Removal of a thymoma via median sternotomy in a rabbit with recurrent appendicular neurofibrosarcoma

Tracy L. Clippinger From the Departments of Small Animal Clinical Sciences (Clippinger, Bennett, Bellah) Physiological Sciences (Alleman), and Pathobiology (Ginn) College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 32610-0126.

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R. Avery Bennett From the Departments of Small Animal Clinical Sciences (Clippinger, Bennett, Bellah) Physiological Sciences (Alleman), and Pathobiology (Ginn) College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 32610-0126.

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A. Rick Alleman From the Departments of Small Animal Clinical Sciences (Clippinger, Bennett, Bellah) Physiological Sciences (Alleman), and Pathobiology (Ginn) College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 32610-0126.

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Pamela E. Ginn From the Departments of Small Animal Clinical Sciences (Clippinger, Bennett, Bellah) Physiological Sciences (Alleman), and Pathobiology (Ginn) College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 32610-0126.

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Jamie R. Bellah From the Departments of Small Animal Clinical Sciences (Clippinger, Bennett, Bellah) Physiological Sciences (Alleman), and Pathobiology (Ginn) College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 32610-0126.

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  • A thymoma may not be clinically evident unless it is large enough to cause abnormal respiratory tract signs or a paraneoplastic syndrome develops.

  • Ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration is a safe, minimally invasive method for diagnosis of masses in the cranial portion of the mediastinum. Needle or excisional biopsy may be required to definitively distinguish or confirm a diagnosis of thymoma or lymphoma.

  • A minimally invasive thymoma may be surgically excised via median sternotomy in rabbits.

  • Neurofibrosarcoma is a locally invasive tumor with a tendency to recur unless excision has been wide and complete, and adjunctive radiotherapy or chemotherapy is administered.

  • A thymoma may not be clinically evident unless it is large enough to cause abnormal respiratory tract signs or a paraneoplastic syndrome develops.

  • Ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration is a safe, minimally invasive method for diagnosis of masses in the cranial portion of the mediastinum. Needle or excisional biopsy may be required to definitively distinguish or confirm a diagnosis of thymoma or lymphoma.

  • A minimally invasive thymoma may be surgically excised via median sternotomy in rabbits.

  • Neurofibrosarcoma is a locally invasive tumor with a tendency to recur unless excision has been wide and complete, and adjunctive radiotherapy or chemotherapy is administered.

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