Factors associated with circulation of pseudorabies virus within swine herds

Paul L. Anderson From the Departments of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, 1988 Fitch Ave, St. Paul, MN 55108.

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 DVM, MS
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Robert B. Morrison From the Departments of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, 1988 Fitch Ave, St. Paul, MN 55108.

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Thomas W. Molitor From the Departments of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, 1988 Fitch Ave, St. Paul, MN 55108.

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David G. Thawley From the Departments of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, 1988 Fitch Ave, St. Paul, MN 55108.

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 BVSc, PhD

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Summary

Data were collected from 104 Minnesota swine farms quarantined for pseudorabies virus (prv) infection. Each herd was serologically evaluated for the presence of antibodies to prv in finishing pigs. Herd management practices, swine housing design, and disease profiles were described for each farm. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to determine which factors were associated with circulation of prv in the finishing pigs of farrow-to-finish farms. Sixty-seven (64%) of the herds had no serologic evidence of prv circulation in the finishing section, whereas 37 herds (36%) contained at least one prv seropositive finishing pig. The odds of a given finishing herd being seropositive for prv were 2.85 times higher if the finishing pigs were housed in confinement (P = 0.01), 2 times higher if Actinobacillus (Haemophilus) pleuropneumoniae was a clinical problem in the herd (P = 0.03), 1.36 times less for each year that passed since the herd quarantine was issued (P = 0.01), 1.74 times higher if clinical signs of prv were reported (P = 0.04), and 1.52 times higher if animal protein was included in at least one of the rations (P = 0.08).

Summary

Data were collected from 104 Minnesota swine farms quarantined for pseudorabies virus (prv) infection. Each herd was serologically evaluated for the presence of antibodies to prv in finishing pigs. Herd management practices, swine housing design, and disease profiles were described for each farm. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to determine which factors were associated with circulation of prv in the finishing pigs of farrow-to-finish farms. Sixty-seven (64%) of the herds had no serologic evidence of prv circulation in the finishing section, whereas 37 herds (36%) contained at least one prv seropositive finishing pig. The odds of a given finishing herd being seropositive for prv were 2.85 times higher if the finishing pigs were housed in confinement (P = 0.01), 2 times higher if Actinobacillus (Haemophilus) pleuropneumoniae was a clinical problem in the herd (P = 0.03), 1.36 times less for each year that passed since the herd quarantine was issued (P = 0.01), 1.74 times higher if clinical signs of prv were reported (P = 0.04), and 1.52 times higher if animal protein was included in at least one of the rations (P = 0.08).

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