Use of partial prostatectomy for treatment of prostatic abscesses and cysts in dogs

Clarence A. Rawlings From the Departments of Small Animal Medicine (Rawlings, Barsanti, Quandt, Oliver, Downs, Stampley, Allen), Physiology and Pharmacology (Rawlings, Barsanti, Oliver), Anatomy and Radiology (Mahaffey), and Pathology (Crowell), College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602-7390.

Search for other papers by Clarence A. Rawlings in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 DVM, PhD
,
Mary B. Mahaffey From the Departments of Small Animal Medicine (Rawlings, Barsanti, Quandt, Oliver, Downs, Stampley, Allen), Physiology and Pharmacology (Rawlings, Barsanti, Oliver), Anatomy and Radiology (Mahaffey), and Pathology (Crowell), College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602-7390.

Search for other papers by Mary B. Mahaffey in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 DVM, MS
,
Jeanne A. Barsanti From the Departments of Small Animal Medicine (Rawlings, Barsanti, Quandt, Oliver, Downs, Stampley, Allen), Physiology and Pharmacology (Rawlings, Barsanti, Oliver), Anatomy and Radiology (Mahaffey), and Pathology (Crowell), College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602-7390.

Search for other papers by Jeanne A. Barsanti in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 DVM, MS
,
Jane E. Quandt From the Departments of Small Animal Medicine (Rawlings, Barsanti, Quandt, Oliver, Downs, Stampley, Allen), Physiology and Pharmacology (Rawlings, Barsanti, Oliver), Anatomy and Radiology (Mahaffey), and Pathology (Crowell), College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602-7390.

Search for other papers by Jane E. Quandt in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 DVM
,
John E. Oliver Jr. From the Departments of Small Animal Medicine (Rawlings, Barsanti, Quandt, Oliver, Downs, Stampley, Allen), Physiology and Pharmacology (Rawlings, Barsanti, Oliver), Anatomy and Radiology (Mahaffey), and Pathology (Crowell), College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602-7390.

Search for other papers by John E. Oliver Jr. in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 DVM, PhD
,
Wayne A. Crowell From the Departments of Small Animal Medicine (Rawlings, Barsanti, Quandt, Oliver, Downs, Stampley, Allen), Physiology and Pharmacology (Rawlings, Barsanti, Oliver), Anatomy and Radiology (Mahaffey), and Pathology (Crowell), College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602-7390.

Search for other papers by Wayne A. Crowell in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 DVM, PhD
,
Myron O. Downs From the Departments of Small Animal Medicine (Rawlings, Barsanti, Quandt, Oliver, Downs, Stampley, Allen), Physiology and Pharmacology (Rawlings, Barsanti, Oliver), Anatomy and Radiology (Mahaffey), and Pathology (Crowell), College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602-7390.

Search for other papers by Myron O. Downs in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 DVM, PhD
,
Anita R. Stampley From the Departments of Small Animal Medicine (Rawlings, Barsanti, Quandt, Oliver, Downs, Stampley, Allen), Physiology and Pharmacology (Rawlings, Barsanti, Oliver), Anatomy and Radiology (Mahaffey), and Pathology (Crowell), College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602-7390.

Search for other papers by Anita R. Stampley in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 DVM
, and
Sheila W. Allen From the Departments of Small Animal Medicine (Rawlings, Barsanti, Quandt, Oliver, Downs, Stampley, Allen), Physiology and Pharmacology (Rawlings, Barsanti, Oliver), Anatomy and Radiology (Mahaffey), and Pathology (Crowell), College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602-7390.

Search for other papers by Sheila W. Allen in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 DVM, MS

Click on author name to view affiliation information

Objective

To determine whether dogs had prostatic disease, urinary incontinence, or urinary tract infection 1 year after partial prostatectomy to treat prostatic abscesses and cysts.

Design

Prospective study.

Animals

20 male dogs with prostatic abscesses or cysts. Fifteen dogs had evidence of urinary tract infection. Only 8 dogs urinated normally; the remainder dribbled, had obstructions, or required medical treatment.

Procedure

Partial prostatectomy was performed on each dog. Sexually Intact dogs (n = 12) also were castrated.

Results

None of the dogs had return of prostatic cystic enlargement or clinical signs of prostatic disease during the first year after surgery. Two dogs were euthanatized within 1 year after surgery, with 1 dog having prostatic enlargement and adenocarcinoma and 1 dog having unrelated lymphosarcoma. Fifteen dogs were continent. The remaining 5 dogs urinated normally but had intermittent and minor incontinence. Eleven dogs had no signs of infection 1 year after surgery, 5 had pyuria or positive urine bacteriologic culture results, 2 did not have urinalysis performed, and 2 were euthanatized.

Clinical Implications

Dogs with severe prostatic abscesses or cysts and infections can be successfully treated by partial prostatectomy with an ultrasonic surgical aspirator and castration, resulting in long-term disease resolution. Although most dogs with severe prostatic disease do not urinate normally before surgery, nearly all dogs resume normal micturition after partial prostatectomy. Postoperative results of partial prostatectomy appear to be better than those of previous drainage techniques for treatment of prostatic cavitary disease. (J Am Vet Med Assoc 1997;211:868–871)

Objective

To determine whether dogs had prostatic disease, urinary incontinence, or urinary tract infection 1 year after partial prostatectomy to treat prostatic abscesses and cysts.

Design

Prospective study.

Animals

20 male dogs with prostatic abscesses or cysts. Fifteen dogs had evidence of urinary tract infection. Only 8 dogs urinated normally; the remainder dribbled, had obstructions, or required medical treatment.

Procedure

Partial prostatectomy was performed on each dog. Sexually Intact dogs (n = 12) also were castrated.

Results

None of the dogs had return of prostatic cystic enlargement or clinical signs of prostatic disease during the first year after surgery. Two dogs were euthanatized within 1 year after surgery, with 1 dog having prostatic enlargement and adenocarcinoma and 1 dog having unrelated lymphosarcoma. Fifteen dogs were continent. The remaining 5 dogs urinated normally but had intermittent and minor incontinence. Eleven dogs had no signs of infection 1 year after surgery, 5 had pyuria or positive urine bacteriologic culture results, 2 did not have urinalysis performed, and 2 were euthanatized.

Clinical Implications

Dogs with severe prostatic abscesses or cysts and infections can be successfully treated by partial prostatectomy with an ultrasonic surgical aspirator and castration, resulting in long-term disease resolution. Although most dogs with severe prostatic disease do not urinate normally before surgery, nearly all dogs resume normal micturition after partial prostatectomy. Postoperative results of partial prostatectomy appear to be better than those of previous drainage techniques for treatment of prostatic cavitary disease. (J Am Vet Med Assoc 1997;211:868–871)

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 252 252 133
PDF Downloads 39 39 3
Advertisement