Seroprevalence of antibodies against encephalomyocarditis virus in swine of Iowa

Jeff J. Zimmerman From the Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory (Zimmerman, Hill), Departments of Veterinary Clinical Sciences (Owen) and Microbiology, Immunology, and Preventive Medicine (Beran), College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011.

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William J. Owen From the Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory (Zimmerman, Hill), Departments of Veterinary Clinical Sciences (Owen) and Microbiology, Immunology, and Preventive Medicine (Beran), College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011.

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Howard T. Hill From the Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory (Zimmerman, Hill), Departments of Veterinary Clinical Sciences (Owen) and Microbiology, Immunology, and Preventive Medicine (Beran), College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011.

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George W. Beran From the Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory (Zimmerman, Hill), Departments of Veterinary Clinical Sciences (Owen) and Microbiology, Immunology, and Preventive Medicine (Beran), College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011.

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Summary

A total of 2,614 swine from 104 herds located throughout Iowa were tested for antibodies against encephalomyocarditis virus (emcv) by use of the microtitration serum neutralization test. The sample was composed of 587 sows and gilts and 2,027 finishing swine. A statistically significant (P < 0.002) difference was observed between prevalence in sows and gilts (17.2%) and that in finishing swine (12.2%). Breeding swine maintained in total confinement (20.5%) had significantly (P = 0.04) higher prevalence than did breeders maintained in other types of housing (12.1%), whereas prevalence in finishing swine raised in total confinement (6.4%) was significantly (P = 0.02) lower that in finishers not raised in total confinement (13.6%). Association was not detected between prevalence and herd size or between prevalence and season of the year. Adjusting for test specificity and sensitivity, the true prevalence of emcv infection in swine in Iowa was estimated to be 13.8% in breeding stock and 8.5% in finishing swine. On a herd basis, 89.4% (93/104) of the herds had one or more emcv-positive swine.

Summary

A total of 2,614 swine from 104 herds located throughout Iowa were tested for antibodies against encephalomyocarditis virus (emcv) by use of the microtitration serum neutralization test. The sample was composed of 587 sows and gilts and 2,027 finishing swine. A statistically significant (P < 0.002) difference was observed between prevalence in sows and gilts (17.2%) and that in finishing swine (12.2%). Breeding swine maintained in total confinement (20.5%) had significantly (P = 0.04) higher prevalence than did breeders maintained in other types of housing (12.1%), whereas prevalence in finishing swine raised in total confinement (6.4%) was significantly (P = 0.02) lower that in finishers not raised in total confinement (13.6%). Association was not detected between prevalence and herd size or between prevalence and season of the year. Adjusting for test specificity and sensitivity, the true prevalence of emcv infection in swine in Iowa was estimated to be 13.8% in breeding stock and 8.5% in finishing swine. On a herd basis, 89.4% (93/104) of the herds had one or more emcv-positive swine.

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