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Immediate urodynamic and anatomic response to colposuspension in female Beagles

Clarence A. RawlingsDepartments of Small Animal Medicine, Physiology and Pharmacology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602-7390.

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Mary B. MahaffeyDepartments of Anatomy and Radiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602-7390.

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Adriene ChernoskyDepartment of Small Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602-7390.

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Louis HuzellaDepartment of Small Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602-7390.

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Abstract

Objective—To characterize urodynamic function and anatomy before and after colposuspension in anesthetized female Beagles.

Animals—12 adult female Beagles.

Procedure—During general anesthesia (thiopental sodium induction and halothane maintenance), urethral pressure profiles, leak point pressure measurements with a 50-ml bladder volume, positive contrast cystograms, and retrograde vaginourethrocystograms were performed. A caudal midline laparotomy was used to perform colposuspension. Urodynamic and radiographic studies were repeated after surgery.

Results—Leak point pressures were increased (120 to 168.9 cm H2O), and maximum urethral closure pressures decreased (43.7 to 19.3 cm H2O ) after colposuspension. The urethra and bladder were moved cranially; the external urethral orifice was positioned closer to the pelvic cavity, and the neck of the bladder was positioned more cranially into the abdomen. Length of the urethra, as measured by use of vaginourethrocystograms, was increased by 3%. As measured by use of urethral pressure profiles, total profile length was increased by 19.9%, and functional profile length was increased by 19.2%.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Increased leak-point pressure correlated with the expected clinical improvement attributable to colposuspension. Increased exposure of the urethra to abdominal and pelvic cavity pressures may be the mechanism by which incontinent dogs become continent after colposuspension. Results of the leak-point pressure test may correlate with clinical behavior before and after colposuspension for treatment of incontinence. (Am J Vet Res 2000;61:1353–1357)

Abstract

Objective—To characterize urodynamic function and anatomy before and after colposuspension in anesthetized female Beagles.

Animals—12 adult female Beagles.

Procedure—During general anesthesia (thiopental sodium induction and halothane maintenance), urethral pressure profiles, leak point pressure measurements with a 50-ml bladder volume, positive contrast cystograms, and retrograde vaginourethrocystograms were performed. A caudal midline laparotomy was used to perform colposuspension. Urodynamic and radiographic studies were repeated after surgery.

Results—Leak point pressures were increased (120 to 168.9 cm H2O), and maximum urethral closure pressures decreased (43.7 to 19.3 cm H2O ) after colposuspension. The urethra and bladder were moved cranially; the external urethral orifice was positioned closer to the pelvic cavity, and the neck of the bladder was positioned more cranially into the abdomen. Length of the urethra, as measured by use of vaginourethrocystograms, was increased by 3%. As measured by use of urethral pressure profiles, total profile length was increased by 19.9%, and functional profile length was increased by 19.2%.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Increased leak-point pressure correlated with the expected clinical improvement attributable to colposuspension. Increased exposure of the urethra to abdominal and pelvic cavity pressures may be the mechanism by which incontinent dogs become continent after colposuspension. Results of the leak-point pressure test may correlate with clinical behavior before and after colposuspension for treatment of incontinence. (Am J Vet Res 2000;61:1353–1357)