Clinical management and outcome of cats with seizure disorders: 30 cases (1991-1993)

Andrée D. Quesnel From the Department of Clinical Studies, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada NIG 2W1.

Search for other papers by Andrée D. Quesnel in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 DVM, DVSc
,
Joane M. Parent From the Department of Clinical Studies, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada NIG 2W1.

Search for other papers by Joane M. Parent in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 DVM, MVSc
, and
Wayne McDonell From the Department of Clinical Studies, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada NIG 2W1.

Search for other papers by Wayne McDonell in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 DVM, PhD

Click on author name to view affiliation information

Objective

To determine outcome of clinical management of cats with seizure disorders.

Design

Case series.

Animals

30 cats referred to the Ontario Veterinary College for recurrent seizures.

Procedures

Treatment was dictated by the cat's seizure frequency and by the underlying cause. Cats that were having cluster seizures or status epilepticus at the time of admission were treated orally with phenobarbital and with constant IV administration of diazepam. The other cats were treated with long-term oral admihistration of phenobarbital if the frequency of their seizures justified it. Follow-up included evaluation of seizure frequency. serum antiepileptic drug concentrations, and hematologic and serum biochemical values. Outcome was documented on the basis of survival and seizure frequency at the end of the followup period, which ranged from 3 to 21 months.

Results

6 cats were euthanatized without any therapeutic attempts at the owners' request. Twenty of the remaining 24 cats were alive at the time of final follow-up. Seventeen had a good outcome; 11 were not having any more seizures and 6 were having a low frequency of seizures. For 3 other cats, seizures were not well controlled. Four cats had been euthanatized (2 because of intractable seizures, 1 because of postcraniotomy complications, and 1 because the owners did not want to pursue treatment).

Clinical Implications

Results suggest that severity of seizure disorder in cats is not a good predictor of outcome and that aggressive treatment is often rewarding, even in the most severe cases. (J Am Vet Med Assoc 1997;210:72–77)

Objective

To determine outcome of clinical management of cats with seizure disorders.

Design

Case series.

Animals

30 cats referred to the Ontario Veterinary College for recurrent seizures.

Procedures

Treatment was dictated by the cat's seizure frequency and by the underlying cause. Cats that were having cluster seizures or status epilepticus at the time of admission were treated orally with phenobarbital and with constant IV administration of diazepam. The other cats were treated with long-term oral admihistration of phenobarbital if the frequency of their seizures justified it. Follow-up included evaluation of seizure frequency. serum antiepileptic drug concentrations, and hematologic and serum biochemical values. Outcome was documented on the basis of survival and seizure frequency at the end of the followup period, which ranged from 3 to 21 months.

Results

6 cats were euthanatized without any therapeutic attempts at the owners' request. Twenty of the remaining 24 cats were alive at the time of final follow-up. Seventeen had a good outcome; 11 were not having any more seizures and 6 were having a low frequency of seizures. For 3 other cats, seizures were not well controlled. Four cats had been euthanatized (2 because of intractable seizures, 1 because of postcraniotomy complications, and 1 because the owners did not want to pursue treatment).

Clinical Implications

Results suggest that severity of seizure disorder in cats is not a good predictor of outcome and that aggressive treatment is often rewarding, even in the most severe cases. (J Am Vet Med Assoc 1997;210:72–77)

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 389 389 77
PDF Downloads 49 49 17
Advertisement