Doppler echocardiographic study of left and right ventricular function during dobutamine stress testing in conscious healthy dogs

Kathleen Mc Entee From the Small Animal Clinic, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Liège, B44 Sart Tilman, Liège, Belgium.

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Cécile Clercx From the Small Animal Clinic, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Liège, B44 Sart Tilman, Liège, Belgium.

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Hélène Amory From the Small Animal Clinic, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Liège, B44 Sart Tilman, Liège, Belgium.

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Charles Michaux From the Small Animal Clinic, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Liège, B44 Sart Tilman, Liège, Belgium.

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Jean-Jacques Dardenne From the Small Animal Clinic, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Liège, B44 Sart Tilman, Liège, Belgium.

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Daniel Soyeur From the Small Animal Clinic, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Liège, B44 Sart Tilman, Liège, Belgium.

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Marc Henroteaux From the Small Animal Clinic, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Liège, B44 Sart Tilman, Liège, Belgium.

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Abstract

Objective

To evaluate left and right ventricular filling and ejection performances by use of Doppler echocardiography in healthy, conscious dogs submitted to dobutamine stress testing.

Animals

10 unsedated, healthy adult Beagles.

Procedure

Doppler echocardiography was performed during cardiac stress testing on each dog twice at 24-hour intervals. Dobutamine was infused in 10 µg/kg of body weight/min incremental dosages, from 12.5 to 42.5 µg/kg/min. Duration of each step was 15 minutes. Doppler measurements were recorded at baseline and at each stage of dobutamine infusion, whereas aortic diameter was measured at baseline and at peak dosage by use of two-dimensional echocardiography.

Results

Dobutamine infusion induced a significant increase in velocity time integrals and in peak flow velocities at the aortic, pulmonic, mitral, and tricuspid valves. Acceleration time-to-deceleration time ratio at the aortic wave also was increased significantly. On the other hand, ejection time, acceleration time, and deceleration time at the aortic and pulmonic valves and peak flow velocity of the E wave-to-peak flow velocity of the A wave ratio at the mitral and tricuspid valves decreased significantly during the test. The acceleration time-to-deceleration time ratio at the pulmonic wave was unchanged. A significant, progressive increase in cardiac index also was observed during dobutamine infusion, with a maximal increase of 104% from baseline. This was mediated initially by an increase in stroke index and, at higher dosages, by an increase in heart rate.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance

Doppler echocardiography performed during dobutamine stress testing may be a reliable method of assessing myocardial function in dogs with cardiovascular disease. (Am J Vet Res 1999;60:865–871)

Abstract

Objective

To evaluate left and right ventricular filling and ejection performances by use of Doppler echocardiography in healthy, conscious dogs submitted to dobutamine stress testing.

Animals

10 unsedated, healthy adult Beagles.

Procedure

Doppler echocardiography was performed during cardiac stress testing on each dog twice at 24-hour intervals. Dobutamine was infused in 10 µg/kg of body weight/min incremental dosages, from 12.5 to 42.5 µg/kg/min. Duration of each step was 15 minutes. Doppler measurements were recorded at baseline and at each stage of dobutamine infusion, whereas aortic diameter was measured at baseline and at peak dosage by use of two-dimensional echocardiography.

Results

Dobutamine infusion induced a significant increase in velocity time integrals and in peak flow velocities at the aortic, pulmonic, mitral, and tricuspid valves. Acceleration time-to-deceleration time ratio at the aortic wave also was increased significantly. On the other hand, ejection time, acceleration time, and deceleration time at the aortic and pulmonic valves and peak flow velocity of the E wave-to-peak flow velocity of the A wave ratio at the mitral and tricuspid valves decreased significantly during the test. The acceleration time-to-deceleration time ratio at the pulmonic wave was unchanged. A significant, progressive increase in cardiac index also was observed during dobutamine infusion, with a maximal increase of 104% from baseline. This was mediated initially by an increase in stroke index and, at higher dosages, by an increase in heart rate.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance

Doppler echocardiography performed during dobutamine stress testing may be a reliable method of assessing myocardial function in dogs with cardiovascular disease. (Am J Vet Res 1999;60:865–871)

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