Hydrocephalus is a condition characterized by the accumulation of CSF within the ventricular system of the brain. A positive correlation between hydrocephalus and short stature or slow growth velocity has been reported for humans.1 Therefore, it is possible that calves with hydrocephalus may have a short stature or reduced growth, which could result in economic loss. Although the criteria for a diagnosis of hydrocephalus in humans2 and some breeds of dogs3–7 have been reported, similar studies have not been performed in cattle. Diagnostic imaging modalities that have been used for the evaluation of cattle with diseases of the brain include CT8 and magnetic resonance imaging.9 Advantages of CT include rapid acquisition of high-quality images and relatively widespread availability. In addition, despite size constraints that limit the applications of CT in cattle, CT of the head is feasible in all patients.
Computed tomography3 and magnetic resonance imaging4–7 have been used for diagnosis and evaluation of dogs with hydrocephalus; the resultant images facilitate identification of alterations to normal ventricular anatomy and measurement of lateral ventricular size. Previous reports3–7 have established the normal anatomy of the lateral ventricles in dogs on the basis of measurement of Vh or VV values. However, to our knowledge, this information has not been reported for cattle. Therefore, the objectives of the study reported here were to evaluate lateral ventricular size in clinically normal calves by use of CT and to evaluate the relationships between Vh, VA, and VV.
Left ventricular height-to-right ventricular height ratio
Asteion Super 4, Toshiba, Tokyo, Japan.
Virtual Place, AZE, Tokyo, Japan.
SPSS, version 12.0, SPSS Inc, Chicago, Ill.
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