Book Reviews

Animal Welfare at Slaughter (Animal Welfare in Practice Series)

Antonio Velarde, PhD, MSc & Mohan Raj, PhD

276 pages. 2016. 5M Publishing. ISBN 978-1-910455-69-2. Price $80.00.

The stated objective of Animal Welfare at Slaughter is to provide guidance on animal welfare for those involved in the practice of animal slaughter, including animal welfare officials, slaughterhouse managers, veterinarians, and meat inspectors. The book accomplishes this goal with its detailed analysis of the various situations that animals encounter on arrival at a slaughterhouse and throughout the slaughter process.

This well-referenced book is divided into 14 chapters written by 21 contributors. Black and white photographs and illustrations are used to highlight key points, and many chapters contain “toolboxes” for the evaluation and improvement of animal welfare. Opening chapters provide information on animal physiology and behavior and concepts of animal welfare applicable to animal slaughter. Animal handling and husbandry during unloading and lairage are discussed, with descriptions of practical species-specific handling methods that can minimize animal distress. Separate chapters are dedicated to gas stunning–killing, mechanical, and electrical slaughter methods; fish harvesting; and slaughter without stunning. An important chapter on the effect of preslaughter animal handling on meat quality is almost hidden at the end of the book. Many of the welfare concepts discussed in the 2 chapters that focus on current and future trends of European slaughter regulations will be of interest to stakeholders in any part of the world. The brief chapter on depopulation strategies seems somewhat out of place because it deals with issues on the farm rather than at the slaughterhouse.

Overall, this book provides excellent information and guidance. It will be a useful reference for anyone interested in welfare issues associated with animal slaughter.

Reviewed by Sharon Gwaltney-Brant, DVM, PhD, DABVT, DABT

Veterinary Information Network Davis, Calif

Managing Breeds for a Secure Future (2nd edition)

D. Phillip Sponenberg, DVM, PhD; Alison Martin, PhD; & Jeannette Beranger

288 pages. 2017. 5M Publishing. ISBN 978-1-910455-76-0. Price $39.95.

The second edition of Managing Breeds for a Secure Future is an excellent resource for breed conservation and management. It covers basic population genetic principles, breeding strategies, and practical management recommendations with many examples from both rare and populous breeds. The authors, who have extensive experience working with breeders and breed organizations, provide practical recommendations that cover theoretical, political, and organizational aspects of breed preservation.

The second edition adds discussions of dog and horse breeds to the other livestock species covered in the first edition. That information is a welcome addition because there is great confusion in the field as to how to manage breeds with perceived limited genetic diversity or small populations. The book clearly explains why domestic breed conservation is completely different from species survival plans developed for endangered natural species. It details how concentrating solely on outbreeding programs actually destroys unique bloodlines, within-breed genetic diversity, and breed population structures that are necessary for long-term breed maintenance.

This book is important reading for any veterinarian, breeder, or owner interested in the hands-on management of breeding and breed conservation. The text is easily understandable and is accompanied by many photographs, figures, tables, and diagrams of breeds and breeding schemes. It allows readers to understand the different goals and emphases of various domestic animal species, as well as the market forces that affect breed management. This book is economically priced and hardbound to stand up to vigorous use as a reference source.

Reviewed by Jerold S. Bell, DVM

Tufts University North Grafton, Mass

Veterinary Medical Education: A Practical Guide

Jennifer L. Hodgson, BVSc, PhD, DACVM &Jacquelyn M. Pelzer, DVM

626 pages. 2017. Wiley Blackwell. ISBN 978-1-119-12500-6. Price $99.99.

Veterinary Medical Education: A Practical Guide is an in-depth and comprehensive, yet practical, guide for individuals interested in optimizing the way that veterinary students are trained and equipped. This book is a tremendous resource for those trained in education who seek insight into the nuances of veterinary medicine, as well as veterinarians who aim to increase their knowledge regarding the science of teaching and learning. Contributors from around the globe have developed a comprehensive resource that includes content on curriculum, innovative approaches to teaching and learning, instructional venues outside of the classroom, student and program assessment, promotion of professional competency, the student experience, faculty development, and educational scholarship. Each section offers information on an array of topics that are highly relevant to current and future veterinary medical education. Each topic is accompanied by numerous classic and contemporary references from veterinary and allied health fields for readers who wish for more in-depth understanding. Importantly, despite coverage of complex and sometimes abstract subjects, the book is remarkably straightforward and enjoyable to read. The authors describe real-life cases and provide useful examples to optimally convey ideas. This approach has the added benefit of inspiring readers; feasible methods are detailed, which enables readers to apply the information in their own unique learning environments. This innovative, comprehensive resource will undoubtedly be viewed as an indispensable textbook for all who seek to improve their own educational practice, optimize the learning environment, and progress veterinary medical education into a relevant and impactful future.

Reviewed by Melinda Frye, DVM, PhD, DACVIM

Colorado State University Fort Collins, Colo

Handbook of Primate Behavioral Management

Steven J. Schapiro, PhD

529 pages. 2017. CRC Press (an imprint of Taylor & Francis Group). ISBN 978-1-4987-3195-9. Price $119.95.

The Handbook of Primate Behavioral Management was created by Steven Shapiro, a renowned primate behaviorist, in tandem with the Primate Behavioral Management Conference. The book provides broad and comprehensive information to guide readers in both development and support of programs that maximize the behavioral health of captive nonhuman primates ranging from prosimians to great apes.

The book is organized into 6 sections and 29 chapters, each of which was written by subject-matter experts. The 6 sections include “The Basics,” which covers regulations and fundamentals of behavioral management; “Content Areas with Behavioral Management Implications,” which includes summaries of scientific interpretations of behavior in nonhuman primates; “Application and Implementation in Behavioral Management,” which covers specifics of pairing, positive reinforcement training, and other techniques used in behavioral management programs; “Genera-specific Behavioral Management,” which outlines components of behavioral management programs for each genus; “Products, Equipment, Techniques, and Services,” which includes guidelines for food and foraging enrichment; and, lastly, a “Conclusion,” which summarizes and highlights the critical nature of behavioral management programs.

This book is an excellent, well-organized, fairly priced resource for veterinarians and others working with nonhuman primates. It breaks down an extensive and complex subject into basic general concepts and provides specific guidelines that can be readily used to develop behavioral management programs or adapted into existing programs.

Reviewed by Laurie Brignolo, DVM, DACLAM

University of California-Davis Davis, Calif

Fish Viruses and Bacteria: Pathobiology and Protection

Patrick T. K. Woo, BSc, PhD & Rocco C. Cipriano, PhD

384 pages. 2017. CAB International. ISBN 978-1-78064-778-4. Price $157.50.

Fish Viruses and Bacteria: Pathobiology and Protection is a thorough look at the most important diseases of fish today. The book focuses on major viruses and bacteria that have high economic consequences and potential global impacts. This book will be of value to veterinarians working in any aspect of aquatic animal medicine, particularly those who work with aquaculture providers.

The pathogens discussed in this book include 13 viruses and 12 bacterial species that primarily affect economically relevant freshwater aquaculture species. This book builds upon the diseases previously discussed in Fish Diseases and Disorders, Volume 3: Viral, Bacterial and Fungal Infections, which was published in 2011. Descriptions of sampling techniques for and photographs and photomicrographs of gross and histologic lesions caused by the pathogens discussed will be useful for aquatic animal clinicians. Each disease is thoroughly discussed along with helpful preventative and control strategies. Each chapter is broken down into specific sections including structure, distribution, economic impacts, diagnosis and clinical signs, transmission, pathology, protective and control strategies, available treatments, and possible further research directions. For some of the pathogens described, knowledge gaps regarding pathobiology still exist and require further research. However, rather than ignoring those shortcomings, the authors provide suggestions for future research studies when appropriate.

This book will be a great reference for all aquatic veterinarians, from those working with common pet koi to high-volume commercial aquaculture. It contains a wealth of relevant information that is easy to access for most common and important viral and bacterial diseases of fish.

Reviewed by Jessie Sanders, DVM

Aquatic Veterinary Services of Northern California Soquel, Calif