Plasma cell stomatitis-pharyngitis in cats 40 cases (1973-1991)

Stephen D. White From the Departments of Clinical Sciences (White, Rosychuk) and Pathology (Schultheiss), College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, Berwyn Veterinary Associates, Berwyn, IL 60402 (Janik), and Clinique veterinaire de La Seyne-sur-Mer, France (Denerolle).

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Rod A. W. Rosychuk From the Departments of Clinical Sciences (White, Rosychuk) and Pathology (Schultheiss), College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, Berwyn Veterinary Associates, Berwyn, IL 60402 (Janik), and Clinique veterinaire de La Seyne-sur-Mer, France (Denerolle).

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Thomas A. Janik From the Departments of Clinical Sciences (White, Rosychuk) and Pathology (Schultheiss), College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, Berwyn Veterinary Associates, Berwyn, IL 60402 (Janik), and Clinique veterinaire de La Seyne-sur-Mer, France (Denerolle).

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Phillipe Denerolle From the Departments of Clinical Sciences (White, Rosychuk) and Pathology (Schultheiss), College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, Berwyn Veterinary Associates, Berwyn, IL 60402 (Janik), and Clinique veterinaire de La Seyne-sur-Mer, France (Denerolle).

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Patricia Schultheiss From the Departments of Clinical Sciences (White, Rosychuk) and Pathology (Schultheiss), College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, Berwyn Veterinary Associates, Berwyn, IL 60402 (Janik), and Clinique veterinaire de La Seyne-sur-Mer, France (Denerolle).

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Summary

Clinical signs, laboratory findings, and treatment results of 40 cats with the histologic diagnosis of plasma cell stomatitis-pharyngitis are discussed. Median age was 7.1 years, with no discernable sex predilection. Anorexia and difficulty prehending food were the most common clinical signs. Hyperproteinemia with associated hyperglobulinemia was the most common laboratory finding. Of various treatments, administration of corticosteroids or injectable gold (aurothioglucose) proved most effective in controlling the clinical signs.

Summary

Clinical signs, laboratory findings, and treatment results of 40 cats with the histologic diagnosis of plasma cell stomatitis-pharyngitis are discussed. Median age was 7.1 years, with no discernable sex predilection. Anorexia and difficulty prehending food were the most common clinical signs. Hyperproteinemia with associated hyperglobulinemia was the most common laboratory finding. Of various treatments, administration of corticosteroids or injectable gold (aurothioglucose) proved most effective in controlling the clinical signs.

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