Book Reviews: For Your Library

Kirk and Bistner's Handbook of Veterinary Procedures and Emergency Treatment (8th edition)

Reviewed by Roger W. Gfeller, DVM, DACVECC

The eighth edition of Kirk and Bistner's Handbook of Veterinary Procedures and Emergency Treatment remains true to the objectives of the original edition. It is divided into sections, which allows readers to find information related to recognition, management, and treatment of almost every conceivable emergency situation. There are also topics that have little to do with emergency medicine but are often needed in daily practice.

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A quick reference for many emergency situations is printed on the inside front cover to allow rapid access to needed information. The table of contents located in the first few pages is brief and not particularly useful, but the index (which is located in the back of the book) is extremely detailed.

Content of the book is provided in 6 sections (Emergency Care, Patient Evaluation and Organ System Examination, Clinical Signs, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Procedures, Laboratory Diagnostic and Test Protocols, and Charts and Tables). Emergency Care has been substantially changed from previous editions. This section contains many updated conditions as well as an added subsection on recognition and treatment of pain. Topics are arranged alphabetically to allow rapid access to information. Sections on Patient Evaluation and Organ System Examination and Clinical Signs have been completely rewritten, with the focus placed on the physical examination of a patient and evaluation of the clinical signs. Previous editions included some procedures in these sections, but these have all been moved to the section on Diagnostic and Therapeutic Procedures. Photographs and drawings are improved from those in preceding editions. Laboratory Diagnostic and Test Protocols has been expanded with new information on handling of specimens as well as the protocols for testing.

This is a must-have book for all emergency facilities and small animal practices where emergency patients are treated. The format continues to be extremely user-friendly. Topics are typically arranged alphabetically, with the headings printed on the top of each page to allow rapid location of the desired topic.—By Richard B. Ford & Elisa M. Mazzaferro. 814 pages; illustrated. Elsevier Saunders, 11830 Westline Industrial Dr, St Louis, MO 63146. ISBN 0-7216-0138-3. 2006. Price $73.95.

Clinical Veterinary Advisor: Dogs and Cats

Reviewed by Audrey Cook, DVM, DACVIM

Veterinary Clinical Advisor: Dogs and Cats is an updated version of a classic veterinary dictionary, with more than 700 disorders described in alphabetic order. It also includes sections on common diagnostic and therapeutic techniques, differential diagnoses, laboratory tests, clinical algorithms, and a basic formulary. The text is primarily in note and bullet format with clear and logical subheadings, including epidemiology, simple pathophysiology, treatment, complications, and prognosis. Many of the concise mini chapters include pearls of wisdom (those valuable nuggets of information gleaned only through clinical experience). Some photographs are included, but they are uncommon.

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A comprehensive index system, including the grouping of topics by discipline, mitigates the inevitable splintering of related or interconnected diseases and should help readers navigate this large book. However, curious readers will certainly need other resources to develop a comprehensive understanding of any particular problem.

This book is a valuable resource for veterinary students and a must-have for any house officer or emergency clinician. General practitioners will also benefit from the concise and accurate style as well as simple explanations of complex issues. In addition, the easy access to online information sheets will improve client compliance and understanding.

A tremendous amount of relevant information is provided for a modest price. The editor is commended for bringing together more than 300 authors, many of whom are experts in their field. The book and online supplement should be valuable contributions to the veterinary profession.—By Etienne Côté. 1,702 pages with companion Web site; illustrated. Mosby Inc, 11830 Westline Industrial Dr, St Louis, MO 63146. ISBN 0-323-03698-8. 2007. Price $99.00.

Veterinary Psychopharmacology

Reviewed by Laurie Bergman, VMD, DACVB

Veterinary Psychopharmacology arose out of the recognition that veterinarians need a resource for selection of psychotropic drugs, dosages, and adverse effects. The authors have done an admirable job meeting these goals. This book can be considered to have 3 sections: an extensive introductory chapter, chapters on the basic science of behavior drugs, and clinical chapters. The introductory chapter includes a quick reference chart for practitioners who are seeking information on treating animals with specific complaints or diagnoses. Chapters on the basic sciences are especially inclusive, covering veterinary drugs such as dissociative anesthetics that, although not behavior drugs, act on the same receptor systems as medications used to treat behavior problems. Clinical chapters, despite the acknowledged gaps in available data, provide extremely comprehensive information about the use of drugs that has been gleaned from the human literature as well from a wide array of companion and laboratory animals and nondomestic species.

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I recommend reading the entire book, especially the introductory chapter, which provides information about some of the legal and ethical concerns related to prescribing medications for behavior problems, arriving at a diagnosis through a behavioral history, basics of behavior modification techniques, and common categories of behavior problems. The single addition that I would like to see in future editions is case examples for patients that have had adverse effects from medication or when the course of pharmaceutical treatment for a behavioral disorder did not progress smoothly. Examples of this sort, which are rarely given in texts or continuing education presentations, would provide valuable insights in a clinically oriented text that is appropriate for such a wide veterinary audience, including general practitioners and board-certified behavioral specialists.—By Sharon L. Crowell-Davis & Thomas Murray. 270 pages; illustrated. Blackwell Publishing, 2121 State Ave, Ames, IA 50014-8300. ISBN 0-8138-0829-4. 2006. Price $79.99.

Endocrinology for the Small Animal Practitioner (Made Easy Series)

Reviewed by Ellen N. Behrend, VMD, PhD, DACVIM

As stated in the preface to Endocrinology for the Small Animal Practitioner, “the book is an attempt to provide an organized and concise overview of endocrinology for practicing veterinarians.” I believe that the authors successfully met their goal. For the most part, each chapter addresses a specific disease, but 4 chapters are organized as problem-oriented material, such as polyuria-polydipsia and hypoglycemia. Good, useful, and practical information is provided in a modified outline format. Main topics are pertinent (eg, problems, clinical signs, and routine laboratory tests) and easy to identify. A helpful feature is that each point is identified as routine, important, key, serious, or crucial. Appendices, which contain a list of all endocrine drugs with manufacturer and pill size or liquid concentration, conversion formulas for SI to common units for most hormones, and a list of endocrine testing laboratories, and the problem index, which lists various problems and the endocrine disease or diseases with which they are associated, will be quite beneficial to readers.

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However, potential readers should be warned that the style, although in part a strength of the book, could at times limit the book's usefulness. Good pictures of some clinical cases are provided, but other diagrams, tables, and charts are limited in number. Although all chapters provide current information about clinical signs and laboratory findings, data on their relative frequency are not always given. This type of information is intrinsic for ranking a list of differential diagnoses. Basic treatment protocols for all diseases are provided, but consideration of many possible problems and solutions is missing. Some information is surprisingly lacking; for example, although trilostane is discussed as a treatment for hyperadrenocorticism in dogs, lack of FDA approval or how to obtain the drug is not mentioned. Lastly, only a short general reference list of texts is provided, so readers wanting further information are provided little guidance.

This textbook is recommended for veterinary students and clinicians who desire a succinct source of information on small animal endocrinology. This is a good book to consult when information is needed quickly (eg, a client is waiting to speak with you), but to comprehend small animal endocrinology or to successfully manage all cases, a textbook with more information will be required.— By David L. Panciera & Anthony P. Carr. 192 pages; illustrated. Teton NewMedia, PO Box 4833, 90 E Simpson, Ste 110, Jackson, WY 83001. ISBN 1-893441-14-8. 2006. Price $45.00.

Withrow & MacEwen's Small Animal Clinical Oncology (4th edition)

Reviewed by Pamela D. Jones, DVM, DACVIM, DACVR

In the rapidly changing, fast-paced world of veterinary oncology, it remains difficult to keep improving on a good thing. However, the editors and contributors of the fourth edition of Withrow & MacEwen's Small Animal Clinical Oncology continue to do just that. Most formidable are the modifications to color figures and tables. This feature has greatly added to the overall appearance and makes this edition more user-friendly.

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Additionally, the table of contents has been reorganized and categorized into 4 aspects of oncology: The Biology and Pathogenesis of Cancer, Diagnostic Procedures for the Cancer Patient, Therapeutic Modalities of the Cancer Patient, and Specific Malignancies in the Small Animal Patient. These topics are then further subtitled into chapters and subsections. This allows readers to survey the topics and quickly arrive at the desired area of reference. Each section provides veterinarians with valuable information.

The first section pertaining to the basic principles of cancer biology and pathogenesis provides a useful foundation for general practitioners that will assist in addressing the questions most commonly asked by clients. Furthermore, the second and third sections that address diagnostic and therapeutic procedures can be dynamic in helping veterinarians educate clients prior to referral to a board-certified specialist. Finally, the fourth section provides information on specific malignancies and leads readers through each tumor type, similar to the approach used to evaluate a clinical patient. This approach is not only easy to follow but is clinically relevant.

The only downside of the book is in the index section, which sometimes falls short of being user-friendly and makes it difficult to quickly find desired information. However, if a veterinarian, whether a general practitioner or board-certified specialist, is looking to find a complete, thorough approach to veterinary oncology, this book is it.— By Stephen J. Withrow & David M. Vail. 846 pages; illustrated. Blackwell Publishing, 2121 State Ave, Ames, IA 50014-8300. ISBN 978-0-7216-0558-6. 2007. Price $110.00.

Small Animal Dentistry: a Manual of Techniques

Reviewed by Dale J. Kressin, DVM, DAVDC

The objective of Small Animal Dentistry: a Manual of Techniques is to provide readers with information to develop an understanding of veterinary dental concepts and clinical techniques. The author has successfully achieved this objective by sharing clinical cases in selected areas of veterinary dentistry.

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Thirteen chapters are logically organized and appropriately illustrated and contain numerous high-quality photographs. Many radiographs have a blue discoloration; however, the contrast, clarity, and overall diagnostic quality are good. The author provides an overview of tooth development as well as dental and periodontal anomalies. Oral and dental anatomy is accompanied by excellent illustrations. Periodontal probing, dental charting, radiography, and instrumentation are adequately described.

Periodontal disease is the most prevalent of all veterinary diseases. Unfortunately, the pathophysiologic process or treatment of periodontal disease is not discussed. Fundamental scaling and polishing techniques are illustrated. Endodontic, orthodontic, and restorative treatments are covered briefly, and prosthodontic treatments are not covered. Additional resources are needed to develop adequate (diagnostic, therapeutic, and prevention) techniques in these disciplines.

Fundamental oral surgery techniques are described. Dental extraction and jaw fracture repair are discussed and adequately illustrated. Oronasal fistula defects are briefly discussed; referral of more-complicated cases is recommended. Oral surgeries for neoplasms are not discussed, and referral is also recommended. Feline odontoclastic resorptive lesions and gingivostomatitis are not addressed. The book includes a discussion on pain management, emphasizing balanced anesthesia with a multimodal approach to analgesia.

The dental information in this book is fundamental; therefore, it should be a useful resource for veterinary students or veterinarians. Photographs and illustrations are particularly valuable, making the book well worth the price.—By Cedric Tutt. 282 pages; illustrated. Blackwell Publishing, 2121 State Ave, Ames, IA 50014-8300. ISBN 978-1-4051-2372-3. 2006. Price $119.99.

Nutrition for Veterinary Technicians and Nurses

Reviewed by Tracy Farone, DVM

Nutrition for Veterinary Technicians and Nurses is a concise yet adequate textbook that covers a wide array of topics related to nutritional needs of dogs and cats. It is important to mention that dogs and cats are the strong focus of this book. It is helpful that within this focus, dogs and cats are appropriately treated as separate entities throughout the text. The book was written appropriately for veterinary technician students and credentialed veterinary technicians alike. It may also be a good review for many veterinarians.

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The book is appropriately organized into 3 major sections. The first section reviews the basic building blocks of nutrition (ie, water, fats, carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins, and minerals). A summary of digestion, absorption, and energy balance terms is also reviewed in the first section. The second section provides information on regulation, types, and contents of foods formulated for dogs and cats in the United States. A brief history of pet food production and the roles of the regulatory agencies involved in pet food production are included. Numerous charts and tables are provided to aid readers in interpreting food content and labeling methods. The third section of the book provides information on feeding regimens for dogs and cats in all life stages and conditions, including pregnancy, lactation, neonatal period, growth, adult maintenance, obesity, geriatric, and performance. Nutritional needs of ill patients are also addressed. Final chapters discuss various methods for assisted feeding and the nursing care involved. This book also directly addresses prevalent nutritional myths, including raw diets, preservatives, and food quality. Bravo!

This book could be used in a clinical setting as a reference for veterinary clinic staff and a client education resource. It would also be appropriate for use within the curriculum of a veterinary technician college. I believe that the author has accomplished her goal of creating a complete, but not overwhelming, small animal nutritional resource for veterinary technicians. I would recommend and use it in clinical or academic settings.—By Ann Wortinger. 249 pages; illustrated. Blackwell Publishing, 2121 State Ave, Ames, IA 50014-8300. ISBN 978-0-8138-2913-5. 2007. Price $39.99.

Small Animal Surgery (3rd edition)

Reviewed by Janice L. Buback, DVM, MS, DACVS

The third edition of Small Animal Surgery continues to provide a good general surgery textbook for veterinary students, practitioners, and surgeons. The book is aesthetically pleasing with appropriately labeled charts, tables, illustrations, and images to enhance the text. The format is consistent throughout and uses logos and color schemes to facilitate its use as a quick reference. The chapter format used in previous editions is maintained and continues to provide good, concise information regarding anesthetic and medical concerns related to each topic. References and suggested readings at the close of each section direct readers to the more recent literature (generally nothing published before 2000), rather than an exhaustive list of all references. This edition contains information on some newer procedures not discussed in other textbooks and highlights the ever-expanding fields of minimally invasive surgery, physical rehabilitation, and pain management as they pertain to small animal surgery.

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An additional new feature of the third edition is the use of an AP icon to denote difficult procedures that require advanced training. This icon specifies to readers those surgical procedures that are considered by the authors to be advanced and reserved for veterinarians who have appropriate training and experience. Designated AP procedures are indeed challenging; however, the use of this symbol can be misleading because there are many other non-AP procedures described in the text that require advanced surgical skills and a thorough understanding of tissue mechanics and pathophysiologic processes of disease. Hopefully, readers will be cognizant of their own abilities and will not interpret the lack of an AP icon as a signal to give it a try.

E-dition is a nice feature that can be purchased alone or in combination with the textbook. It includes the entire text, including images and tables. Also available are videos, abstracts of relevant articles, updates, aftercare instructions, and case studies. Contents of these various sections are somewhat limited, and I was disappointed with the quality of some videos with regard to clarity of images and editing of clips. Also, I was unable to access the interactive Fracture Planner listed in the book under E-dition resources. E-dition is touted to be fully searchable for the third edition; however, when I used the advanced search application, it seemed that no matches were found when more than 1 or 2 key words were entered. Hopefully, features provided by the E-dition will improve with time and evolution of the resource.

Overall, I believe that Small Animal Surgery is well done and a good addition to one's library. E-dition is a good supplement or alternative for those with computer access.—By Theresa Welch Fossum, Cheryl S. Hedlund, Ann L. Johnson, Kurt S. Schulz, Howard B. Seim III, Michael D. Willard, Anne Bahr, & Gwendolyn L. Carroll. 1,610 pages; illustrated. Blackwell Publishing, 2121 State Ave, Ames, IA 50014-8300. ISBN 978-0-323-04439-4. 2007. Price $170.00.

Self-Assessment Colour Review of Rabbit Medicine and Surgery

Reviewed by Robert A. Wagner, VMD

Self-Assessment Colour Review of Rabbit Medicine and Surgery is a new addition to the Veterinary Self-Assessment Colour Review series. It attempts to cover all major categories from basic rabbit biology and husbandry to more advanced medicine and surgery. The material is provided in a problem-oriented, self-assessment format. Anesthesia, biology and husbandry, handling and restraint, infectious diseases, dermatology, cardiovascular and respiratory tract disease, ophthalmology, urinary tract, oral cavity-esophagus, gastrointestinal tract disease, metabolic disease, reproductive tract disease, musculoskeletal disease, and dental problems are covered in the book. This book will be easily enjoyed by beginning veterinary students to experienced veterinarians who have an interest in rabbit medicine and surgery. It is not a comprehensive textbook on the diagnosis and treatment of pet rabbits. The authors provide a variety of cases and diagnoses, which are often based on their personal experiences and not necessarily found in refereed literature. Each case is accompanied by a color photograph of the animal at time of initial examination or of a specific condition or lesion. Some pictures are not clear or informative in terms of what the authors are attempting to illustrate, but in general, images are of good quality. Descriptions are short, and the jump from initial examination to diagnosis in some may be a stretch for relative novices. Some cases primarily provide a physiology lesson rather than a discussion on a disease condition. Generally, the material is easy to understand and extremely informative.

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Drugs are listed by their generic names, and not all are available in every country. The authors' wealth of practical experience and first hand knowledge make for an enjoyable read. This book should be a valuable resource for veterinarians who care for domestic rabbits.—By Emma Keeble & Anna Meredith. 192 pages; illustrated. Blackwell Publishing, 2121 State Ave, Ames, IA 50014-8300. ISBN 1-84076-072-0. 2006. Price $49.99.

BSAVA Manual of Psittacine Birds (2nd edition)

Reviewed by J. Robin Scott, MS, DVM, DABVP

The second edition of the BSAVA Manual of Psittacine Birds is intended for general practitioners and provides comprehensive information on the care and treatment of pet birds. This book has 22 chapters and 5 appendices, with 20 contributing authors. It is divided into 5 parts: species and husbandry, clinical background, surgery, clinical syndromes, and legal aspects. Natural history characteristics of 19 parrot groups are concisely provided in a table format; this is followed by basic handling and husbandry. Appropriate illustrations provide the needed information pertaining to anatomy and physiology. Chapters covering basic techniques, clinical pathology, and necropsy are detailed and user-friendly. Step-by-step instructions on performance of postmortem examinations are accompanied by many tables and excellent photographs, followed by a postmortem examination report form and checklist. Common soft tissue and orthopedic surgical procedures are described and clearly illustrated with photographs and drawings. Clinical syndromes are approached on the basis of the organ system affected and infectious versus noninfectious, nutritional, and behavioral conditions.

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Chapters are designed to be read in their entirety or to be referenced as needed. The chapter on behavior and behavioral disorders provides a useful form for obtaining a medical history to guide practitioners in the initial approach of these complex and often frustrating cases. A chapter devoted to ill small psittacids concentrates on a practical approach to the examination, diagnosis, and treatment of these diminutive patients. Algorithms for diagnosis of common clinical problems are provided and cross-referenced to the relevant chapters in the manual. This book was written for British small animal surgeons, and the final chapter addresses the zoonotic, legal, and ethical aspects of owning and treating pet birds in the United Kingdom. A formulary summarizes medications mentioned in this manual. I believe that the editors have fulfilled their goal of providing a practical, easy-to-use, and relevant guide to psittacine medicine. This comprehensive, well-illustrated manual is fairly priced, and I highly recommend it for veterinary students, veterinary technicians, or general practitioners.—By Nigel Harcourt-Brown & John Chitty. 323 pages; illustrated. Blackwell Publishing, 2121 State Ave, Ames, IA 50014-8300. ISBN 0-905214-76-5. 2005. Price $159.99.

Avian & Exotic Animal Hematology & Cytology (3rd edition)

Reviewed by Denise Wunn, DVM, MS, DACVP

The third edition of Avian & Exotic Animal Hematology & Cytology builds on the previous editions that focused on avians. This edition expands to other species. The book is designed for use by veterinarians, veterinary students, pathologists, or veterinary technicians. It is organized into 7 chapters that are all extensively illustrated with numerous good-quality color photographs. The first several chapters are devoted to hematologic evaluation of various families of animals, and the final 2 chapters are devoted to cytologic examination.

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One feature of the text that makes it particularly useful is its practical approach to the process of laboratory examination, including descriptions and photographs of sites and methods of sample collection, cell counting, and staining. The book also has a useful appendix that describes in a cookbook manner how to prepare and apply various stain solutions and provides an interpretation of the results. A second appendix provides useful reference information (reference ranges) for a wide array animals.

This edition represents a major expansion from the previous editions, with additional chapters on hematologic evaluation of reptiles, amphibians, fish, and small mammals. Photographs and descriptions of infectious agents are common in all chapters but are highlighted in a chapter that describes wet-mount cytologic examination for amphibians and fish. This chapter should be particularly useful for those working in aquaculture or aquarium settings.

The numerous color photographs and expansion of the scope of this edition to other exotic species will make this book a worthwhile investment, even for those who own a previous edition.—By Terry W. Campbell & Christine K. Ellis. 287 pages; illustrated. Blackwell Publishing, 2121 State Ave, Ames, IA 50014-8300. ISBN 978-0-8138-1811-5. 2007. Price $149.99.

Veterinary Clinical Pathology: An Introduction

Reviewed by Jennifer L. Brazzell, DVM, DACVP

As stated in the preface, the aim of Veterinary Clinical Pathology: An Introduction is to provide “a clear, concise presentation of basic mechanisms without overwhelming the student.” The author incorporates her case-based teaching philosophy into this clearly written textbook and has achieved the difficult objective of condensing and concisely providing complex subject matter. Of particular mention are the succinct chapter on hemostasis (which provides a novel, practical, 3-stage model of coagulation) and the chapter on fluids, electrolytes, and acid base. Other topics discussed include hematology, biochemical evaluation of organ systems, endocrinology, and cytology. Black-and-white digital images and hand-drawn figures highlight important microscopic, hematologic, and cytologic findings. Many black-and-white images are also duplicated in the 16 pages of color images. Discussion of the canine and feline species predominates; however, differences in the interpretation of clinical pathology of large animals (bovine and equine) are included.

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Chapters begin with a concise overview of pathophysiologic mechanisms. When appropriate, common clinical scenarios are used to illustrate the clinical importance of concepts. A nuggets section then highlights the take-home, clinically important messages provided in the text. Several true-to-life cases (including results of a CBC and serum biochemical analysis, with or without endocrinologic, cytologic, and urinalysis data) with interpretations are provided. Biochemical data are reported both in SI units and imperial units to accommodate an international audience. Notably, case information provides unmanipulated data from real patients, which in other literature often contains deviations from reference ranges that cannot be explained. When available, serial hematologic and serum biochemical data and follow-up information are included. Chapters end with a glossary. Appendices contain practice cases and interpretation of laboratory data provided in list form. An expanded glossary concludes the text. The book is reasonably priced and would be a valuable addition to the library of any veterinary student or new graduate.— By Marion L. Jackson. 363 pages; illustrated. Blackwell Publishing, 2121 State Ave, Ames, IA 50014-8300. ISBN 978-0-8138-2140-5. 2007. Price $69.99.

Xie's Veterinary Acupuncture

Reviewed by Michael Tomasic, VMD, DACVA

Xei's Veterinary Acupuncture is a reasonably priced, organized reference volume that covers the theory and practice of acupuncture as it relates primarily to horses and dogs. Stated aims of this textbook are the following: to help practitioners gain knowledge and skills in the use of acupuncture and to serve as a functional resource for practitioners and veterinary students who wish to apply these techniques. Both aims are achieved to a satisfactory degree.

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Chapters on acupuncture meridians, points, techniques, and applications provide a synopsis of theories and constructs underlying primary ethnomedical paradigms. Chapters on medical, musculoskeletal, and neurologic problems provide a good overview of commonly encountered conditions as well as general, and sometimes specific, traditional medical approaches to these problems. Much of the important information is provided in tables and charts scattered throughout the text. Unfortunately, this results in a somewhat disjointed feeling to the text. Moreover, although the organization of the index permits ready location of citations of specific acupuncture points on the basis of pinyin spelling, locating citations for a particular disease pattern (eg, stomach fire) is not straightforward.

Perhaps this work excels best in the description of acupuncture points (both transpositional and so-called classical) for horses and dogs. Written and visual topographic references provide readers with a ready means for locating points as well as an indication of common clinical usage. Many veterinary acupuncture practitioners will find this book a welcome addition to their reference library on Traditional Chinese Medicine.— By Huisheng Xie & Vanessa Preast. 359 pages; illustrated. Blackwell Publishing, 2121 State Ave, Ames, IA 50014-8300. ISBN 978-0-8138-1247-2. 2006. Price $124.99.

Resource Book for the Design of Animal Exercise Protocols

Reviewed by James H. Jones, PhD, DVM

Resource Book for the Design of Animal Exercise Protocols is a 137-page handbook from the American Physiological Society that provides guidelines for the humane use and treatment of vertebrates in exercise studies. It is intended as a reference for new researchers in this field, institutional animal use and care committees (IACUCs) that evaluate exercise study protocols, and institutional officials who oversee animal research. It also provides guidelines for journals or granting agencies. The book is generally suited for these purposes and audiences.

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The book consists of 5 chapters. Two chapters are on background issues related to animal research regulations and general use of animals in exercise research (eg, selection of animals, study design, stress, and aspects of disease and surgical models on exercising animals). Three chapters provide information on exercise studies in small rodents (rats and mice) and larger mammals (dogs, pigs, and horses) and a brief consideration of other species and classes (nonmurine rodents, rabbits, cats, goats, sheep, nonhuman primates, birds, and fish). Two appendices address models of hind limb suspension and IACUC scenarios. References to pertinent literature are included in each section. Some recommendations included are debatable (eg, use of furosemide and nasal strips to reduce exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage in horses) or can be solved by alternative methods (eg, use of a restraining strap and strain-sensitive cutoff switch on large animal treadmills).

Informational materials that would make a future edition of the guide more useful include allometric consideration of differences in physiologic time scales for animals of various sizes and use of mass-specific data; cold exposure as an alternative for eliciting peak metabolism in small homeotherms; the dissociation between rectal and blood or muscle temperature during intense exercise (especially in horses); temperature and anesthetic issues of poikilotherms (including amphibians and reptiles); and reports of C. R. Taylor, who ingeniously solved problems associated with the study of exercise in animals ranging from crawling snakes to brachiating gibbons to walking elephants.—By Kevin C. Kregel & the Committee to Develop an APS Resource Book for the Design of Animal Exercise Protocols. 137 pages; illustrated. American Physiological Society, 9650 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20814-3991. ISBN: none. 2006. Price $9.50.

Color Atlas of Farm Animal Dermatology

Reviewed by David J. Steffen, DVM, PhD, DACVP

The author has compiled an extensive collection of images in the Color Atlas of Farm Animal Dermatology. The book is organized into sections on the basis of species (bovine, caprine, ovine, and porcine) and subdivided by broad etiologic categories. Images are of excellent quality and successfully reproduced for the text. The breadth of images captured is remarkable and reflects positively on the author's extensive experience and recognized expertise. Most images are gross photographs that highlight unique or classical dermatologic conditions. A few micrographs, typically of parasites or fungal agents, complement and add specificity to the gross images. For each disorder, the author lists features, differential diagnoses, and diagnostic steps. This includes brief clinical highlights and a description of the progression of lesions. The text is augmented by tables that ensure thorough coverage yet maintain brevity. References are adequate but not exhaustive. Management of conditions is beyond the scope of the atlas.

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This text should prove useful to food-animal clinicians, board-certified specialists in dermatology, and pathologists. Clinicians will find that the images, list of differential diagnoses, and diagnostic suggestions are rapidly accessible. Residents will find the images useful in increasing the breadth of clinical exposure and as a resource for review for board certification. Experienced board-certified specialists will find images useful for training students. The breadth of coverage and list of differential diagnoses ensure that all readers will consider the myriad of possibilities when examining a farm animal with skin disease. Excellent images and brevity make this book easy to read and an excellent and useful library addition.—By Danny W. Scott. 252 pages; illustrated. Blackwell Publishing, 2121 State Ave, Ames, IA 50014-8300. ISBN 978-0-8138-0516-0. 2007. Price $129.99.

Essential Rendering: All About the Animal By-Products Industry

Reviewed by Teresa Y. Morishita, DVM, PhD, DACPV

Essential Rendering: All About the Animal By-Products Industry provides a good overview of the rendering industry because there are few sources on this topic for veterinarians and animal feed professionals. This book comprises various topics that are of importance to the rendering industry. Each chapter was written by experts in their particular field of the rendering industry. Although that adds dimension to the book, it also allows for differences among writing styles for the various chapters. Photographs add to the information provided, although some photographs could have been labeled better. Resolution of some photographs is poor, but they were included because of historical importance. The editor has ensured discussion on the use of rendered products in the various animal agricultural sectors, including ruminants, swine, poultry, aquaculture, and shrimp. Of additional interest is the chapter on rendered products used for human consumption. The book includes global perspectives and environmental issues for the animal rendering industry. It concludes with a discussion on future research needed in areas of the animal rendering industry. Although definitions have been included within some chapters, providing a glossary of common terms used in the rendering industry at the end of the book in future editions may be a welcome addition. Overall, this book should be a great addition to the library of veterinarians and animal health professionals who are working in animal agriculture, including those in the animal feed industry, the feed and food safety sectors, or the public health arena.—By David L. Meeker. 302 pages; illustrated. National Renderers' Association Inc, 801 N Fairfax St, Ste 205, Alexandria, VA 22314. ISBN 0-9654660-3-5. 2006. Price $30.00.

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