Zoonotic diseases are a serious and growing public health concern throughout the world,1 with most recent emerging and reemerging human infectious diseases involving zoonotic pathogens.2 Pet animals, particularly exotic pet animals, are an important potential source of zoonotic diseases,3–6 as are animal-derived pet treats.7 In general, the number of zoonotic illnesses in the United States is low, and the risk of acquiring zoonotic diseases from pets is outweighed by the emotional and health benefits of pet ownership.3,8,9 In addition, most zoonotic diseases can be prevented by taking precautions to minimize the risk of infection.8 The need for individuals at higher risk of infection, including immunocompromised individuals, young children, pregnant women, and elderly persons, to be aware of preventive precautions is particularly important.9 Most pet owners, however, are unaware that pets can carry infectious agents transmissible to people and are not familiar with methods to prevent zoonotic diseases.10
For this reason, veterinarians in clinical practice have a unique opportunity to become involved in efforts to prevent zoonotic diseases in their clients, their staff members, and themselves. A previous study,11 however, found that only about a third of veterinarians routinely discussed the potential zoonotic hazards of canine roundworms with their clients, and little is known about the extent to which veterinarians take an active role in the prevention of zoonotic diseases. The purpose of the study reported here, therefore, was to determine the extent to which practicing veterinarians in King County, Washington, engaged in commonly recommended practices for the prevention of zoonotic diseases.
Klempner MS, Shapiro DS. Crossing the species barrier—one small step to man, one giant leap to mankind. N Engl J Med 2004;350:1171–1172.
Wise JK, Heathcott BL, Gonzalez ML. Results of the AVMA survey on companion animal ownership in US pet-owning households. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2002;221:1572–1573.
Reynolds MG, Yorita KL, Keugnert MJ, et al. Clinical manifestations of human monkeypox influenced by route of infection. J Infect Dis 2006;194:773–780.
CDC. Human salmonellosis associated with animal-derived pet treats—United States and Canada, 2005. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2006;55:702–705.
Nowotny N, Deutz A. Preventing zoonotic diseases in immuno-compromised persons: the role of physicians and veterinarians (lett). Emerg Infect Dis 2000;6:208.
Robertson ID, Irwin PJ, Lymbery AJ, et al. The role of companion animals in the emergence of parasitic zoonoses. Int J Parasitol 2000;30:1369–1377.
Harvey JB, Roberts JM, Schantz PM. Survey of veterinarians' recommendations for treatment and control of intestinal parasites in dogs: public health implications. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1991;199:702–707.
Pets, parasites and people. Companion Animal Parasite Council Web site. Available at: www.capcvet.org/downloads/CAPC_PetsParasites&People.pdf. Accessed Jun 3, 2008.
Nolen RS. One-health movement gaining momentum. Stronger ties sought between veterinarians, physicians. 144th AVMA Annual Convention Daily News 2007;Jul 16:1,12.
Weese JS, Peregrine AS, Armstrong J. Occupational health and safety in small animal veterinary practice: part 1—nonparasitic zoonotic diseases. Can Vet J 2002;43:631–635.
Wright JG, Jung S, Holman RC, et al. Infection control practices and zoonotic disease risks among veterinarians in the United States. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2008;232:1863–1872.
Kornblatt AN, Schantz PM. Veterinary and public health considerations in canine roundworm control: a survey of practicing veterinarians. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1980;177:1212–1215.
Grant S, Olsen CW. Preventing zoonotic diseases in immunocompromised persons: the role of physicians and veterinarians. Emerg Infect Dis 1999;5:159–163.
von Matthiessen PW, Sansone RA, Meier BP, et al. Zoonotic diseases and at-risk patients: a survey of veterinarians and physicians. AIDS 2003;17:1404–1406.
Colorado State University
70th Annual Conference for Veterinarians
19th Annual Conference for Technicians
January 10-12, 2009
Come visit Colorado for Skiing, Snowboarding and Continuing Education !
We are happy to announce our keynote speaker for the 70th Annual Conference for Veterinarians is Forensic Anthropologist Diane L. France, Ph.D., DABFA
Diane is a bone detective and solves crimes and mysteries by studying bones. Growing up in Walden, Colorado, this small town girl has become one of the very few forensic anthropologists in the United States. Every skeleton she meets whispers secrets about the life and death of its owner. Bones tell Diane about the life and times of famous people in history, from a Russian royal family to American outlaws and Civil war heroes. They speak to her about murders, mass disasters, and fatal accidents. From identifying victims at the World Trade Center disaster to casting brains of animals at the National Zoo or teaching anthropology; Diane loves bones. Come and hear Diane's bone-chilling mysteries.
Our other invited guest speakers include:
Dr. Jack Easley, speaking on Equine Dentistry
Dr. Deb Zoran –Small Animal Feline Medicine and Nutrition
Dr. Tom Noffsinger –Cattle Handling and Lameness Prevention
The conference is worth 19 hours of continuing education credit and has been RACE (Registry of Approved Continuing Education) approved!
Also being held is the 19th Annual Conference for Technicians on January 11, 2009. This conference is worth 8 hours of continuing education credit.
For more information, please call (970) 297-1273 or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
You can also visit our webpage: www.cvmbs.colostate.edu/clinsci/ce