Care Standards Board is an independent, stand-alone board within the state of Ohio, and it will reach its decisions based on what are believed to be the best interests of the entire state in each species for animal care,” Dr. Forshey said.

Species-focused subcommittees to the board's Technical Research Advisory Committee are expected to examine the possible impacts of the recommendations and how they fit with industry standards, Dr. Forshey said. The subcommittees, each of which includes at least one veterinarian, will work with the committee to develop recommendations for the whole board.

But the agreement could become void if its provisions related to livestock and ownership of wild and dangerous animals do not become law by the end of 2010, according to the draft document. The HSUS could then pursue the ballot initiative.

Jack Advent, executive director of the Ohio VMA, expects the standard-setting board will honor the agreement, although its members need to figure out how to implement and enforce the terms of that agreement as they apply to animal agriculture.

The ballot initiative's cancellation was like the dissipation of a violent storm, and it will allow agricultural workers to focus on producing food, Advent said. He thinks the ballot initiative debates would have been divisive, expensive, and pointless. The opposing groups should be able to sit down and work out their differences, Advent said.

Although Advent thinks the Ohio VMA should have been involved in the final negotiations, he hopes the organization will be represented in future welfare policy discussions. He expects the OVMA will continue its work with the Ohio Livestock Care Standards Board and provide resources as the board works to turn pieces of the agreement into law, as well as with state legislators as they examine the proposals involving cockfighting and dog breeders.

The Ohio VMA has supported efforts to increase the penalties for cockfighting, Advent said. The organization has seen a need for regulation of commercial large-scale breeders, provided any rules do not hurt good breeders.

As for the rules regarding exotic animal ownership, Advent said the OVMA agrees with the premise that many people are not suited to care for certain types of animals and that some animals are not suited to life in Ohio. He expects implementation will be difficult, and said that the OVMA will offer assistance to the governor and any agencies that will be involved in drafting the regulations.

The proposed ballot initiative would, if approved, have forced the Ohio Livestock Care Standards Board to adopt new rules similar to those proposed under the agreement regarding livestock housing and euthanasia and downer cattle. But the proposed initiative would have also forced facilities to phase out existing battery cages and sow gestation stalls and mandated that animals be given room to lie down, stand up, fully extend their limbs, and turn around freely for most of any given day.

The governor thanked Jack Fisher, executive vice president of the Ohio Farm Bureau Federation, and Wayne Pacelle, CEO of the HSUS, for committing to “a good faith discussion” that led to an agreement that balances welfare and economic concerns.

Although the Ohio VMA has experienced some trying conversations owing to differences among members and their clientele, Advent said the organization provides a haven for people to talk out issues. The OVMA's leadership is relieved that the agreement removes some divisive issues from consideration, and Advent thinks the agreement will address animal welfare concerns and serve owners of agricultural and companion animals.

—Greg Cima

news update

Court hearings continue in complaint against Florida compounder

A Florida drug compounder and the Food and Drug Administration will continue litigation over the legality of compounding veterinary drugs from bulk pharmaceutical ingredients.

Franck's Compounding Lab, of Ocala, Fla., filed a motion July 1 seeking dismissal of a complaint by the Food and Drug Administration, which is asking a federal judge to permanently bar the company from compounding animal-use pharmaceuticals from bulk drug ingredients. The FDA filed the complaint April 16 in the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Florida.

An FDA guidance document, “Compounding of Drugs for Use in Animals,” indicates that, without a new animal drug application, it is illegal to compound pharmaceuticals from bulk or unapproved drug substances. The document expresses a concern about veterinarians and pharmacies that compound pharmaceuticals with the intent of mass marketing them outside the drug approval process.

On July 2, the FDA filed a motion for a preliminary injunction, which would more quickly but temporarily prohibit such compounding and sales.

Franck's had voluntarily suspended its operations associated with compounding of veterinary-use drugs in mid-May and agreed to negotiate with the FDA over the matter. But the FDA's motion states that a preliminary injunction is needed to make sure the company complies with the agreement.

FDA officials argue that Franck's Compounding Lab has illegally compounded and shipped drugs that are considered to be adulterated, misbranded, and unsafe. Officials with Franck's Compounding Lab contend that the company's practices are legal and medically necessary.

U.S. District Judge Timothy J. Corrigan is scheduled to hear arguments Aug. 18 on the motion to dismiss the case and the motion for a preliminary injunction.

Legislation at a glance

The AVMA is actively seeking passage of the Horse Transportation Safety Act (H.R. 305). This legislation would prohibit the interstate transportation of horses in a motor vehicle containing two or more levels stacked on top of one another. The House Subcommittee on Highways and Transit is currently considering the bill, which was introduced in January 2009. Contact Dr. Mark Lutschaunig, AVMA Governmental Relations Division director, at (800) 321-1473, Ext. 3205, or mlutschaunig@avma.org for more information.

Video shows good drug disposal practices

A video from the AVMA walks veterinarians through steps they should take to safely dispose of unused pharmaceuticals.

The 4 1/2-minute presentation is the latest in a series of resources created to minimize the risk of water contamination through drug waste. The AVMA previously created the policy “Best Management Practices for Pharmaceutical Disposal” and distributed a related poster online and in the April 1, 2010, issue of JAVMA.

The AVMA created the policy in response to Environmental Protection Agency concerns that health care industries could be responsible for pharmaceutical contamination in water. The AVMA asserts that veterinarians are minimal contributors to drug waste in water.

The video is available with the policy and a digital copy of the poster at www.avma.org. Under the Reference bar, click on “Policy” and then on “Pharmaceutical Disposal, Best Management Practices for.” The video is also available at www.youtube.com/watch?v=nKp3phEtS2M.

call out

AVMF disaster grant program seeking applications

As part of its goal to help states become fully prepared for animal-related disaster response and relief efforts, the American Veterinary Medical Foundation will once again offer grants of up to $20,000 for qualified state veterinary organizations. Applications for 2011 are due by Sept. 10.

The grants, started in 2004, are part of a larger effort by the Foundation to continue supporting various veterinary medical assistance teams, to build state response capacity, and to help set a national veterinary agenda for animal disaster response.

Specifically, the AVMF offers startup, matching, and challenge grants through its Animal Disaster Relief and Response Fund. Startup grants of up to $5,000 are available to qualified state VMAs and 501(c)(3) or 501(c)(6) organizations in the early stages of disaster preparedness and response planning. Money can go toward administrative costs, such as meeting rooms and advertising, as well as personnel.

Matching and challenge grants of up to $20,000 are available to those who are further along in the disaster preparedness process. Grants can be used for expenses related to medical supplies, animal transport equipment, and other disaster response-related equipment.

Review of applications by the AVMF Grants and Awards Committee will take place this fall; announcements of awards will be made this winter.

In 2010, the AVMF awarded state grants to seven organizations (see JAVMA, Jan. 1, 2010, page 17). A total of $105,000 was awarded overall.

To apply for a state grant, log on to www.avmf.org and click on “What We Fund” and then “Disaster Related Grants,” or contact Cheri Kowal, AVMF program and administrative assistant, by telephone at (800) 925-1230.

GHLIT urges veterinarians to protect their eyes

From blood and other bodily fluids to liquid and aerosol chemicals to infectious disease agents—not to mention unpredictable animal behaviors—veterinary medicine is a minefield of ocular hazards with the potential to cause eye injuries or serious illness.

Most practice-related eye injuries are limited to scratches, burns, irritations, and allergic reactions, but the potential exists for ocular transmission of zoonoses. Exposure to zoonoses can occur when veterinarians touch the conjunctiva after handling infected animals or when fluids from infected animals splash or spray into unprotected eyes. Such exposure can result in relatively minor conjunctivitis, with reddening and soreness, or in more serious illness.

“Vision is extremely important to veterinarians, both in terms of their ability to practice and their overall quality of life,” said Dr. James H. Brandt, a trustee of the AVMA Group Health and Life Insurance Trust. “That is why all veterinarians are strongly encouraged to follow proper safety practices and take advantage of the vision coverage available through GHLIT to protect eye health and maintain good vision.”

The good news is that 90 percent of all work-related eye injuries are preventable with proper safety precautions, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. For veterinarians, protective eyewear such as goggles, safety glasses, and splash guards help protect against the most common ocular hazards.

Most eye injuries or diseases are part of standard coverage under most GHLIT medical plans. Benefits also include one routine eye examination at a cost of up to $50 every 24 months—the recommended frequency for adults—which is not subject to plan deductibles or co-insurance limits.

“Regular eye examinations are vital to early detection and treatment of diseases, as well as to maintaining good vision,” Dr. Brandt said. “To ensure all plan participants have access to proper eye care, GHLIT medical policies include vision benefits. Supplemental policies are also available that help offset the costs of standard eye exams and vision correction.”

Vision benefits also are available through the GHLIT's supplemental dental coverage, designed by Ameritas Life Insurance Corp. and underwritten by Ameritas Life/First Ameritas, as part of the classic and premier plans. These vision benefits include an annual eye examination and discounts on eyewear, contact lens services, and the Laser VisionCare program. These benefits are not subject to plan deductibles.

“The AVMA GHLIT offers these rich benefits to ensure our plan participants have access to the high-quality, affordable eye care they need to protect one of their most valuable senses, their vision,” Dr. Brandt said.

Information on GHLIT benefits is at www.avmaghlit.org. New York Life Insurance Co. underwrites the GHLIT insurance program. Veterinarians and veterinary students can obtain more information—including plan details, rates, exclusions, limitations, eligibility, and renewal provisions—or find a GHLIT agent by calling the Trust office at (800) 621-6360.

—Prepared by the AVMA Group Health and Life Insurance Trust

McDonald's shareholders vote down ‘cage free' proposal

Shareholders for McDonald's voted against a proposal this spring to buy at least 5 percent of the restaurant chain's eggs from cage-free facilities.

The Humane Society of the United States, which owns 101 shares in the company and sponsored the resolution, similarly proposed at the 2009 annual shareholders meeting that McDonald's start transitioning to purchasing eggs produced in cage-free facilities.

In the recent proposal, the HSUS argued that cages provide for inadequate animal welfare and that McDonald's Corp.'s U.S. operations had fallen behind competitors and the company's own European operations in transitioning toward purchases of eggs from cage-free hens.

McDonald's board of directors recommended that shareholders vote against the proposal. The board argued that there is no agreement in the scientific community on how to balance advantages and disadvantages of hen housing systems and noted that the company is part of a coalition involved in an ongoing study of hen housing.

Panel: Producers, veterinarians winning fight against PRRS

Farmers and veterinarians are progressing in their fight against one of the most harmful diseases affecting swine, according to a panel of three veterinarians.

The panel indicated during a press conference at the 2010 World Pork Expo that farms are increasingly able to control porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome, commonly known as PRRS.

Dr. Scott Dee, one of the panelists and a professor and PRRS researcher at the University of Minnesota College of Veterinary Medicine, said in a later interview with JAVMA that researchers have, in the past three years, made substantial progress toward fighting the PRRS virus. He has been among researchers working to identify direct and indirect routes of transmission. Since 2006, research teams at his university and associated with Dr. Jeffrey J. Zimmerman at Iowa State University have made a large step forward by showing that airborne spread of the virus occurs.

The teams have also researched how far the virus can spread through the air, the climatic conditions needed for transmission, and the infectious dose needed to cause illness.

Dr. Dee said control programs on farms have improved given our better understanding about proper vaccination timing and implementation. Now that researchers have determined how to eliminate PRRS from individual farms, he said, pig health experts are working to better understand how to prevent outbreaks from outside sources.

Drs. John Waddell, Sutton, Neb., and Jean Paul Cano, a professional services veterinarian with Boehringer Ingelheim Vetmedica, were also panelists.

Coalition takes on new leader, additional goals

The Unwanted Horse Coalition considered next steps, strategies, and goals for the organization while also electing a new chair June 21 in Washington, D.C., during the American Horse Council's annual meeting.

Dr. Douglas G. Corey was elected as the new chair of the UHC, which falls under the AHC umbrella, replacing Dr. Tom R. Lenz, who has held the position since the coalition's inception five years ago.

“I'm very proud of the accomplishments the UHC has made over the last few years in raising awareness of the unwanted horse issue and providing education on responsible ownership,” Dr. Lenz said in a UHC press release. “I know that Dr. Corey, with his vast experience in equine welfare, will do an outstanding job of leading the coalition forward as we continue our efforts to decrease the number of unwanted horses.”

Dr. Corey has been an active member of the coalition from the beginning, serving on the UHC Steering Committee. He is also a member of the AHC's Animal Welfare Committee.

Dr. Corey is a partner at the Associated Veterinary Medical Center, a six-person mixed animal practice in Walla Walla, Wash. In 2007, he served as the 53rd president of the American Association of Equine Practitioners.

Within the equine industry, Dr. Corey has devoted much of his attention to the unwanted horse issue and other horse welfare issues. Through the Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association, he helped develop minimum care guidelines for rodeo livestock as well as other welfare rules and guidelines for the PRCA.

Dr. Corey also has previously served as the chairman of the AVMA Animal Welfare Committee.

The equine veterinarian will lead the UHC as it tackles additional activities and goals in coming years, outlined in a strategic plan that was proposed by the coalition's Steering Committee and unanimously approved by UHC members.

The plan lists four major goals: continue to develop and distribute educational materials, expand awareness and involvement with current and potential member organizations, collaborate with the horse industry to develop solutions through various types of clinics and wellness programs, and develop resources for equine care facilities.

The aim is for the coalition to move past the goals of educating and informing the industry, and become a central clearinghouse for resources, information, clinics, and programs.

For example, the UHC anticipates taking action in developing and implementing models for castration clinics, euthanasia clinics, and feed banks. In addition, the UHC will produce a series of webinars dedicated to topics prioritized by the UHC Facilities Committee. An e-mail discussion list for equine care facilities will also be created to foster communication between facilities.

In addition to the strategic plan, the UHC appointed a subcommittee to research funding mechanisms for clinics and programs. The subcommittee, chaired by AAEP executive director David Foley, will study the legal ramifications and financial issues associated with accepting and distributing funds.

“The UHC hopes that with the new strategic plan in place, the industry will observe the commitment and increased efforts in finding solutions for unwanted horses and focus on the public awareness and new involvements,” Dr. Lenz said in the press release.


Alabama VMA


Dr. Libby C. Todd

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 237, 4; 10.2460/javma.237.4.346


Dr. William E. DeWitt

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 237, 4; 10.2460/javma.237.4.346

Event: 103rd annual meeting, June 10–13, Destin, Fla.

Awards: Veterinarian of the Year: Dr. C. Mark Russell, Huntsville. A 1982 graduate of Auburn University, Dr. Russell owns Whitesburg Animal Hospital in Huntsville. He is a past president of the Alabama VMA and serves on the boards of the Huntsville Animal Emergency Clinic and Auburn University Hospital. Distinguished Service Award: Dr. William E. DeWitt, Birmingham, for his dedication to improving veterinary medicine and his service to veterinary associations and organizations. A 1968 graduate of Auburn University, Dr. DeWitt owns Forestdale Veterinary Clinic in Birmingham. Past president of the Alabama VMA, Alabama Academy of Veterinary Practice, and Jefferson County VMA, he is Alabama's delegate to the AVMA House of Delegates. Lay Person of the Year: Mariela Piola, Birmingham, for her outstanding volunteer work and dedication to improving the human-animal bond. Piola has worked more than 10 years evaluating therapy teams for Hand-in-Paw, a nonprofit that provides professionally trained handler and animal teams to promote human health and well-being through animal-assisted therapy. Service Award: Drs. T.C. Branch, Birmingham; William M. Allen, Gardendale; James L. Milton, Birmingham; and Antonio J. Ballagas, Birmingham. A 1981 graduate of Tuskegee University, Dr. Branch was honored for his work with the Alabama Veterinary Medical Foundation and the Alabama VMA. He serves as veterinary coordinator for Do Dah Day, an annual fundraising event for animal organizations; assists with the spay-neuter program in Jefferson County; works with Hand-in-Paw; and serves as corresponding secretary and the Alabama VMA's delegate to the Jefferson County VMA. Dr. Allen received his DVM degree from Auburn University in 1973 and was recognized for his work in developing a protocol for promoting membership in the Alabama VMA. He serves as a relief veterinarian and owns Dogdoc Inc., a software design company for veterinarians. A 1967 graduate of Auburn University, Dr. Milton was honored for his service to the veterinary profession and his assistance to the association during its winter meeting program last year. He is a referral surgeon at Veterinary Surgery of Birmingham. Dr. Ballagas received his DVM degree from Auburn University in 1999 and was recognized for his organization and execution of the association's winter meeting last year. He works with Dr. Milton at Veterinary Surgery of Birmingham.

Officials: Drs. Libby C. Todd, Birmingham, president; William K. Holland, Dothan, president-elect; William M. Allen, Gardendale, vice president; William G. Bledsoe, Camden, senior member-at-large; H. Winston Pirtle Sr., Montgomery, treasurer; and Larry L. Chasteen, Pell City, immediate past president

World Small Animal Veterinary Association


Dr. Jan Rothuizen

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 237, 4; 10.2460/javma.237.4.346


Dr. Peter Muir

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 237, 4; 10.2460/javma.237.4.346


Dr. Ian Duncan

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 237, 4; 10.2460/javma.237.4.346


Dr. Jolle Kirpensteijn

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 237, 4; 10.2460/javma.237.4.346


Dr. Peter Ihrke

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 237, 4; 10.2460/javma.237.4.346

Event: 35th World Small Animal Veterinary Congress, Geneva, June 2–5.

Program: The congress attracted almost 2,000 attendees from 72 countries. Seventy-nine speakers from more than 25 disciplines presented lectures. Also offered were abstracts highlighting veterinary research around the globe.

Awards: WSAVA Hill's Excellence in Veterinary Healthcare Award: Dr. Jan Rothuizen, for outstanding contributions to the promotion of companion animal health care and the family pet-veterinary bond. Head of the Clinical Sciences Department at the Utrecht University Faculty of Veterinary Medicine in the Netherlands, Dr. Rothuizen has been instrumental in defining the WSAVA's standards for the clinical and histologic diagnosis of canine and feline liver disease. He leads international projects to collect and analyze DNA from purebred dogs to identify genetic markers, help reduce inherited canine diseases, and understand the mechanisms and pathways of the lesions. WSAVA Hill's Pet Mobility Award: Dr. Peter Muir, for outstanding work in the field of canine and feline orthopedic medicine. A diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Surgeons, Dr. Muir is an associate professor in the Department of Surgical Sciences at the University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Veterinary Medicine. His work aims at improving global understanding of the causes of cruciate ligament ruptures in dogs. WSAVA International Award for Scientific Achievement: Dr. Ian Duncan, for outstanding contributions to the advancement of knowledge of the causes, detection, and management of disorders affecting companion animals. Dr. Duncan is professor of medical sciences at the University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Veterinary Medicine. Known for his expertise in the field of myelin biology and repair, his work focuses on the use of stem cells to repair myelin in multiple sclerosis. WSAVA President's Award: Dr. Ellen Bjerkaas, for outstanding contributions to the WSAVA. Dr. Bjerkaas is a professor in the Department of Companion Animal Clinical Sciences at the Norwegian School of Veterinary Science in Oslo. Active with the WSAVA, she was instrumental in the Norwegian Small Animal Veterinary Association's involvement with the WSAVA continuing education program.

Business: The immediate past president, Dr. David Wadsworth, updated members that the association had become an incorporated, not-for-profit entity in Canada, with the association's charitable foundation to follow in the near future. The world congress Steering Committee proposed a motion to enter into a preferred partner relationship with a professional congress organizer. The committee also proposed that the congress rotate through three global regions, namely the Americas; Europe, Africa, and the Middle East; and Oceania/Asia. Both proposals were adopted. Assembly members voted in favor of accepting one new affiliate member association, the Academy of Veterinary Dentistry.

Officials: Drs. Jolle Kirpensteijn, the Netherlands, president; Peter Ihrke, United States, president-elect; Diane Sheehan, Australia, vice president; David Wadsworth, United Kingdom, immediate past president; Shane Ryan, Singapore, honorary treasurer; and Walt Ingwersen, Canada, honorary secretary.

obituaries: AVMA Honor Roll Member AVMA Member Nonmember

Wesley W. Crenshaw

Dr. Crenshaw (MO ′50), 94, Columbia, Mo., died May 23, 2010. Prior to retirement, he was an associate professor at the University of Missouri-Columbia College of Veterinary Medicine. Dr. Crenshaw began his career working for the Department of Agriculture in Mexico, where he assisted in the efforts to eradicate foot-and-mouth disease. He then served as a livestock inspector in Kansas City, Mo. In 1951, Dr. Crenshaw joined the UMC-CVM. During his tenure at the university, he served as a counselor, was a special assistant to the vice chancellor for student affairs, and from 1966–1968 (under the US Agency for International Development program with the university), he worked in Orissa, India, where he helped develop the Orissa University School of Agriculture and Technology in Bhubaneswar. Dr. Crenshaw was an Army veteran of World War II. He is survived by his wife, Marie, and a son. Memorials may be made to the University of Missouri-Columbia College of Veterinary Medicine, Columbia, MO 65203.

Robert J. Danielson

Dr. Danielson (KSU ′64), 75, Caldwell, Idaho, died July 6, 2010. In 2007, he retired from MWI Veterinary Supply in Nampa, Idaho, after 17 years, including service as senior manager of technical services. Dr. Danielson began his career as a field representative in the Midwest for the Agricultural Division of Hoffmann-La Roche Inc. He eventually became the marketing manager for Roche Animal Health Packaged Products and was responsible for Roche's animal health business unit. In 1977, Dr. Danielson accepted a position as general manager and director of marketing and sales for Jones Veterinary Supply in Denver, serving in this capacity until 1990.

He was a founder and past president of Vedco Inc., a network of veterinary distributors. Dr. Danielson was also a past president of the Western Veterinary Conference, American Veterinary Exhibitors Association, and American Veterinary Distributors Association. In 1990, he was honored by the WVC for his participation and contributions. Dr. Danielson received the Lifetime Achievement Award from the AVDA in 2008. That same year, the Colorado VMA named him Industry Partner of the Year. He is survived by his wife, Janet; two sons; and a daughter. Memorials may be made to the KSU Foundation, 2323 Anderson Ave., Suite 500, Manhattan, KS 66502.

Edward Gofreed

Dr. Gofreed (KSU ′54), 85, Arlington, Va., died May 19, 2010. A small animal practitioner, he was the founder of Indian Head Animal Hospital in Fort Washington, Md. Dr. Gofreed is survived by three sons and a daughter. His sons, Drs. Andrew Gofreed (KSU ′72) and Eric Gofreed (KSU ′74), practice at Indian Head Animal Hospital.

Harold E. Hammerquist

Dr. Hammerquist (COL ′53), 84, Boise, Idaho, died May 22, 2010. Prior to retirement in 2006, he taught large animal medicine in the Ambulatory Service at the Tufts University Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine for 23 years. Earlier in his career, Dr. Hammerquist owned a mixed animal practice in Buhl, Idaho, for 30 years. He was a past president of the Idaho and Magic Valley VMAs. Dr. Hammerquist served on the Buhl School Board for 17 years. He was an Army Air Corps veteran of World War II. In 2010, Dr. Hammerquist was named TUCSVM Assistant Professor of Environmental and Population Health Emeritus. He is survived by his wife, Bernice; four sons; and three daughters. One son, Dr. Lee Hammerquist (WSU ′80), is a small animal veterinarian in Nampa, Idaho. Memorials may be made to ALS Hope Foundation, P.O. Box 40777, Philadelphia, PA 19147; or Tufts University Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Box 149, New Sweden Road, Woodstock, CT 06281.

M. Sidney Mael

Dr. Mael (UP ′58), 78, Newton, Mass., died May 11, 2010. A small animal practitioner, he owned Oak Hill Animal Hospital in Newton for 40 years prior to retirement. Dr. Mael's wife, Joan, and three sons survive him.

Liubinco Tosici

Dr. Tosici (TIM ′75), 60, Milford, Conn., died April 7, 2010. A small animal practitioner, he owned the Animal Clinic of Milford for 17 years. Dr. Tosici also served as track veterinarian for the Shoreline Star Greyhound Park in Bridgeport, Conn. Earlier in his career, he was the directing veterinarian at The Emergency Veterinary Clinic in Norwalk, Conn. Dr. Tosici was a member of the Connecticut VMA. He served as treasurer of the Fairfield County VMA for more than 20 years and was named FCVMA Veterinarian of the Year in 2009. Dr. Tosici's wife, Janice; a daughter; and a son survive him. Memorials may be made to the Dr. Liubi Pet Wellness Fund, 33 Broad St., Milford, CT 06460.

John W. Wolfe

Dr. Wolfe (AUB ′48), 83, Jesup, Ga., died May 28, 2010. In 1955, he established Wolfe Animal Hospital in Jesup, where he practiced mixed animal medicine for 55 years. Earlier in his career, Dr. Wolfe practiced in Alma, Ga. He was a member of the Georgia VMA and Auburn Centennial Club. Active in civic life, Dr. Wolfe was also a member of the Jesup Elks and Kiwanis clubs. He is survived by his wife, Lou; three daughters; and two sons; Memorials may be made to Hospice of South Georgia Building Fund, 117 Drennon Drive, Jesup, GA 31545; or First United Methodist Church Memorial Fund, 205 E. Cherry St., Jesup, GA 31546.

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