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Effects of long-term administration of recombinant bovine tumor necrosis factor-α on glucose metabolism and growth hormone secretion in steers

Shiro KushibikiDepartment of Animal Production, Tohoku National Agricultural Experimental Station, Iwate, 020-0198, Japan.

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Koichi HodateDepartment of Animal Production, Tohoku National Agricultural Experimental Station, Iwate, 020-0198, Japan.
National Institute of Animal Industry, Ibaraki, 305-0901, Japan.

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Hiroyuki ShinguDepartment of Animal Production, Tohoku National Agricultural Experimental Station, Iwate, 020-0198, Japan.

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Yasuko UedaDepartment of Animal Production, Tohoku National Agricultural Experimental Station, Iwate, 020-0198, Japan.

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Yasuyuki MoriNational Institute of Animal Health, Ibaraki, 305-0856, Japan.

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Takashi ItohNational Institute of Animal Health, Ibaraki, 305-0856, Japan.

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Yuichi YokomizoNational Institute of Animal Health, Ibaraki, 305-0856, Japan.

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Abstract

Objective—To investigate the effects of long-term administration of recombinant bovine tumor necrosis factor-α (rbTNF) on plasma glucose and growth hormone concentrations, and to determine whether treatment with rbTNF causes insulin resistance in steers.

Animals—5 steers treated with rbTNF and 5 steers treated with saline (0.9% NaCl) solution (control).

Procedures—In experiment 1, rbTNF (5.0 μg/kg of body weight) or saline solution (5 ml) was administered SC daily for 12 days. Blood samples were obtained before treatment, and plasma was harvested for determination of glucose, insulin, and growth hormone (GH) concentrations. In experiment 2, insulin, glucose, or growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) was administered IV on days 7, 9, and 11, respectively, after initiation of rbTNF or saline treatment in experiment 1. Plasma glucose and insulin concentrations were measured before and at various times for 4 hours after insulin or glucose administration. Plasma GH concentrations were measured at various times for 3 hours after GHRH administration.

Results—In experiment 1, administration of rbTNF resulted in hyperinsulinemia without hypoglycemia and decreased plasma GH concentrations. In experiment 2, plasma glucose concentrations were higher in steers treated with rbTNF and insulin than in controls. Plasma GH concentrations were lower in steers treated with rbTNF and GHRH than in controls.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Prolonged treatment with rbTNF induced insulin resistance and inhibited GHRH-stimulated release of GH in steers. Results indicate that rbTNF is a proximal mediator of insulin resistance and inhibits release of GH during periods of endotoxemia or infection. (Am J Vet Res 2001;62:794–798)

Abstract

Objective—To investigate the effects of long-term administration of recombinant bovine tumor necrosis factor-α (rbTNF) on plasma glucose and growth hormone concentrations, and to determine whether treatment with rbTNF causes insulin resistance in steers.

Animals—5 steers treated with rbTNF and 5 steers treated with saline (0.9% NaCl) solution (control).

Procedures—In experiment 1, rbTNF (5.0 μg/kg of body weight) or saline solution (5 ml) was administered SC daily for 12 days. Blood samples were obtained before treatment, and plasma was harvested for determination of glucose, insulin, and growth hormone (GH) concentrations. In experiment 2, insulin, glucose, or growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) was administered IV on days 7, 9, and 11, respectively, after initiation of rbTNF or saline treatment in experiment 1. Plasma glucose and insulin concentrations were measured before and at various times for 4 hours after insulin or glucose administration. Plasma GH concentrations were measured at various times for 3 hours after GHRH administration.

Results—In experiment 1, administration of rbTNF resulted in hyperinsulinemia without hypoglycemia and decreased plasma GH concentrations. In experiment 2, plasma glucose concentrations were higher in steers treated with rbTNF and insulin than in controls. Plasma GH concentrations were lower in steers treated with rbTNF and GHRH than in controls.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Prolonged treatment with rbTNF induced insulin resistance and inhibited GHRH-stimulated release of GH in steers. Results indicate that rbTNF is a proximal mediator of insulin resistance and inhibits release of GH during periods of endotoxemia or infection. (Am J Vet Res 2001;62:794–798)