Reproductive disorders, such as oophoritis, salpingitis, follicular stasis, retained eggs, dystocia, and ectopic eggs, are common in captive female chelonians.1–4 Surgical access to the reproductive tract in chelonians has traditionally been achieved via plastron osteotomy, resulting in creation of a bone flap.5,6 Although this technique has been successfully used for many years, it is associated with prolonged healing times and may be complicated by sequestration of the bone flap. As an alternative to plastron osteotomy, coeliotomy via the prefemoral region has been recommended.7–9
In some chelonian species, such as sea turtles, the prefemoral region is relatively large, and prefemoral coeliotomy provides adequate exposure of and access to the coelomic viscera. In most species, however, the prefemoral region is relatively small, so that exposure of and access to the viscera are limited. Endoscopic-assisted techniques have been used to improve tissue visualization and manipulation10,11 and likely would be beneficial in chelonians undergoing oophorectomy. The purpose of the present report was to describe a coelioscopic-assisted prefemoral oophorectomy technique for use in chelonians.
Small animal ventilator VT-5000, BAS Vetronics, Bioanalytical Systems Inc, West Lafayette, Ind.
Lonestar retractor, Lone Star Medical Products Inc, Stafford, Tex.
Karl Storz Veterinary Endoscopy, Goleta, Calif.
Hemoclips, Weck Closure Systems, Teleflex Medical, Research Triangle Park, NC.
4.0-MHz dual-frequency radiosurgery unit, Ellman International Inc, Oceanside, NY.
Boyer TH. Turtles, tortoises, and terrapins. In:Boyer TH, ed.Essentials of reptiles: a guide for practitioners. Lakewood, Colo: American Animal Hospital Association Press, 1998;23–72.
Hernandez-Divers SJ. Surgery: principles and techniques. In:Raiti P, Girling S, ed.Manual of reptiles. 2nd ed. Cheltenham, England: British Small Animal Veterinary Association, 2004;147–167.
Mader DR, Bennett RA, Funk RS, et al. Surgery. In:Mader DR, ed.Reptile medicine and surgery. 2nd ed. St Louis: Elsevier, 2006;581–630.
Gould WJ, Yaegar AE, Glennon JC. Surgical correction of an intestinal obstruction in a turtle. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1992;200:705–706.
Nutter FB, Lee DD, Stamper MA, et al. Hemiovariosalpingectomy in a loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta). Vet Rec 2000;146:78–80.
Hernandez-Divers SJ. Diagnostic and surgical endoscopy. In:Raiti P, Girling S, ed.Manual of reptiles. 2nd ed. Cheltenham, England: British Small Animal Veterinary Association, 2004;103–114.