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Health experts call for unified efforts to face climate issues

One Medicine Symposium focused on potential impact

Human encroachment into uninhabited parts of Southeast Asia exposed people to unusual animals and previously unknown pathogens, and global travel carried a tropical zoonotic disease to Toronto in 2003, Dr. Barrett Slenning told a gathering of public health professionals.

That transmission chain for severe acute respiratory syndrome would have been nearly impossible only a few decades ago, said Dr. Slenning of the Population Health and Pathobiology Department at the North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine.

“Economic globalization and climate change combine to allow people, plants, animals, products, markets, vectors, and contaminants to move very rapidly across the globe, creating a changing mix of biological systems with which we have never had to deal before,” Dr. Slenning said, adding that the dynamism of that mix augments the complexity of challenges in animal and human health.

Dr. Slenning made the comments during a presentation Dec. 11 for about 250 public health professionals gathered at the sixth annual One Medicine Symposium in Durham, N.C. The two-day meeting starting Dec. 10 was titled “Earth, Wind, and Fire: a One Medicine Approach to Climate Change.”

The symposium's speakers largely agreed that climate change—particularly warming—is occurring, and there was no debate or rebuttal on those points during presentations or Q-and-A sessions.

The AVMA policy on Global Climate Change and Animal Health, which was approved in November 2008, states “climate change has serious far-reaching negative implications for animal and ecosystem health” and it encourages a one-health approach, enhanced governmental response capacity, research, surveillance, and development of educational initiatives related to climate change, animal disease, and animal health.

Steve Cline, DDS, deputy state health director for North Carolina, said in opening remarks for the symposium he thinks it has become clear climate change is occurring, and the debate has shifted from what is causing the change to what can be done to solve its challenges.

New species of fire ants are populating North Carolina, and the state may see more severe weather events, increased risk of food- and waterborne illness, and threats from wildfire, Dr. Cline said. Not all of those can be blamed on climate change, he said, but public health professionals can improve work across disciplines and agencies to find solutions.

Dr. Roger K. Mahr, past president of the AVMA, also called for collaboration to face an environment increasingly affected by climate change. That environment is populated by interconnected humans and animals, and the integrated challenges created by their contact require integrated solutions, he said. “Animal and public health are truly at a crossroads,” Dr. Mahr said. “The convergence of animal, human, and environmental health dictates that the one-health concept must be embraced.”

While climate change was the focus of the symposium, some speakers' presentations or portions of their presentations related more to the general need for collaboration across disciplines.

Dr. Slenning said public health has to be recognized as a part of food supply veterinary medicine. Food supply veterinary medicine and animal agriculture, however, are not seen as the public goods they are because food animals, their processing and marketing, and their health delivery systems are privately held.

As a result, federal and state funding of animal health is incorrectly viewed as separate from public health, Dr. Slenning said.

Inadequate funding for animal health work could also put the public health at risk, Dr. Slenning said. He cited an AVMA map that showed U.S. counties with large livestock populations and no identified food animal veterinarians. The AVMA maps of livestock populations and food animal veterinarians are available at www.avma.org/fsvm/maps/.

“The last time the federal government put any significant money into veterinary medicine was in the '70s,” Dr. Slenning said. “Since then, we've had mad cow, we've had SARS, we've had food safety issues, we've had environmental and ecologic issues, on down the line.”


Dr. Pablo Beldomenico, a wildlife epidemiologist for the Wildlife Conservation Society, talks with Dr. Maria Baron Palamar, a postdoctoral student in North Carolina State University's Fisheries and Wildlife Sciences PhD program.

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 234, 3; 10.2460/javma.234.3.298

Dr. Slenning said internationally sourced food contaminations, West Nile virus' incursion into the United States, and the rapid spread of SARS are examples of such complex issues.

George Luber, PhD, associate director for Global Climate Change in the National Center for Environmental Health in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, said the planet will continue warming even if emissions responsible for global temperature rise were to stop instantly.

The change in climate will result in shifts in plant hardiness zones, receding Arctic ice caps, more intense heat waves and cyclones, and increases in harmful algal blooms or “red tides,” Dr. Luber said. Increased temperatures and the resulting increase in capacity for the atmosphere to hold water will lead to heavier precipitation.

About two-thirds of waterborne disease outbreaks between 1948 and 1994 were preceded by above-average precipitation events, Dr. Luber said.

Shifts in temperatures can also expand the range of vectorborne diseases, with Lyme disease soon becoming the United States' latest export to Canada, Dr. Luber predicted.

Because of climate change's impact, public health officials need to help form energy policies, he said.

Dr. Pablo Beldomenico, a wild-life epidemiologist for the Wildlife Conservation Society, said climate change's impact on wildlife is complex, and it is difficult to prove it affects disease spread and severity. There is, however, a great probability some pathogens, their vectors, or both may be favored by climate change.

Vectors such as ticks may move to higher latitudes with increased temperatures, and increased rainfall can help parasites such as nematodes proliferate.

Dr. Beldomenico said climate change can also increase susceptibility of hosts, leading to increased exposure to pathogens through changes in behavior and concentration of animals in some areas. Increased susceptibility to disease may also be caused by impairment of host resistance to infection.

Wild animals live in pathogen-rich environments, and their immunologic systems are constantly challenged, Dr. Beldomenico said. Increased stress in animals leads to a drop in immunocompentence in a cycle that diminishes health.

Most emerging infectious diseases are zoonotic, and Dr. Beldomenico said 72 percent of those zoonoses have wildlife origins. Humans impact disease spread and prevalence through introduction of domestic animals, invasive species, or environmental stress.

Patricia Tester, PhD, branch chief for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Center Coastal Fisheries and Habitat Research Laboratory in Beaufort, N.C., said potential effects of climate change on North Carolina can be seen by examining conditions on the Florida coast and in the Gulf of Mexico. Harmful algal blooms have periodically shut down shellfish harvests because of the risk of neurotoxic shellfish poisoning for humans, and they have caused mass deaths among finfish, marine mammals, and birds.

The most prevalent harmful algal blooms in Florida also cause respiratory tract problems in humans, dogs, cats, and marine mammals, Dr. Tester said.

Kenneth Gage, PhD, supervisory research biologist and chief of fleaborne diseases activity for the CDC, said increased temperatures can also increase the number of generations of vectors—such as mosquitoes—in a year or the number of pathogens carried by those vectors. He said regional changes in temperature, precipitation, and humidity can affect the survival and development of vectors, pathogen development, and transmission dynamics.

“For some of these diseases—like plague, for example—if you get the host level above a certain threshold of density, you're liable to kick off epizootics,” Dr. Gage said.

David R. Easterling, PhD, chief of the Scientific Services Division for the National Climatic Data Center of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, said China and India are rapidly developing their economies, and he does not expect large declines in carbon dioxide production in the next several decades.

Dr. Easterling said global temperatures have increased 0.7 C since the late 1800s, and tropospheric temperatures recorded in the past three decades show warming consistent with surface warming. Slightly less warming has occurred in water than on land, but it has occurred at a similar rate, he said.

“The warming is unequivocal,” Dr. Easterling said. “We're certain.”

Edward Maibach, PhD, director of the Center for Climate Change Communication and a professor at George Mason University in Fairfax, Va., said health professionals have opportunities to help others understand the issues facing them because of climate change. He encouraged attendees to carry to people a message that climate change is real, it impacts them, it can be stopped, and it is caused by humans.

“This is our fight to convince our fellow Americans that global warming is bad for people,” Dr. Maibach said.


New resource available on generic drugs

Pharmaceutical trade group members hope veterinarians will learn more about generic drug safety and drug industry issues through a Web site launched in November.

Stephanie Batliner, chair of the Generic Animal Drug Alliance, said the Web site will address issues related to generic drugs for large and small animals, pharmaceutical compounding, and organizational positions on legislation such as the Animal Generic Drug User Fee Act of 2008. The site is in its infancy, and the alliance is still determining what other information it will eventually include, she said.

Christina Perkins, vice president of marketing and communications for Putney, a GADA member company, said the site is partly intended to answer questions and dispel negative preconceived notions about generic drugs.

Site developers were also working on a frequently asked questions section and information about user fees, their impact on funding for the Food and Drug Administration's Center for Veterinary Medicine, and how they could reduce times for release of generic drugs, Perkins said.

Batliner hopes site users will learn about generic drug manufacturers and how to contact them with questions. The site will not be used to market specific drugs, she said.

The Generic Animal Drug Alliance Web site is located at www.gadaonline.org.

Equine conference educates, updates on active year

Racing issues, soring are subjects of task forces


The 2009 AAEP Executive Committee: Drs. William A. Moyer, vice president; Jeffrey T. Berk, treasurer; Harry W. Werner, president; Eleanor M. Green, immediate past president; and Nathaniel A. White II, president-elect.

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 234, 3; 10.2460/javma.234.3.298

Suits and ties mixed with cowboy hats and boots during the 54th annual American Association of Equine Practitioners' 54th Annual Convention, Dec. 6-10, 2008, in San Diego. Attendees from all over the world came, including 3,201 veterinarians, students, and veterinary technicians. Total convention attendance was 6,579. David Foley, AAEP executive director, said he considered the third largest AAEP convention turnout a success in the midst of a staggering economy.

Reflecting on a job well done

Immediate past president Dr. Eleanor M. Green kicked off the conference, saying it has been an honor to be a part of such a dynamic, volunteer-driven organization. Dr. Green has been appointed as dean of the Texas A&M University College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, effective March 1. She introduced AVMA President James Cook, who has been an AAEP member 30 years and has served as the AVMA liaison to the AAEP for the past five. He praised the association for helping the AVMA with strategic goals when it comes to equine and welfare issues, noting the AVMA relies on the AAEP “to be the voice for the horse.”

The AAEP received 178 abstracts for consideration and 117 were presented at the convention. The 2008 program chair, Dr. Harry W. Werner, said he chose material on the basis of “topics of interest as expressed by you and key issues at the forefront of our profession.” Dr. Werner was installed as the 2009 AAEP president (see story on page 304).

A new feature of the convention was a full-day farrier/podiatry program that offered in-depth sessions on laminitis, equine lameness, and other foot-related issues. Also, a luncheon for new practitioners was held for participants to talk about professional and life-balance issues.

Executive Director David Foley reviewed important 2008 AAEP events, many revolving around welfare issues. The AAEP's Tennessee Walking Horse Task Force issued a white paper on the soring of Tennessee Walking Horses. It is now working with industry leaders to adopt reforms. The association convened another task force in July to address racing industry concerns. Dr. Werner said the task force is still “working hard to address the challenges of the racing industry.” The task force plans to issue white papers addressing four areas: societal change and the perception of racing, the business model of racing, medication, and the veterinarian-owner-trainer relationship. Its goal was to submit the papers to the AAEP board of directors for consideration at its Jan. 24 meeting.


Keynote speaker Lowell Catlett entertains the audience with his humor and insight while reassuring equine veterinarians during uncertain financial times.

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 234, 3; 10.2460/javma.234.3.298

Also, Foley touched on the surge in the number of neglected and abandoned horses (see page 305).

“It's a notable challenge,” Dr. Green added. “The growing population has reached an all-time high this past year.”

AAEP officials traveled to Washington, D.C., in June to talk about unwanted horses and testify about horse racing and processing.

Internally, the association came out with revised guidelines on vaccinations for horses, and its dentistry committee launched a campaign to advocate for once-yearly examinations.

The AAEP's board approved a new three-year strategic plan in July. The three areas of focus are continued enhancement of the AAEP's continuing education offerings, equine welfare issues, and growing the equine profession.

Surviving in a struggling economy

Keynote speaker Lowell Catlett, PhD, gave a thoughtful and lighthearted talk on the current economic situation that provided a measure of reassurance and wisdom amid less than certain times.

Dr. Catlett is a professor at New Mexico State University and dean of the College of Agriculture and Home Economics.

His message was that despite dire warnings for the past 18 months about recession and economic collapse, the U.S. economy has chugged along, albeit slowly in the 2008 fiscal year.

“I'm not trying to be Pollyannaish,” he qualified his words, going on to say there have been 13 recessions in the past 80 years, and 85 percent of those were V-shaped, meaning they rebounded to their previous levels, unlike the remaining L-shaped recessions.

From there he brought in Maslow's hierarchy of needs, which is a pyramid-shaped diagram that lists, in predetermined order of importance, human needs, going from physiologic to psychologic. Dr. Catlett used this model to explain how people “afford what they want.”


An equine veterinarian conducts an examination. (Courtesy of AAEP)

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 234, 3; 10.2460/javma.234.3.298

He gave an example—how the owned horse population has increased 30 percent in the past 15 years, from 7.3 million to 9.5 million.

“They sure don't pull us and freight down the road. What do we do? We pull them up the road!” Dr. Catlett said.

In that kind of world, Dr. Catlett said, more people own horses, so equine veterinarians remain in a lucrative business, even during a recession.

On the horizon

Studies on diagnostic tools and treatments, emerging infectious diseases, and advancements in the reproductive field were featured during the Kester News Hour. Drs. Scott Palmer, former AAEP president; Bonnie Rush, professor of equine internal medicine at Kansas State University; and Margo Macpherson, associate professor of reproduction at the University of Florida were at the helm for the second year in a row.

The trio started off by bringing attention to a recent retrospective study in the Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine on the emerging disease caused by Lawsonia intracellularis, responsible for a handful of North American outbreaks in recent years. The study concluded that L intracellularis infection should be considered as the cause of ventral edema and hypoalbuminemia in young horses. Fecal PCR assays and serum immunoperoxidase monolayer assays are needed to help determine disease status. Treated animals usually survive, although they do not sell for as high a price at public auction as do other yearlings by the same sire.

Dr. Macpherson discussed various methods of suppressing estrus for performance horses. Intrauterine devices and oxytocin appeared more effective than medroxyprogesterone when comparing a handful of studies.

Dr. Macpherson also talked about embryo vitrification being used for mares that meet an untimely death. She said in the near future this technique could be incorporated into the practice setting.

The panel went on to discuss the helpfulness of bone markers in making a diagnosis. Having reviewed a few studies, Dr. Palmer said there are conflicting reports and that the bone markers out there today may be a great diagnostic tool but may not be ready for use in practices for a few more years.

Dr. Rush spoke about a study on the arthroscope-guided injection of corticosteroids into the fibrous tissue of subchondral cystic lesions of the medial femorial condyle in horses, published in the Equine Veterinary Journal this past July. It concluded that injection of SCLs using arthroscopic guidance is an effective alternative method of surgical treatment, which Dr. Rush called an exciting development.

She also talked about new information on a specific genetic mutation in horses that likely is a cause of equine polysaccharide storage myopathy. After looking at 36 breeds, researchers found a single-point mutation in the glycogen synthase gene. For draft breeds and Quarter Horses, this is the most important cause of PSSM, Dr. Rush said.

In addition, three studies in 2008 gave an important understanding of pulmonary fibrosis in horses. One of them, published in Veterinary Pathology, concluded that equine herpesvirus-5 is likely to be a cause of the lung disease.

Mind over matter

Dr. Stephen M. Reed gave this year's Frank J. Milne State-of-the-Art Lecture. Dr. Reed retired in 2007 from The Ohio State University as an emeritus professor. He now works as an equine specialist at Rood and Riddle Equine Hospital in Lexington, Ky.

The presentation was titled “Neurology is Not a Euphemism for Necropsy: A Review of Selected Neurological Diseases Affecting Horses.”

“Probably the most important thing we can do is the neurologic exam,” Dr. Reed said, particularly as a diagnostic aid. He recommended first looking at the horse's history, then performing physical and neurological examinations.

He broke down the neurologic exam by listing what should included, in the following order:

  • • behavior, mental status, and head posture

  • • nasal septum response

  • • pupillary light reflex, menace, position, and movement (of eyes)

  • • adductor function of the arytenoids with a slap test

  • • cutaneous trunci response

  • • tail tone in the perineal region

  • • gait

Dr. Reed said the last part of the examination—evaluation of gait—is probably the most important.

The horse needs to have an idea where its feet are, Dr. Reed said, because if its gait is off, neuroanatomic locations probably are affected.

When doing a gait test, have the horse walk with its head elevated, in a straight line, on a slope, backward, and in a circle, going from a bigger to a smaller circle, he advised.

“Horses (with neurologic deficit) will hide signs by going fast and not walking slow,” Dr. Reed said. “Watch what it does with every limb.”

Educational presentations weren't the only attraction of the convention. Attendees enjoyed the numerous social events as well, including the alumni receptions and AAEP Foundation celebration and silent auction, which raised $118,000 to go toward programs to help the horse.


Partnership seeks to improve veterinary technician CE

Intervet/Schering-Plough Animal Health and the American Association of Equine Veterinary Technicians and Assistants have formed an educational partnership that began in late 2008.

The two entities will together support professional development and continuing education for veterinary technicians and assistants across the country. They will do so by providing educational initiatives, including regional meetings that focus on topics specific to equine health.

The most recent example came at AAEVT's meeting Dec. 7-9 in San Diego, held in conjunction with the American Association of Equine Practitioners' national convention. The event featured hands-on wet lab training as well as informative lectures on areas including foal anesthesia, equine respiratory diseases, and deworming.

Brett Whitehead, director of equine and agriculture retail for Intervet/Schering-Plough Animal Health, said in a statement that the company and association hold a shared mission of promoting the health and welfare of horses.

“Intervet/Schering-Plough Animal Health's support of AAEVT will play a vital role in helping our organization provide comprehensive resources and opportunities that will enhance the professional development of equine veterinarian technicians and assistants across the United States, as well as benefit the veterinary communities they serve,” said Deborah B. Reeder, AAEVT executive director.

AAEP president found inspiration from other members

Werner included equine, practitioner welfare issues in convention


Dr. Harry W. Werner

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 234, 3; 10.2460/javma.234.3.298

The American Association of Equine Practitioners' newest president, Dr. Harry W. Werner, knows he didn't get to where he is today without some help. He credits many of the mentors and colleagues he has encountered throughout his career and his involvement with the AAEP with helping to open doors for him professionally and personally.

Early on in his career, Dr. Werner said, AAEP leaders such as Dr. Charles W. Raker and Dr. J. Clyde Johnson stressed the importance of being active in the organization and encouraged him to volunteer his services. The Connecticut-based equine veterinarian took the men's advice to heart. An AAEP member for 30 years, Dr. Werner has served on a number of AAEP committees, on its board of directors, and as treasurer, vice president, and president-elect.

Dr. Werner, who also is a past president of the Connecticut VMA, owns a general equine medicine and surgery practice located at the foothills of the Berkshire Mountains in North Granby, Conn. His clinic focuses on equine wellness care, lameness, purchase examinations, and general internal medicine services.

The University of Pennsylvania graduate says his involvement in the AAEP has allowed him to immerse himself in the concerns and needs of the profession. This was made evident in his choice of topics at this year's convention as its program chair. From medication in racing and performance horse industries to equine and practitioner welfare, Dr. Werner said, it was important to focus on issues at the forefront of the profession.

“I have listened carefully to colleagues over the years, and I used that information in selecting the program's subjects and speakers,” Dr. Werner said. “I asked the speakers to tell members current, practical information, but also to tell them what's coming up next week, so to speak.”

In the long run, Dr. Werner said he hopes to use the AAEP's recently revised strategic plan objectives to guide his presidency. They are growing the profession, equine welfare efforts, and high-quality continuing education. He specifically mentioned the importance of attracting and retaining new AAEP members and encouraging them to become active in the organization. He said that while the AAEP garners the highest number of new graduates as members among species groups, a substantial number leave after their first five years. Dr. Werner cites the need to pay particular attention to equine veterinarians' concerns regarding lifestyle issues, salary, and the present difficult economic climate.

“Practice business models and management must improve to enable veteran practitioners and young associates to thrive and remain in equine practice,” Dr. Werner said.

Another area of interest to Dr. Werner are the valuable opportunities technologic and therapeutic advances represent for equine veterinarians. He said, “The challenge to most practitioners is staying abreast of these constantly evolving changes and successfully incorporating them into everyday practice.”

Dr. Werner said exciting developments include serum markers, which promise earlier diagnosis of common orthopedic problems; the completion of the equine genome, which will impact diagnostics; advances in management and breeding; plus valuable new research on exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage and laminitis.

“(EIPH) is a big, big problem in racing, and over the years, out of interest in helping, it has led to the use of pharmaceuticals in attempting to mitigate the problem. That means it creeps into the regulatory sector of racing. On one hand, we have this problem, versus our obligation to have athletes running with minimal medication,” Dr. Werner said.

As part of its mission, the AAEP will continue to address the unique challenges facing racetrack practitioners and advocate for equine welfare in issues that include unwanted horses.

More immediately, however, Dr. Werner will help navigate the AAEP through all these issues during a tumultuous time with the economy.

“Our members working in Thoroughbred sales say sales are down. They tend to be bought with discretionary income, just like boats,” Dr. Werner said. “At the same time, I'm quite confident it (the economy) will head upwards … It's a question of waiting and for how long.”

Other officers and board members

Joining Dr. Werner on the AAEP Executive Committee are Drs. Nathaniel White II, Leesburg, Va., president-elect; William Moyer, College Station, Texas, vice president; Eleanor M. Green, Gainesville, Fla., immediate past president; and Jeffrey T. Berk, Ocala, Fla., treasurer.

New members of the board of directors are Drs. Peter C. Bousum, Ringoes, N.J., representing District I; B.A. Rucker, Lebanon, Va., representing District II; Scott A. Hay, Fort Lauderdale, Fla., representing District III; Debra C. Sellon, Pullman, Wash., representing District IX; Carol K. Clark, Belleview, Fla., director at large; and Desmond P. Leadon, Naas, County Kildare, Ireland, international director.


Free vaccines offered to improve welfare of unwanted horses

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A number of rescue and retirement horse facilities may receive some much-needed help this year in the form of free vaccines.

Intervet/Schering-Plough and the American Association of Equine Practitioners launched the Unwanted Horse Veterinary Relief Campaign at the AAEP's Annual Convention on Dec. 8. The nonprofit program will offer three varieties of equine vaccines to qualified U.S. facilities starting this spring.

“It provides tangible help to rescue facilities. A healthy horse is more adoptable,” AAEP immediate past president Dr. Eleanor M. Green said about the campaign's goal.

Equine rescue and retirement facilities will be selected to receive complimentary equine vaccines on the basis of a completed application, compliance with the AAEP care guidelines for rescue and retirement facilities, 501(c)(3) tax-exempt status, their need, the potential impact on horses' lives, and the professional manner in which the facility is managed. An AAEP member-veterinarian and equine rescue or retirement facility work together to submit an application, the facilities checklist, and the vaccine order form.

A review committee of AAEP veterinarians then decides which clinics are awarded a year's supply of vaccines, which will be shipped free of charge. On Jan. 1 the campaign began accepting applications, and the first deadline is March 1; the second is Sept. 1.

“We hope as soon as possible in April to start shipping,” said Ron McDaniel, manager of equine business for Intervet/Schering-Plough.

The three vaccines available through the UHVRC program are used for prevention of infection with West Nile virus, rabies virus, equine herpesvirus type 1, equine herpesvirus type 4, eastern equine encephalomyelitis virus, and western equine encephalomyelitis virus, as well as with the tetanus agent. More information can be found at www.uhvrc.org/.

A portion of all Intervet/Schering-Plough Animal Health equine vaccine sales, beginning Dec. 1, 2008, fund the program.

“We don't know how big this problem is, but we've put some money in the pot to begin with,” McDaniel said.

McDaniel said the program anticipates helping more than 2,000 horses in the first year.

Dr. Green said an intangible benefit of the program is that requiring compliance with the AAEP guidelines will help educate the facilities on how to care for the horses through positive reinforcement.

“So many horses are being rescued from rescue facilities,” Dr. Green said.

Dr. Miles Hildebrand of Blue Water Equine Hospital in Emmett, Mich., in his free time assists rescue and retirement horse facilities. He has seen horses die because no one knows their health history or whether they've been vaccinated; even if they need to be, the facilities cannot afford the treatment. At the same time, Dr. Hildebrand said, many of these horses have major medical problems and are susceptible to disease and illness.

“All of these organizations have a common denominator: They have a cando attitude with volunteers trying all they can but they have to cut corners,” Dr. Hildebrand said. “That can be alleviated with this program.”


State legislators' group opposes federal bills to restrict horse slaughter

The National Council of State Legislatures recently approved a resolution urging Congress to oppose legislation that would restrict horse slaughter.

The last horse processing plants in the United States, two in Texas and one in Illinois, closed in 2007 after courts upheld state legislation banning the slaughter of horses for human consumption. Congress has considered bills that would prohibit transportation of horses to slaughter outside the country for human consumption—and is likely to consider the legislation again.

The NCSL, meeting Dec. 11-13 in Atlanta, passed a resolution opposing such legislation. The NCSL is a bipartisan organization that serves the legislators and staffs of the nation's states, commonwealths, and territories.

According to the resolution, the loss of horse processing plants in the United States has contributed to the neglect and abandonment of unwanted horses. The export of horses for processing has increased, and some foreign facilities may not meet U.S. standards for humane handling and slaughter.

The resolution concludes: “NCSL urges Congress to oppose legislation that would restrict the market, transport, processing, or export of horses, to recognize the need for humane horse processing facilities in the United States, and not to interfere with State efforts to establish facilities in the United States.”

Co-sponsoring the resolution were Sue Wallis, a Republican serving in the Wyoming House of Representatives, and Dave Sigdestad, a Democrat serving in the South Dakota House of Representatives. Wallis said the resolution will allow NCSL staff to lobby about the unintended consequences of federal legislation to restrict horse slaughter.

Training program brings veterinary pathologists to NIH

Participants complete residencies at veterinary colleges, dissertation work at National Institutes of Health


Dr. Schantel Hayes is a participant in the joint training program for veterinary pathologists between the National Institutes of Health and five veterinary colleges. She currently is studying genetic causes of obesity at the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. (Courtesy of Shelley Hoover/National Cancer Institute)

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 234, 3; 10.2460/javma.234.3.298

Genetic causes of breast cancer and leukemia were the topics of dissertations by the first two veterinary pathologists to complete a joint training program between the National Institutes of Health and five veterinary colleges.

The NIH recently held a symposium to highlight the program's early progress and participants' contributions to biomedical research. The Comparative Biomedical Scientist Training Program Symposium took place Oct. 2-3, 2008, on the NIH campus in Bethesda, Md.

The National Cancer Institute launched the veterinary training program in 2003, and four other NIH institutes have joined. The NCI has partnered with the veterinary schools/colleges in Illinois, Indiana, Maryland, Michigan, and North Carolina. Ten veterinarians are training in the program, which starts with a pathology residency at one of the veterinary colleges and ends with dissertation work at an NIH institute.

“It provides us the opportunity to train additional pathologists for a global need,” said Dr. John Cullen, who directs the program at the North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine.

Dr. Cullen noted that the program combines anatomic and investigative pathology. Also, the program allows veterinarians to develop relationships with other scientists—working together to improve animal and human health so that the idea of “one medicine” is more than an idle concept.

Dr. Willie Reed, dean of the Purdue University School of Veterinary Medicine, said the program specifically helps meet needs for veterinarians in biomedical research and pathologists at veterinary colleges.

“It allows our faculty and students access to cutting-edge research conducted by world-class NIH scientists,” Dr. Reed added.

Last year, Drs. Mark Hoenerhoff and David Caudell were the first veterinarians who completed their PhDs through the program.

“As veterinarians and as pathologists, we have a great opportunity to really make a difference in biomedical research through using our knowledge of biological systems to solve problems relating to human health,” said Dr. Hoenerhoff, who completed his training at NCI and now conducts research at the NIH National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences.

Dr. Hoenerhoff studied the BMI1 gene in vitro and in mice. The gene can contribute to the development of breast cancer. Dr. Hoenerhoff's team found that overexpression of BMI1 in conjunction with overexpression of Hras, an oncogene commonly overexpressed in a number of cancers in humans, augments tumorigenesis.

Dr. David Caudell focused his work at the NCI on leukemia research in rabbits and mice. Studying the role of chromosomal translocations, Dr. Caudell generated transgenic mice that expressed a CALM-AF10 fusion gene. Almost half the mice developed acute leukemia—providing experimental confirmation that this fusion, isolated from patients with some forms of leukemia, is leukemogenic.

Dr. Caudell said he enjoyed the chance to pioneer the veterinary training program at the NIH. “It's been really great watching the program evolve, watching it grow exponentially.”

Dr. R. Mark Simpson, director of the Molecular Pathology Unit within the NCI Laboratory of Cancer Biology and Genetics, was the founder of the training partnerships with the veterinary colleges. He said the NIH institutes benefit from veterinarians' comparative perspectives in problem solving, hypothesis testing, and critical thinking.

Dr. Simpson also received the 2008 Leading Diversity Award from the NCI for recruiting and mentoring African-American veterinarians and veterinary students.

“We have been successful in our ability to include underrepresented minority veterinarians, in large part, due to combined efforts in building a network of supportive programs and people at both the NIH and our veterinary college partners,” he said.

Dr. Simpson said the joint training program's ultimate goal is to prepare interdisciplinary, comparative biomedical scientists who will help lead the research teams of the future—opening new synergies to address public health challenges impacting humans, animals, and the environment.

Information is available at http://ccr.ncifcrf.gov/resources/molecular_pathology.


AVMA calls for applications to WVA Council

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The AVMA is accepting applications and nominations to replace Dr. James E. Nave as the United States representative to the World Veterinary Association Council. The deadline is March 2, 2009.

Dr. Nave has stepped down as the North American councilor after serving nearly six years in that position.

The World Veterinary Association is an international organization that develops policies affecting the veterinary profession and animal health on a global scale. Its constituency consists of national veterinary associations and international specialist veterinary associations.

The council is one of the WVA's governing bodies. It comprises regional veterinary representatives, including two from North America—one from the United States and the other, Canada. The AVMA is responsible for appointing the U.S. councilor.

The WVA Council traditionally meets once a year, but the new president, Dr. Tjeerd Jorna of The Netherlands, is proposing more frequent meetings and more activity of the councilors. For example, the U.S. councilor may be asked to represent the WVA at the United Nations and other organizations in the United States.

Councilors represent collectively and individually their geographic region. Councilors convey the policies of the WVA to their constituency and speak on behalf of the WVA to the region. Councilors partake in the policymaking process of the WVA.

Councilors may also be responsible for developing a relationship with one or more governmental or nongovernmental organizations of interest or with a veterinary professional or scientific specialization.

Councilors can serve a maximum of three three-year terms.

In November 2008, the AVMA Executive Board approved adopting an application form for the councilor position to help the board make informed decisions about who to appoint. The board will make its appointment at its April 2009 meeting.

The WVA councilor application form is available on the AVMA Web site. Inquiries on this position can be answered at (800) 248-2862, Ext. 6605, or by e-mail at OfficeEVP@avma.org.

Disaster preparedness grant recipients named

AVMF awards $129,000 to nine groups

Animal disaster preparedness throughout the United States will continue to receive support from the American Veterinary Medical Foundation this year in its mission to promote animal well-being.

For 2009, the AVMF has selected nine state entities to benefit from $129,000 in grants. States are chosen by the AVMF Grants and Awards Committee, which reviews each application for merit and scores it on the basis of various sets of criteria.

The grants were made possible through the AVMF Animal Disaster Relief and Response Fund, which was established Sept. 1, 2005, to provide funding for disaster relief efforts in connection with Hurricane Katrina and future disasters. The organizations awarded grants were as follows.

Indiana Horse Council Foundation—$5,000

This organization is on the front line of combating the unwanted horse problem in the state. The Indiana Horse Council Foundation has provided equine neglect investigation training, a voluntary equine rescue certification program, a foster farm network, and a neglected horse reporting hotline. In the past year, the foundation and Indiana Horse Council director of development brought together emergency response officials to outline a plan of instruction for developing a large animal emergency response team and network for each area of the state. The foundation's long-term goals are to establish emergency response teams within each district, create an expertise and equipment sharing program among districts, and expand volunteer networks for field support.

Utah Emergency Animal Response Coalition, Inc.—$20,000

This group of animal-related organizations continues to be a resource for emergency planners, veterinarians, pet and livestock owners, and volunteers to improve the evacuation and sheltering of pets and livestock in large and small disasters. 2008 was the coalition's first year, and already it has developed a Web site, provided training to local emergency planners, veterinarians, veterinary technicians, and volunteers. Community Animal Response Teams have been initiated in eight of 29 counties, and a statewide online registry for volunteers has been started. With money from the AVMF, the coalition hopes to purchase a second animal response trailer and provide large animal technical rescue training for up to 30 veterianarians and first responders.

Connecticut Veterinary Medical Foundation—$20,000

One of the nonprofit's mission is to promote animal disaster preparedness and response in Connecticut. This is accomplished through the Connecticut State Animal Response Team program, for which the foundation is one of six supporting agencies.

CSART officials say ongoing AVMF support is key to maintaining momentum in all five intrastate preparedness regions. That means continuing to develop mobile, deployable equipment caches in the regions and a roster of trained and state-certified volunteers. In addition, CSART hopes this year to promote the creation of a veterinary component to the existing state Medical Reserve Corps to facilitate medical care of evacuated animals.

Texas Veterinary Medical Foundation—$20,000

This foundation supports the Texas State Animal Resource Team, a program that has coordinated organizations interested in animal emergency management issues and resources.

TXSART provides education, resource identification, and state response coordination. A primary mission of TXSART is to identify and coordinate statewide resources in times of preparedness, response, and recovery. It provided support in person and remotely, most recently during Hurricane Dolly and Tropical Storm Edouard in 2008. Funding helps pays for personnel, TXSART's annual summit, staff travel, and printing costs.

Tennessee VMA—$5,000

This organization began providing disaster preparedness and response training more than five years ago, but stopped because of funding problems. Now it hopes to get back on track this year, thanks in part to the AVMF.

“We feel that we need to move on to the next phase of training, since we have so many vets and staff with only their phase I training,” writes Dr. Mary Ergen, president of the Tennessee VMA in her application to the AVMF.

The full day of training will take place early this year. The TVMA is the only association that offers statewide training to veterinarians and their staff. The grant will allow the association to offer it free or at a greatly reduced cost.

Minnesota Animal Disaster Coalition—$5,000

For the past 10 years, the coalition has coordinated federal, state, and local agencies and volunteer organizations to assist in animal emergency response, particularly in situations that are not addressed by statutory authority, such as pet issues in disasters.

Goals for this year include pursuing establishment as a 501(c)3 nonprofit organization, expanding membership and increasing meeting participation, developing Web-based resource tracking, and continuing outreach activities.

Program Director Charles O'Brien said the major challenge the MN ADC faces is that volunteers, with no resources to reimburse expenses, carry out so many crucial planning and coordination functions right now. The AVMF will help lessen the burden, he said.

Kansas State Animal Response Team—$20,000

This team has done much to develop a state resource coordination team and numerous regional and county animal response teams in the state.

Since KSART doesn't have any paid staff, just a board of directors, the goal is to hire a full-time executive director. Funding from the AVMF, it says, will help accomplish a number of other initiatives this year. For example, KSART aims to recruit and train County Animal Response Team leaders and volunteers. It also hopes to develop a standardized credentialing process for animal disaster workers and animal patient tracking systems that work in conjunction with human patient tracking systems. Finally, KSART wants to develop a resource tracking system.

Colorado Veterinary Medical Foundation—$20,000

This foundation oversees the Colorado State Animal Response Team program and Community Animal Response Team programs developing across the state. Funds from the AVMF, according to Carol Wade, program director, “will enable CVMA Animal Emergency Management Programs to better fulfill its primary missions for the coming year.”

The CVFM's goal is to train an additional 75 veterinary personnel during 2009 and an additional 100 SART/CART volunteers. It also anticipates providing staff for a major planning project in 2009 involving the state of Colorado and the Denver Urban Area Security Initiative.

Oklahoma Veterinary Medical Foundation—$14,000

The OVMF, in cooperation with the Oklahoma VMA, have been the housing agency of the Oklahoma VMA Medical Reserve Corps State Animal Response Team since its inception.

Its primary need is for a response trailer that can adequately manage initial animal sheltering and treatment needs, toward which it hopes to put the AVMF money. The foundation said work was delayed on construction of the trailer but is scheduled to begin this winter with the goal of being operational by fall 2009. The trailer will have a small veterinary treatment area; a large cargo capacity for field tents, cages, and other sheltering necessities; and decontamination capabilities.


AVMA representative sought for one-health steering committee

A vacancy has become available on the One Health Joint Steering Committee for the AVMA representative to this committee. The AVMA representative conveys Association policies, namely, the 12 recommendations of the former One Health Initiative Task Force (see http://avma.org/onehealth/recommendations.pdf). Members of the steering committee work collaboratively to promote the One Health Initiative.

The multiorganizational, multidisciplinary steering committee will transition the task force's work to an independent National One Health Commission. Steering committee representatives will hold their positions until the formation and chartering of the national commission, targeted to be complete by Dec. 1, 2009. The ultimate goal of the One Health Initiative is to develop a national one-health strategy, create national awareness of the one-health concept, illustrate the value of “one health” through demonstration projects, and extend “one health” internationally to achieve tangible benefits to global health.

Dr. Roger K. Mahr, the previous AVMA representative, has agreed to serve as the steering committee's project director, which is an administrative staff role.

The AVMA representative vacancy will be filled by the Executive Board at its April meeting. An application/nomination form is available on the AVMA Web site at www.avma.org/about_avma/governance/volunteering/vacancies.asp. The form must be submitted to the AVMA Office of the Executive Vice President no later than March 2.

Visit the same site to nominate candidates or apply for other vacancies on AVMA entities.

Many faces, one profession


Seated: Dr. David Carron, Susan Land, and Dr. Gregg Cutler. Front row: Dr. Gerald Schmoling, Dr. Larry Kornegay, Dr. Vern Otte, Dr. Harry Snelson, and Dr. Bennie Osburn. Back row: Dr. Daniel Lafontaine, Dr. John Scamahorn, Dr. George Bishop, Dr. LaRue Johnson, Dr. Mark Spire, and Dr. Robert Lewis. Not pictured: Dr. David McCrystle and Dr. Stacy Pritt.

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 234, 3; 10.2460/javma.234.3.298

Legislative Advisory Committee

Charge/mission: The purpose of the committee is to assist the AVMA Executive Board in formulating and implementing AVMA legislative policy and AVMA positions on federal regulatory proposals.


Dr. Larry Kornegay (TEX '71), chair, Antoine Little York Animal Clinic, Houston; representing the AVMA Executive Board

Dr. David Carron (MSU '77), Plaza Veterinary Hospital, Farmington, Mich., representing the American Animal Hospital Association

Dr. Charles Hofacre (OSU '84), University of Georgia; representing the American Association of Avian Pathologists

Dr. Mark Spire (TEX '74), Schering Plough Animal Health, Manhattan, Kan.; representing the American Association of Bovine Practitioners

Dr. Gerald Schmoling (MSU '83), business consultant, Tampa, Fla.; representing the American Association of Corporate and Public Practice Veterinarians

Dr. Robert Lewis (LSU '77), Elgin Veterinary Hospital, Elgin, Texas; representing the American Association of Equine Practitioners

Dr. Daniel Lafontaine (OSU '67), Clemson University, representing the American Association of Food Hygiene Veterinarians

Dr. LaRue Johnson (MIN '60), Colorado State University, representing the American Association of Small Ruminant Practitioners

Dr. Harry Snelson (NCU '90), Burgaw, N.C.; representing the American Association of Swine Veterinarians

Dr. Stacy Pritt (WSU '97), Covance Research Products, Denver, Pa.; representing the American Society of Laboratory Animal Practitioners

Dr. Bennie Osburn (KSU '61), University of California-Davis, representing the Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges

Dr. Vern Otte (KSU '75), State Line Animal Hospital, Leawood, Kan.; representing the AVMA Political Action Committee Policy Board

Dr. David McCrystle (CAL '67), Healdsburg Veterinary Hospital, Healdsburg, Calif.; representing the AVMA Executive Board

Dr. George Bishop (OSU '65), Animal Hospital at the Crossroads, Carmel, Calif.; representing the AVMA House of Delegates

Susan Land (TEX '11), Texas A&M University, representing the Student AVMA

Recent meaningful accomplishments:

Dr. Mark Lutschaunig, director of the AVMA Governmental Relations Division, said the Legislative Advisory Committee made policy recommendations to the Executive Board regarding more than 70 pieces of legislation during the 110th Congress.

The LAC was integral to the AVMA's legislative successes, Dr. Lutschaunig said. The Farm Bill included authorization for the Food Animal Residue Avoidance Databank and language to expedite implementation of the National Veterinary Medical Service Act. The latter, a loan repayment program for veterinarians in shortage areas, also received appropriations for fiscal 2008 and 2009.

How is your entity addressing the profession's pressing issues?

Dr. Lutschaunig said, “The LAC is involved in many aspects of the veterinary profession—including, but not limited to, small business issues, health care issues, bio- and agro-security, veterinary shortages, public health issues, and animal health and welfare issues.”

How is the entity addressing the strategic or operational goals of the AVMA?

Dr. Larry Kornegay, committee chair, said the legislation that the LAC tracks is relevant to the AVMA's critical issues—veterinary workforce, veterinary education, animal welfare, economic viability, and veterinary services.

More than 400 positions exist on AVMA councils, committees, and task forces. To showcase the diverse backgrounds and expertise of the volunteers who serve on them and to inspire even more AVMA members to participate, JAVMA News will feature a few entities each month. To be a candidate for one of 78 current vacancies, go to www.avma.org/about_avma/governance/volunteering, or contact officeevp@avma.org.


Front row: Drs. David Miller, Steven Smith (aquatic animal medicine alternate), Bruce Nixon, and Chester Gipson (consultant). Middle row: Dr. Martha Smith-Blackmore, Jamie Swoboda, Dr. Wendy Underwood, Dr. Lisa Tokach, Lisa Perius (VMA executives alternate), Veronica Jennings, and Dr. Lauren Keating. Back row: Drs. Jose Linares, Joseph Snyder, Nat Messer, James Reynolds, Daniel Marsman, and Julie Dinnage

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 234, 3; 10.2460/javma.234.3.298

Animal Welfare Committee

Charge/mission: The committee's charge includes seeking information pertaining to animal welfare issues from groups internal and external to the AVMA and identifying and evaluating animal welfare issues to determine those important to the Association.


Dr. James Reynolds (CAL '82), chair, Visalia, Calif.; representing bovine practitioners

Dr. Julie Dinnage (WIS '92), Scottsdale, Ariz.; representing humane or animal welfare organizations

Veronica Jennings, Amgen Inc., South San Francisco; representing state VMAs

Dr. Lauren Keating (TUS '83), Natural Bridge Hospital for Animals, Natural Bridge, Va.; representing companion animal practitioners

Glenn Kolb, Oregon VMA, Salem, Ore.; representing VMA executives

Dr. Jose Linares (PUR '91), TVMDL Poultry Diagnostic Laboratory, Gonzales, Tex.; representing avian veterinarians

Dr. Daniel Marsman (MSU '86), Procter & Gamble, Cincinnati; representing corporate and public practice veterinarians

Dr. Jennifer Matysczak (UP '03), Derwood, Md.; representing aquatic animal medicine

Dr. Nathaniel Messer (COL '71), Columbia, Mo.; representing equine veterinarians

Dr. David Miller (WIS '92), Loveland, Colo.; representing zoo and wildlife medicine

Dr. Bruce Nixon (TEX '85), College Station, Texas; representing avian veterinarians

Dr. Martha Smith-Blackmore (TUF '97), Cat Care Clinic, Madison, Wis.; representing feline veterinarians

Dr. Joseph Snyder (ORS '83), Myrtle Veterinary Hospital, Myrtle Point, Ore.; representing small ruminant veterinarians

Jamie Swoboda (MO '11), Columbia, Mo.; representing Student AVMA

Dr. Lisa Tokach (MIN '90), Abilene Animal Hospital, Abilene, Kan.; representing swine veterinarians

Dr. Patricia Turner (ONT '92), University of Guelph Ontario Veterinary College; representing veterinary medical colleges

Dr. Wendy Underwood (NCU '89), Eli Lilly and Co., Indianapolis; representing laboratory animal practitioners

What current project(s) are you most excited about?

The Animal Welfare Committee has been discussing options for increasing AVMA member involvement in the policymaking process, said Dr. Gail C. Golab, director of the AVMA Animal Welfare Division and staff consultant to the committee. Discussions are preliminary but include ideas such as posting a schedule of when policies will be reviewed, facilitating interactive feedback via the AVMA Web site, and hosting town hall meetings at various major veterinary conferences, she said.

A recent meaningful accomplishment:

The committee has been updating all its policies in line with the AVMA strategic goal to be “an advocate for and a science-based resource on animal welfare,” Dr. Golab said. Over the past two years, committee members have reviewed and taken action on most of the 50-plus policies for which they have oversight responsibility.

How is your entity addressing the profession's pressing issues?

Dr. Golab said one of the profession's most pressing issues in the animal welfare arena is education in animal welfare science and ethics for veterinarians and veterinary students. Committee members are currently planning a two-and-a-half day international symposium on animal welfare education, research, and advocacy that will take place at Michigan State University in November 2009.

How is the entity addressing the strategic or operational goals of the AVMA?

Chair James Reynolds said the AVMA has a strategic goal of being the leading advocate for animal welfare and to be a science-based research resource on animal welfare. Members of the AWC represent all areas of veterinary medicine, he said, and, together with the Animal Welfare Division, the committee provides the basis for the AVMA to advocate welfare positions to the Association's constituencies, legislatures, and the public.



Dr. Susan White

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 234, 3; 10.2460/javma.234.3.298


Dr. Larry Bramlage

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 234, 3; 10.2460/javma.234.3.298


Dr. Midge Leitch

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 234, 3; 10.2460/javma.234.3.298


Dr. Timothy R. O'Brien

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 234, 3; 10.2460/javma.234.3.298


Marianne Castle

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 234, 3; 10.2460/javma.234.3.298


John K. Castle

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 234, 3; 10.2460/javma.234.3.298


Jim Simpson

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 234, 3; 10.2460/javma.234.3.298


Georgia Simpson

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 234, 3; 10.2460/javma.234.3.298


Dr. Kelsey A. Hart

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 234, 3; 10.2460/javma.234.3.298


Dr. Michael Cates

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 234, 3; 10.2460/javma.234.3.298

The American Association of Equine Practitioners honored the 2008 recipients of several awards at its 54th Annual Convention in San Diego in December.

Dr. Susan White (CAL '73) received the Distinguished Service Award. Dr. White is a professor of large animal internal medicine at the University of Georgia and a diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine. Dr. White joined the United States Eventing Association Equine Exercise Physiology Study Group before the 1996 Atlanta Olympics. Most notably, she and the team spent five years spearheading a project to ensure horses could safely compete in the three equine Olympic disciplines in Atlanta's semitropical summer climate.

Former AAEP president, Dr. Larry Bramlage (KSU '75), received the Distinguished Life Member Award. Dr. Bramlage is a partner in Rood & Riddle Equine Hospital, Lexington, Ky.; a diplomate with the American College of Veterinary Surgeons; and chairman of the Research Advisory Committee of the Grayson-Jockey Club Research Foundation. His contributions to the AAEP include serving on or chairing nine committees and task forces. In addition, Dr. Bramlage is an AAEP On Call team member, providing veterinary expertise to broadcast media at major equine sporting events, including the Triple Crown races, each year.

Dr. Midge Leitch (UP '73) received the President's Award. Dr. Leitch is a radiologist at The New Bolton Center at the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine and a diplomate with the American College of Veterinary Surgeons. She has traveled with the U.S. Equestrian Team to Seoul, South Korea; Atlanta; and Sydney, Australia, and she served as a member of the U.S. Equestrian Federation's Veterinary Committee. Dr. Leitch recently chaired the AAEP's Tennessee Walking Horse Task Force.

Drs. Timothy R. O'Brien and the late John V. Steiner each received the Distinguished Educator Award. Dr. O'Brien (IL '65) spent most of his career at the University of CaliforniaDavis in the Surgical and Radiological Sciences Department, and is now retired. He is the founder of the Charlie Humphreus Endowed Lecture for Farrier and a founding member of the American College of Veterinary Radiology.

The late Dr. Steiner (COR '68) worked at Hagyard, Davidson, and McGee in Lexington, Ky., more than 15 years. That is where he started and directed the practice's Equine Fertility Unit. In 2008, he joined Rhinebeck Equine in Rhinebeck, N.Y., in 2008, where he remained until he died. Dr. Steiner was a diplomate and past president of the American College of Theriogenologists.

John K. and Marianne Castle received the George Stubbs Award. The Castles were recognized for their philanthropy directed toward laminitis research. The pair is a major sponsor of the semiannual International Equine Conference on Laminitis and Diseases of the Foot. They also donated $1 million in 2007 to support the Laminitis Institute at the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine.

The Hanover Shoe Farms in Hanover, Pa., considered the most prolific Standardbred breeding farm in the world, was chosen to receive the Lavin Cup—the AAEP Equine Welfare Award. Hanover Shoe Farms is owned by the partnership of Jim Simpson, Russell Williams and the Paul Spears family. The operation adheres to a policy of retiring broodmares older than 15 years old and deemed no longer fit for the breeding program. More than 100 are currently retired on the farm.

Dr. Kelsey A. Hart was named the 2008 AAEP Foundation Research Fellow. The $5,000 scholarship is awarded to a researcher completing a residency or graduate program while conducting equine research. After completing her three-year residency at the University of Georgia, Dr. Hart (COR '04) achieved board certification in internal medicine. She anticipates completing her doctorate in physiology in July 2010 and will continue a career in academic research.


Dr. Michael B. Cates (TEX '80), who recently retired as chief of the U.S. Army Veterinary Corps with the rank of brigadier general, has been named as director of the Kansas State University master of public health program.

Dr. Cates will also serve as a professor in the university's College of Veterinary Medicine. He began work at the university in January.

The 42-semester hour degree program is intended for people employed or anticipating careers in public health, and information from the university indicates it allows them to address concerns including obesity and exercise, human nutrition, food safety, infectious and zoonotic diseases, and toxicology. Faculty from the colleges of Agriculture, Arts and Sciences, Human Ecology, and Veterinary Medicine are involved in the program.

The retired brigadier general was the first veterinarian to serve concurrently as Corps chief, commanding general of the Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine, and the surgeon general's functioning proponent for preventive medicine, according to information from the Army.

In a retirement ceremony Oct. 22, Brig. Gen. Cates said he was honored to serve as an Army officer for more than 30 years, on active duty for 28 of them.

“Prevention is the best way to health, and our veterinary and preventive medicine teams are working wonders in our country and many others to improve global public health and animal health,” he said in the speech. “I have thoroughly enjoyed being a part of these efforts.”

new diplomates

American Board of Veterinary Practitioners

The American Board of Veterinary Practitioners certified 34 new diplomates following the board certification examination it held Nov. 7-8, 2008, in Chicago.

New diplomates are as follows: Avian Practice—Drs. Armando Burgos, San Diego; Michael Dutton, Weare, N.H.; Douglas Folland, Centerville, Utah; David Hannon, Cordova, Tenn.; George Messenger, Concord, N.H.; Elizabeth Mitchell, Rumson, N.J.; and Simon Starkey, Ithaca, N.Y. Beef Cattle Practice—Dr. Jeffrey Sarchet, Hugoton, Kan. Canine/Feline Practice—Drs. Kristen Berdan, Gorham, Maine; John Bulovas, The Woodlands, Texas; Paula Davies, Merritt, British Columbia, Canada; Zoe Forward, Concord, N.C.; Amy Garrou, Houston; Ashley Harris, Portland, Ore.; Robin Hauser, Vancouver, Wash.; Lawrence Hill, Columbus, Ohio; Robin Jaeger, Wading River, N.J.; Mark Koshko, State College, Pa.; Jane-Anne Merrills, Mason, Mich.; Sheri Morris, Keizer, Ore.; Najdat Nissan, Escondido, Calif.; Jeffrey Ruth, Houston; Larisa Tempero, Mill Valley, Calif.; Heather Troyer, Tappan, N.Y.; Timothy Walker, Somers, N.Y.; and Evelyn Wilson, Stanwood, Wash. Dairy Practice—Drs. Shawn McKenna, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada; and Alfonso Lago, Saint Paul, Minn. Equine Practice—Drs. Kerry Beckman, Lanesville, Ind.; Chris Berezowski, Balzac, Alberta, Canada; Chris Ryan, Greenfield Center, N.Y.; and Meagan Smith, Kennett Square, Pa. Feline Practice—Dr. Darlene White, Ooltewah, Tenn. Swine Health Management—Dr. John Harding, Humboldt, Saskatchewan, Canada.


American Association of Zoo Veterinarians


Dr. Linda J. Lowenstine

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 234, 3; 10.2460/javma.234.3.298


Dr. Michael R. Loomis

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 234, 3; 10.2460/javma.234.3.298


Dr. Thomas Meehan

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 234, 3; 10.2460/javma.234.3.298

Event: Annual conference, Oct. 13-17, Los Angeles

Awards: Duane E. Ullrey Achievement Award: Dr. Linda J. Lowenstine, Davis, Calif., for exceptional achievements in the science of wild animal health and for support of the AAZV. A 1973 graduate of the University of California-Davis, Dr. Lowenstine is a professor in the Department of Pathology, Microbiology, and Immunology at the UC-Davis School of Veterinary Medicine and an adviser and pathologist for the Mountain Gorilla Veterinary Project. From 1994-1996, she served as director of pathology at the San Diego Zoo. A diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Pathologists, Dr. Lowenstine is known for her expertise in marine mammal pathology. Emil P. Dolensek Award: Dr. Michael R. Loomis, Asheboro, N.C., for exceptional contributions to the conservation, care, and understanding of zoo and free-ranging wildlife. A 1980 graduate of the University of California-Davis, Dr. Loomis is chief veterinarian and director of veterinary programs at the North Carolina Zoological Park. During his career, he has served as veterinarian for the Los Angeles and San Diego zoos and as a consultant for the World Wildlife Fund and United States Fish and Wildlife Service. Dr. Loomis is a diplomate of the American College of Zoological Medicine and a past president of the AAZV and ACZM, and he served on the AVMA Committee on Environmental Issues from 1997-2000. His research interests focus on collaring forest elephants and following their movements in and out of the national parks in Cameroon. AAZV/Morris Animal Foundation Post-Graduate Student Manuscript Competition: First place—Dr. Gretchen A. Cole (KSU '04), for “Analgesic effects of Meloxicam for experimentally-induced arthritic pain in Hispaniolan parrots (Amazona ventralis)”; and second place—Dr. Maya Kummrow (ZUR '03), for “Characterization of the reproductive cycle in female veiled chameleons (Chamaleo calyptratus).” AAZV/Wildlife Pharmaceuticals Inc. Under-Graduate Student Manuscript Competition: First place—Andrea Winkel (MSU '09), for “Prevalence of Coxiella burnetti in hoofstock placentas in zoological collections”; and second place—Dr. Kate S. Freeman (NCU '08), for “Dissecting frog mortalities: Filtering out the role of the kidneys.” Safe Capture International Poster Competition: First place—Dr. Caroline E.C. Goertz, Seward, Ark., for “Long-term catheters for phocids undergoing rehabilitation”; and second place—Dr. Yvonne Nadler, Chicago, for “Disease surveillance in zoos: Findings of the West Nile virus surveillance program.”

Officials: Drs. Thomas Meehan, Chicago, president; Jan Ramer, Indianapolis, president-elect; Kay Backues, Tulsa, Okla., vice president; Kirk Suedmeyer, Kansas City, Mo., secretary; Victoria Clyde, Milwaukee, treasurer; and Mary Denver, Baltimore, immediate past president

Association of Reptilian and Amphibian Veterinarians


Dr. Chris Griffin

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 234, 3; 10.2460/javma.234.3.298

Event: Annual meeting, Oct. 12-15, Los Angeles

Business: The ARAV Web site will expand its services to include online voting, membership renewal, member contact information updates, and submission of manuscripts for the Journal of Herpetological Medicine and Surgery. An annual poster will be produced, with proceeds going toward research and conservation of threatened and endangered reptile and amphibian species.

Officers: Drs. Jeff Baier, Golden, Colo., president; Chris Griffin, Kannapolis, N.C., president-elect; Paul Gibbons, Lannon, Wis., vice president; Kenneth Harkewicz, Berkeley, Calif., secretary; J. Jill Heatly, College Station, Texas, treasurer; and Eric Klaphake, Bozeman, Mont., immediate past president

Washington State VMA


Dr. Brian Hunter

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 234, 3; 10.2460/javma.234.3.298


Dr. Debi Wallingford

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 234, 3; 10.2460/javma.234.3.298

Event: Annual meeting, Oct. 3-5, Spokane

Awards: Veterinarian of the Year: Dr. Brian Hunter, Spokane. A 1979 graduate of Washington State University, Dr. Hunter owns Hunter Veterinary Clinic in Spokane. He has served as president of the Inland Empire VMA for the past 19 years and organized dog bite prevention programs in the area. WSU Faculty Member of the Year: Dr. Patricia Talcott, Moscow, Idaho. A 1988 graduate of Washington State University and a diplomate of the American Board of Veterinary Toxicologists, Dr. Talcott is an associate professor of toxicology at the WSU College of Veterinary Medicine. Earlier in her career, she was a faculty member of the University of Idaho. Distinguished Achievement Award: Dr. Richard M. DeBowes, Pullman, for revolutionizing the importance and development of leadership skills for veterinary medicine worldwide through the Veterinary Leadership Experience and the Cougar Orientation and Leadership Experience. A 1979 graduate of the University of Illinois and a diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Surgeons, Dr. DeBowes is associate dean of veterinary development and external relations at the WSU-CVM. His professional interests include equine general and orthopedic surgery, lameness diagnosis, and joint biology. Student/recent graduate award: Emily Pieracci, Pullman, for her dedication to organized veterinary medicine and volunteerism. Pieracci is a fourth-year student at Washington State University and a past executive board member of the association. Outstanding Service to the Veterinary Profession Award: Dr. Terry Teeple, Gig Harbor, and Kathy Kube, Tacoma. Dr. Teeple and Kube were honored for their more than 30 years service as instructors with the veterinary technology program at Pierce College in Tacoma. Media Award: Dr. David Roen, Clarkston, for his veterinary column and artwork, published in the Lewiston Tribune for more than 20 years. Dr. Roen recently retired from his practice in Clarkston. Distinguished Veterinary Staff Award: Deb Cofer, Edmonds. A veterinary technician, Cofer began her career in 1998 at Edmonds Veterinary Hospital, where she now serves as practice manager. Allied Industry Award: Scott Harvey, Seattle, for his support of veterinary medicine through his work at Kisap and Fortune banks. Harvey's efforts have helped improve the association's exhibit hall at meetings. President's Award: The veterinarians and staff of the Meadow Hills Veterinary Clinic in Kennewick were honored for their care of Chocolate, a stray Chesapeake Bay Retriever. Chocolate needed expensive treatment for fractures, and the clinic raised $25,000 for his care. Life membership: Dr. Larry King, Seattle

Business: It was announced that the WSVMA has purchased a permanent residence at 8024 Bracken Place S.E., Snoqualmie, WA 98065.

Officials: Drs. Debi Wallingford, Bellevue, president; Carrie La Jeunesse, Southworth, president-elect; Kit Wenrick, Longview, 1st vice president; Robert Thompson, East Wenatchee, immediate past president; and Candace Joy, Issaquah, executive vice president

Harry J. Magrane Jr. 1919-2008


(Courtesy of the South Bend Tribune)

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 234, 3; 10.2460/javma.234.3.298

Dr. Harry J. Magrane Jr. of Mishawaka, Ind., died Nov. 8, 2008, at the age of 89. A moving force in organized veterinary medicine, he served as AVMA president from 1975-1976. His contributions to the advancement of veterinary medical organizations won him the AVMA Award in 1978.

After receiving his DVM degree in 1943 from Texas A&M University, Dr. Magrane served in the Cavalry during World War II with the Army Veterinary Corps in Africa and Italy, inspecting animals to provide safe food for the troops. While assigned to Allied Force Headquarters he wrote “The History of the Mediterranean Theater of Operation.” His final months of military service were spent in Rome, where the Italian government decorated him for aiding orphans.

In 1946 he joined his father, Dr. Harry J. Magrane Sr. (MCK '13), and brother, Dr. William G. Magrane (MSU '40), in practice at Magrane Animal Hospital in Mishawaka, established in 1915. William, who died in 1995, was known internationally as father of the specialty of veterinary ophthalmology.

Harry became sole owner in 1966, rebuilding the hospital with a facility named Hospital of the Year by Veterinary Economics magazine in 1972. He also lectured in the U.S., England, and Japan. In 1979 he sold his practice and retired as director emeritus. He remained semiactive at Magrane Pet Medical Center—as it was renamed when moved to a new location several years ago—conducting a tour just three days before his death.

Dr. Magrane was president of the Indiana VMA and Michiana VMA, based in South Bend. During his presidency, the IVMA adopted a new constitution and created a scholarship fund. He drafted legislation, passed by the legislature in 1961, making Indiana the first to require appointment of veterinarians to city and county health boards.

He was a regional continuing education director for the American Animal Hospital Association. He was president of the Mishawaka Kiwanis Club and established the club's Scholarship Loan Foundation.

An AVMA honor roll member, Dr. Magrane served on and chaired the Council on Veterinary Service. As Executive Board chairman he implemented the House of Delegates decision to search for a permanent headquarters site. He was instrumental in creating a veterinary exhibit at the Chicago Museum of Science and Industry.

As AVMA president, Dr. Magrane focused on many issues relevant today. He called for closer liaison with the Student AVMA, greater use of animal technicians, nomination of qualified “women and black veterinarians” for AVMA positions, equitable pay for federal veterinarians, an economic study of manpower needs, and an increased pool of food animal veterinarians.

In his hospital he put his convictions into practice. Dr. Kathleen Neuhoff of Magrane Pet Medical Center was hired by him in 1977 while a second-year veterinary student at Purdue University. She said, “We had a consistent stream of externs and students come through the practice, and that has continued to the present day. Dr. Harry was also quite open to women as veterinarians, long before it was popular.”

According to Dr. Neuhoff, at a time when Purdue's veterinary school did not accept applications from women, Dr. Magrane persuaded the university president to allow two female aspirants to apply, and in 1960 they were admitted on the basis of their qualifications.

“Dr. Harry also believed in the importance of veterinary technicians and educating the entire staff. We had technicians from the first class that graduated from Purdue,” she said. “That has carried through, and he has left a heritage in our community. Our Michiana VMA has technicians as full members—in fact, last year's president was a licensed technician.”

The first veterinarian to serve on the Humane Society of St. Joseph County board of directors, Dr. Magrane helped improve Michiana VMA's relationship with the society. The society's facility is located on land donated by the Magranes, which according to Dr. Neuhoff is now quite valuable.

“Dr. Harry felt we all owed organized veterinary medicine a great deal, and there have been many national leaders produced by the Michiana VMA,” said Dr. Neuhoff, a former AAHA president herself.

“Our community still has a very collegial atmosphere, and that was a great deal because of Dr. Magrane and a couple other giants in the profession such as his brother. They always viewed other veterinarians as colleagues rather than competitors.”

Designation as a Sagamore of the Wabash, the highest civilian award given by the state of Indiana, was conferred on Dr. Magrane in 1976. That year he was also named Indiana Veterinarian of the Year. In 1991 Purdue University presented him with an honorary Doctor of Science Degree for his “wise leadership in the establishment of its School of Veterinary Medicine.”

Dr. Magrane is survived by a daughter, two sons, two stepsons, and a stepdaughter. Memorials may be made to the Humane Society of St. Joseph County, 2506 Grape Road, Mishawaka, IN 46545; or to the Kiwanis Club of Mishawaka Indiana Scholarship Fund, c/o National City Bank of Mishawaka, 202 Lincoln Way E., Mishawaka, IN 46544.



The article “Education is key to combating rise in MRSA” (JAVMA, Jan. 15, 2009, page 187) should have stated that the AVMA developed a backgrounder on methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in cooperation with the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine—rather than the “American College of Veterinary Medicine.” Also, http://osufacts.okstate.edu is the correct Web link for the paper on MRSA from Oklahoma State University.

obituaries: AVMA Honor Roll Member AVMA Member Nonmember

David L. Brown Jr.

Dr. Brown (GA '55), 77, Lake City, S.C., died Sept. 6, 2008. He owned Brown Animal Hospital in Lake City for 49 years. Earlier in his career, Dr. Brown practiced in Florence, S.C., and served in the Air Force Veterinary Corps. He was a member of the South Carolina Association of Veterinarians and the Lake City Rotary Club. Dr. Brown is survived by his wife, Kathryn, and two daughters. One daughter, Dr. Karole B. Parker (GA '88), now owns Brown Animal Hospital.

James T. Brown

Dr. Brown (KSU '52), 83, Kingsland, Texas, died Sept. 24, 2008. A two-term vice president of the AVMA from 1969-1971, he owned Brykerwood Veterinary Clinic, a small animal practice in Austin, Texas, prior to retirement. Following graduation, Dr. Brown practiced in Stafford, Kan. He then owned a large animal practice in Huron, S.D.

Dr. Brown served as South Dakota's delegate to the AVMA House of Delegates from 1964-1967. In 1965, he was appointed to the South Dakota State Fair Board. Dr. Brown served as president of the SDVMA from 1968-1969 and received the association's Veterinarian of the Year Award in 1971. His wife, Pat, and a daughter survive him. Memorials may be made to the Llano Memorial Hospice, 1100 Ford St., Llano, TX 78643.

Kenneth R. Burritt

Dr. Burritt (COL '51), 83, Butte, Mont., died Nov. 26, 2008. Prior to retirement in 1987, he practiced in the Butte and Anaconda areas of Montana for more than 35 years. Earlier, Dr. Burritt owned a practice in Vernal, Utah. During his career, he also served as an inspector and veterinarian for the Montana stockyards and rodeo grounds. Dr. Burritt was active with the Rotary Club. His wife, Lue; a daughter; and two sons survive him. Memorials may be made to Easter Seals Highlands Hospice, 3703 Harrison Ave., Butte, MT 59701; Bagdad Shrine Temple, Children's Transportation Fund, 314 W. Park St., Butte, MT 59701; or Butte Animal Shelter, 699 Centennial, Butte, MT 59701.

William C. Carter

Dr. Carter (OKL '51), 88, Mercerville, N.J., died June 11, 2008. During his career, he worked for the New Jersey Department of Health and owned a practice in Mercerville. Dr. Carter was a diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Preventive Medicine. His wife, Mildred; four sons; and a daughter survive him. Two sons, Drs. William J. Carter (OSU '77) and Patrick M. Carter (KSU '82), are veterinarians in Mercerville and Spokane, Wash., respectively. Dr. Carter's grandson and granddaughter-in-law, Drs. William V. Carter (OKL '06) and Katina M. Carter (OKL '06) are also veterinarians in New Jersey.

Lawrence G. Clark

Dr. Clark (IL '57), 77, Rockford, Ill., died Oct. 7, 2008. Prior to retirement, he worked for the U.S. Department of Agriculture in Cocoa, Fla. Following graduation, Dr. Clark worked for the USDA in Puerto Rico, Haiti, and Florida. He then served as a professor at the University of Pennsylvania's New Bolton Center. Dr. Clark next traveled to Nicaragua, where he conducted research on leptospirosis. On his return and prior to rejoining the USDA, he practiced in suburban Chicago.

During retirement, Dr. Clark owned a house call veterinary practice in Cocoa. His wife, Leslie; two sons; and a daughter survive him. Memorials may be made to the Christian Veterinary Mission, 19303 Fremont Ave. N., Seattle, WA 98133.

Michael E. Diesen

Dr. Diesen (OKL '79), 61, Highland, Ill., died Oct. 15, 2008. He owned Highland Animal Hospital. Earlier in his career, Dr. Diesen practiced in Greenville, Ill., for several years. He was a member of the Illinois State VMA and a veteran of the Army. Dr. Diesen is survived by his wife, Dolores; a son; and a daughter. His daughter, Dr. Michelle A. Leckrone (IL '03), is a veterinarian in Highland. Memorials may be made to the Polycystic Kidney Foundation, 9221 Ward Parkway, Suite 400, Kansas City, MO 64114; or Ducks Unlimited Inc., One Waterfowl Way, Memphis, TN 38120.

Fernley W. Duey

Dr. Duey (WSU '39), 93, Bakersfield, Calif., died Nov. 12, 2008. During his career, he owned a practice in Bellevue, Wash. A veteran of World War II, Dr. Duey served in the Army, attaining the rank of lieutenant colonel. Active in civic life, he served on the Bellevue School Board for more than 20 years. He was also a 50-year member of the Bellevue Chamber of Commerce and Lions Club. Dr. Duey's son and daughter survive him.

Fred E. Endres

Dr. Endres (MSU '55), 83, Ionia, Mich., died Oct. 28, 2008. Prior to retirement in 1992, he worked for the Michigan Department of Agriculture. Earlier in his career, Dr. Endres served as an epidemiologist with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. He was a member of the Michigan and Western Michigan VMAs. Dr. Endres served in the Army during World War II, attaining the rank of sergeant. His wife, Kathy; a son; and a daughter survive him. Memorials may be made to the Hospice of Michigan, 1260 Ekhart, N.E., Grand Rapids, MI 49503; or Ionia County Commission on Aging, 115 Hudson St., Ionia, MI 48846.

Henry L. Foster

Dr. Foster (MID '46), 83, Boston, died Oct. 14, 2008. A diplomate and past president of the American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine, he was the founder and chairman emeritus of Charles River Laboratories in Wilmington, Mass. Dr. Foster began his career as a senior veterinarian with the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration in the United States and Poland. In 1947, he established CRL, where he first served as president, and, later, as chief executive officer and chairman.

Dr. Foster was known for his efforts to improve the care and quality of animals used in biologic and medical research. He refined the techniques of cesarean derivation, isolation maintenance, and reintroduction of a beneficial flora, leading to the production of barrier-reared, pathogen-free laboratory rodents. Dr. Foster designed barrier production buildings and autoclaves for processing animal food and bedding. He promoted the use of showers for personnel entering animal care facilities and the requirement for protective surgical clothing.

Dr. Foster helped establish the Tufts University Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, where the small animal hospital was named the Henry and Lois Foster Hospital for Small Animals. He also endowed the Henry and Lois Foster Biomedical Research Laboratories at Brandeis University, where he served as chair of the board of trustees. Past secretary of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Sciences and past president of the Laboratory Animal Breeders Association, Dr. Foster was a member of the American Society of Laboratory Animal Practitioners, Association for Gnotobiotics, International Council for Laboratory Animal Science, and Massachusetts VMA.

He was also director emeritus of the Massachusetts Society for Medical Research, served on the board of governors of the Foundation for Biomedical Research, and was a trustee of Tufts University. Dr. Foster received several honors, including honorary doctoral degrees from Brandeis University and Tufts Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine; the AALAS Charles A. Griffin Award in 1976; and the ACLAM Nathan R. Brewer Lifetime Achievement Award in 2007. An avid supporter of the arts, he chaired the board of trustees of the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston, where he endowed contemporary arts exhibitions and the purchase of artwork.

Dr. Foster is survived by his wife, Lois, and three sons. Memorials may be made to the Tufts Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, c/o Shelley Rodman, 200 Westboro Road, North Grafton, MA 01536.

Dean R. Gross

Dr. Gross (KSU '44), 87, Springfield, Ill., died Nov. 28, 2008. Prior to retirement in 1984, he was a partner at Lincoln Land Animal Clinic in Jacksonville, Ill. Dr. Gross began his career as a partner at the Gross Animal Clinic in Jacksonville. From 1952-1954, he served as a captain in the Army Veterinary Corps. His three daughters survive him. Dr. Gross' brothers, Drs. William C. Gross (KSU '50) and Robert U. Gross (KSU '54), are veterinarians in Jacksonville, Ill. Memorials may be made to the Morgan County Animal Shelter, 202 W. Oak St., Jacksonville, IL 62650.

William C. Hall

Dr. Hall (KSU '44), 85, Coffeyville, Kan., died Oct. 25, 2008. A cattle rancher in Coffeyville since 1978, he owned a practice in Elburn, Ill., for 34 years. Dr. Hall was a member of the Illinois State VMA. His wife, Helen, and three sons survive him. One son, Dr. James B. Hall (KSU '83), is a veterinarian in Kansas City, Kan. Memorials may be made to the Kansas State University College of Veterinary Medicine, Manhattan, KS 66506.

Walter J. Mackey

Dr. Mackey (MIN '51), 84, Roseville, Minn., died Oct. 19, 2008. Prior to retirement in 1992, he served as assistant veterinarian for the Minnesota Board of Animal Health. Following graduation, Dr. Mackey practiced in Blooming Prairie, Minn. He then owned a practice in Hayfield, Minn., for 13 years. Dr. Mackey went on to direct the Research Animal Division of the University of Minnesota, and, later, taught anatomy at the College of Veterinary Medicine.

A life member and past president of the Minnesota VMA, he helped establish the Minnesota Veterinary Historical Museum. In 1994, Dr. Mackey received the MVMA Distinguished Service Award. He was named one of the MVMA's Veterinarians of the Year in 2006. Dr. Mackey was a Navy veteran of World War II. His wife, Phyllis; two sons; and two daughters survive him.

Memorials may be made to Corpus Christi Catholic Church, 2131 N. Fairview Ave., Roseville, MN 55113; Macular Degeneration Research, American Health Assistance Foundation, 22512 Gateway Center Drive, Clarksburg, MD 20871; or Minnesota Veterinary Historical Museum, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, 1365 Gortner Ave., Room 143, Animal Science, Saint Paul, MN 55108.

Stephen P. Maxwell

Dr. Maxwell (GA '78), 57, Prince George, Va., died July 3, 2008. He owned Hopewell Animal Hospital in Hopewell, Va. Early in his career, Dr. Maxwell practiced in Hillsville, Va. Dr. Maxwell was a member of the Virginia VMA. His wife, Joyce; two daughters; and a son survive him. Memorials may be made to the Hopewell Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, Hopewell, VA 23860; or Merchant's Hope Church, 11500 Merchant's Hope Road, Hopewell, VA 23860.

Ramon W. Medernach

Dr. Medernach (IL '65), 78, Rockford, Ill., died Nov. 15, 2008. Retired since 2003, he was the founder of Auburn Animal Clinic in Rockford. Dr. Medernach was a member of the Illinois State, Northern Illinois, and Greater Rockford VMAs. He served on the Winnebago County Board of Health for 21 years. Dr. Medernach was a veteran of the Air Force. His wife, Sally, and two sons survive him. Memorials may be made to the Class of 1965 Endowment Fund, Office of Advancement, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois at UrbanaChampaign, 2001 S. Lincoln Ave., Urbana, IL 61802.

John F. Melton

Dr. Melton (TEX '37), 97, Dallas, died Aug. 21, 2008. He was the founder of Park Cities Animal Hospital, a small animal practice in Dallas. Dr. Melton's two daughters survive him. Memorials may be made to Pathways to Ministry, Wilshire Baptist Church, 4316 Abrams Road, Dallas, TX 75214; or Scottish Rite Hospital, 2222 Welborn St., Dallas, TX 75219.

Earl M. Pruyn

Dr. Pruyn (WSU '49), 83, Missoula, Mont., died June 11, 2008. He was the founder of Pruyn Veterinary Hospital in Missoula. Dr. Pruyn also served as track veterinarian for the Western Montana Fair for several years. He was a member of the Montana VMA, American Association of Bovine Practitioners, and American Animal Hospital Association. Dr. Pruyn was also a member of the Lions Club and was active with the National FFA Organization and 4-H Club. He served in the Army National Guard and was a member of the American Legion. Dr. Pruyn is survived by two sons and a daughter. His sons, Drs. Minott E. Pruyn (COL '75) and Rollett A. Pruyn (COL '81), practice at Pruyn Veterinary Hospital.

James R. Rooney

Dr. Rooney (COR '52), 80, Queenstown, Md., died Sept. 5, 2008. A diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Pathologists and a fellow of the Royal Veterinary College in Stockholm, he was professor emeritus at the University of Kentucky. Known for his expertise in equine anatomy, pathology, and biomechanics, Dr. Rooney served from 1987-1989 as the first director of the University of Kentucky's Maxwell H. Gluck Equine Research Center and chair of its veterinary science department.

Prior to joining the UK faculty in 1961, he was chief of the pathologic-anatomy branch of the Army Biological Laboratories in Fort Detrick, Md. From 1954-1958, Dr. Rooney was a professor in the Department of Veterinary Science at the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. He served in the Army Veterinary Corps from 1952-1954. During his career, Dr. Rooney also served as a visiting pathologist and acting director of the Equine Research Station in Newmarket, England; was a researcher and professor at the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine; and authored the book “Autopsy of the Horse: Technique and Interpretation.”

His wife, Audrey; a daughter; and a son survive him.

Kenneth D. Russell

Dr. Russell (MSU '58), 75, Rockville, Ind., died Sept. 24, 2008. He owned a practice in Rockville for 33 years. During his career, Dr. Russell also worked for the Department of Agriculture. He was a member of the Indiana VMA. Dr. Russell's two daughters survive him. His brother, Dr. W. Dale Russell (MSU '51), is a veterinarian in Rockville.

Leon G. Schwartz

Dr. Schwartz (MID '44), 87, West Palm Beach, Fla., died Dec. 1, 2008. A past president of the Chicago VMA, he was a consultant in biomedical communications and veterinary marketing since 1980. Following graduation, Dr. Schwartz served as an assistant sanitarian with the United States Public Health Service Communicable Disease Center in Savannah, Ga. From 1946-1975, he owned North Center Animal Hospital in Chicago. He then operated several mobile veterinary clinics in the area.

Dr. Schwartz was a strong believer in continuing education, receiving several university appointments in that field during his career. In 1967, he was dually appointed as an instructor in continuing education and as associate conference coordinator of continuing education service at Michigan State University. The following year, Dr. Schwartz was named a consultant in continuing education to the University of Illinois College of Veterinary Medicine. From 1960-1968, he served on an ad hoc AVMA committee on continuing education. Dr. Schwartz was president of Veterinary Practice Consultants from 1974-1980, involved in continuing education program planning and development.

He was a founding member and past president of the Illinois Academy of Veterinary Practice. Dr. Schwartz was also a member of the Illinois State VMA, American Animal Hospital Association, Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, Conference of Public Health Veterinarians, and Adult Education Association. His wife, Marcia; a daughter; and a son survive him. Memorials may be made to Foster Small Animal Clinic, Tufts School of Veterinary Medicine, 200 Westboro Road, North Grafton, MA 01536.

Wendy A. Weil

Dr. Weil (BOL '78), 59, Boynton Beach, Fla., died Aug. 21, 2008. She founded All About Town Pet House Calls in Boynton Beach. Dr. Weil also served as a volunteer with the Animal Care and Control Division Advisory Board in West Palm Beach, Fla. Memorials may be made to the Tri County Humane Society, 584 Northwest 45 Drive, Delray Beach, FL 33445.

Richard L. Winegarden

Dr. Winegarden (ISU '50), 82, Waterloo, Iowa, died Oct. 16, 2008. He practiced in Waterloo. Dr. Winegarden also served as the veterinarian for the National Dairy Cattle Congress for several years. A veteran of the Air Force Reserve, he attained the rank of major. Dr. Winegarden was a member of the Iowa, Nebraska, and Cedar Valley VMAs. He was also a member of the Reserve and Military officers associations. Dr. Winegarden is survived by five sons, a stepson, and a stepdaughter. Memorials may be made to Waterloo First United Methodist Church, 614 Randolph St., Waterloo, IA 50702.

Ronald S. Zaidlicz

Dr. Zaidlicz (IL '76), 61, Lee, N.H., died Nov. 28, 2008. He was a supervisory veterinary officer with the Department of Agriculture. Earlier in his career, Dr. Zaidlicz owned a mixed practice in Colorado. He was a cofounder of the National Organization for Wild American Horses and established the Wild Horse-Inmate Program in Canon City, Colo. In 1983, Dr. Zaidlic received the Year Award from the Boulder County Humane Society, for arranging adoptions for hundreds of wild burros and horses. His wife, Diane, and two daughters survive him.

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