Book Reviews

Common Clinical Presentations in Dogs and Cats

Ryane E. Englar, DVM, DABVP

1,019 pages. 2019. Wiley Blackwell. ISBN 978-1-119-41458-2. Price $174.99.

Common Clinical Presentations in Dogs and Cats is a guide to the diagnosis of disorders in canine and feline patients based on specific presenting complaints. It is intended to be a resource to help students and clinicians review causes of common clinical presentations seen in small animal practice.

The over 1,000-page book is comprised of 78 chapters grouped into 8 parts by body system. For example, Part Four: The Respiratory System includes chapters entitled Nasal Discharge, Stertor and Stridor, Sneezing and Coughing, Changes in Respiratory Rates and Patterns, and Abnormal Lung Sounds. Each chapter contains an introduction to the problem, followed by paragraphs that describe a number of potential differential diagnoses. Many chapters include concise and easy-to-follow flowcharts. Disease descriptions include large, vivid color photographs of patients with gross lesions and, when appropriate, related content such as photomicrographs of cytologic preparations and images obtained by various diagnostic imaging modalities. Chapters often conclude with brief descriptions of possible treatments. The book is heavily referenced with each chapter containing 50 to 100 references cited throughout the text.

The text is clear and well written. Some differential diagnoses are rare yet discussed in detail, which makes the text a bit cumbersome and lengthy in sections and causes the book to deviate from its advertised purpose of providing a quick reference for common clinical presentations. Nevertheless, the overarching premise of the book is to be a resource to help readers, especially veterinary students and early-career clinicians, develop a problem-oriented approach to diagnose disorders in dogs and cats. The author specifically acknowledges that the development of vital skills, such as pattern recognition and clinical reasoning, takes experience. The content of this book is organized on the basis of presenting complaints rather than by diseases, which students and novice clinicians may not yet recognize. Students who use this textbook should develop reasoning patterns that fit various clinical situations, thereby facilitating their future diagnostic skills. This book contains a massive amount of referenced content and useful images. It will be a valuable resource for veterinary students and provide a review of clinical presentations for novice as well as experienced clinicians.

Reviewed by Elizabeth Alvarez, DVM, DABVP

University of Wisconsin-Madison Madison, Wis

Small Animal Dental Equipment, Materials, and Techniques (2nd edition)

Jan Bellows, DVM

486 pages. 2019. Wiley Blackwell. ISBN 978-1-118-98661-5. Price $174.99.

The second edition of Small Animal Dental Equipment, Materials, and Techniques is a completely redesigned and updated comprehensive reference for the dental discipline in veterinary medicine. The book describes how to design and equip a dental operatory; schedule and manage comprehensive oral prevention, assessment, and treatment with documentation for individual patients; and diagnose and treat all things oral in dogs and cats. It contains detailed information regarding current imaging technology as well as routine anesthetic protocols and monitoring. Compared with the first edition, which was released in 2004, this edition has been reorganized and the flow of content is much more user-friendly and easy to follow. The text is complemented by updated and excellent-quality color images that enhance the visual learning experience. Also new to this edition is an extensive glossary with definitions for many terms approved by the American Veterinary Dental College.

This book provides valuable insight on how to choose dental equipment and materials as well as how to perform fundamental and intermediate-level procedures in all dental disciplines. Some advanced procedures are introduced briefly but are clearly identified as such.

Overall, this book will be a valuable resource for any general veterinary practice regardless of the extent of dental work performed. It provides readers with a large volume of information and multiple references should they desire more extensive details.

Reviewed by Molly Angel, DVM, DAVDC

Goodison Veterinary Center PC Rochester, Mich

Fracture Management for the Small Animal Practitioner

Anne M. Sylvestre, DVM, DVSc, DACVS

282 pages. 2019. Wiley Blackwell. ISBN 978-1-119-21581-3. Price $124.99.

Fracture Management for the Small Animal Practitioner provides a succinct and valuable resource for small animal general or emergency veterinarians. It contains detailed images and descriptive paragraphs, which are especially beneficial as references for orthopedic bandage placement. The book also contains many insightful suggestions, techniques, and other tidbits for improving the clinical outcome for small animal patients with fractures. Brief descriptions and explanations regarding the prognosis and clinical outcomes for patients with various types of fractures are also helpful, particularly in terms of facilitating discussions about treatment options with clients. This book also has thoughtful suggestions for managing orthopedic injuries with realistic expectations for outcomes when recommended care cannot be pursued.

The authors provide clear direction regarding which types of fractures should be managed by general practitioners and which should be referred to an orthopedic specialist. Although the book details some basic fundamentals regarding fracture management and fixation, I echo the sentiments provided by the authors that such information is not meant to replace advanced training but rather to serve as a review for those who have already completed advanced training.

I recommend this book as a simple and rapid reference for practitioners who desire guidance on stabilizing acute fractures, addressing owners' expectations, understanding when referral to an orthopedic specialist is and is not necessary, and assisting owners with providing follow-up care during recovery.

Reviewed by Heidi McDevitt, DVM, DACVS

MedVet Chicago Chicago, Ill

Withrow & MacEwen's Small Animal Clinical Oncology (6th edition)

David M. Vail, DVM, DACVIM; Douglas H. Thamm, VMD, DACVIM; & Julius M. Liptak, BVSc, MVetClinStud, DECVS, DACVS

842 pages. 2020. Saunders (an imprint of Elsevier). ISBN 978-0-323-59496-7. Price $145.00.

The sixth edition of Withrow & MacEwen's Small Animal Oncology has been updated since the release of the fifth edition 7 years ago. Content contributors represent experts in the field of small animal oncology. This book continues to provide readers with a comprehensive overview of the basic principles of oncology and thorough review of tumor types and general chemotherapy guidelines as well as succinct information regarding staging recommendations and prognostic information for various conditions and treatment modalities. It also covers a wide variety of ancillary topics that range from tumor biology to supportive care and feeding of cancer patients.

This book contains excellent diagrams, photographs, and charts that allow readers to easily access information. You will not find a textbook that has a more comprehensive review of the recent literature or up-to-date information regarding treatment modalities for small animal oncology patients. It is fairly priced, and I recommend this book as the go-to oncology reference for veterinary students and small animal veterinarians.

Reviewed by Shawna Greene, DVM, MS, DACVIM

Iowa Veterinary Specialties Des Moines, Iowa

Clinical Atlas of Canine and Feline Dermatology

Kimberly S. Coyner, DVM, DACVD

490 pages. 2019. Wiley Blackwell. ISBN 978-1-119-22630-7. Price $149.99.

By definition, an atlas provides a clear chart of direction, which is exactly what the Clinical Atlas of Canine and Feline Dermatology does. In my opinion, anyone who treats dogs and cats with dermatologic conditions should have this book in their reference library. This book contains numerous images, tables, and algorithms that guide readers through the process of diagnosing and resolving dermatologic diseases in dogs and cats. Contributors to the book include numerous practicing dermatology specialists, and their clinical experience is readily evident in the information presented.

The importance and roles of physical examination, lesion recognition, and basic diagnostic testing in simplifying the dermatologic workup are emphasized. A companion website provides videos with straightforward explanations for performing basic dermatologic diagnostic tests. For each disease discussed, there is a plethora of color photographs of gross lesions. In my opinion, these images represent the most diverse collection of clinical images for veterinary dermatologic diseases published to date.

The algorithms and tables provided in the book facilitate a straightforward and direct approach to evaluation and treatment of dogs and cats with dermatologic disorders. The information is presented in a concise easy-to-follow manner that enables busy practitioners to rapidly and easily access it. Reference algorithms are presented for common clinical signs such as pruritus and ear inflammation, which guide readers through essential steps for determining an appropriate diagnosis and developing a treatment plan.

In summary, I highly recommend this book for veterinary students, veterinary technicians, primary care veterinarians, and veterinary dermatologists who treat dogs and cats for dermatologic diseases.

Reviewed by Rose Miller, DVM, DACVD

Dermatology for Animals Coeur d'Alene, Idaho

Manual of Equine Dermatology

Rosanna Marsella, DVM, DACVD

135 pages. 2019. CABI. ISBN 978-1-78639-508-5. Price $89.10.

Manual of Equine Dermatology is an excellent and concise guide on how to approach a diagnostic workup for dermatologic diseases in horses. The book covers most common equine dermatologic conditions with an appropriate level of detail in a clear, easy-to-follow manner. A particular strength of this book is its organization, with each chapter focusing broadly on the clinical approach to topics such as crusting diseases or pruritus. Whereas other textbooks rely on readers to formulate differential diagnoses and explore them individually, this book uses the clinical signs of a patient as the starting point for diagnosis. It provides beautiful color photographs of gross lesions and photomicrographs and user-friendly diagnostic algorithms to help readers navigate and assimilate the information.

Another strength of this book is the focus on the importance of diagnostic testing. The second chapter provides a comprehensive discussion on the execution and interpretation of diagnostic tests for dermatologic conditions. Current treatments are also discussed, and the author heralds the usefulness of topical therapies and good antimicrobial stewardship. The diminutive size and reasonable price of the book make it perfect for use as a stall-side reference for ambulatory practitioners. The well-referenced chapters make this book an excellent introductory guide for interns and residents interested in equine dermatology. Overall, this book is a well-organized and highly relevant clinical guide to dermatologic diseases of horses. It will be an excellent addition to the reference library of any equine practitioner.

Reviewed by Julia Miller, DVM

Cornell University Ithaca, NY

Large Animal Internal Medicine (6th edition)

Bradford P. Smith, DVM, DACVIM; David C. Van Metre, DVM, DACVIM; & Nicola Pusterla, DVM, PhD, DACVIM, DAVDC

1,873 pages. 2020. Mosby (an imprint of Elsevier). ISBN 978-0-323-55445-9. Price $249.00.

The sixth edition of Large Animal Internal Medicine is an updated version of one of the main references for equine and ruminant practitioners. The book is a complete guide to the medical diagnosis and treatment of large animals, including a review of important aspects of history collection, complete physical examination, problem-based discussion, and in-depth information of diseases organized by organ system. One useful aspect of this book is the incorporation of boxes within the text that provide a fairly complete list of potential causes of common problems, which helps readers use a problem-oriented approach to create a list of differential diagnoses. This version has been updated with expanded information on animal welfare, neonatal encephalopathy in foals, calf diarrhea, ultrasonography, and more. New additions include discussion on the impact of the microbiome and information on genetic tests. Additional focus is placed on antimicrobial stewardship, especially within the ruminant sections. The most exciting update in this edition is access to the e-book version. Within the e-book, readers can easily search for content on the basis of key words, access videos that demonstrate techniques and ultrasonographic findings, and view higher quality versions of images included within the print version. One flaw of the book is the lack of consistency in section organization. Also, the book is expensive; however, its price is comparable to other reference textbooks. Overall, this book will continue to be a core reference for large animal veterinarians.

Reviewed by Pamela R. Adkins, DVM, PhD, DACVIM

University of Missouri Columbia, Mo

Zoo and Wild Mammal Formulary

Alicia Hahn, DVM, DACZM

424 pages. 2019. Wiley Blackwell. ISBN 978-1-119-51505-0. Price $149.99.

Zoo and Wild Mammal Formulary is a welcome addition for anyone engaged in the practice of zoological medicine. This book compiles valuable drug dosage and treatment information for a multitude of species into a single source. The book follows a format similar to James Carpenter's Exotic Animal Formulary, which should make this new resource feel like a familiar friend for anyone engaged in exotic animal medicine. Chapters are categorized taxonomically and include sections on antimicrobial, antifungal, analgesic, anesthetic, antiparasitic, and other agents.

The book presents information from peer-reviewed literature to the extent possible, but also includes valuable information from proceedings, abstracts, personal communications with leading experts, and other sources. For these less rigorously reviewed sources of information, the text includes information on sample sizes and the capacity in which the drugs were used. These details aid readers in reaching their own conclusions regarding drug safety and efficacy. Some sections contain many references with low sample sizes, even for familiar zoo species and common drugs, but this reflects the relative paucity of peer-reviewed pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic studies in nondomestic species. The inclusion of these data in an easy-to-access source still provides great value.

The chapters are extensively referenced, and a comprehensive panel of reviewers with diverse taxonomic expertise contributed to the book. The book is expensive, but the value of having so much information compiled into a single source makes it well worth the investment. This book will undoubtedly become a must-have for any clinical zoo or wildlife veterinarian.

Reviewed by Michael J. Adkesson, DVM, DACZM, DECZM

Chicago Zoological Society Brookfield, Ill

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