Ultrasonographic features of testicular neoplasia in dogs: 16 cases (1980-1988)

Gary R. Johnston From the Departments of Small Animal Clinical Sciences (Johnston, Feeney, Johnston) and Pathobiology (O'Brien), College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108.

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Daniel A. Feeney From the Departments of Small Animal Clinical Sciences (Johnston, Feeney, Johnston) and Pathobiology (O'Brien), College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108.

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Shirley D. Johnston From the Departments of Small Animal Clinical Sciences (Johnston, Feeney, Johnston) and Pathobiology (O'Brien), College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108.

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Timothy D. O'Brien From the Departments of Small Animal Clinical Sciences (Johnston, Feeney, Johnston) and Pathobiology (O'Brien), College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108.

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Summary

For 16 dogs with testicular neoplasia (n = 19 tumors), ultrasonography was performed to determine whether a correlation exists between ultrasonographic features of testicular tumors and cell type. The echogenicity of the tumors varied depending on the size of the tumor and whether the tumor had focal or diffuse distribution within the testis. The ultrasonographic characteristics of Sertoli cell tumors were variable, with no predominant pattern. This variation may be related to tumor size, because 6 of 7 Sertoli cell tumors were > 5 cm in diameter. Focal seminomas and interstitial cell tumors < 3 cm in diameter had hypoechoic texture. Focal seminomas and interstitial cell tumors > 3 cm in diameter had mixed echogenicity. Tumors of multiple cell types were > 5 cm in diameter and had mixed echogenicity. In valuable breeding dogs with a small (< 3 cm) focal intrascrotal lesion, testicular ultrasonography would be of benefit for localization of the mass to the testis or epididymis for subsequent biopsy. In dogs with intra-abdominal neoplastic testes, ultrasonography may be of benefit in determining intra-abdominal metastases and invasion of contiguous structures.

Summary

For 16 dogs with testicular neoplasia (n = 19 tumors), ultrasonography was performed to determine whether a correlation exists between ultrasonographic features of testicular tumors and cell type. The echogenicity of the tumors varied depending on the size of the tumor and whether the tumor had focal or diffuse distribution within the testis. The ultrasonographic characteristics of Sertoli cell tumors were variable, with no predominant pattern. This variation may be related to tumor size, because 6 of 7 Sertoli cell tumors were > 5 cm in diameter. Focal seminomas and interstitial cell tumors < 3 cm in diameter had hypoechoic texture. Focal seminomas and interstitial cell tumors > 3 cm in diameter had mixed echogenicity. Tumors of multiple cell types were > 5 cm in diameter and had mixed echogenicity. In valuable breeding dogs with a small (< 3 cm) focal intrascrotal lesion, testicular ultrasonography would be of benefit for localization of the mass to the testis or epididymis for subsequent biopsy. In dogs with intra-abdominal neoplastic testes, ultrasonography may be of benefit in determining intra-abdominal metastases and invasion of contiguous structures.

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