Expenditures for veterinary services and other costs of disease and disease prevention in 57 California beef herds in the National Animal Health Monitoring System (1988-1989)

David W. Hird From the Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616 (Hird, Weigler, Holmes, Sischo), the Department of Environmental Health, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523 (Salman), USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services, Sacramento, CA 95827 (Utterback, Danaye-Elmi), and the Animal Health Branch, California Department of Food and Agriculture, Sacramento, CA 95814 (Palmer). Dr. Sischo's present address is Department of Veterinary Preventive Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210.

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Benjamin J. Weigler From the Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616 (Hird, Weigler, Holmes, Sischo), the Department of Environmental Health, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523 (Salman), USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services, Sacramento, CA 95827 (Utterback, Danaye-Elmi), and the Animal Health Branch, California Department of Food and Agriculture, Sacramento, CA 95814 (Palmer). Dr. Sischo's present address is Department of Veterinary Preventive Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210.

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Mowafak D. Salman From the Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616 (Hird, Weigler, Holmes, Sischo), the Department of Environmental Health, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523 (Salman), USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services, Sacramento, CA 95827 (Utterback, Danaye-Elmi), and the Animal Health Branch, California Department of Food and Agriculture, Sacramento, CA 95814 (Palmer). Dr. Sischo's present address is Department of Veterinary Preventive Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210.

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Cyrus Danaye-Elmi From the Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616 (Hird, Weigler, Holmes, Sischo), the Department of Environmental Health, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523 (Salman), USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services, Sacramento, CA 95827 (Utterback, Danaye-Elmi), and the Animal Health Branch, California Department of Food and Agriculture, Sacramento, CA 95814 (Palmer). Dr. Sischo's present address is Department of Veterinary Preventive Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210.

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Charles W. Palmer From the Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616 (Hird, Weigler, Holmes, Sischo), the Department of Environmental Health, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523 (Salman), USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services, Sacramento, CA 95827 (Utterback, Danaye-Elmi), and the Animal Health Branch, California Department of Food and Agriculture, Sacramento, CA 95814 (Palmer). Dr. Sischo's present address is Department of Veterinary Preventive Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210.

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John C. Holmes From the Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616 (Hird, Weigler, Holmes, Sischo), the Department of Environmental Health, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523 (Salman), USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services, Sacramento, CA 95827 (Utterback, Danaye-Elmi), and the Animal Health Branch, California Department of Food and Agriculture, Sacramento, CA 95814 (Palmer). Dr. Sischo's present address is Department of Veterinary Preventive Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210.

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William W. Utterback From the Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616 (Hird, Weigler, Holmes, Sischo), the Department of Environmental Health, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523 (Salman), USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services, Sacramento, CA 95827 (Utterback, Danaye-Elmi), and the Animal Health Branch, California Department of Food and Agriculture, Sacramento, CA 95814 (Palmer). Dr. Sischo's present address is Department of Veterinary Preventive Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210.

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William M. Sischo From the Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616 (Hird, Weigler, Holmes, Sischo), the Department of Environmental Health, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523 (Salman), USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services, Sacramento, CA 95827 (Utterback, Danaye-Elmi), and the Animal Health Branch, California Department of Food and Agriculture, Sacramento, CA 95814 (Palmer). Dr. Sischo's present address is Department of Veterinary Preventive Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210.

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Summary

Data on costs associated with episodes of disease and disease prevention, including expenditures for veterinary services, were collected from 57 California beef cow-calf herds during 1988-1989 as part of the National Animal Health Monitoring System. Mean cost associated with episodes of disease was $33.90/cow-year, with $0.78 and $1.37/cow-year being spent for veterinary services and drugs, respectively. The highest costs for veterinary services related to episodes of disease were for dystocia, lameness, and ocular carcinoma. For disease prevention, mean expenditures for veterinary services were $1.67/cow-year, nearly all of which was spent on prevention of reproductive tract conditions. Preventive expenditures for veterinary services related to female infertility (pregnancy examination), vaccination against brucellosis and male infertility (breeding soundness examination) were $0.72, $0.39, and $0.22/cow-year, respectively. Many costs associated with episodes of disease and disease prevention were similar to those reported from Colorado National Animal Health Monitoring System beef herds.

Summary

Data on costs associated with episodes of disease and disease prevention, including expenditures for veterinary services, were collected from 57 California beef cow-calf herds during 1988-1989 as part of the National Animal Health Monitoring System. Mean cost associated with episodes of disease was $33.90/cow-year, with $0.78 and $1.37/cow-year being spent for veterinary services and drugs, respectively. The highest costs for veterinary services related to episodes of disease were for dystocia, lameness, and ocular carcinoma. For disease prevention, mean expenditures for veterinary services were $1.67/cow-year, nearly all of which was spent on prevention of reproductive tract conditions. Preventive expenditures for veterinary services related to female infertility (pregnancy examination), vaccination against brucellosis and male infertility (breeding soundness examination) were $0.72, $0.39, and $0.22/cow-year, respectively. Many costs associated with episodes of disease and disease prevention were similar to those reported from Colorado National Animal Health Monitoring System beef herds.

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