Book Reviews

BOOKS FOR VETERINARIANS

Veterinary Microbiology (3rd edition)

D. Scott McVey, Melissa Kennedy, & M. M. Chengappa

629 pages. 2013. Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 978-0-4709-5949-7. Price $99.99.

The third edition of Veterinary Microbiology comes 9 years after the second, during which there have been numerous advancements in the field. This edition is a compilation of new and traditional material. The editors and the authors have created an excellent reference for anyone studying the veterinary microbiology discipline or its many subdisciplines. The chapters are written in a complete and concise manner and illustrated well. The nomenclature is up-to-date, which is difficult considering that new agents are frequently discovered and well-known agents are periodically reclassified. The illustrations are sharp, and the color is true to that observed microscopically. Although the authors are almost exclusively from North America, the chapters address the global aspects of veterinary microbiology.

The sections and chapters of this edition are organized in a manner that allows easy access to topics about various agents and contain comprehensive information so readers do not have to search multiple sources to find the most up-to-date information for any particular agent. The section on clinical applications provides a systematic approach for understanding the pathogenesis of many agents by compiling information presented in other sections or chapters. This book should be in the library or on the desk of anyone interested in the study of veterinary microbiology.

Reviewed by Robert Ellis, PhD

Colorado State University Fort Collins, Colo

Veterinary Immunology: Principles and Practice (2nd edition)

Michael J. Day in collaboration with Ronald D. Schultz

317 pages. 2014. CRC Press (an imprint of Taylor and Francis Group). ISBN 978-1-4822-2462-7. Price $39.96.

The second edition of Veterinary Immunology: Principles and Practice is exactly the type of textbook necessary for teaching immunology to veterinary students. It is also an excellent reference for practitioners and residents who need to review immunology in preparation for board examinations. The format of the book is inviting, with diagrams or photographs on most pages. Tables with pertinent information are well placed and easily understood. Having taught immunology to veterinary students at the University of California-Davis for over 30 years, I appreciate the logical order in which the material is presented. Information on the clinical relevance of various aspects of immunology is interspersed throughout the text as well as with appropriate case descriptions at the end of the book. Abbreviations and frequently used symbols are clearly described at the beginning of the text.

The level of complexity in the book is just right. It is detailed enough to provide readers with a sound appreciation of the immune system and how it works, but it does not burden readers with frequent references to murine studies, which are more appropriate for graduate students studying veterinary immunology. For each chapter, learning objectives are detailed at the beginning and key points are listed at the end. Diagnostic tests are adequately described and well illustrated so that students can understand and appreciate how the various tests work without having to actually perform them in the laboratory.

The only deficiency I found in this book is the absence of references. I assume that the authors gathered information from the available literature, and a few pertinent references for each chapter would provide additional information for readers interested in expanding their knowledge on a particular topic. Regardless, this is a concise, well-written, and well-illustrated book that will be very useful for teaching veterinary immunology.

Laurel J. Gershwin, DVM, PhD, DACVM

University of California-Davis Davis, Calif

Otitis Externa: An Essential Guide to Diagnosis and Treatment

Richard G. Harvey & Sue Paterson

162 pages. 2014. CRC Press (an imprint of Taylor and Francis Group). ISBN 978-1-4822-2457-3. Price $55.96.

It is always a delight to read a book about a disease that is very common and so very frustrating to treat. Otitis Externa: An Essential Guide to Diagnosis and Treatment provides a review of a dynamic disease for which no treatment has been proven effective for all affected dogs and cats. Consequently, the diagnosis and management of ear disease vary for each patient, and many opinionated individuals, including this reviewer, have published or follow their own unique protocols and recommendations. In general, this book contains a lot of good information, but it includes the use of information and statements from references more than 20 to 25 years old, which should have been omitted. The references are listed at the end of the book, which makes it difficult to link them to the appropriate material. Finally, the references cited in the section entitled Medical Management of Ear Disease are not consistent with those in the reference list at the end of the book.

Although much of the information presented in the text is referenced, it is sometimes difficult to know whether the authors of the cited articles agreed or disagreed. For example, did the authors of all of the cited references agree, “that otitis media may be present in over 80% of cases of otitis externa?” The authors of this book are from the United Kingdom, so some of the statements that I found inconsistent with my experience may have resulted from regional differences between the United Kingdom and the United States. For example, in my experience, food allergy is frequently associated with clinical signs of otitis externa; however, it is treated as a rare occurrence in this book. The book also contains a few minor errors such as labeling cells associated with pemphigus as acanthocytes instead of acantholytic cells and inappropriate use of the term false middle ear. Moreover, I strongly disagree with the statements that cats require general anesthesia for otoscopic examinations and that bacterial culture and antimicrobial susceptibility testing are mandatory for cases of otitis media from which gram-negative organisms are identified.

The gross photographs are wonderful, but the video otoscopic images, especially those in chapter 2, are yellow-tinged, and the magnification should have been provided for photomicrographs of cytologic specimens. My favorite sections are chapter 4 on ear cleaning, especially the table about which cleaning agents should or should not be used on the basis of the type of otic discharge, and chapter 8 on aural ablation and bulla osteotomy. Overall, this is a good reference to have on your shelf.

Reviewed by Sandra R. Merchant, DVM, DACVD

Louisiana State University Baton Rouge, La

The Social Dog: Behaviour and Cognition

Juliane Kaminski & Sarah Marshall-Pescini

410 pages. 2014. Academic Press (an imprint of Elsevier). ISBN 978-0-12-407818-5. Price $59.95.

The Social Dog: Behaviour and Cognition is an outstanding review of the scientific literature and current research regarding canine cognition and social behavior. The editors provide a compilation of science-based chapters from leading experts in the fields of animal behavior and cognition. The book highlights 2 major areas of research: dogs’ social behavior to people and other dogs and dogs’ social cognition. The authors explore how the process of domestication evolved to create today's social dog and the intricate human-animal bond that exists between dogs and their human counterparts. Other topics discussed include how and why domestic dogs are able to solve problems and how the social and thought processes of domestic dogs differ from those of other canids. Each topic is presented in an unbiased format from several aspects, which allows readers to generate introspective conclusions.

The main goal of this book is to provide an explicitly scientific perspective on canine social behavior and cognition. That said, each chapter is presented in a manner that will appeal to an audience of comparative cognitive scientists as well as veterinarians, animal behavior specialists, and savvy dog admirers who are seeking objective knowledge on how domestic dogs evolved into the social creatures that remain our most popular companion animals. The book is an intelligent read and likely requires a strong scientific background for full comprehension. The price is fair and, in all honesty, quite a bargain.

Reviewed by Meghan E. Herron, DVM, DACVB

The Ohio State University Columbus, Ohio

BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Radiography and Radiology: A Foundation Manual

Andrew Holloway & Fraser McConnell

393 pages. 2014. Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 978-1-9053-1944-2. Price $129.99.

The authors state that the purpose of the BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Radiography and Radiology: A Foundation Manual is to return to the fundamental principles of image interpretation for all body systems and the making of high quality diagnostic radiographs. All 10 contributing authors are recognized diplomates of the American and European radiology community, and they have put together an outstanding resource manual for small animal practitioners, professional students, and veterinary technicians. The first edition was published in 1989 as the BSAVA Manual of Small Animal Diagnostic Imaging, which was edited by Robin Lee, with the second edition published in 1995. Subsequent publications have included discussion of many other imaging modalities; however, this edition represents a welcome return to basics and focuses on the use of radiography for the diagnosis of diseases in dogs and cats.

The manual is well organized and includes 9 chapters. The first 4 chapters are dedicated to physics and equipment, principles of radiography, principles of radiologic interpretation, and contrast radiography. The last 5 chapters cover specific interpretation methods for the identification of diseases in all anatomic regions of dogs and cats and include more than 600 radiographic images and anatomic drawings. A particularly nice feature of the manual is a bulleted list of radiographic features for each disease discussed with labelled images that depict examples of those features. Throughout the manual, there are numerous charts for quick reference and drawings that depict the anatomy and positioning of canine and feline patients for various radiographic views. The chapter on contrast radiography provides excellent descriptions of how to perform nearly all radiographic contrast procedures that were commonly used 30 years ago and may be unfamiliar to newer professionals and technicians. Yellow caution boxes warn readers about potential complications and common mistakes associated with various contrast procedures.

Although the quality of the radiographic images in this manual is not of the same high caliber as that of many in-depth radiographic imaging textbooks, the images are adequate for observation of the abnormalities discussed. This manual may be particularly helpful to graduates who may not have access to state-of-the-art imaging equipment and need a guide for producing and interpreting quality radiographs. The accompanying CD is extremely beneficial for use as a computer resource for comparison with clinical digital radiographs.

Despite the explosion of new diagnostic imaging techniques over the last 40 years, this manual gets back to the basics with emphasis on the importance of radiographic procedures and consistent radiographic interpretation. Radiography remains one of the most commonly used diagnostic tools for identification of diseases in canine and feline patients. This manual will be an excellent resource for the staff of any veterinary practice as well as for veterinary students who will benefit from its straightforward organization and figures.

Reviewed by Robert R. Badertscher II, DVM, PhD, DACVR

Consultants in Veterinary Imaging Naperville, Ill

Diagnostic and Surgical Arthroscopy in the Horse (4th edition)

C. Wayne McIlwraith, Alan J. Nixon, & Ian M. Wright

454 pages. 2015. Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-7234-3693-5. Price $270.00.

The latest edition of Diagnostic and Surgical Arthroscopy in the Horse is a necessary addition to the library of any veterinarian, resident, or student who performs, or aspires to perform, arthroscopic surgery on equine patients. It will also be a useful reference for general equine practitioners who regularly treat equine athletes and wish to remain current on treatment options available to their clients. Like previous editions, this edition serves as a comprehensive reference on almost every conceivable surgery that can be performed on a horse by use of arthroscopic instrumentation.

The introductory chapter is a comprehensive review of advances that have been made and literature that has been published since the previous edition was released in 2005; however, it does not burden readers with in-depth summaries of each reference and provides an excellent resource for locating current materials on the latest techniques and research in equine arthroscopic surgery. The second chapter provides a review of the instrumentation necessary for arthroscopic surgery as well as new sterilization techniques, which may become necessary as environmental policies force veterinarians to replace some older methods. Similar to previous editions, the third chapter describes basic arthroscopic techniques and methods, and the next 10 chapters contain in-depth descriptions of surgical techniques specific to particular joints or synovial structures. Each chapter contains recommendations for postoperative care and the latest information regarding expected postoperative outcomes, which are very insightful given that the authors possess nearly 90 years of combined experience with arthroscopic surgery in horses. The final 4 chapters provide discussions about the arthroscopic treatment of infected joints, problems and complications of arthroscopic surgery, the use of arthroscopy for cartilage repair, and postoperative management, adjunctive therapies, and rehabilitation procedures.

Just like the previous editions, the diagrams and schematics in this edition are first-rate and the intra-operative color photographs are exceptional. The radiographic images in this edition are much clearer than those in the previous editions because of the widespread adoption and availability of digital radiography. Diagrams of individual joints or photographs of skeletal models surrounded by actual arthroscopic images of each joint area are some of the most useful tools provided in this edition for young or developing surgeons. An exciting addition to this edition is an accompanying online video library. The videos are narrated and depict some of the most common lesions treatable by arthroscopic surgery along with step-by-step procedures to correct them. These alone are worth the price of the book. Although this book is not intended to replace surgical training or continuing education, it is an invaluable tool for almost anyone who performs arthroscopic surgery. Whether used to review landmarks and approaches for uncommon surgeries, to gauge outcome expectations, or as a tool to instruct and educate clients, I predict this book will become one of the most commonly used references in equine surgeons’ libraries.

Reviewed by Jeff Foland, DVM, MS, DACVS

Weatherford Equine Medical Center, PC Weatherford, Tex

Atlas of Equine Ultrasonography

Jessica A. Kidd, Kristina G. Lu, & Michele L. Frazer

508 pages. 2014. Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 978-0-470-65813-0. Price $199.99.

The list of quality books that deal with equine ultrasonography is short, and given the increase in image quality appreciated in this modality during the last decade, books that depict this improvement are even less common. Atlas of Equine Ultrasonography is a new book that provides a fairly comprehensive look at this modality with respect to horses and includes descriptions of musculoskeletal, abdominal, thoracic, and reproductive applications as well as applications for small, specific parts of the body such as the eyes, neck, peripheral vessels, and umbilical structures. The introductory chapter contains a brief, but reasonably in-depth and detailed explanation of the physics of diagnostic ultrasonography.

The layout and progression of each chapter are fairly consistent. Each chapter generally begins with a description of probe positioning for the region being discussed and provides some examples of clinically normal and abnormal images when applicable. Several chapters contain photographs of anatomic specimens or novel CT reconstructions with overlays that depict probe positioning to help readers define the imaging planes and interpret the clinically normal images. Some chapters contain reproduced schematic and clinically normal ultrasonographic images from previous publications. The quality of the ultrasonographic images of abnormal findings is generally very good.

The text describes common abnormalities and provides examples complete with discussion of commonly identified abnormal and incidental ultrasonographic findings. The reproductive section includes a fairly comprehensive discussion of interventional ultrasonographic procedures. In some instances, the text includes reference citations, whereas in others, there is only a list of recommended reading provided.

Overall, the quality of the ultrasonographic images contained in this atlas is substantially improved from that of previous books on the topic. The use of photographs of anatomic specimens and novel CT reconstructions with overlays to depict probe positioning provides excellent guidance for both novice and experienced sonographers.

Reviewed by Tom Wilkinson, DVM

Washington State University Pullman, Wash

Equine Reproductive Procedures

John Dascanio & Patrick McCue

560 pages. 2014. Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 978-0-4709-6039-4. Price $99.99.

Admirably created by 2 theriogenologists who bring decades of experience, not only in equine reproductive medicine, but also in teaching veterinarians, students, and breeders, Equine Reproductive Procedures is a resource that provides guidance and education for all involved in equine breeding. The book is divided into 5 areas, with an emphasis on mares including sections on nonpregnant, pregnant, and postpartum mares, followed by a section on stallions and a short section on neonates. Each chapter was written in basic terms, and additional resources and references are provided at the end of each chapter for readers interested in pursuing further information. The strength and uniqueness of this book are the superb illustrations included in each chapter, a feature that is unparalleled in other, similar texts.

This soft-sided, spiral book is designed to be carried by ambulatory practitioners and yet is sturdy enough for students to use as a textbook or for a library shelf. Although best suited for general practitioners who provide services to breeders, the illustrations within each chapter make this book an ideal visual tool for educating clients as well as teaching students that are just beginning their career in equine reproductive medicine. For more advanced practitioners involved in equine reproduction, this book provides timely updates in areas such as the diagnosis of endometritis, in vitro fertilization, and semen diagnostic testing.

One limitation of this book is that the procedures described do not always provide equally economical or optimal options. For instance, the use of washable neoprene wraps to wrap mares’ tails prior to rectal examination is preferred by many practitioners rather than wrapping tails with costly vet wrap or gauze. Additionally, the benefits of a programmable cell freezer for sperm or embryo cryopreservation were not discussed. In the section on NucleoCounter Evaluation of Sperm Concentration and Viability (section, 111; page, 364), I believe that the amount of diluent provided in the protocols for total cell count and viability count is incorrect and encourage readers to consult the manufacturer's instructions when using this particular automated cell counter. However, these rare omissions and errors should be overlooked because this book is a brilliant addition to the library of any equine practitioner involved in the reproductive management of horses.

Reviewed by Lisa Metcalf, MS, DVM, DACT

Honahlee PC Sherwood, Ore

Robinson's Current Therapy in Equine Medicine (7th edition)

Kim A. Sprayberry & N. Edward Robinson

985 pages. 2015. Elsevier. ISBN 978-1-4557-4555-5. Price $181.00.

The seventh edition of Robinson's Current Therapy in Equine Medicine contains the most up-to-date information on a wide variety of equine disorders, diagnostic methods, and treatments. This edition focuses on relevant advances that occurred during the 6 years since the sixth edition was released that are of greatest importance to equine practitioners, senior veterinary students, recent graduates, and equine specialists. The book includes chapters written by over 200 equine specialists, and the text is outlined in a logical body-system format that allows easy navigation. The newest and most unique topics covered include biosecurity strategies in the hospital and on the farm, abused and neglected horses, updates on pain management, emerging infectious diseases, and management of various traumatic situations (eg, trailer accidents, thoracic and airway trauma, and crush injuries). Advanced imaging modalities such as new ultrasonographic techniques and the use of CT and MRI are also discussed. Each chapter contains a brief, yet complete discussion of the pathophysiology and diagnosis for a particular disease, followed by detailed information regarding treatment options. Flow charts for making diagnostic or treatment decisions supplement the text and provide a quick reference in clinical settings. At the end of each chapter is a list of suggested readings including relevant and recent peer-reviewed journal articles. The 2 appendices include information regarding drug doses for both horses and donkeys and provide a convenient reference for busy equine practitioners. The images contained throughout the text, both in black and white and color, are of high quality and aid in understanding the material presented. This book complements, rather than replaces, earlier editions and will be an excellent addition to any equine practitioner's library.

Reviewed by Karen McCormick, DVM, DACVIM

University of Tennessee Knoxville, Tenn

Large Animal Internal Medicine (5th edition)

Bradford P. Smith

1661 pages. 2015. Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-323-08839-8. Price $242.00.

The fifth edition of Large Animal Internal Medicine is a comprehensive resource for veterinary practitioners who treat horses, cattle, sheep, and goats and an excellent reference for veterinary students and academic clinicians. As in previous editions, the sections and chapters in this text are authored by experts in their respective fields and generally contain the most up-to-date information available for the diseases discussed. Unlike many other texts of its kind, this one follows a problem-oriented approach to disease diagnosis and uses boxes to list differential diagnoses associated with the various conditions discussed to assist readers in obtaining a diagnosis. The companion website for this edition contains references with links to the associated PubMed abstracts and is an invaluable improvement from the previous editions.

In this edition, the section on preventive and therapeutic strategies is greatly expanded. Chapters on critical care, fluid administration, and antimicrobial treatment in all large animal species are detailed and well referenced and will serve as comprehensive resources for readers. Chapters that address animal welfare concerns and colostrum substitutes and supplements have been added or expanded. Color plates that provide readers with visual representations of specific disease processes have been updated and expanded. Discussions on the requirements for legal drug use in food animal species have been added and will be a valuable resource for those unfamiliar with those regulations. Finally, detailed discussions on the use of molecular diagnostic and genetic testing in large animal species are provided.

Reviewed by Brent C. Credille, DVM, PhD, DACVIM

University of Georgia Athens, Ga

Livestock Handling and Transport (4th edition)

Temple Grandin

484 pages. 2014. CAB International. ISBN 978-1-78064-321-2. Price $162.00

The fourth edition of Livestock Handling and Transport, edited by Dr. Temple Grandin, is an essential resource and reference book for veterinarians, animal scientists, livestock producers, students, and others interested in animal welfare and behavior. This book is of particular value to livestock handlers and people who design and use equipment and facilities to house and transport cattle. Changes from the third edition include a revised introductory chapter that emphasizes the importance of a whole-system approach to livestock handling and a chapter on the handling and transport of cattle and pigs in South America.

This book serves experienced practitioners and students equally well. For students, the book provides a framework for understanding the effects handling and transportation have on livestock welfare. Experienced veterinarians will find the information thought provoking with solutions or novel approaches for livestock handling issues.

While reading this book, you will discover your own nuggets of information. For example, did you know that dairy cattle produce more milk when handled by people described as confident introverts? Information in these chapters is as important to the people handling large animals as it is for the animals themselves. One of the contributing authors noted that 50% of debilitating injuries to veterinarians occur during the examination or palpation of cattle.

If this book has a weakness, it is that the breadth of topics included under the umbrella of handling and transport is so extensive that some of the information is redundant. However, the extensive reference list allows interested readers to delve deeper into specific subject areas. Overall, this book is an essential and affordable reference for any veterinarian interested in the welfare implications of livestock handling and transport.

Reviewed by Michael J. Maroney, DVM, DABVP

University of Wisconsin Madison, Wis

Fowler's Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine (Volume 8)

R. Eric Miller & Murray E. Fowler†

773 pages. 2015. Saunders (an imprint of Elsevier). ISBN 978-1-4557-7397-8. Price $169.00.

Deceased

In the eighth volume of Fowler's Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine, the editors have returned to the original, comprehensive, taxa-based format last used in the fifth volume that was released in 2003. The book consists of 82 chapters, divided into taxonomic classes that include amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals, and a general topics section. The editors deliberately selected new senior authors who are expert veterinary advisors for the various taxa. This international assemblage of authors is impressive, although the book would have benefited from a greater diversity of disciplinary expertise. Synthesis of the large and expanding body of knowledge about zoo and wild animal medicine is a Sisyphean task, but one that the editors have accomplished well. The chapters were well written and are beautifully illustrated with high-quality images and generally well referenced. Much of the information is summarized in tabular format, which I found both a blessing and a curse. Tabulation of hematologic variables and anesthetic doses is helpful; however, tabulation of information regarding infectious and parasitic diseases results in a loss of detail. For example, methods of diagnosis for some diseases are omitted from some tables. The need for succinctness results in trade-offs, and statements such as “Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis…is one of the most well described pathogens of anurans” with no further information leaves readers unsated. In addition, the book does not have any chapters on fish or invertebrates, which are notable omissions given the importance of these species. Those quibbles aside, this is a must-have book for all zoo and wild animal medicine students and practitioners. However, perhaps it is time to recognize that, during the 36 years since the first volume was published, this discipline has become too large to be contained in 1 book. This is largely because of the success of this book series, and it is a nice problem to have.

Reviewed by Jonathan M. Sleeman, Vet MB, MA, DACZM

USGS National Wildlife Health Center Madison, Wis

Euryhaline Fishes (Fish Physiology Series Volume 32)

Stephen D. McCormick, Anthony P. Farrell, & Colin J. Brauner

559 pages. 2013. Academic Press (an imprint of Elsevier). ISBN 978-0-12-396951-4. Price $119.95.

Euryhaline Fishes was written by 14 contributing authors and contains 10 chapters that discuss the unique capability of a small population of fishes (euryhaline) to migrate between freshwater and saltwater. The introductory chapters discuss the function and role of osmoregulatory organs including the gills, kidneys, gastrointestinal tract, and rectal gland in adapting to a wide range of environmental salinity. Basic processes such as active transport, osmosis, and transmembrane ionic diffusion are well explained with illustrations in the text. Specific examples of osmoregulatory differences between marine and freshwater environments in divisions of fishes such as teleosts, lagfish, and elasmobranchs are well referenced. The molecular and hormonal mechanisms of osmoregulation controlled by osmosensors in the brain, plasma, and epithelium of euryhaline fishes are well illustrated, which facilitates the understanding of those processes.

The latter chapters discuss the problems and responses of euryhaline fishes with different saline origins including those that transition from freshwater to seawater, seawater to freshwater, and estuarine to intertidal waters. These chapters provide details about the metabolic costs of osmoregulation and the impact on growth caused by increased ATP demands for regulation.

The section on the impact of climate change on the habitats of euryhaline fishes aids in understanding recovery programs and management efforts for threatened species such as amphidromous gobies and the continued success for other species whose habitats are endangered by anthropogenic effects on the environment. Ideas for future studies to elucidate the adaptation by euryhaline fishes to environments with changing salinity are also discussed. The authors address the potential for an estuary to be a frontline defense against invasive species and point out that knowledge of the salinity tolerances of various fish species will aid in understanding their invasive potential.

The book has a section of plates that contain images and schematics presented in color, which facilitate the understanding of many principles explained in the text. For example, the black and white image of immunofluorescence of ionocytes presented with the text is clarified by an illustration of the image in color in this section. Images of the morphological changes of diadromous fish during transition from marine to freshwater habitats and immunofluorescent assays that depict gill ionocytes in freshwater versus brackish water are also clarified in this section. This book will be especially useful to research scientists interested in ion and water homeostasis and veterinarians involved with aquaculture or fisheries who are interested in wild and cultured euryhaline fishes.

Reviewed by Patricia S. Gaunt, DVM, PhD, DABVT

Mississippi State University Stoneville, Miss

Biology and Diseases of the Ferret (3rd edition)

James G. Fox & Robert P. Marini

835 pages. 2014. Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 978-0-470-96045-5. Price $149.99.

The back cover of the third edition of Biology and Diseases of the Ferret describes this most recent iteration as “thoroughly revised and updated.” A great deal of new research and clinical knowledge and techniques for ferrets has become available since the previous edition was published. As claimed, this edition includes new information presented in a usable format. It is an excellent resource for veterinarians and technicians regardless of whether they examine and treat a small number of ferrets, work in an exclusive exotic animal practice, or are involved in research.

Topics covered include anatomy and physiology, nutrition, management, and systemic, bacterial, viral, neoplastic, fungal, and parasitic diseases. This edition parallels the prior edition in content and layout, although many chapters have been updated and expanded, including those on clinical techniques, medicine, diagnosis, anesthesia, and surgery. The addition and expansion of these topics are extremely pertinent for veterinary practitioners. This edition also includes richly updated chapters on the use and application of ferrets in research. Additionally, there are new tables, illustrations, and color images and photomicrographs to support and augment the text.

Overall, this book is a comprehensive, up-to-date description of the biology and diseases of ferrets. Although a few minor typographical errors were noted, they are not substantially distracting and the text is quite readable for medical and scientific professionals. In this edition, information from the previous edition has been updated and new information and applications are presented in appropriate and fascinating depth. This edition is well indexed and referenced and is a great practice reference. Although it is lengthier than past editions, it is a valuable addition to the library of any veterinarian who examines and treats ferrets.

Reviewed by Allen Weltig, DVM

Webster Groves Animal Hospital St Louis, Mo

The Welfare of Animals Used In Research: Practice and Ethics (UFAW Animal Welfare Series)

Robert C. Hubrecht

271 pages. 2014. Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 978-1-119-96707-1. Price $54.99.

The Welfare of Animals Used in Research: Practice and Ethics by Robert Hubrecht is part of the UFAW Animal Welfare Series. The Universities Federation for Animal Welfare (UFAW) is well-known for its scientific approach to animal welfare. Hubrecht is a zoologist who incorporates physiologic and anatomic comparisons between humans and animals in his discussion of animal welfare. The chapters are arranged well, and the writing style allows readers to easily absorb the material.

One area that researchers have been grappling with is the harm versus benefit of animal research. The author cites regulations from all over the world that pertain to ethical review of animal research. Although Hubrecht primarily uses references from the United Kingdom throughout this book, the content is relevant to research conducted in the United States. Valid questions are raised to encourage readers to think about the complexity of animal research.

This book reviews the basic premise of the 3 R's (reduction, replacement, and refinement), which was introduced by Russell and Burch in the late 1950s, and has been used to improve animal research for many years. Topics discussed include the use of existing data instead of duplication, the search for alternatives to animal use, and the use of enrichment and social housing for research animals. The author provides several tables, photographs, and diagrams throughout the book to augment the points he is trying convey. This book is geared toward members of institutional animal care and use committees, researchers, and veterinarians and is a practical guide for discussions pertaining to the welfare of animals used in research.

Reviewed by Suzanne Craig, DVM, DACLAM, MD

University of Texas Anderson Cancer Center Houston, Tex

Writing Dissertation and Grant Proposals: Epidemiology, Preventive Medicine and Biostatistics

Lisa Chasan-Taber

424 pages. 2014. Chapman & Hall/CRC Press (an imprint of Taylor & Francis Group). ISBN 978-1-4665-1206-1. Price $47.96.

Writing Dissertation and Grant Proposals: Epidemiology, Preventive Medicine and Biostatistics is a must-have book for young investigators including graduate students, postdoctoral students, and junior faculty. Even seasoned grant proposal writers can benefit from the information provided in this book. Although the topics of epidemiology, preventive medicine, and biostatistics are specified in the title, this book will be useful for scientists involved in general health and life sciences. The book begins with the “Ten Top Tips for Successful Proposal Writing,” which are very useful for anyone attempting to write dissertation and grant proposals. The subsequent 19 chapters are divided into 3 parts entitled Preparing to Write the Proposal; The Proposal, Section by Section; and Grantsmanship. The part on preparing to write the proposal contains chapters on how to do a literature search and formulate a hypothesis and provides useful tips about scientific writing. The part on the different sections of the proposal discusses specific aims, significance, preliminary data, experimental design, statistical analysis, and limitations and pitfalls. The part on grantsmanship consists of a guide on how to submit the proposal, how the review process works, and how to resubmit the proposal, if necessary. The table of contents is very elaborate and specific, which makes it quick and easy to look up any particular subject. Additional tips and examples that will be extremely useful for novice researchers are sprinkled throughout the book. I highly recommend this book for budding scientists.

Reviewed by Sagar M. Goyal, BVSc, PhD

University of Minnesota Saint Paul, Minn

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