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Veterinary Hematology: Atlas of Common Domestic and Non-Domestic Species (2nd edition)

Reviewed by Kristen R. Friedrichs, DVM, DACVP

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The second edition of Veterinary Hematology: Atlas of Common Domestic and Non-Domestic Species improves on an already excellent atlas by the inclusion of additional species. Joining the species covered in the original edition (dogs, cats, horses, ruminants, and llamas) are rats, mice, nonhuman primates, ferrets, rabbits, guinea pigs, avians, and reptiles. The authors' goal “to provide the fundamentals for recognizing morphologic features of blood cells” is admirably achieved without extraneous details. The text remains straightforward and unencumbered and includes descriptions of cell morphology that complement the excellent images. Higher-magnification insets for viewing specific features are a useful addition. Common mistakes of misidentification are described, as are familiar artifacts and pseudoinclusions. Descriptions and images of toxin change in avian and reptilian heterophils and the overview diagrams of leukocytes in healthy avian and reptile species found at the end of each respective chapter are excellent inclusions. Although bone marrow evaluation is not an intended topic of this text, cells found in the bone marrow are described and accompanied by images and a discussion on hematopoiesis. Appendices on grading schemes for erythrocyte and granulocyte morphology are accompanied by an expanded glossary, a selected reference list, and an index. The text is supplemented by a CD-ROM containing an additional 2,109 images that can be viewed in either search or random mode. Descriptions of the images can be hidden if a reader wants to conduct self-assessments. This book is an exceptional value and is highly recommended for any clinical or research laboratory that is performing manual hematologic evaluations on veterinary species.—By William J. Reagan, Armando R. Irizzary Rovira, & Dennis B. DeNicola. 112 pages; illustrated. Wiley-Blackwell, 2121 State Ave, Ames, IA 50014-8300. ISBN 978-0-81382809-1. 2008. Price $59.99.

Parasitic Diseases of Wild Birds

Reviewed by Marcy J. Souza, DVM, MPH, DABVP

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Parasitic Diseases of Wild Birds is a companion volume to Infectious Diseases of Wild Birds (published in 2007); the 2 topics originally were covered in a single volume published in 1971. The 2 books published in 2007 and 2008 also complement similar volumes that focus on parasitic and infectious diseases of mammals.

The text begins with an overview of the costs and effects of parasitism in wild birds. Determining the deleterious effects of parasitism in domestic species (loss of production and reduced sale value) can be fairly straightforward, but consequences on wild populations can be much more challenging to ascertain. The difficulty in determining true prevalence rates and effects of parasitism in wild birds is discussed.

The remainder of the text is divided into 4 main sections: protozoa, helminths, leeches, and arthropods. Each of these sections is then divided into chapters that cover specific parasites. The chapters are fairly uniformly organized, which makes it easy to find information. Chapters contain sections that cover the history, distribution, host range, etiology, epizootiology, clinical signs, pathogenesis or pathology, diagnosis, public health concerns, implications for domestic and wild species, treatment, and management considerations for each of the parasites. Additionally, many chapters contain numerous figures and diagrams that provide further details of the parasites and their role in wild bird populations. All figures are in black and white, and the inclusion of color plates in a future edition would be an excellent addition. Those color plates could include examples of cytologic samples (blood smears and fecal samples) that could be used to aid clinicians in making an antemortem diagnosis.

Overall, this is an excellent text that contains a tremendous amount of information useful for both wildlife biologists and veterinarians.—By Carter T. Atkinson, Nancy J. Thomas, & D. Bruce Hunter. 595 pages; illustrated. Wiley-Blackwell, 2121 State Ave, Ames, IA 50014-8300. ISBN 978-0-8138-2081-1. 2008. Price $99.99.

Principles & Applications of Domestic Animal Behavior

Reviewed by Valarie V. Tynes, DVM, DACVB

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Principles & Applications of Domestic Animal Behavior is written in a conversational, easy-to-read style and provides an excellent introduction to domestic animal behavior for a reasonable price. The book is well organized, and similar to other basic behavior books, it covers all of the important behavioral categories, such as maternal behavior, sexual behavior, and agonistic behavior. However, it surpasses many other texts by also including chapters on more current issues, such as behavioral genetics, animal handling and movement, and human-animal interactions. The chapter on learning is thorough yet readable and should be read by every practicing veterinarian so they will be better able to advise their clients about proper, humane training and handling of their pets. Combined with the chapter on early experience and behavior development, it also educates readers about the complex interaction between all of these features and how they combine to affect behavior. The book is made even more enjoyable by the author's frequent use of extremely practical examples when covering each category of behavior. Examples for livestock species as well as for dogs, cats, primates, and wildlife provide further testament to the fact that these basic principles can be applied to any species and used by anyone who works with animals on a regular basis.

The only chapter that is slightly less than perfect is the chapter on behavioral therapy. Although it is clearly not intended to cover all aspects of the clinical application of behavior therapy (other texts are available for that), it does briefly mention pharmacologic treatment, and the paragraph concludes with a statement that these treatments should only be used with the advice of a veterinarian or certified animal behaviorist. This can be misleading to veterinarians, who should remember that only a veterinarian can legally prescribe pharmaceuticals for animals, and dispensing pharmaceuticals on the advice of a nonveterinarian, no matter how well educated that person is, could be construed as practicing without a license.

In the preface, the author states that this is the book he wished he could have written for his introductory behavior course. Students will benefit greatly for his having accomplished this goal. In fact, this is the book I would use to teach an introductory behavior course. Any veterinarian who currently works with animals on a daily basis but who did not receive any behavior training in school will benefit from reading this book.—By Edward O. Price. 332 pages; illustrated. CABI, 875 Massachusetts Ave, 7th Floor, Cambridge, MA 02139. ISBN 978-1-84593-398-2. 2008. Price $60.00.

Mastering Scientific Writing: Secrets for Success in the Agricultural, Biological, and Health Sciences with Hints for Writers in All Fields

Reviewed by Laura Hardin, DVM, PhD

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Mastering Scientific Writing: Secrets for Success in the Agricultural, Biological, and Health Sciences with Hints for Writers in All Fields describes a step-by-step method to develop writing excellence. Challenges and methods to overcome them are discussed, and the author indicates proven methods for effective writing. This book can also be used as a reference by providing criteria for writing excellence, ideas for managing a writing project, and grammatic rules.

Intended as a handbook, this book is useful for anyone writing for publication. It provides acknowledgment and discussion of the importance of written communication in its many forms. Methods to develop writing style are described in a realistic, encouraging manner. Practical suggestions, including benefits and idiosyncrasies of common computer programs, help readers improve their writing. The author provides personal insight as well as references for further study or review. This is a handy reference containing information on proper use of prefixes, correct punctuation, use of acronyms, and capitalization. The book's detailed table of contents provides a reference for any aspect of writing, which allows users to quickly find answers to specific questions.

Although many may not follow the step-by-step method described in the first few chapters, this reference is useful to all readers for those questions that arise during the writing process. Consisting of 132 pages for a price of $19.95, this book could become required reading for people beginning a graduate program or those wanting to improve their writing.—By Robert F. Kahrs. 132 pages; illustrated. Livestock Health Communications, PO Box 840039, St Augustine, FL 32080-0039. ISBN 0-7414-4695-2. 2008. Price $19.95.

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