Use of routine ventrodorsal radiographic views of the pelvis to assess inclination of the wings of the sacrum in dogs

Sabine M. Breit Institute of Anatomy, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Veterinärplatz 1, A-1210 Vienna, Austria.

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Iris M. Knaus Fasangasse 8, A-2285 Leopoldsdorf i. M, Austria.

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Wolfgang W. F. Künzel Institute of Anatomy, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Veterinärplatz 1, A-1210 Vienna, Austria.

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 Dr Med Vet, PhD

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Abstract

Objective—To determine the ratio of ventral-to-dorsal transverse diameters between the wings of the sacrum on ventrodorsal radiographic views of the pelvis in large dogs and to validate the reliability of this morphometric analysis for functional interpretation.

Sample Population—Pelvic specimens from 40 large-breed dogs and radiographs of 113 large-breed dogs.

Procedure—In an anatomic and radiographic evaluation, the transverse dorsal diameter (TVDS) and transverse ventral diameter (TVV) between the wings of the sacrum were evaluated in sacrum specimens and on corresponding radiographs of the pelvis and sacrum. The ratio between TVV and TVDS (VD ratio) was calculated. Intraobserver reliability was determined by calculation of the coefficient of variation. In a retrospective radiographic evaluation, the VD ratio was determined in Rottweilers, Golden Retrievers, and German Shepherd Dogs. Correlations between VD ratio and breed, age, and sex were tested.

Results—The VD ratio was significantly higher in Rottweilers than in Golden Retrievers and German Shepherd Dogs, denoting an oblique alignment of the sacral wings in Rottweilers (ie, the dorsal aspects of the sacral wings were located more medially than the ventral aspects) and an almost sagittal alignment in the other breeds. The VD ratio was significantly associated with age but not with sex.

Conclusion and Clinical Relevance—Sagittal alignment of the wings of the sacrum is considered to be biomechanically less efficient. These results provide a basis for further studies to evaluate radiographic assessment of the sacroiliac joints similar to the evaluation for hip dysplasia. (Am J Vet Res 2002; 63:1220–1225)

Abstract

Objective—To determine the ratio of ventral-to-dorsal transverse diameters between the wings of the sacrum on ventrodorsal radiographic views of the pelvis in large dogs and to validate the reliability of this morphometric analysis for functional interpretation.

Sample Population—Pelvic specimens from 40 large-breed dogs and radiographs of 113 large-breed dogs.

Procedure—In an anatomic and radiographic evaluation, the transverse dorsal diameter (TVDS) and transverse ventral diameter (TVV) between the wings of the sacrum were evaluated in sacrum specimens and on corresponding radiographs of the pelvis and sacrum. The ratio between TVV and TVDS (VD ratio) was calculated. Intraobserver reliability was determined by calculation of the coefficient of variation. In a retrospective radiographic evaluation, the VD ratio was determined in Rottweilers, Golden Retrievers, and German Shepherd Dogs. Correlations between VD ratio and breed, age, and sex were tested.

Results—The VD ratio was significantly higher in Rottweilers than in Golden Retrievers and German Shepherd Dogs, denoting an oblique alignment of the sacral wings in Rottweilers (ie, the dorsal aspects of the sacral wings were located more medially than the ventral aspects) and an almost sagittal alignment in the other breeds. The VD ratio was significantly associated with age but not with sex.

Conclusion and Clinical Relevance—Sagittal alignment of the wings of the sacrum is considered to be biomechanically less efficient. These results provide a basis for further studies to evaluate radiographic assessment of the sacroiliac joints similar to the evaluation for hip dysplasia. (Am J Vet Res 2002; 63:1220–1225)

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