Book Reviews: For Your Library

One Man, One Medicine, One Health: The James H. Steele Story

Reviewed by Michael M. Pullen, DVM, MPVM, MS, DACVPM

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One Man, One Medicine, One Health: The James H. Steele Story is an excellent reference on the development of global public health and, more importantly, the major contributions of veterinarians. Early on, Dr. Steele realized that teamwork and the cooperation of all health professionals, including veterinarians, were essential in the control or eradication of zoonotic diseases.

To write the story of the founder of national and international veterinary public health required that the authors work closely with Dr. Steele. Through their efforts, the authors have been able to chronicle his life of > 90 years and to identify his innumerable contributions for the improvement of animal and human health. Throughout the book, it is emphasized that “you can't have good human health without good animal health.” Dr. Steele was truly the right person at the right place at the right time.

In 31 chapters (sections), the role of veterinarians in public health is clearly and carefully reported. More specifically, the control and, in some cases, the eradication of zoonotic diseases such as rabies, brucellosis, and tuberculosis are thoroughly explained.

It is acknowledged that Dr. Steele's 2 wives, Aina (deceased) and Brigitte, both contributed notably to his enormous success. Their encouragement, support, devotion, and participation were essential as he attained his global public health achievements.

Readers will greatly appreciate Dr. Steele's continuing contributions to public health as an investigator, administrator, and educator. Indeed, public health is “one man, one medicine, one health.” Thank you, Dr. Steele, for your outstanding public service and your accomplishments. To take pride in the accomplishments of Dr. Steele is also to take pride in the veterinary profession.—By Craig Nash Carter with Cynthia Gregg Hoobler. 471 pages; illustrated. Craig Nash Carter (publisher), distributed at www.booksurge. com/One-Man-One-Medicine-One-Health/A/1439240043. htm. ISBN 978-1-4392-4004-5. 2009. Price $23.99.

Food Security in a Global Economy: Veterinary Medicine and Public Health

Reviewed by Michele Jay-Russell, DVM, MPVM, DACVPM

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Are veterinarians prepared to invent their future? This is a provocative question and overarching theme from the book Food Security in a Global Economy: Veterinary Medicine and Public Health. The inspiration for the book was the first Conference on Veterinary Public Health in a Global Economy and the work of Martin Kaplan, a pioneer in international veterinary public health.

The book is divided into 4 sections with relatively short, conversational chapters. It is worth mentioning that despite the title's emphasis on food security, the content is more a patchwork of veterinary public health topics. The authors are experts in their fields and successfully describe the challenging situations throughout the world, such as a shortage of veterinarians trained in food animal medicine and food safety.

In alliance with the One Medicine concept, there is an excellent chapter on aquaculture, a key part of the food supply and an emerging discipline in veterinary medicine that is often overlooked. Controversial topics, such as bioengineering, antimicrobial resistance, and animal welfare, are addressed in an honest and straightforward manner. One area not as well covered relates to the potential role of veterinarians in the sustainable agriculture movement that is burgeoning in many developed countries, as illustrated by an increased demand for locally sourced foods from smaller farms.

Although the problems seem profound and the situation grim at times, an optimistic tone is maintained throughout the book. Readers are left with the sense that the veterinary public health profession is exciting, rewarding, and ready for its members to invent opportunities.—By Gary Smith & Alan M. Kelly. 196 pages. University of Pennsylvania Press, 3905 Spruce St, Philadelphia, PA 19104-4011. ISBN 978-08122-2044-5. 2008. Price $24.95.

Anatomy and Physiology of Farm Animals (7th edition)

Reviewed by Derek Foster, DVM, MSpVM, DACVIM

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The seventh edition of Anatomy and Physiology of Farm Animals is an accessible, easy-to-read textbook that is divided into chapters on the basis of body systems, with the first chapter on the anatomy of a body system and the next chapter devoted to the physiology of that same system or tissue. The anatomic descriptions and drawings focus on oxen and horses but include mention of areas in which sheep, goats, and pigs differ. An important addition to this text is a chapter devoted to poultry, which sets this text apart from many other introductory anatomy and physiology books. There are many new illustrations, and radiographs of equine limbs have been added to improve the discussion of the equine limbs, which is already extensive.

Unfortunately, the amount of detail in other areas is not sufficient for veterinary anatomy and physiology courses. Because this book incorporates both anatomy and physiology, some details are left out or simplified. The division of the book by body system is effective for discussing and teaching the physiology of each system, but this is not ideal for learning clinically useful anatomy. Relationships of anatomic structures could best be taught (and understood by students) by describing a region of the body (ie, the forelimbs or thorax) and all of the tissues or organs that comprise that area.

Overall, this text is well-written and reasonably priced. Because of the lack of detail and the general layout, it is probably most useful as a textbook for combined anatomy and physiology courses for undergraduates in programs such as animal science, and it is less suitable for more comprehensive anatomy or physiology courses in veterinary curricula.—By Rowen D. Frandson, W. Lee Wilke, & Anna Dee Fails. 512 pages; illustrated. Wiley-Blackwell, 2121 State Ave, Ames, IA 50014-8300. ISBN 978-0-8138-1394-3. 2009. Price $79.99.

Mycoplasma Diseases of Ruminants

Reviewed by Susan L. McClanahan, DVM, MPH, DACVPM

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Mycoplasma Diseases of Ruminants provides a comprehensive review of the mycoplasmas that affect cattle, sheep, and goats throughout the world. This book is an excellent reference text for veterinarians who work in private practice, academia, research, public health, or international health.

The book consists of 14 chapters and is divided into 2 parts. Part I consists of 6 chapters that provide extensive detail on the laboratory methods of isolation, growth, detection, differentiation, molecular typing, antigenic analysis, and antimicrobial susceptibility testing of the mycoplasmas. Part II consists of 7 chapters that describe host susceptibility, geographic distribution, epidemiological aspects, clinical signs, lesions, the causative organism, diagnosis, treatment-control, and prevention of mycoplasmal diseases specific to cattle, sheep, and goats throughout the world. The last chapter describes mycoplasmas considered as new, emerging, or unculturable. Each chapter provides an extensive reference list, which reflects the tremendous amount of effort the authors put into this book. The book also contains many good illustrative images, both black and white and color, that further enhance the quality of the book.

Overall, this is a well-written, easy-to-read book that provides greater detail about the mycoplasmal diseases in ruminants than can be found in most veterinary books. The authors should be commended for their extensive research and efforts in writing this comprehensive book. This is an extremely useful reference text and provides critical ruminant health information for a broad number of veterinary and animal health audiences.—By Robin Nicholas, Roger Ayling, & Laura McAuliffe. 239 pages; illustrated. CABI, 875 Massachusetts Ave, 7th Floor, Cambridge, MA 02139. ISBN 978-0-85199-012-5. 2008. Price $150.00.

Veterinary Pharmacovigilance: Adverse Reactions to Veterinary Medicinal Products

Reviewed by Jennifer L. Buur, DVM, DACVCP, PhD

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Veterinary Pharmacovigilance: Adverse Reactions to Veterinary Medicinal Products provides a comprehensive review of current practices relating to the prediction, monitoring, and risk assessment of adverse events in veterinary medicine. This text establishes the scientific and regulatory aspects of pharmacovigilance in the scientific community through a global look at both regulatory and industry perspectives. The detailed review of current techniques for the prediction and detection of adverse events, post-marketing surveillance, human and environmental safety, determination of causality, and risk assessment all emphasize the need for international harmonization and a One World, One Medicine approach to this developing discipline. American readers should be aware that although this text provides a global perspective, it emphasizes laws and regulations in the United Kingdom and European Union. Additionally, interpretation of law is a dynamic process; therefore, readers should confirm all specifics listed in the regulatory sections because expectations may have evolved since the date of publication. Overall, this text meets the stated objectives of the author to survey and summarize current approaches, review adverse effects, and evaluate the scientific principles that underlie pharmacovigilance in the world. It will be useful as a reference for those in academia, but given the fluid nature of law, it may be less useful for those in regulatory agencies and industry.—By Kevin N. Woodward. 762 pages; illustrated. Wiley-Blackwell, 2121 State Ave, Ames, IA 50014-8300. ISBN 978-1405-1-6968-4. 2009. Price $299.99.

Medical Mathematics and Dosage Calculations for Veterinary Professionals (2nd edition)

Reviewed by Ronette Gehring, BVSc, MMedVet, DACVCP

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Any veterinarian who wants to be proficient in the veterinary profession must be able to calculate dosage regimens quickly and accurately. However, veterinary educators cannot assume that their students have the necessary mathematical skills to perform these calculations competently because veterinary students are from diverse educational backgrounds, which are often focused on the less quantitative biological sciences. Lacking the necessary skills, students often become frustrated and sometimes confused when asked to solve an equation or perform a calculation. There is definitely a need for a simple, yet comprehensive textbook that summarizes the fundamental mathematical skills required by veterinary professionals. Also, because mathematics is a skill, and not a content-based subject, it is important that such a textbook offers the opportunity for readers to test and hone their skills.

The second edition of Medical Mathematics and Dosage Calculations for Veterinary Professionals fulfills these needs admirably. It covers all aspects of working with decimal numbers, fractions, and the metric system. There are also useful chapters focused on converting between metric and nonmetric values, understanding drug labels, and calculating doses and IV infusions. Each section is followed by practice problems, and each chapter is rounded out with additional problems for testing and honing skills.

The only deficiency in this book is that alternate measures of concentrations, such as parts per million, parts per billion, and molar concentrations, are not addressed. This could potentially broaden the audience of this textbook to include veterinary professionals in the research and public health arenas.—By Robert Bill. 426 pages; illustrated. Wiley-Blackwell, 2121 State Ave, Ames, IA 50014-8300. ISBN 978-0-8138-2363-8. 2009. Price $39.99.

Medical and Veterinary Entomology (2nd edition)

Reviewed by Christine A. Petersen, DVM, PhD

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The second edition of Medical and Veterinary Entomology is a timely and pertinent contribution to the understanding of vector-borne diseases, given the current increase in emerging zoonotic infections. The text is extremely thorough, including 481 photographs and other figures. The second edition also includes a glossary and is indexed by both topic and taxa. This edition is targeted to a broader audience, hence the addition of a glossary and new hot topics, including forensic entomology and a chapter on molecular techniques for diagnosis. That chapter focuses on molecular techniques and contains straightforward explanations of these complex techniques so that a layperson may be able to comprehend these diagnostic tools that are now used rather commonly. Overall, this textbook is of use to veterinarians as a reference for identification of various arthropods, manifestations of arthropod-borne diseases, and information on general vector control, but it does not contain detailed information on diagnosis or treatment of specific arthropod-borne diseases or specifics on prevention of vector transmission beyond basic vector control methods. The book begins with a broad introductory chapter that details the history of elucidation of vector-borne diseases and then delves into specifics of each arthropod group, including insects and related arthropods (mites, scorpions, spiders, and ticks) for taxonomic groupings via both common name and phylogenetic family (eg, Cockroaches [Blattaria]). The price is fair for a book of this length and nature.—By Gary R. Mullen & Lance A. Durden. 637 pages; illustrated. Academic Press Inc, 30 Corporate Dr, Ste 400, Burlington, MA 01803. ISBN 978-0-12-372500-4. 2009. Price $99.95.

Manual of Clinical Procedures in Dogs, Cats, Rabbits, & Rodents (3rd edition)

Reviewed by Kathy Gaughan, DVM, DABVP

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The third edition of Manual of Clinical Procedures in Dogs, Cats, Rabbits, & Rodents is an excellent guide for seasoned practitioners, new graduates, and veterinary students. Common and advanced technical procedures are described in an easy-to-understand, step-by-step format. The rationale for each step of a procedure is provided, similar to the format used in previous additions. Additionally, a list of indications, complications, equipment needed, and recommended restraint techniques accompanies each procedure. The book is logically organized; it starts with restraint techniques in dogs and cats and then proceeds to routine procedures, specialized procedures, and emergency procedures.

For practitioners who examine small mammals, this manual provides excellent information on appropriate restraint, venipuncture, and injection techniques for rabbits and small rodents.

New to the third edition is a section on emergency procedures, including rapid assessment of bleeding and clotting disorders, transfusion of blood and plasma, placement of intraosseous catheters, and tracheostomy. This book is a good value and great resource for the entire veterinary care team.—By Steven E. Crow, Sally O. Walshaw, & Jennifer E. Boyle. 396 pages; illustrated. Wiley-Blackwell, 2121 State Ave, Ames, IA 50014-8300. ISBN 978-0-8138-1304-2. 2009. Price $59.99.

Low Stress Handling, Restraint and Behavior Modification of Dogs & Cats: Techniques for Developing Patients Who Love Their Visits

Reviewed by Terry Marie Curtis, DVM, MS, DACVB

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It has been said that a picture is worth a thousand words, and the pictures in this book are amazing. The author has done an incredible job of accumulating 1,600 photographs of dogs and cats, along with a DVD, to illustrate “techniques for developing patients who love their visits [to the veterinarian].” In a time when dominance techniques often take center stage for controlling and managing behavior, it is a breath of fresh air to read the information contained in Low Stress Handling, Restraint and Behavior Modification of Dogs & Cats: Techniques for Developing Patients Who Love Their Visits. It is science-based information (catalogued and referenced).

The book is divided into 5 sections and 20 chapters. The first section, Recognizing the Early Signs of Problems, contains 2 chapters on fear and dominance versus unruly behavior. This is some of the most important information for readers. Fear is the number 1 reason dogs and cats are aggressive. Recognizing the language of fear and preventing it or dealing with it appropriately is of utmost importance to a positive clinical experience for patients, owners, and veterinarians. Section 2, How Animals Learn to Behave and Misbehave, contains 3 chapters on classical conditioning, operant conditioning basics, and methods of behavior modification. Understanding basic learning theory can help readers through a number of varied clinic situations, from getting a dog to come to you from inside a kennel to getting a cat to eat while you give it an injection.

Sections 3 and 4 will really assist veterinarians. The photographs illustrate both the right and wrong of various techniques. I envision that the information included here will provide fodder for clinic training opportunities, so that everyone in a veterinary hospital would be on the same page, so to speak.

Section 3 contains chapters on preparing pets for a hospital visit, preparing the hospital environment for a pet's visit, examination room tips, moving dogs around a facility, and transporting cats within a hospital. In short, this section deals with the clinical setting as seen from a pet's point of view, and it is interesting and enlightening. Nonthreatening techniques are provided with photographs to illustrate the outcome. There is a big difference in how a dog looks when it is leashed with a good slip lead as opposed to being cornered and possibly choked with a pole catch.

Section 4 contains chapters on general handling principles, restraint for standard positions in dogs, canine restraint procedures, dealing with difficult dogs, restraint for standard positions in cats, restraining cats for procedures, and handling difficult cats. The author strongly suggests that the DVD be consulted while learning the handling techniques. Again, the combination of reading the text and watching the DVD, with subsequent practice of the techniques, sets the stage for an in-clinic learning experience for all. Various methods have been used for handling cats and dogs, and although there is no one best way, the methods detailed in this text can be incorporated (in whole or in part) into any practice.

Section 5 contains 3 chapters on counterconditioning protocols for dogs and cats, preventive behavioral health for puppies, and preventive behavioral health for kittens. The first of these 3 chapters contains gems on counterconditioning cats to pilling and veterinarian-supervised technician behavior modification sessions.

I strongly recommend this book for veterinarians and veterinary technicians as well as for owners. Communicating with patients and pets is paramount for a strong and healthy bond. People need to know what cats and dogs are trying to communicate so that we can respond in kind. The photographs contained in this book are like a dictionary in that they serve as a guide to help people better communicate with the animals that we interact with every day. With so much misinformation available today, it is fantastic to be able to recommend a book solidly grounded in science instead of one full of outdated techniques.—By Sophia Yin. 469 pages and 1 DVD; illustrated. CattleDog Publishing, PO Box 4516, Davis, CA 95617-4516. ISBN 978-096415184-0. 2009. Price $149.00.

Canine Radiographic Anatomy

Reviewed by Anthony J. Fischetti, DVM, MS, DACVR

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Canine Radiographic Anatomy is a basic introduction of anatomy highlighted in standard radiographic projections. The CD-ROM is geared toward veterinary students who are beginning the study of radiographic anatomy as it correlates to actual anatomic structures. It is reasonably priced, relative to the cost of veterinary anatomy books.

The CD-ROM is easy to navigate, with clearly labeled menu bars that allow readers to switch between categories. The main menu consists of 4 categories: Basic Concepts, Tutorial, Review, and Quiz. Basic Concepts explains the production of x-rays and formation of an image on radiographic film. Only bare-minimum physics is provided to pave the way for the anatomy lessons. An excellent illustration highlights the importance of orthogonal views when interpreting radiographs. Each Tutorial, Review, and Quiz is sectioned into various body parts (eg, thorax or abdomen). Students can test themselves by pointing to an anatomic structure or by typing the correct name of the highlighted anatomic structure.

The drawback of this CD-ROM is the image quality of the radiographs. Each image is a digitized version of radiographic film, rather than a digital radiograph. As a result, the images have high contrast but lack exposure latitude. The thicker parts of some anatomic structures are difficult to view because of underexposure, whereas the thinner areas are dark and barely visible. This is less of an issue on the musculoskeletal portion of the tutorial. For those learning radiographic anatomy, clear, conspicuous images are crucial.—By Anton G. Hoffman, Charles C. Farnsworth, & Stacy L. Eckman. 1 CD-ROM; illustrated. Texas A&M University Press, 4354 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843-4354. ISBN 978-1-60344-106-3. 2009. Price $25.00.

Practical Small Animal MRI

Reviewed by Jean K. Reichle, DVM, MS, DACVR

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Despite increased use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) during the past decades, there has not been a textbook reviewing MRI of small animal disease processes until now. Practical Small Animal MRI fills that void. This text will be appreciated by veterinarians, particularly radiologists, neurologists, surgeons, oncologists, and internists, who prescribe an MRI for their patients. It is a comprehensive textbook with excellent illustrations including MRI images as well as corresponding gross specimens, anatomic illustrations, and radiographic images. The textbook is thorough in describing variations of normal conditions and common disease processes, and it is appropriately divided into chapters regarding intracranial, extracranial, spinal, orthopedic, thoracic, and abdominal MRI. The textbook is light on the physics of MRI and consideration and selection of equipment; however, as the authors declare, a thorough discussion of these topics is beyond the scope of the book. The authors include a board-certified veterinary radiologist and radiation oncologist and a board-certified internistneurologist, who provide diverse perspectives regarding imaging and the diseases it can identify. My only critique of this textbook is that references are listed alphabetically and not numbered, so it is difficult to determine the specific source of a discussed topic. Hopefully, a similar textbook on large animal MRI will follow soon because imaging of the head and extremities in horses and other large animals is becoming common.—By Patrick R. Gavin & Rodney S. Bagley. 362 pages; illustrated. Wiley-Blackwell, 2121 State Ave, Ames, IA 50014-8300. ISBN 978-0-8138-0607-5. 2009. Price $174.99.

A Practical Guide to Canine & Feline Neurology (2nd edition)

Reviewed by Andrew M. Isaacs, DVM, DACVIM

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The second edition of A Practical Guide to Canine and Feline Neurology is an excellent text and reference for readers at all levels in veterinary medicine. The second edition carries on the strengths of the first edition by incorporating the current literature into a clinically relevant text. The hardcover second edition is physically larger, both dimensionally and in number of pages, than the first edition. Readily noticeable differences include a new chapter on spinal trauma, a canine brain atlas with glossary, new authors of some chapters, improvements in diagrams and tables, and increases in imaging examples (especially magnetic resonance imaging). The index is dramatically improved from that of the first edition, but it could be expanded slightly. Also, an outline at the beginning of each chapter would facilitate searching for a topic of interest not found in the index.

Veterinary neurology is a specialty that encompasses both medical and surgical fields and requires a working knowledge of neuroanatomy. The second edition of this textbook incorporates relevant neuroanatomy into pertinent chapters more than did the first edition. It would be cumbersome and impractical to have 1 text that addresses neuroanatomy, clinical neurology, and neurosurgery in sufficient detail to be considered comprehensive. That being said, this text serves as one of the top resources for canine and feline neurology. The suggested price is fair. The book should serve as a good resource for veterinary students, small animal general practitioners, and board-certified veterinary neurologists.—By Curtis W. Dewey. 706 pages; illustrated. Wiley-Blackwell, 2121 State Ave, Ames, IA 50014-8300. ISBN 978-0-8138-1672-2. 2009. Price $149.99.

Urological Disorders of the Dog & Cat: Investigation, Diagnosis & Treatment

Reviewed by Nathan L. Bailiff, DVM, DACVIM

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Urinary tract disease in small animal patients is a diverse spectrum of problems ranging from acute life-threatening conditions to chronic diseases, with everything in between. Fortunately, Urological Disorders of the Dog and Cat: Investigation, Diagnosis & Treatment is a wonderful tool for general practitioners to use in an effort to solve such problems. The author's goal to provide a practical reference has been met, and the information is delivered in a compact resource with straightforward text. It allows readers to become comfortable with urology and makes a valued addition to any library.

The book is divided into 2 sections: Investigation and then Differential Diagnoses and Treatment. Sections are further divided into chapters and subchapters for quick reference. Color plates, including photographs, diagnostic images, and diagrams, saturate the book and invite readers to explore. Although the text is sufficiently descriptive to stand alone, the abundant images complement each subject. Another feature of the book is sequential numeration of items and internal references that allow quick review of related images in other chapters. The chapter on radiographic investigation is outstanding and includes necessary techniques, numerous examples, and practical tips to minimize problems and complications. Additional investigation methods ranging from tissue sampling to endoscopy are reviewed. With the recent popularity of ultrasonography, the brief coverage of this modality and the limited images seem too sparse. However, the author provides a list for further reading.

The second section is arranged on the basis of the problem identified by owners as the reason for examination. Each of these chapters has a list of differential diagnoses, discusses diagnostics (with images), and offers treatment recommendations. Although the treatment portions cover medical therapies, the real strength is the review of surgical techniques via descriptive text, which includes the author's experience and serial photographs. This is a complete and useful guide for general practitioners and is fairly priced on the basis of the number of color images.—By Peter E. Holt. 176 pages; illustrated. Wiley-Blackwell, 2121 State Ave, Ames, IA 50014-8300. ISBN 978-1-84076-095-8. 2008. Price $119.99.

Infectious Disease Management in Animal Shelters

Reviewed by Andrea C. DeSantis-Kerr, DVM

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Infectious Disease Management in Animal Shelters provides a thorough overview of the complex topic of shelter medicine and disease management. Divided into 5 sections, this book focuses on topics relevant to small animal population medicine and management. Section 1 (Principles of Disease Management) covers topics essential to any veterinary professional working in a shelter environment. Extensive information is provided in the form of text, tables, and charts regarding the well-being of shelter animals, efficacy of sanitation and disinfection protocols, vaccination protocols, necropsy techniques, and pharmacology, specifically drug and dose selection. Sections 2 through 4 (Respiratory Diseases, Gastrointestinal Diseases, and Dermatological Diseases, respectively) concentrate on those diseases. Each section covers numerous infectious diseases with an in-depth review of epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical signs, treatment, control, and prevention. Section 5 (Other Diseases) offers information on other important diseases in small animal medicine, especially shelter medicine. Feline leukemia virus, FIV, heartworm disease, and zoonotic diseases are examples of topics covered in this section.

The highlight of the book is the dermatology and necropsy chapters. These chapters outline procedures that would benefit any small animal veterinarian. One suggestion to enhance these chapters would be the use of color images. Overall, this book contains valuable information that is extremely pertinent to shelter medicine. It is a welcome addition to the expanding field of shelter medicine and is a must-have for every shelter veterinarian and for veterinarians with an interest in small animal population medicine.—By Lila Miller & Kate Hurley. 239 pages; illustrated. Wiley-Blackwell, 2121 State Ave, Ames, IA 50014-8300. ISBN 978-0-8138-1379-0. 2009. Price $79.99.