• Six of 10 US households owned a pet at some time during 2006; 64.0% of these households owned > 1 pet, and 21.2% owned ≥ 5 pets.
• Proportions of US households that owned dogs, cats, and horses slightly increased, compared with results from the 2001 AVMA survey, but the proportion of households that owned birds decreased.
• In 2006, total numbers of several types of specialty or exotic pets increased from values reported for 2001 and were similar to values reported for 1996.
Every 5 years, the AVMA surveys a large sample of households in the continental United States to determine prevalence of pet ownership, demographics of households that own pets, extent of use of veterinarians, and expenditures for veterinary medical services. In January 2007, questionnaires were mailed to 80,000 randomly selected US households; representatives from 47,842 (59.8%) households responded. Survey findings are available in the AVMA’s newly updated US Pet Ownership and Demographics Sourcebook.1