Types of colic and frequency of postcolic abortion in pregnant mares: 105 cases (1984 - 1988)

Elizabeth M. Santschi From Peterson & Smith Equine Hospital, 4747 SW 60th Ave, Ocala, FL 32674 (Santschi, Slone, Juzwiak, Moll) and the College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32610, (Gronwall).

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Donnie E. Slone From Peterson & Smith Equine Hospital, 4747 SW 60th Ave, Ocala, FL 32674 (Santschi, Slone, Juzwiak, Moll) and the College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32610, (Gronwall).

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R. Gronwall From Peterson & Smith Equine Hospital, 4747 SW 60th Ave, Ocala, FL 32674 (Santschi, Slone, Juzwiak, Moll) and the College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32610, (Gronwall).

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James S. Juzwiak From Peterson & Smith Equine Hospital, 4747 SW 60th Ave, Ocala, FL 32674 (Santschi, Slone, Juzwiak, Moll) and the College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32610, (Gronwall).

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H. David Moll From Peterson & Smith Equine Hospital, 4747 SW 60th Ave, Ocala, FL 32674 (Santschi, Slone, Juzwiak, Moll) and the College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32610, (Gronwall).

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Summary

The records of 105 pregnant mares and 105 nonpregnant horses with colic admitted to an equine hospital were reviewed. The 2 groups had similar types of colic and short-term survivability. Of the 105 pregnant mares, 31 were treated medically and 74 required surgical intervention. Thirty-three of the 105 mares died or were euthanatized. Thirteen (18%) of the 72 remaining mares aborted. Of 4 mares with severe medical cases, 2 died, 1 aborted, and 1 aborted and died. Of 27 horses with medical cases that required less intensive treatment, none died and 2 aborted. Of the 74 horses that required surgery, 45 survived to termination of pregnancy (foaling or abortion); 36 of these mares (80%) had a live foal. The type of surgical lesion had no effect on pregnancy outcome. Stage of gestation at initial examination, duration of anesthesia, or intraoperative hypoxia or hypotension had no effect on pregnancy outcome. However, when hypoxia occurred during colic surgery in the last 60 days of pregnancy, the mares either aborted or delivered severely compromised foals that did not survive.

Summary

The records of 105 pregnant mares and 105 nonpregnant horses with colic admitted to an equine hospital were reviewed. The 2 groups had similar types of colic and short-term survivability. Of the 105 pregnant mares, 31 were treated medically and 74 required surgical intervention. Thirty-three of the 105 mares died or were euthanatized. Thirteen (18%) of the 72 remaining mares aborted. Of 4 mares with severe medical cases, 2 died, 1 aborted, and 1 aborted and died. Of 27 horses with medical cases that required less intensive treatment, none died and 2 aborted. Of the 74 horses that required surgery, 45 survived to termination of pregnancy (foaling or abortion); 36 of these mares (80%) had a live foal. The type of surgical lesion had no effect on pregnancy outcome. Stage of gestation at initial examination, duration of anesthesia, or intraoperative hypoxia or hypotension had no effect on pregnancy outcome. However, when hypoxia occurred during colic surgery in the last 60 days of pregnancy, the mares either aborted or delivered severely compromised foals that did not survive.

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