Book Reviews

Coping with Stress and Burnout as a Veterinarian: An Evidence-Based Solution to Increase Wellbeing

Nadine Hamilton, PhD

173 pages. 2019. Australian Academia Press. ISBN 978-1-925-64419-7. Price $20.23.

Coping with Stress and Burnout as a Veterinarian: An Evidence-Based Solution to Increase Wellbeing is an excellent introduction to a discussion of the mental health and wellbeing issues that have faced the veterinary profession worldwide for decades. The information is presented in an easy-to-understand manner for anyone interested in the health and wellbeing of veterinarians. I hope this book lands in the hands of many mental health workers worldwide. Although it discusses the dark side of veterinary medicine, it does not stop there and provides hope that the mental health landscape can improve. Through explanations of multiple psychological techniques and theories, it allows nonmental health professionals to understand how our thoughts impact our lives, as well as how we can reshape the way we process and react to our thoughts and experiences. The final section of the book gives clear action steps (in worksheet form) to help improve the general wellbeing of individuals. I highly encourage anyone who is struggling in the veterinary profession, or life in general, to take time to read this book and take a chance on yourself. You are worth it.

Reviewed by Melanie Goble, DVM, CCFP

Renewed Strength Veterinary Services Manitowoc, Wis and Not One More Vet Inc Granite Bay, Calif

Avian Virology: Current Research and Future Trends

Siba K. Samal, DVM, PhD, DACVM

411 pages. 2019. Caister Academic Press. ISBN 978-1-912530-10-6. Price $399.00.

Avian Virology: Current Research and Future Trends is the first textbook that provides a comprehensive and detailed account of major avian viruses that is both easy to understand and advanced enough for avian virologists. The book holds to its title and describes current research and future trends for about 13 major viral pathogens of global poultry health importance. Each chapter comprises a detailed account of 1 avian virus, including virus biology, pathogenesis and clinical disease, prevention, and control. The end of the book has a separate comprehensive chapter on the avian immune response to virus infection. The book compiles plenty of information about the latest advances in the field, including reverse genetics of avian viruses and the application of oncolytic avian viruses in improving human health. The reference list and citations included in each chapter are valuable sources of information on the contemporary research pursued in the field. Although this book is a suitable and highly useful resource for avian virology researchers, avian disease clinicians may not find it particularly helpful. If you are looking for pictures of gross and histopathologic lesions in poultry caused by avian viral diseases, you will be disappointed. Nonetheless, this book is a must-have for anyone whose daily activities require detailed knowledge of the biology, pathogenesis, immune response, prevention, and control of avian viruses. For avian virologists, this book is a ready reference for the latest information surrounding the major avian viruses and is well worth the investment.

Reviewed by Suresh V. Kuchipudi, BVSc, MVSc, PhD, DACVM

Penn State University University Park, Pa

Prions: Current Progress in Advanced Research (2nd edition)

Akikazu Sakudo, PhD, & Takashi Onodera, PhD, DVM

153 pages. 2019. Caister Academic Press. ISBN 978-1-910190-95-1. Price $319.00.

The second edition of Prions: Current Progress in Advanced Research is intended to provide readers with a concise update on research in the field of prion biology and disease, particularly over the last 6 years since the first edition of the book was published. The information provided in this book is comprehensive, accurate, and presented in an informative and logical manner. This book will be more valuable to research scientists than general veterinary practitioners because it goes into great detail about cellular mechanisms and current and past theories of prion biology.

This book is divided into 4 basic sections. The first section consists of 1 chapter that provides a brief introduction to prion diseases, including the species affected, risk of disease transmission by contaminated food sources or blood, related protein misfolding diseases, and how prions are normally cleared from the body. Although this chapter is a basic introduction, understanding the information requires some familiarity with prion biology.

The second section consists of 4 chapters that encompass molecular biology and function of the prion protein. The elusive physiologic role of the prion protein has been the focus of much research, and although much progress has been made and summarized in 1 chapter, no definitive function has been confirmed. The other chapters discuss neurotoxicity, the role of inflammation in prion disease, and the molecular dynamics in prion disease. This section is an outstanding overview for scientists involved in prion research, but it is unlikely to be useful or easily understood by veterinary practitioners.

The third section is comprised of 2 chapters. One chapter addresses human prion diseases (iatrogenic or acquired) that are sporadic and genetically induced by a mutation in the gene coding for the prion protein. The other chapter discusses inactivation of prion proteins. Both of these chapters are directed towards clinical practitioners. The chapter on human diseases is well organized, informative, and fascinating, and the chapter on inactivation is critical information for any practitioner–human or veterinary–who may work with infected tissues.

The last section is perhaps the most relevant to veterinary practitioners because it discusses the most common veterinary manifestations of prion diseases including scrapie, bovine spongiform encephalopathy, and chronic wasting disease. The chapters of this section are extremely informative with information about outbreaks, genotypes, and what is currently known about these diseases as well as the implications that the disease in the wild cervid population could have on domestic species. The last chapter addresses genotype influence on susceptibility to prion disease and the future potential for management of prion diseases through breeding programs.

In my opinion, this book is well written and comprehensive, and any research scientist who studies prion diseases should have this book in their reference library. Veterinary practitioners who work with species susceptible to prion diseases, particularly large cattle and sheep production facilities, should also consider purchasing this book. It contains valuable information on the pathogenesis and spread of prion diseases in affected species as well as effective decontamination procedures because inactivation of prions is quite different from that for conventional infectious disease agents.

Reviewed by Valerie Johnson, DVM, DACVECC, MS

Colorado State University Fort Collins, Colo

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