Influence of dietary calcium and phosphorus content in a fixed ratio on growth and development in Great Danes

Susan D. LautenScott-Ritchey Research Center, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849.

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Nancy R. CoxScott-Ritchey Research Center, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849.

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William R. Brawner JrDepartment of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849.

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Susan A. GoodmanScott-Ritchey Research Center, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849.

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John T. HathcockDepartment of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849.

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Ronald D. MontgomeryDepartment of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849.

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Steven A. KincaidAnatomy, Physiology and Pharmacology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849.

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Nancy E. MorrisonScott-Ritchey Research Center, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849.

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Joseph S. SpanoPathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849.

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Allan. J. LepineIams Company, Lewisburg, OH 45338.

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Gregory A. ReinhartIams Company, Lewisburg, OH 45338.

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Henry J. BakerScott-Ritchey Research Center, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849.

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Abstract

Objective—To study the musculoskeletal development of Great Dane puppies fed various dietary concentrations of calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P) in fixed ratio by use of dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), determination of serum insulin-like growth factor I and parathyroid hormone concentrations, radiography, and blood chemistry analysis results.

Animals—32 purebred Great Dane puppies from 4 litters.

Procedure—At weaning, puppies were assigned randomly to 1 of 3 diets. Blood was collected for biochemical analyses and hormone assays, and radiography and DEXA were performed through 18 months of age. Changes in body weight, bone mineral content, fat tissue weight, lean mass, result of serum biochemical analyses, hormonal concentrations, and radius lengths were analyzed through 18 months of age.

Results—Bone mineral content of puppies correlated positively with Ca and P content of the diets fed. Significant differences between groups in bone mineral content, lean mass, and body fat were apparent early. The disparity among groups increased until 6 months of age and then declined until body composition was no longer different at 12 months of age. Accretion rates for skeletal mineral content, fat, and lean tissue differed from each other and by diet group.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Ca and P concentrations in the diet of young Great Dane puppies are rapidly reflected in the bone mineral content of the puppies until 5 to 6 months of age, after which hormonal regulation adjusts absorption and excretion of these minerals. Appropriate Ca and P concentrations in diets are important in young puppies < 6 months of age. (Am J Vet Res 2002;63:1036–1047)

Abstract

Objective—To study the musculoskeletal development of Great Dane puppies fed various dietary concentrations of calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P) in fixed ratio by use of dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), determination of serum insulin-like growth factor I and parathyroid hormone concentrations, radiography, and blood chemistry analysis results.

Animals—32 purebred Great Dane puppies from 4 litters.

Procedure—At weaning, puppies were assigned randomly to 1 of 3 diets. Blood was collected for biochemical analyses and hormone assays, and radiography and DEXA were performed through 18 months of age. Changes in body weight, bone mineral content, fat tissue weight, lean mass, result of serum biochemical analyses, hormonal concentrations, and radius lengths were analyzed through 18 months of age.

Results—Bone mineral content of puppies correlated positively with Ca and P content of the diets fed. Significant differences between groups in bone mineral content, lean mass, and body fat were apparent early. The disparity among groups increased until 6 months of age and then declined until body composition was no longer different at 12 months of age. Accretion rates for skeletal mineral content, fat, and lean tissue differed from each other and by diet group.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Ca and P concentrations in the diet of young Great Dane puppies are rapidly reflected in the bone mineral content of the puppies until 5 to 6 months of age, after which hormonal regulation adjusts absorption and excretion of these minerals. Appropriate Ca and P concentrations in diets are important in young puppies < 6 months of age. (Am J Vet Res 2002;63:1036–1047)