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A pair of horses draws a carriage on Mackinac Island, Mich., which banned “horseless carriages” more than a century ago. Dr. William K. Chambers, general manager of Mackinac Island Carriage Tours, still has to handle some modern challenges in caring for his horses. Nationally, equine issues include the spread of vesicular stomatitis.

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In this photo, Dr. Chambers and a driver give a tour to Dr. James Cook, vice chair of the AVMA Executive Board; Dr. Michael Chaddock, director of the AVMA Governmental Relations Division, Dr. Roger Mahr, AVMA president-elect; Dr. Henry E. Childers, AVMA president; and Dr. Childers' wife, Pat.

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 228, 1; 10.2460/javma.228.1.9

Hoping for the best, preparing for the worst

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“The Asian virus is much different because this virus has readapted from domestic poultry back into wild birds. Some of the recent outbreaks that have occurred in Europe and eastern Asia are a result of migratory birds carrying the virus between very distinct geographic regions.”

—DR. DAVID E. SWAYNE, DIRECTOR, SOUTHEAST POULTRY RESEARCH LABORATORY

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 228, 1; 10.2460/javma.228.1.9

With the recent arrival of the “Asian bird flu” in the Balkans, public health officials across the globe are hastily laying plans for the possibility—indeed, the inevitability, to many—the lethal virus will mutate into a new strain capable of sustained, person-to-person transmission.

For now, however, human infection by H5N1 avian influenza virus is uncommon. Moreover, the virus isn't particularly adept at passing from birds to people. Nevertheless, experts warn H5N1 has all the makings of a worldwide public health crisis, and the World Health Organization is sounding the alarm that a major flu pandemic could be imminent.

This worst-case scenario is understandable in light of how more than half the 120 people who contracted H5N1 have died. Moreover, wild ducks and other migratory waterfowl are natural reservoirs of the virus and, unlike domestic poultry, very resistant to infection. Then there's the uncanny knack influenza viruses have for mutation and reassortment, allowing them to combine with other strains to create new, potentially more virulent variations.

Shared fears of a flu pandemic brought hundreds of representatives of 115 countries and nearly two dozen intergovernmental and nongovernmental organizations to WHO headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland, this past November. The WHO, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, World Organization for Animal Health (OIE), and World Bank had convened to discuss ways of reducing and preventing the spread of H5N1 in poultry as well as what to do were a flu pandemic to happen.

Also that month, the Bush administration requested $7.1 billion from Congress for research and a national stockpile of vaccines and antiviral drugs to use in the event of a worldwide outbreak.

As the primary health professionals for animals, veterinarians must be part of any plan protecting people and animals from avian influenza. Many are experts in avian medicine and pathology. Veterinarians working in the poultry industry are trained in disease identification and familiar with methods for ensuring biosecurity.

The AVMA Governmental Relations Division in Washington, D.C., brought this and other lessons home to lawmakers and their staffs by hosting avian disease expert Dr. David E. Swayne for an informational luncheon on Capitol Hill, Nov. 15.

Dr. Swayne is director of the Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory in Athens, Ga. Part of the Department of Agriculture's Agriculture Research Service, the facility is where exotic and emerging poultry diseases are studied. Along with explaining why veterinarians are a vital resource for dealing with avian influenza, Dr. Swayne sought to separate fact from fiction about the virus, reports of which have led to many misconceptions.

Birds are susceptible to 16 serotypes of influenza A virus. They are not all the same, nor are they all as lethal as H5N1, Dr. Swayne explained. The highly pathogenic H5 and H7 subtypes have caused 24 “bird plagues” around the world since 1959. They are extremely contagious and often fatal. Birds infected with one of the low-pathogenic subtypes may show no signs of illness.

The Asian bird flu is unlike other avian influenza viruses encountered in the past 50 years, Dr. Swayne said. Avian flu epizootics typically begin when wild birds carrying a low-pathogenic influenza virus pass the virus to domesticated chickens, turkeys, and ducks. Over time, the virus mutates, eventually becoming a virulent strain that domestic poultry are highly susceptible to, whereas wild birds are less so.

What makes the Asian H5N1 strain so difficult to contain is its ability to pass from infected poultry to wild birds, which spread the virus along their migratory routes. “The Asian virus is much different because this virus has readapted from domestic poultry back into wild birds,” Dr. Swayne explained. “Some of the recent outbreaks that have occurred in eastern Europe and western Asia are a result of migratory birds carrying the virus between very distinct geographic regions.”

The ongoing H5N1 epizootic first emerged in Hong Kong in 1996 and then spread through Southeast Asia—where the virus is now endemic—to Russia and Mongolia. Turkey, Romania, and Croatia are the most recent countries invaded by the virus. Dr. Swayne noted that the toll in avian life is estimated at around 100–200 million, a number certain to increase along with the number of countries.

Another factor contributing to the current bird flu contagion is Asia's poultry production system. In the United States, poultry production is mostly an integrated system in which some 9.3 billion birds are raised indoors annually. Yet in Asia, the largest segment of poultry production occurs within villages. “They're raised either as scavengers, roaming freely, or as many as 20 birds will be confined to a home,” Dr. Swayne said.

Additionally, cock fighting is a major sport in some countries. In Vietnam and China, domestic duck and geese production are large industries—China alone produces 67 percent of the world's ducks and 90 percent of the geese. Raised outdoors, these birds are exposed to wild and potentially infectious birds, Dr. Swayne said.

“Human infections by avian influenza viruses have been very, very rare,” Dr. Swayne said, noting that, between 1959 and October 2005, 241 people had contracted the virus, of which 72 cases were fatal.

In Hong Kong, Vietnam, and Thailand, the human cases of H5N1 infections were associated with small, privately owned poultry flocks and live poultry markets. People contracted the virus as a result of either exposure to seemingly healthy yet infected poultry or by direct contact with sick or dead poultry.

Dr. Swayne stressed how travel, preparing or eating poultry meat, exposure to infected persons, and working on large poultry farms have not resulted in infection.

The illegal importation of an infected bird, say an eagle or fighting cock, is one of the more worrisome possibilities of H5N1 introduction. Chances of a migratory bird, meat import, or ill person sparking an avian influenza epizootic in the United States are remote, Dr. Swayne said.

Last year, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement confiscated approximately 200 birds attempted to be smuggled into the country. Fortunately, none of the birds was infected, Dr. Swayne said. Still, they are a reminder about the need for remaining ever vigilant when the conventional wisdom of the public health community is a flu pandemic is just a matter of time.

—R. SCOTT NOLEN

CDC seeks comments on Health Protection Research Guide

The national Centers for Disease Control and Prevention announces the availability for comment of the draft CDC Health Protection Research Guide, 2006–2015, which includes a subsection on zoonotic and vectorborne diseases.

In 2005, the CDC launched its effort to develop an agencywide research guide. The new guide will support the CDC's Health Protection Goals. It will also provide overall guidance for CDC research, as well as serve as a planning and communication tool for its public health research.

A subsection of the draft calls for developing new methods to prevent, detect, and control zoonotic and vectorborne pathogens in human and animal populations.

The CDC invites input on any aspect of the research guide, including the following:

  • • scope and use of the guide

  • • relevance and specificity of the proposed research topics

  • • additions, deletions, or modifi-cations to the proposed research topics

  • • the development process for the guide

  • • other improvements to the guide

The deadline for written comments is Jan. 15. To view the research guide or submit written comments, visit www.rsvpBOOK.com/custom_pages/50942/index.php or contact Jamila Rashid, senior health scientist, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Office of Public Health Research, 1600 Clifton Road N.E., MD D-72, Atlanta, GA 30333; phone, (404) 639-4621; e-mail, ResearchGuide@cdc.gov.

Information about the CDC Health Protection Research Guide is available at www.cdc.gov/od/ophr/cdcra.htm. Information about the CDC's Health Protection Goals is available at www.cdc.gov/about/goals.

Fitness unleashed: Auxiliary sets National Pet Week '06 in motion

Physical fitness is a health target the Auxiliary to the AVMA would like to see all members of the family attain —including pets.

The Auxiliary is investing its energy in promoting pet fitness and overall health through National Pet Week 2006, themed “Fitness Unleashed.”

National Pet Week was jointly founded in 1981 by the AVMA and the Auxiliary to the AVMA. It has become widely celebrated throughout the United States and other parts of the world. In 2006, pet week will be observed May 7–13. The AVMA continues to support the event.

Goals of National Pet Week are to promote responsible pet ownership, celebrate the human-animal bond, and promote public awareness of veterinary medicine.

The promotional centerpiece for the pet week is the poster chosen by the Auxiliary as the winner of its annual competition. Maureen Wilson, vice president for public relations, reported a “phenomenal response” to the 2006 poster contest.

Courtney Gouldsberry of Moundsville, W.Va., landed the grand prize of $300 and the distinction of having her poster featured on the cover of this issue of JAVMA.

Wilson said, “This year, we decided to focus on making ourselves and our pets more healthy by increasing our exercise and physical activity. Courtney's poster was cute and creative in its simple imagery of a pig, a duck, a cow, and a snake. The lively, juxtaposed pets evoke a sense of motion and movement that illustrates this year's theme.”

Coincidentally, the winner of the other pet week competition—the creative writing contest—is also a West Virginian. Twelve-year-old Tiffany Lancaster of Wellsburg, W.Va., wrote the winning essay and won $150. Tiffany is a fifth grader at Wellsburg Middle School. Her essay can be found at www.avmaaux.org/npwcontest.html.

Subaru has once again signed on as sponsor of National Pet Week, and in 2006 for the first time, it also sponsored the pet week poster and creative writing contests.

The Auxiliary will offer a variety of promotional items for purchase, including banners, balloons, bookmarks, brochures, videos, and T-shirts. Turn to page 6 for the order form.

You are invited to share pet week stories, photos, and projects with Maureen Wilson at mwilson@utah.gov.

“Pets Power” will be the 2007 pet week theme. Posters centered around that theme can be submitted for the 2007 contest through March 1, 2006. Beginning in 2007, the cash prize for the creative writing contest will increase from $150 to $300. Entry forms can be downloaded from the Auxiliary Web site, www.avmaaux.org, by clicking on National Pet Week and selecting the links to the poster and creative writing contests.

AVMA seeks nominees for new award honoring lifework in research

In 2006, the AVMA will begin sponsoring an excellence in research award that honors veterinarians for the impact their lifetime of research has had on the veterinary and/or biomedical professions.

The AVMA Council on Research recommended creation of the AVMA Lifetime Excellence in Research Award to stimulate the veterinary research community and honor veterinarians whose efforts have contributed to animal and human health over the years.

The new award, authorized by the Executive Board in November, will complement the AVMA Practitioner Research Award, which has encouraged clinical research in veterinary science by veterinary practitioners since its inception in 1955.

Until the lifetime research award was established, the Practitioner Research Award was the only remaining honor bestowed on veterinary researchers by the AVMA or the American Veterinary Medical Foundation.

February 1 is the deadline for submitting nominations for the first AVMA Lifetime Excellence in Research Award. The award is open to veterinarians who are currently working in or are retired from clinical practice or an academic, government, private, or public institution. Each year at its spring meeting, the Council on Research will select the recipient after considering nominees on the basis of their lifetime achievements in basic, applied, and/or clinical research. Self-nominations will not be considered.

The honoree will receive $5,000 at the AVMA Annual Convention plus airfare to the convention and two days per diem. In addition, each honoree's name will be engraved on a plaque commemorating this award.

Nominations should be submitted to the AVMA, 1931 N. Meacham Rd., Suite 100, Schaumburg, IL 60173-4360. They must include a cover letter from the nominator, letters of support from three individuals who are familiar with the nominee's work, a list of the nominee's important research achievements, and a concise curriculum vita, including relevant publications. The following supporting data should be included:

  • • name of the award

  • • name, mailing address, telephone number(s), e-mail address, and college and year of graduation of the nominee

  • • nature of the nominee's professional activity (type of practice or salaried work)

  • • organizational memberships (professional and scientific)

  • • a 300- to 320-word narrative sketch of the nominee's professional background

  • • a statement pertaining to the nominee's qualifications for the award

  • • a portrait of the nominee (digital images must be 300 dpi or higher, and hard copies 4-by-5 or larger)

Nominations for most other AVMA awards are also due by Feb. 1. For more information about nominating, log on to www.avma.org/onlnews/javma/oct05/051015j.asp.

Education council schedules site visits

The AVMA Council on Education has scheduled site visits to schools/colleges of veterinary medicine at 10 institutions for 2006.

Site visits are planned for the University of Missouri-Columbia College of Veterinary Medicine, Feb. 12–16; University of Melbourne Faculty of Veterinary Science, March 5–9; University of Georgia College of Veterinary Medicine, April 9–13; University of Illinois College of Veterinary Medicine, April 23–27; University of Glasgow Veterinary School, May 7–11; University of Mexico (UNAM) Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, May 21–25 (consultative site visit); Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine, Sept. 17–21 (consultative site visit); University College Dublin Veterinary School, Oct. 8–12; The Ohio State University College of Veterinary Medicine, Oct. 22–26; and Tuskegee University School of Veterinary Medicine, Nov. 5–9.

The council welcomes written comments on these plans or the programs to be evaluated. Comments should be addressed to Dr. Donald G. Simmons, Director, Education and Research Division, AVMA, 1931 N. Meacham Road, Suite 100, Schaumburg, IL 60173-4360. Comments must be signed by the person submitting them to be considered.

Summarizing a disaster, by the numbers: Hurricane season took a toll on animals and veterinarians

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Veterinary technician Meri Winchester and Dr. Kevin Winkler, members of AVMA Veterinary Medical Assistance Team-3, tend to a dog after Hurricane Katrina. VMAT-3 handled almost 3,000 animals in the space of a month.

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 228, 1; 10.2460/javma.228.1.9

Hurricanes Katrina and Rita harmed hundreds of horses, thousands of cattle and companion animals, and millions of chickens—as well as many veterinarians.

Estimates of damages, displacements, and deaths continue to change. But rough figures from veterinary medical associations, government officials, and other groups paint a picture of the disaster in retrospect.

Veterinarian victims

Bland O'Connor, executive director of the Louisiana VMA, said Katrina initially closed almost all the clinics in hard-hit areas of the state—affecting about 120 practices and 250 veterinarians.

“For a week or two weeks, or maybe even longer, we had that many veterinarians who were out of service,” he said.

As of Nov. 28, 19 clinics were still not operational. Yet, most of the 30 veterinarians with those practices were working elsewhere in the region. O'Connor said few veterinarians left Louisiana permanently.

Nancy Christiansen, administrative secretary of the Mississippi VMA, said most of the veterinarians in that state were also staying.

Dozens of Mississippi veterinarians reported damage to their clinics and homes. About 5 feet of water flooded one clinic, and another was underwater. Trees crashed into some buildings, and other buildings lost roofs.

Elbert C. Hutchins, executive director of the Texas VMA, said Rita caused major damage to two clinics in that state.

“We had a large number of doctors in Texas who had damage of one degree or another to their clinics and/or homes and automobiles,” he said. “However, we were extremely fortunate that the damage was primarily limited to roof damage, downed trees, broken windows, etc.”

Dr. Charles F. Franz, executive director of the Alabama VMA, said one clinic in the state suffered major hurricane damage.

Lost and found

Despite the destruction, veterinarians and other volunteers rescued, treated, and sheltered thousands of pets and hundreds of horses that fell victim to the storms.

At least 5,000 animals went through Lamar-Dixon Equine Exposition Center in Gonzales, La., and roughly 2,000 animals went through a shelter in Hattiesburg, Miss., according to state officials and the Humane Society of the United States.

The AVMA Veterinary Medical Assistance Teams treated animals at these and other locations. Members of VMAT-1 and VMAT-5 worked out of the exposition center. In Mississippi, VMAT-2 tended to 1,600 animals from Sept. 2-17. Also in Mississippi, VMAT-3 handled about 2,800 animals from Aug. 31-Sept. 29.

Petfinder.com and partner organizations listed more than 17,000 found animals in October through the online Animal Emergency Response Network. The Web site also fielded 22,000 rescue requests in October.

Many evacuees dropped their pets at shelters temporarily. After Katrina, Louisiana State University School of Veterinary Medicine alone was caring for more than a thousand animal evacuees at peak population.

Dr. Brigid Elchos, Mississippi's state public health veterinarian, said no one can accurately estimate the total number of companion animals lost to death or displacement. Mississippi doesn't require licensing, for example, and shelters there treated a sizable population of stray animals along with other hurricane victims.

“There's no beginning number,” she said. “If it's a production animal, you have an idea of how many are on a farm.”

Agriculture assessment

According to Sept. 19 estimates from the Department of Agriculture, winds and flooding from Katrina killed 10,000 cattle worth $8 million in Louisiana. Mississippi lost 6 million chickens worth about $14 million, and Alabama lost 200,000 chickens worth about $500,000. In Louisiana and Mississippi, producers lost $3 million in dumped milk. In Louisiana, fish and shellfish losses totaled $151 million.

According to Oct. 18 estimates from the USDA, flooding after Rita caused the loss of 4,000 cattle worth about $3 million in Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas. Lack of electricity and scattered structural damage affected poultry producers. Producer losses on milk sales might have amounted to $400,000 per week. In Louisiana, fish and shellfish losses totaled $80 million.

Dave Tomkins, emergency management coordinator with the Texas Animal Health Commission, said Texas later lost poultry because of the lack of power. He said the USDA's Natural Resources Conservation Service disposed of 240,000 dead birds.

Bob Odom, commissioner of the Louisiana Department of Agriculture & Forestry, estimated that Louisiana lost two-thirds of the cattle in the hardest-hit areas by the end of hurricane season. As for fish and shellfish, he said, crawfish losses alone reached about $50 million.

—KATIE BURNS

Send unused journals, textbooks, supplies on a trip abroad

If the shelves and cabinets, back rooms, and offices at your veterinary clinic are crammed with unused textbooks, journals, instruments, equipment, and supplies, consider donating them to veterinarians and students in foreign countries where they are needed.

The AVMA often receives calls from people interested in donating such items. The groups and individuals listed here collect for the countries specified. These donations may be tax-deductible if given to a qualified nonprofit organization, using IRS form 8283, “Noncash Charitable Contributions.” Or consult a tax expert.

A contact for Veterinary Books for Africa is Erica van der Westhuizen, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X04, Onderstepoort, 0110, South Africa; phone, 27-012-5298007; erica.vanderwesthuizen@up.ac.za.

Medical Books for China International accepts veterinary and other medical textbooks and journals, as well as audiotapes, videotapes, and CD-ROMs, but they must have been published or produced between 1995 to the present. Working through the Chinese Ministry of Health, the organization serves over a thousand libraries in China. Contact Mary Zoe Phillips, 13021 E. Florence Ave., Santa Fe Springs, CA 90670-4505; phone, (562) 946-8774; fax, (562) 946-8778; jmpmbci@yahoo.com.

Bridge to Asia collects large animal textbooks, sets of journals that span at least 10 consecutive years (ending no earlier than 2004), monographs, and conference proceedings for veterinary students, veterinarians, and faculty and students at agricultural schools in China. Visit www.bridge.org for details. Contact Bridge to Asia at (415) 678-2990; asianet@bridge.org.

Dr. Darr Wilson, Webster, Texas, takes a cargo container of donated items when he and other veterinarians travel to Honduras to vaccinate and deworm in a remote area. Rabies control is the primary thrust. A local church group back home supports their work. They would welcome Spanish textbooks, Spanish public health information, and old horse halters and rope for leads to make halters, since the horsehair leads are abrasive. Contact Dr. Wilson at (281) 332-3418; darrwilson@prodigy.net.

Dr. Srinivasan Ramanathan and other Indian veterinarians practicing in America have established a veterinary college at Jaipur, in northern India near New Delhi, and travel there to help. They welcome donations of items they can bring for the students to study large and small animal medicine, including text-books (but not journals), clinical data, proceedings, husbandry materials, and data stored on computer disks. Contact Dr. Ramanathan before sending anything, at (425) 246-2444, or animaldr@hotmail.com. His address is 31014 124th Ave. S.E., Auburn, WA 98092.

Dr. Kenneth Haas coordinates donations of textbooks, journals, and surgical instruments for International Veterinary Educational Assistance, for Latvia. Contact him at 2722 Carlyle Drive, Kalamazoo, MI 49008; phone,(269) 344-3249.

To donate textbooks for distribution to veterinary students in Lithuania, Estonia, and Latvia, another contact is Dr. Donald K. Allen, 4501 Market St., Youngstown, OH 44512; donkenall@peoplepc.com. He sends the books through the countries' embassies. Especially needed are basic medical, surgical, and dermatology texts, and anything illustrative, such as ophthalmology texts and color atlases to supplement limited training in canine and feline medicine. Textbooks less than 10 years old would be of most use.

The Education and Research Committee of Usmanu Danfodiyo University's Faculty of Veterinary Medicine in Nigeria requests donations and subscriptions of books, journals, publications, illustration posters and models, CD-ROMs, and other interactive learning materials. They would also welcome computers and laboratory/diagnostic materials. Items should be sent to the committee's secretary, Dr. Aminu Shittu, c/o Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, P.M.B 2254, Sokoto-Nigeria; phone, (234) 803-6857-519; ameen_vet@yahoo.com.

Dr. I.H. Kathio accepts donations of textbooks and journals as well as items such as surgical instruments and suture materials to take to Pakistan. He has also traveled to other countries, including Mexico and Israel, at their request to do volunteer work. Contact Dr. Kathio at Pittston Animal Hospital, 4 O'Connell St., Pittston, PA 18640; phone, (570) 655-2412; www.kathio.com.

Christian Veterinary Mission contributes volumes to developing countries

Over the past two decades, Christian Veterinary Mission has shipped books and other educational material to more than 50 countries.

“When Christian Veterinary Mission began working with poor farmers in developing countries in 1980, it quickly became apparent that there was a great need for appropriate educational material that dealt with animal health and public health issues,” said Dr. Leroy Dorminy, CVM director emeritus and coordinator of educational materials.

“The material needed to be accurate, current, in simple language, and well-illustrated. It really needed to target small farmers in the developing world.”

In 1984, CVM published its first book that met those criteria—“Raising Healthy Swine,” by Dr. Earl Goodman, a Clemson University extension veterinarian. An impetus to publish this book was to aid in Haiti's swine repopulation program after the African swine fever episode. According to Dr. Dorminy, this book is an excellent primer on basic pig farming and the challenges of small farm pig production. The two main themes of malnutrition and parasite control are dealt with in depth, using practical ideas and methods. The book also suggests many practical rations from available foodstuffs.

Since that time, CVM has published similar volumes on rabbits, fish, poultry, goats, sheep, horses, and honeybees. Other subjects include drugs and their usage, zoonoses, slaughter and meat preservation, and the most encompassing of all, “Where There Is No Animal Doctor.” This 410-page manual covers all aspects of the functions of the major domestic animal species.

Christian Veterinary Mission has a policy of providing these books free or at cost to qualifying organizations within developing countries. They have been used in Africa, Asia, and South America for teaching courses. In the developed world, they can be purchased at reasonable prices.

In addition, CVM publishes the International Animal Health Newsletter quarterly, which goes to subscribers in more than 50 countries and is made available to libraries of agricultural schools and to rural development agencies.

“We have had many heartwarming testimonies through the years about how these books have played a role in improving the quality of life for people in the developing world,” Dr. Dorminy said.

“CVM is dedicated to continuing this ministry and its expansion by translation of the books into other languages, which at present include some in Spanish, French, Russian, Mandarin, Nepali, Khmer, Amharic, and other tribal languages.”

Horse doctor: Veterinarian runs a carriage company on an automobile-free island

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Dr. William K. Chambers (left), general manager of Mackinac Island Carriage Tours in Michigan, talks with Dr. Henry E. Childers, AVMA president, and other AVMA leaders during a veterinary conference. Dr. Chambers tends to the company's horses and occasionally lends a hand with general practice on the island.

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 228, 1; 10.2460/javma.228.1.9

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Mackinac Island Carriage Tours in Michigan keeps about 400 horses on the island during the summer. During the winter, most of the horses move to pasture and feedlots on the Upper Peninsula.

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 228, 1; 10.2460/javma.228.1.9

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(Left) Dr. Chambers shows off some tools of the trade at the Surrey Hills Carriage Museum. Clockwise, from bottom left, are Dr. Childers, AVMA president; Dr. Childers' wife, Pat; Dr. James Cook, vice chair of the AVMA Executive Board; Dr. Roger Mahr, AVMA president-elect; and Dr. René A. Carlson, AVMA vice president.

(Right) An employee of Mackinac Island Carriage Tours in Michigan works on a horse's hoof with help from Dr. Chambers. Dr. Chambers designed special polyurethane horseshoes to cushion the horses and to protect the pavement on the island, which banned automobiles more than a century ago.

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 228, 1; 10.2460/javma.228.1.9

Winter on Mackinac Island, Mich., is a quiet time for the residents—the humans, the horses, and the veterinarian.

Come summer, though, Dr. William K. Chambers will be busy again as general manager of Mackinac Island Carriage Tours. The island banned automobiles in favor of horses more than a century ago, and the old-time Mackinac lifestyle has long attracted tourists to this northerly spot where Lake Huron meets Lake Michigan.

“It seems to draw people who just sort of need to get away from it all,” said Karlene Belyea, executive director of the Michigan VMA. “The environment on Mackinac Island is a slower-paced environment, with the horse-drawn carriages. You go back to a time when you weren't rushing through life at the speed of light.”

The Michigan VMA holds a summer conference annually on the island. In 2005, the Michigan VMA also hosted the Nine States Veterinary Conference on Mackinac.

Several AVMA leaders attending the meetings also visited with Dr. Chambers, who charmed them with his stories.

Life of a veterinarian

“He's quite the good egg,” agreed Pete LaPin, who helps manage the horses and refers to Dr. Chambers as simply “The Doctor.”

LaPin moved to Mackinac from the mainland just 22 years ago, but Dr. Chambers is a fifth-generation islander. Dr. Chambers, his brother Jim, two of their sons, LaPin, and other employees operate the largest livery service in town. The company keeps 400 horses and 100 carriages for tours, taxis, and freight drays.

“Being born about 50 feet or so away from my dad's stable, I was associated with the horses as long as I can remember,” Dr. Chambers said. “That was our way of life; everything was associated with horses. You're drawn into that when you're born into it.”

As he was growing up, a variety of veterinarians came to the island for the summer season. He helped handle the horses during medical treatment, which was how he met Dr. John Hutton of Michigan State University—who inspired him to attend the College of Veterinary Medicine.

After graduation, he practiced in southern Michigan, partly with horses but primarily with dairy cows.

“The horse population in 1957 was probably at the lowest ebb that it had been in many, many years,” Dr. Chambers said. “It was hard to do strictly equine practice and make a living.”

He served in the Army Veterinary Corps during the Korean War before settling in a suburb of Minneapolis, where his practice focused on companion animals. When his father died in 1972, though, Dr. Chambers returned to Mackinac Island to stay.

“I always felt like I was a displaced person,” he said.

Back home, Dr. Chambers sometimes helped with general practice on the island. But he devoted himself to horses, which he loves for their mannerisms and personalities.

Dr. Chambers designed polyurethane horseshoes with steel inserts to cushion the horses and to protect the pavement. He created high-fiber feed to reduce the amount of hay that the company transports to the island during the summer.

He also created a high-energy feed to help the horses thrive through the winter, when most of them move to mainland pastures and feedlots.

Life on Mackinac Island

During the winter, LaPin and Jim Chambers stay with the horses on Michigan's Upper Peninsula. Dr. Chambers visits them even after ice stops the ferries for the season, leaving airplanes and snow-mobiles as the only modes of transportation.

“He comes across and visits his brother and looks in on the horses,” LaPin said.

Dr. Chambers said Mackinac Island is a small community in the winter—with a couple of restaurants, a couple of bed-and-breakfasts, a grocery store, and a post office. Some horses remain to provide taxis, mail delivery, and other services.

The Mackinac Island State Park maintenance crew does have “horseless” plows, particularly for plowing the airport, but Carriage Tours also sometimes hitches horses to sleighs to traverse the snow.

In every season, the sound of horses is part of the rhythm of life on the island.

“I can tell when a certain team comes down the road,” Dr. Chambers said.

He's so attuned to the lifestyle that once, when visiting Toronto, he picked up a piece of paper blowing across the street for fear that it would spook a horse. Back on Mackinac, he feels good when he's doing his job and the horses are doing their jobs in harmony.

“I don't have any plans to retire,” Dr. Chambers said. “I'm searching for the right person now to come here in the summer.”

Even as he searches for another veterinarian to help with the horses, he has hopes that his son and his brother's son will take up the reins in preserving the Mackinac Island way of life.

“So now it's up to them,” Dr. Chambers said. “They've made a commitment to make this thing go. The next generation's already got it.”

—KATIE BURNS

Vesicular stomatitis affects multiple states in 2005

The Department of Agriculture's Centers for Epidemiology and Animal Health reported Nov. 20 that 583 equids and 194 cattle tested positive for vesicular stomatitis since the first case in 2005 was identified April 27. The first cases came when horses in New Mexico and Arizona were found to have the New Jersey strain (see JAVMA, June 15, 2005, page 1961).

The USDA reported that during the seven-month outbreak, 440 premises were placed under quarantine in Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, Texas, Utah, and Wyoming. Of those 440 premises, 405 were released from quarantine.

During August and September, vesicular stomatitis cases were confirmed in Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming for the first time in over a year. In September, the National Veterinary Services Laboratories in Ames, Iowa, confirmed the finding of vesicular stomatitis New Jersey virus in horses on a premise in Bear Lake County, Idaho. In August, the Foreign Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory on Plum Island, N.Y., confirmed the first case of VS-NJ in cattle in Sublette County, Wyoming. Also in August, the NVSL confirmed VS-NJ in horses on a premise in Yellowstone County, Montana.

The USDA recommends veterinarians and livestock owners who suspect an animal may have vesicular stomatitis or any other vesicular disease should immediately contact state or federal animal health authorities. Clinical signs mimic those of foot-and-mouth disease, which hasn't been identified in the United States since 1929.

For more vesicular stomatitis updates, log on to the Center for Epidemiology and Animal Health Web site at www.aphis.usda.gov/vs/ceah, click on “National Center for Animal Health Surveillance,” then “U.S. Animal Health Surveillance Information,” and then “Vesicular Stomatitis.”

Morris pledges $4 million for animal health studies in '06

In November, Morris Animal Foundation announced it was committing $4 million to animal health research in 2006.

Health studies for dogs will receive 38 percent of the funding, followed by wildlife and the Mountain Gorilla Veterinary Project (37 percent), horses (14 percent), cats (10 percent), and llamas/alpacas (two percent).

Cancer is the number one natural cause of death in dogs, and, according to a Morris Animal Foundation market research study, the leading health concern among pet owners. Developing new diagnostic techniques and better treatments for cancer is one of the foundation's top priorities.

The Englewood, Colo.-based non-profit continues its commitment to feline health and will support cat studies in the areas of cancer, heart disease, diabetes, infectious disease, urinary disease, and gastrointestinal problems.

Morris will support 12 new and continuing veterinary studies for horses. Foundation-funded scientists at universities throughout the United States will explore critical equine health issues including foal pneumonia, colic, endotoxemia, genetics, neurologic disorders, and pain management.

Two genetics studies to benefit llamas/alpacas are also being funded. One study will investigate wild camelid populations in South America that are often inbred. The other study will seek to improve the accuracy of the alpaca genome map and develop an identity/parentage test for camelids.

Morris is committing nearly $1.5 million to wildlife health studies in 2006. A little more than $400,000 will go toward the Mountain Gorilla Veterinary Project in east central Africa, which provides critical veterinary care to the endangered mountain gorillas.

In addition, funding will go toward 40 new and continuing wildlife studies focused on wild cats, wolves, giraffes, elephants, pandas, birds, marine mammals, marsupials, reptiles, fish, hoofstock, primates, and rhinoceros. Studies address such issues as population management, infectious diseases, disease transmission between species, and reproductive problems.

Detailed information on studies funded by the Foundation can be found at www.MorrisAnimalFoundation.org.

news update: Coalition helps establish six pathology residencies

A coalition of pathologists has secured funding to establish six new residencies in veterinary anatomic pathology.

“This new funding will enhance candidates' training and provide excellent opportunities to experience additional career opportunities in veterinary pathology, and will help resolve the deficit of veterinary pathologists to fill critical positions in academia, the private sector, and government,” stated Dr. Nancy Everds, president of the Society for Toxicologic Pathology, and Dr. Keith Harris, president of the American College of Veterinary Pathologists.

The pathology groups recently formed the ACVP/STP Coalition for Veterinary Pathology Fellows to provide a unified mechanism to solicit and allocate funds for additional positions to train veterinary anatomic and clinical pathologists (see JAVMA, June 15, 2005, page 1964).

The initiative resulted in residency funding from GlaxoSmithKline, Pfizer, and sanofiaventis along with additional unrestricted grant support from Bristol-Myers Squibb and Experimental Pathology Laboratories.

“Industry's early response to this important educational initiative has been outstanding,” said Dr. Gary Cockerell, director of the ACVP/STP coalition.

Veterinary pathology training institutions in North America received applications to compete for the residencies. Following a review of 17 applications, the positions went to Colorado State University, North Carolina State University, The Ohio State University, Purdue University, University of California-Davis, and University of Illinois.

“The generous support from industry will allow each of the funded programs to accept an additional highly qualified applicant who could not otherwise be supported,” said Dr. Rose Raskin, professor of veterinary clinical pathology at Purdue University and chair of ACVP Training Coordinators.

The ACVP/STP coalition will continue to solicit support for additional positions, including residencies in veterinary clinical pathology, and for dissertation research by trainees who have already completed pathology residencies.

college news: University of Missouri opens research center

University of Missouri-Columbia College of Veterinary Medicine, in partnership with the university's Sinclair School of Nursing, has opened the Research Center for Human-Animal Interaction.

“This new center will study the benefits to both animals and humans when they interact,” said Rebecca Johnson, associate professor of nursing and director of the center.

“We are one of 12 centers in the United States dedicated to human-animal issues. However, our center has a different mission. While the other 11 centers are focusing on teaching, animal welfare, and animal advocacy, ReCHAI is focused on research that will investigate the entire package of the human-animal interaction.”

One of the first studies will examine how pets respond when their owners visit them at a veterinary hospital. Johnson said researchers will gather data about the patients, such as recovery time, and about the owners, such as the health of the owner when the pet is away from home.

One of Johnson's current studies is determining the effectiveness of pets visiting nursing homes. Other researchers have documented the benefits of pets in general to the residents of nursing homes, but Johnson is studying how pets ease the transition for new residents of nursing homes during the first six weeks after admission.

The College of Veterinary Medicine will house the Research Center for Human-Animal Interaction, which will receive funding through the veterinary college and the nursing school.

new diplomates: American College of Veterinary Behaviorists

Two veterinarians passed the board certification examination of the American College of Veterinary Behaviorists. Drs. Margaret Duxbury, St. Paul, Minn., and Emily Levine, Lincoln, United Kingdom, have been accepted as new ACVB diplomates.

assemblies: American Association of Zoo Veterinarians

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Dr. Elizabeth S. Williams

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 228, 1; 10.2460/javma.228.1.9

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Dr. Edwin Thomas Thorne

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 228, 1; 10.2460/javma.228.1.9

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Oliver A. Ryder, PhD

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 228, 1; 10.2460/javma.228.1.9

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Dr. Michele Miller

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 228, 1; 10.2460/javma.228.1.9

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Dr. Edward Ramsay

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 228, 1; 10.2460/javma.228.1.9

Event: Annual conference, Oct. 16-21, Omaha, Neb., hosted by Omaha Henry Doorly Zoo

Program: The conference was held jointly with the American Association of Wildlife Veterinarians and the Nutrition Advisory Group. There were 535 registered participants, including 130 students, representing 30 countries.

Awards: Emil P. Dolensek Award: Awarded posthumously to Drs. Edwin Thomas Thorne and Elizabeth S. Williams (see obituaries, March 15, 2005 JAVMA, page 866), for exceptional contributions to the conservation, care, and understanding of zoo and free-ranging wildlife. Known for his expertise on brucellosis and chronic wasting disease and his work with the conservation of black-footed ferrets, Dr. Thorne was a wildlife disease consultant with the Wyoming Game and Fish Department. During his 36-year career with the department, he also served as veterinarian, chief of its services division, and acting director. Cofounder and past president of the AAWV, Dr. Thorne had also been branch chief of Wyoming's Wildlife Veterinary Research Services. Known for her expertise in CWD and brucellosis and her work on canine distemper and the conservation of the black-footed ferret and Wyoming toad, Dr. Williams was a professor in the Department of Veterinary Sciences at the University of Wyoming and editor of the Journal of Wildlife Diseases, also publishing there. A diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Pathologists, she also served as a pathologist at the Wyoming State Veterinary Laboratory. Dr. Williams was appointed to a United Nations advisory committee on bovine spongiform encephalopathy and served on committees for the National Academies of Sciences, National Research Council, National Institutes of Health, and Food and Drug Administration. Duane E. Ullrey Achievement Award: Oliver A. Ryder, PhD, San Diego, for exceptional achievements in the science of captive wild animal care in an allied field critical to the AAZV. The Kleberg Genetics Chair at the Center for Reproduction of Endangered Species, Zoological Society of San Diego, Dr. Ryder heads its genetics division. He is also an adjunct professor of biology at the University of California-San Diego. Dr. Ryder has helped develop and utilize a bank of living cells cryopreserved for present and future genetic analysis. Dubbed the “frozen zoo,” it is a collection of fibroblast cell cultures from more than 6,000 individuals, including rare and endangered species.

AAZV/Wildlife Pharmaceuticals Veterinary Student Manuscript Competition: Kayleen Gloor (VMR '06), for “Conservation science in a terrorist age: The impact of airport security screening on viability and DNA integrity of frozen felid spermatozoa;” AAZV/Morris Animal Foundation Graduate Student Manuscript Competition: First place—Dr. Kristine Smith (TUF '02), for “Immobilization of axis deer (Axis axis): Evaluation of thiafentanil, medetomidine, and ketamine vs. medetomidine and ketamine;” Second place—Dr. Christopher Hanley (TUF '00), for “Effects of anesthesia and elective ovariectomy on serial blood gases and lactates in yellow perch and walleye pike: Can lactate predict post-operative survival?” Safe-Capture International Inc. Poster Competition: Julio Mercado, Davis, Calif., for “Mucosal colonic biopsies for diagnosis of sub-clinical colitis in callitrichids kept in a zoo collection;” and Dr. Jennifer D'Agostino, Oklahoma City, for “Pharmacokinetics of single dose selamectin administered topically in American bullfrogs (Rana catesbiana).”

Officials: Drs. Michele Miller, Orlando, Fla., president; Edward Ramsay, Knoxville, Tenn., president-elect; Mary Denver, Baltimore, vice president; Thomas Meehan, Chicago, secretary; Douglas Armstrong, Omaha, Neb., treasurer; and Joe Flanagan, Houston, immediate past president

Washington State VMA

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Dr. Daniel Haskins

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 228, 1; 10.2460/javma.228.1.9

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Dr. Katrina Mealey

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 228, 1; 10.2460/javma.228.1.9

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Dr. Robert Gilpin

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 228, 1; 10.2460/javma.228.1.9

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Dr. Robert Privette

Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 228, 1; 10.2460/javma.228.1.9

Event: Annual meeting, Sept. 30-Oct. 2, 2005, Yakima

Awards: Veterinarian of the Year: Dr. Daniel Haskins, Stanwood. A 1978 graduate of Washington State University, Dr. Haskins practices at Northwest Veterinary Clinic of Stanwood. His work with embryo transfers helped develop a method of freezing embryos for international shipment. A member of the Christian Veterinary Mission, Dr. Haskins has traveled to Haiti to teach veterinary agents about basic nutrition, examination and minor surgical techniques, animal diseases, and medication dosage calculations. Faculty Member of the Year: Dr. Katrina Mealey, Pullman. A 1990 graduate of Colorado State University, Dr. Mealey is an associate professor of small animal medicine in the Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences at WSU. Her primary research interest is pharmacogenetics. A diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine and the American College of Veterinary Clinical Pharmacology, Dr. Mealey discovered the MDR1 gene for control of blood brain barrier kinetics. Distinguished Achievement Award: Susan Meinzinger, Port Angeles. Meinzinger is the founder of a nonprofit organization that provides assistance dogs to disabled people or institutions that can benefit from their use. Humane Animal Welfare Award: Karen Stone, Seattle. An instructor at Pima Medical Institute's Veterinary Assistants Program, Stone is a founding member of the Feral Cat Project and volunteers at spayneuter clinics. She has served as a resource for the Seattle Animal Control's foster kitten program. Distinguished Veterinary Staff Award: Nan Brasaemle, Kelso-Longview. Brasaemle works at Fidalgo Animal Medical Center in Anacortes and teaches obedience classes and show-manship for the breed show ring. She has worked with several organizations, including the Kelso-Longview Kennel Club, Cowlitz County Humane Society, and the Cowlitz County 4-H. Past President's Scholarship: Cassandra Mundy (WSU '08) won this scholarship, presented to a student on behalf of the past presidents of the association. Lifetime membership was awarded to Drs. Jerry Gemar, Edmonds; and Roger Harder, Spokane.

Officials: Dr. Robert Gilpin, Olympia, president; Dr. Robert Privette, Kennewick, president-elect; Dr. Robert Thompson, East Wenatchee, 1st vice president; Candace Joy, Bellevue, executive vice president; and Dr. Saundra E. Wright, Kent, immediate past president

Obituaries

Archibald F. Alexander

Dr. Alexander (MIN '51), 76, Fort Collins, Colo., died Sept. 16, 2005. A veterinary pathologist, he was past director of the College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratories at Colorado State University. Following graduation, Dr. Alexander did research and development work as a veterinarian at the Dugway Proving Grounds in Dugway, Utah. During two of those years, his work was conducted as a member of the Army Veterinary Corps.

In 1956, Dr. Alexander joined the faculty of CSU. During his tenure at the university, he served as a professor of pathology and microbiology and chaired the Department of Pathology from 1966–1980. Dr. Alexander's research interests focused on altitude-related bovine diseases. He also traveled to Scotland to study spontaneous cardiovascular diseases of cattle. In Mexico, Chile, Ethiopia, and Kenya, Dr. Alexander helped nascent veterinary programs and conducted research projects.

A diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Pathologists, he was a member of the International Academy of Pathology and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. In 1972, Dr. Alexander received a distinguished alumnus award from the University of Minnesota. His two sons and two daughters survive him. Memorials in Dr. Alexander's memory (toward a graduate student scholarship in pathobiology) may be made to the Colorado State University Foundation, Fort Collins, CO 80523; or Hospice of Larimer County, c/o Allnutt Funeral Service, 1530 Riverside Ave., Fort Collins, CO 80524.

Bernard Brachman

Dr. Brachman (UP '43), 86, Milwaukee, died May 10, 2005.

Joseph F. Brown

Dr. Brown (UP '43), 87, Cupertino, Calif., died July 22, 2005. From 1955 until retirement in 1994, he owned Cupertino Animal Hospital. Earlier in his career, Dr. Brown served on the United States Special Technical and Economic Mission to Thailand as a disease consultant. He was a diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Preventive Medicine and a member of the California and Santa Clara County VMAs.

An Army veteran of World War II, Dr. Brown attained the rank of colonel. He was a past president of the California Association of Sanitary Agencies, Eagle Scout Association, and Cupertino Rotary Club. In 1988, Dr. Brown was named Cupertino Chamber of Commerce Citizen of the Year. His two daughters survive him. Dr. Brown's son-in-law, Dr. Gary L. Ailes (COL '72), is a veterinarian in Carson City, Nev. Memorials may be made to Cupertino Rotary Club, P.O. Box 637, Cupertino, CA 95015; or Boy Scouts of America, 970 W. Julian St., San Jose, CA 95126.

Don W. Clarke

Dr. Clarke (WSU '41), 86, Palm Springs, Calif., died May 5, 2005. He was a small animal practitioner. Dr. Clarke served on the executive boards of the Washington State and Intermountain VMAs. He and his wife, Jinx, established the Washington State University Veterinary Medicine Excellence Endowment Fund in 1985. The Clarkes were named Benefactors of the University in 1986. Later, the university's Small Animal Intensive Care Unit was named for them.

Barbara J. Deeb

Dr. Deeb (ILL '63), 67, Seattle, died May 9, 2005. She owned Allpet Veterinary Clinic and co-owned Sound Diagnostics in Seattle, since 1996. Prior to that, Dr. Deeb practiced in Seattle and served on the faculty of the Department of Comparative Medicine at the University of Washington. Earlier in her career, Dr. Deeb practiced in Beirut, Lebanon, and taught at the American Community School, Beirut College for Women, and the American University of Beirut. She also conducted research on local pet diseases.

Dr. Deeb was a member of the Washington State and Seattle-King County VMAs. Her husband, Samir; a son; and a daughter survive her.

Paul A. Jackson

Dr. Jackson (COL '86), 50, Irvine, Calif., died May 9, 2005. A diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists, he owned Animal Eye Specialists Inc., in Newport Beach, Calif., from 2000–2004. Prior to that, Dr. Jackson practiced at Eye Clinic for Animals in Garden Grove, Calif. Early in his career, he served as an associate veterinarian at Desert Small Animal Hospital in Tucson, Ariz.

Dr. Jackson donated his time and services to several organizations, including the Orange County Bird of Prey Center, Wetlands Wildlife, Long Beach Aquarium, Mission Viejo Animal Shelter, Irvine Animal Shelter, and the Los Angeles Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. His wife, Jennifer; two sons; and a daughter survive him.

Edmund H. James Jr.

Dr. James (AUB '42), 89, Waverly, Ala., died Sept. 13, 2005. Prior to retirement, he practiced at Vinsons Animal Hospital in Baltimore for 23 years. During his career, Dr. James also worked with the Department of Agriculture in Alabama for six years. He was a member of the Maryland and Alabama VMAs. A World War II veteran, Dr. James served in the Army Veterinary Corps, attaining the rank of captain. His wife, Vionne; three sons; and a daughter survive him.

Robert A. Moore

Dr. Moore (ISU '50), 84, Mesa, Ariz., died Oct. 14, 2005. He founded the Twin Valley Veterinary Clinic in Dunlap, Iowa, practicing there until retirement in 1981. Dr. Moore's wife, Genevieve; two sons; a daughter; three stepsons; and a stepdaughter survive him.

Otto J. Moyer

Dr. Moyer (OSU '51), 81, DeLand, Fla., died Oct. 6, 2005. Prior to retirement in 1987, he practiced at Moyer Animal Hospital in DeLand. Following graduation, Dr. Moyer practiced in Daytona Beach, Fla., for four years. He also helped establish Volusia County Emergency Clinic in Daytona Beach and served as state veterinarian for the Daytona Dog Track. Dr. Moyer was an Army veteran of World War II and a member of the American Legion. His wife, Joy; three daughters; a son; and two stepsons survive him.

Lawrence V. Ruebel

Dr. Ruebel (COL '40), 87, Jerome, Idaho, died Oct. 26, 2005. He founded Jerome Veterinary Hospital in 1950, practicing there until retirement in the late 1980s. Early in his career, Dr. Ruebel practiced in Sandpoint, Idaho. He was a past president of the Idaho and Intermountain VMAs, and served on the Idaho Board of Veterinary Medicine.

Dr. Ruebel also served as trustee of the Jerome School District Board and the Southern Idaho Airport Authority. He was named Jerome Citizen of the Year and received the Jerome Chamber of Commerce Lifetime Achievement Award in 1983 and 1996, respectively. Dr. Ruebel's two sons survive him. Memorials may be made to the First Presbyterian Church, Jerome, ID 83338; or Jerome Public Library, Jerome, ID 83338.

Otto H. Suda

Dr. Suda (MSU '47), 82, Fresno, Calif., died May 13, 2005. A small animal practitioner, he owned Olive Veterinary Hospital in Fresno, before passing ownership to his son, Dr. Michael J. Suda (TUF '88) in 2000. Dr. Suda was a member of the California and Central California VMAs. His wife, Nancy; son; and three daughters survive him.

Ian W. Taylor

Dr. Taylor (ONT '43), 85, Wheeling, Ill., died Oct. 2, 2005. He opened the North Suburban Animal Hospital in Wheeling in 1957 and practiced there until retiring in 1990. Prior to that, Dr. Taylor worked at a practice in Evanston, Ill. In the 1940s, he conducted antihistamine research for Parke-Davis in Detroit, and served as clinic veterinarian at The Anti-Cruelty Society in Chicago. Years later, the society presented Dr. Taylor with a certificate of appreciation for his efforts in humane education.

In 1994, he received a certificate of appreciation for 50 years of work for the Lions International Stamp Club, which uses philately to promote global goodwill and humanitarian efforts. Dr. Taylor served as president of two Lions Club branches and attended meetings in 58 other countries. A scholarship for handicapped children was established in his honor, and he received the highest Lions Club recognition, the Melvin Jones Fellow Award. He also used canceled stamps to create mosaic-like pictures of animals. Dr. Taylor helped found the Wheeling Historical Society.

The Ontario Veterinary College at the University of Guelph honored Dr. Taylor as its Distinguished Alumnus in 1993.

Memorials may be made to the American Veterinary Medical Foundation, 1931 N. Meacham Road, Suite 100, Schaumburg, IL 60173-4360; (800) 248-2862, Ext. 6689; www.avmf.org.

Ralph F. Wester

Dr. Wester (COR '45), 82, Auburn, N.Y., died Oct. 21, 2005. From 1971–1985, he owned Camillus Animal Clinic in Camillus, N.Y. Prior to that, Dr. Wester practiced at Mattydale Animal Hospital in Mattydale, N.Y. Following graduation, he was associated with Auburn Small Animal Hospital in Auburn, N.Y.

Dr. Wester was a member of the New York State VMS and the Onondaga County VMS. He served as a captain in the Army during the Korean War. Dr. Wester is survived by a daughter.

John P. Woodbridge

Dr. Woodbridge (KSU '46), 85, Pierson, Iowa, died Oct. 31, 2005. Prior to retirement in 1985, he practiced in Pierson. Dr. Woodbridge also ran a cow-calf operation. A member of the Iowa VMA, he served on its board of directors. Dr. Woodbridge was also a member of the Northwest Iowa VMA, a member and past president of the Interstate VMA, a founding member of the North American Limousin Foundation, and a charter member of the Iowa Limousin Association.

He was active in the 4-H Club and Future Farmers of America. Dr. Woodbridge served on the Pierson Town Council and the Woodbury County Fair Board. His wife, Lorna; a son; and three daughters survive him. Dr. Woodbridge's son and daughter, Drs. Ricke J. Woodbridge (KSU '75) and Jonita W. Jacobsen (ISU '80), are veterinarians in Ardmore, Okla., and Sioux City, Iowa, respectively.

James A. Zimmerman

Dr. Zimmerman (WSU '44), 86, Salem, Ore., died May 8, 2005. Prior to retirement, he worked for the Department of Agriculture in Oregon, Washington, and Massachusetts.

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