Book Reviews: For Your Library

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Avian Influenza

Reviewed by Timothy S. Cummings, MS, DVM, DACPV

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Avian Influenza is a keeper. The book was commissioned by the American Association of Avian Pathologists to be a comprehensive reference source on avian influenza for those who work with poultry health needs, including veterinarians, researchers, and government health officials. The text is definitely successful in fulfilling this mission, and it does so in a number of ways.

First, the book is edited by an expert on avian influenza, who had a multitude of distinguished and internationally known experts contribute to the various chapters. The book systematically covers the multitude of facets on avian influenza, such as history, biology, epidemiology, pathology, diagnostics, control, prevention, public health implications, economics, and trade impacts. Each chapter provides a collection of comprehensive, referenced information concerning lessons learned over the decades in dealing with avian influenza. It does all of this in a practical way by translating the latest basic science into clinical applications for field settings. Lastly, it is the first book to cover the disease from a purely poultry perspective rather than a human perspective.

Although there are plenty of scientific proceedings from conferences and other good books on poultry diseases that dedicate chapters to avian influenza, this textbook is likely destined to become the bible on avian influenza. For those looking for a single, exhaustive reference to help educate or train individuals in dealing with avian influenza, this will be money well spent.—By David E. Swayne. 605 pages; illustrated. Wiley-Blackwell, 2121 State Ave, Ames, IA 50014-8300. ISBN 978-0-8138-2047-7. 2008. Price $149.99.

Anatomy & Physiology of Domestic Animals

Reviewed by James E. Breazile, DVM, PhD

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The authors have fulfilled their expressed intent in Anatomy & Physiology of Domestic Animals to provide a text that, although primarily a physiology text, contains an excellent amount of anatomic information. Anatomic illustrations are clearly provided throughout the text. There are a few problems of nomenclature, but none that detract from the excellence of the text. The inclusion of detailed gross and microscopic anatomic illustrations in a physiology text breaks with tradition but fulfills the desire of many professors of physiology. Specific organ systems are provided in a balanced manner. In part because of the interests of the authors, but also because of its importance in animal production, the text contains an excellent discourse on the physiology of lactation in domestic animals.

Anatomic structure is integrated with physiologic information throughout the text. The histologic materials are of excellent quality and quantity to provide a good basis for the understanding of associated physiologic functions. With few exceptions, numerous hand-drawn illustrations are provided and integrated with text materials. The addition of a glossary as an appendix adds considerably to the value of the text.

The book will serve well as an introductory text for the needs of undergraduate students who have little or no anatomic or physiologic background. It will also serve as an excellent text for courses taught to undergraduate zoology, animal science, and preveterinary students.—By R. Michael Akers & D. Michael Denbow. 612 pages; illustrated. Blackwell Publishing, 2121 State Ave, Ames, IA 50014-8300. ISBN 978-0-8138-0329-6. 2008. Price $99.95.

Comparative Reproductive Biology

Reviewed by William B. Ley, DVM, MS, DACT

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Comparative Reproductive Biology fills a niche that has not been filled in many years. It provides broad as well as specific information for the field of reproduction; this information is founded in anatomy and expanded to assisted reproductive technology. The target audience ranges from veterinary students to instructors and from practitioners to researchers. As a comparative text for the common domestic animal species (ie, companion animals to livestock), it meets its expectation.

The text starts with introductory chapters on developmental and reproductive organ anatomy and cellular and molecular biology of the reproductive organs. These provide a sound basis for a comparative understanding among species but also serve as a basis for understanding normal versus abnormal in structural development and basic anatomy. Both male and female sexes are discussed. A section of color plates provides support to the frequent and appropriate black-and-white or gray scale drawings and figures. The chapter on comparative physiology discusses endocrinology in a basic rather than comparative manner. Strengths of the text are its inclusion of the newer advances in assisted reproductive technologies. Artificial insemination, embryo transfer, and cryobiology are covered adequately. Additional chapters on sex selection, transgenic animal production, and cloning provide added value.

Comparative placentation and discussions of pregnancy diagnosis round out the book, but the comparative events of parturition are missing. For a complete text on comparative reproductive physiology, the full cycle of reproductive function must come to fruition by fulfilling the penultimate task: the successful production of offspring ending in the puerperium.

A curious orphan in the textbook is the final chapter on ultrasonography in small ruminant reproduction. The reason that these 2 species were selected for additional coverage to that provided in the chapter on pregnancy diagnosis in ewes is unclear. Ultrasonography is an extremely useful diagnostic modality in all domestic animal species, which has provided substantial advancements in our understanding of and ability to recognize normal versus abnormal reproductive events, physiologic processes, anatomic structures, and gestational developments. The use and scope of ultrasonography for clinicians and researchers are comparatively as important, if not more important, in the other domestic animal species.

Camelids are discussed only briefly in the chapter on comparative placentation. Teaching of llama and alpaca reproduction is not traditionally a major component of North American academic programs, but it should be. Camelids are a growing segment of the North American livestock population and are currently more domestic than exotic, especially for large animal practitioners. Their inclusion in any text on comparative reproductive biology would be an interesting and useful topic.

Overall, chapters are well written and extensively referenced, as appropriate to the subject matter. The index is extensive and inclusive. I believe this text will be a valuable addition to the library of anyone who has an interest in reproduction of domestic animals.—By Heide Schatten & Gheorghe M. Constantinescu. 402 pages; illustrated. Blackwell Publishing, 2121 State Ave, Ames, IA 50014-8300. ISBN 978-0-8138-1554-1. 2007. Price $129.99.

Ophthalmology for the Veterinary Practitioner (2nd, revised and expanded edition)

Reviewed by Steven J. Dugan, DVM, MS, DACVO

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Ophthalmology for the Veterinary Practitioner is a revised and expanded second English edition that contains 257 pages, has a hardcover, and is reasonably priced. The book is written principally for veterinary students and primary-care veterinary practitioners; as such, it covers the basics of anatomy, diagnostics, physiology, pathophysiology, disease management, and prognosis. The book is well organized and indexed, contains many high-quality extraocular and intraocular photographs, and has short, easy-to-read chapters that contain practical, brief synopses of the most common ocular abnormalities seen in dogs and cats. Information regarding ocular anatomy and diseases of horses, birds, rabbits, ferrets, cattle, swine, and sheep is also scattered throughout the text. The authors are careful to specify those ocular problems and procedures that can be managed by knowledgeable primary-care veterinarians versus those that should be referred to a veterinary ophthalmologist. The book's weakest attribute is the references, which do not contain many recent journal articles or texts. Nonetheless, this book achieves its purpose and serves as an excellent resource for veterinary students and a valuable addition to the library of primary-care veterinarians.—By Frans C. Stades, Milton Wyman, Michael H. Boevé, Willy Neumann, & Bernhard Spiess. 257 pages; illustrated. Blackwell Publishing, 2121 State Ave, Ames, IA 50014-8300. ISBN 978-3-89993-001-5. 2007. Price $129.99.

Manual of Skin Diseases of the Dog and Cat (2nd edition)

Reviewed by Tiffany Tapp, DVM, DACVD

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Manual of Skin Diseases of the Dog and Cat is a concise, well-written reference text on small animal dermatology. The book is organized into chapters on the basis of type of skin disease (eg, bacterial skin disease or allergic skin disease). This is in some ways easier to follow than dermatology texts that are organized on the basis of lesion types. However, it does require practitioners to have a disease name or category in mind so that they can access the correct chapter.

The book is divided into 21 chapters that range from 10 to 30 pages. It begins with chapters outlining structure and function, approach to a case, and diagnostic testing. The book then proceeds into each of the disease chapters. The book is a second edition published in 2008, so it includes several updated disease chapters (including such timely topics as methicillin-resistant staphylococci). The author (a British dermatologist) writes the book from the British perspective, so readers can expect to see British spellings and a few unique British terms (eg, liquid paraffin [instead of mineral oil] for skin scrapings). The author uses an outline approach, which is great for quick reference during a busy practitioner's day. However, it does not allow readers too much detail about any 1 disease. Because of that, I do not believe that the textbook can serve as a sole dermatology reference book; instead, it is a good addendum to a clinic library and much easier to handle for quick investigation than an unwieldy full-length textbook.

Each chapter outlines a disease or entity by cause, clinical signs, differential diagnoses, diagnosis, and treatment. Each chapter is accompanied by numerous photographs, which is a must for a dermatology textbook. These vary in quality, and some include extraneous backgrounds, owners, and assistants, which can be distracting.

The book is a paperback, small, easy to read, and up-to-date and is a good addition for a busy practitioner's library. The price is reasonable for the amount of information contained.—By Sue Paterson. 356 pages; illustrated. Blackwell Publishing, 2121 State Ave, Ames, IA 50014-8300. ISBN 978-1-4051-6753-6. 2008. Price $99.99.

Essential Facts of Blood Pressure in Dogs and Cats: A Reference Guide (2nd edition)

Reviewed by John MacGregor, DVM, DACVIM

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Essential Facts of Blood Pressure in Dogs and Cats: A Reference Guide is divided into 5 sections (Importance of Blood Pressure Measurement, Pathologic Changes in Blood Pressure, Endorgan Damage, Therapy, and Economics). It is the first book devoted to blood pressure in veterinary medicine, and as such, it is an important first step in the diagnosis and treatment of dogs and cats with abnormal blood pressure. However, the book contains editorial, formatting, and factual errors. The initial version of the text is in German, and some of the sections have apparent translational errors. The sections vary dramatically for ease of reading and success of editing. Some sections, such as Endorgan Damage, are generally well written, and information on anesthesia is useful. Therapy, which is the section that would be most commonly used by readers, is generally useful but contains several references to medications that are not included elsewhere in the section. In addition, there is disagreement among sections on topics, including definitions of hypertension and whether primary hypertension exists in dogs and cats. The figures vary in quality from section to section, and the figures depicting the use of high-definition oscillometry blood pressure monitoring are particularly difficult to interpret. In general, high-definition oscillometry seems overemphasized relative to other technologies that are more widely available. Finally, the index is brief and not adequately comprehensive. Unfortunately, despite dealing with such an important topic, this textbook, when considered as a whole, cannot be recommended as a reference for veterinarians, veterinary students, or veterinary technicians.—By Beate Egner, Anthony Carr, & Scott Brown. Translated by Suzyon O'Neal Wandrey. 231 pages and 1 DVD; illustrated. Vet Verlag, Im Schloss, 64832 Babenhausen, Germany. ISBN 978-3-938274-15-6. 2008. Price $119.99.

Handbook of Veterinary Pharmacology

Reviewed by Ronette Gehring, BVSc, MMedVet, DACVCP

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The explosive growth of pharmacologic information in recent decades has resulted in vast amounts of complex information that is often difficult for busy clinicians to assimilate and prioritize. The Handbook of Veterinary Pharmacology offers a solution to this quandary by providing a concise reference for veterinary students and practitioners. The book focuses on applicable information about the drugs that are most likely to be used in clinical practice. It is appropriately organized, beginning with an introductory chapter that summarizes the fundamentals of the science of pharmacology, followed by chapters that are categorized in an intuitive manner for clinicians. Because it is nearly impossible for a single individual to have full knowledge of all areas of pharmacology, the editor had various experts contribute chapters based on their expertise. An effort has been made to keep the information easy to locate by organizing all of the chapters in a similar manner. There are also helpful summary and explanatory diagrams in some chapters. Tables of dosage regimens and withdrawal times, which can serve as a quick reference for busy practitioners, as well as study questions and answers at the end of each chapter help readers assess their understanding of the material.

The task of writing a comprehensive and accurate, yet concise, reference for veterinary pharmacology is not an easy one. The lack of context that is provided by weightier texts opens up the possibility for misinterpretation by nonexperts. A specific example is the emphasis placed on 2-compartment pharmacokinetic modeling in the introductory chapter. Although essentially accurate, there are some aspects of the information, such as the calculation of the slope of the distribution phase in the time-concentration curve, that may be misinterpreted by readers because of the limited explanation provided. Also, dosage regimens and withdrawal times are subject to change, and readers should beware of the use of published tables in lieu of the original source. For these reasons, I would not recommend this text as a sole source of information. Rather, I would recommend it for veterinary students as an excellent source of review material and for practitioners as a good starting point for questions regarding specific treatments. Suggestions for further reading at the end of each chapter may be a useful addition to subsequent editions of this text.—By Walter H. Hsu. 550 pages; illustrated. Blackwell Publishing, 2121 State Ave, Ames, IA 50014-8300. ISBN 978-0-8138-2837-4. 2008. Price $74.99.

Veterinary Medicines in the Environment

Reviewed by E. Murl Bailey Jr, DVM, PhD, DABVT

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Veterinary Medicines in the Environment is a compilation of a series of reports given at the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry Pellston Workshop on Veterinary Medicines in the Environment at Pensacola, Fla, on February 12 through 16, 2006. The thrust of this book is directed toward identifying or developing methods to make more uniform environmental risk assessments of veterinary pharmaceuticals and chemicals as required for many of the regulatory agencies in various countries. Although this book is well written and contains much information, it is directed toward graduate students and professionals in the field of environmental science with an interest in veterinary medicines in the environment, not toward practicing veterinarians.

Veterinarians in regulatory agencies may find it useful as a background reference when examining environmental risk assessment data provided by drug or chemical sponsors. I would not recommend this book for most veterinarians' bookshelves.—By Mark Crane, Alistair B. A. Boxall, & Katie Barrett. 196 pages; illustrated. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, 6000 Broken Sound Pkwy NW, Ste 300, Boca Raton, FL 33487-2742. ISBN 978-4200-8424-5. 2008. Price $120.00.

Sheep Flock Health: A Planned Approach

Reviewed by Larry D. Holler, DVM, PhD

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The preface of Sheep Flock Health: A Planned Approach states that its aim is to provide farmers and veterinary practitioners with up-to-date information on the diagnosis and management of production-limiting diseases in sheep. Unfortunately, the target audience is primarily sheep producers and veterinarians in the United Kingdom, rather than the United States. Readers will need to translate the United Kingdom terms into more familiar terms and, more importantly, determine whether the information is relevant to sheep production in the United States. With these issues considered, the author has written an excellent reference on sheep production medicine in the United Kingdom.

The book is divided into 7 chapters, each of which focuses on a production-limiting problem, much like they would be recognized by the producer and subsequently referred to a practicing veterinarian. Each discussion is thorough and appropriately supported by figures and photographs. Numerous case examples are highlighted throughout each section. These mini case reports serve to reinforce the specific information covered in a section in a clinically relevant format. There are also a number of detailed clinical and laboratory methods that are provided in a similar manner. Tables are appropriate for the information conveyed. The section on lamb growth is exceptionally strong. Two appendices covering exotic and reportable diseases and an overview of the sheep industry in the United Kingdom complete this text. One serious weakness that is quickly noticeable is a nearly complete lack of references. Readers are basically on their own if they need further information on any given topic.

This book has limited appeal to most practicing veterinarians and is of limited value to typical sheep producers in the United States. However, if a reader has a special interest in sheep production medicine, this book is a worthy addition to that individual's reference collection.—By Neil Sargison. 465 pages; illustrated. Blackwell Publishing, 2121 State Ave, Ames, IA 50014-8300. ISBN 978-1-4051-6044-5. 2008. Price $99.99.

Assessing the Human-Animal Bond: A Compendium of Actual Measures (New Directions in the Human-Animal

Reviewed by Rebecca Ruch-Gallie, DVM, MS

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Assessing the Human-Animal Bond: A Compendium of Actual Measures is a useful resource for anyone actively doing research on the human-animal bond. It is a compilation of > 20 tools commonly used for measuring the bond. Readers are provided with the measure as well as references for its development, validation (when available), and subsequent uses and a brief paragraph describing its intended application. Two alphabetic indices provide an author list and a measure list. The measure list includes references and sources for related measures not available in the text. A third index is a compilation of articles written or sponsored by Aline H. Kidd and Robert M. Kidd, who were pioneers in this field. This reference is not intended to provide tools for measuring human attitudes toward animals or appropriate analysis and interpretation of the measures provided, so it cannot be the sole resource for researchers new to the field. However, it is an excellent user-friendly and time-saving resource for human-animal bond researchers.—By David C. Anderson. 146 pages; illustrated. Purdue University Press, West Lafayette, IN 47907. ISBN 978-1-55753-424-8. 2007. Price $39.95.

The Animal Research War

Reviewed by Kenneth R. Boschert, DVM, DACLAM

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The authors provide a succinct and helpful overview of animal rights extremism and how these elements within society impact multiple facets of human and veterinary medicine. Although at first glance it would appear that the main audience for The Animal Research War would be those involved in animal research, there is a lot of discussion relevant for practicing veterinarians and the general public. This includes contemporary issues such as animal legal standing, animal owners versus guardians, the proliferation of animal law and lawyers, impact on veterinary students and their training, attacks on food supplies, and bioterrorism.

The authors know their subject all too well. Both were employed by the Oregon National Primate Research Center, and Dr. Conn was the target of an animal rights campaign intent on destroying his research career. Throughout the book, Dr. Conn provides insight into the mindset of animal rights groups and his personal experiences as a target. The remainder of the book provides a brief history of animal rights and welfare groups, current strategies, and the impacts and outcomes if such protest efforts are unchecked.

The take-home message of the book for people who work in the biomedical field, as well as those who interact with animals in clinical practice, is that we are all potential victims of this war on animal research. Countless veterinary procedures and products were initially performed in animals to provide uses for human medicine, but they were eventually modified and adapted for veterinary practice. Veterinary students may be inappropriately influenced by animal rights propaganda and discouraged from veterinary careers. The ongoing developments derived from basic and clinical animal research are absolutely essential to every practicing veterinarian and citizen concerned with animals and their own personal health.

Veterinarians are often on the front line for animal advocacy and should become familiar with the tactics and strategies of animal rights extremists to help counteract the misrepresentations of those who do not speak for animals or the veterinary profession. An examination of current news headlines ominously reflects many of the book's major points. This text helps to provide a brief but informative review for those who want to become more familiar with the terms, history, and objectives of the animal rights movement and how it applies to veterinarians personally and professionally. It also contains numerous references for readers who want additional in-depth information.—By P. Michael Conn & James V. Parker. 199 pages. Palgrave Macmillan, 175 Fifth Ave, New York, NY 10010. ISBN 0-230-60014-X. 2008. Price $34.95.

Companion Animals: Their Biology, Care, Health, and Management (2nd edition)

Reviewed by Nancy H. Ing, DVM, PhD

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The second edition of Companion Animals: Their Biology, Care, Health, and Management is an expanded textbook that compiles information from all aspects of companion animals, the industries that support them, and their places in our society. The new edition contains 2 original chapters on horses and geriatric animals. They are written by experts in those fields and are important additions to the book.

The authors dedicate the book to Dr. James E. Corbin, whose valuable insights into companion animal nutrition and the pet food industry are maintained in this edition. The book provides the natural biological, husbandry, and health issues of pets, ranging from reptiles and pocket pets to dogs, cats, and horses. Dogs and cats are the focus of chapters on anatomy, reproduction, training, and showing. Careers and businesses serving companion animals are explained. Sensitive issues such as euthanasia of pets, animal welfare versus animal rights, and how to best manage unwanted companion animals are handled with fairness to differing viewpoints.

Readers at all levels will enjoy this book because it is well organized and beautifully illustrated with pictures and quotations. In addition, the book consistently conveys the enthusiasm people share for companion animals. Each chapter has references to other books as well as links to useful online information that can expand the learning experience of readers. For instructors, the online resources will aid greatly in teaching students. The authors should be highly commended for producing this unique and comprehensive text while keeping the price so reasonable.—By Karen L. Campbell & John R. Campbell. 768 pages; illustrated. Pearson Prentice Hall, One Lake St, Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458. ISBN 978-0-13-504767-5. 2009. Price $88.00. as blood, heart, digestive, hormonal, eye, ear, immune, musculoskeletal, neurologic, reproductive, pulmonary, skin, urinary tract, metabolic, and multiple body system disorders. Another section is devoted to birds, 1 section is devoted to exotic pets, and 1 section (section 9) is devoted to special subjects. The glossary at the back of the book defines common medical terms. I find section 9 to be the most helpful section for pet owners. It provides practical information on pet health and emergency care as well as information on routine diagnostic tests, common drugs, poisoning, pain management, traveling with pets, cancer, and the human-animal bond. There are many illustrations in the manual, and they are well done. I assume the choice for use of color was performed in an effort to maintain an affordable manual; however, more brightly colored illustrations may attract the attention of pet owners. The manual is fairly priced considering the extensive amount of information provided.—By Cynthia M. Kahn & Scott Line. 1,345 pages; illustrated. Merck & Co Inc, One Merck Dr, Whitehouse Station, NJ 08889. ISBN 978-0-911910-22-3. 2007. Price $29.95.

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