Impaired cytosolic calcium mobilization and aggregation in response to collagen in platelets from Japanese Black cattle with Chediak-Higashi syndrome

Mitsuya Shiraishi From the Departments of Veterinary Pharmacology (Shiraishi, Ikeda, Ito) and Veterinary Surgery (Ogawa, Tu), Faculty of Agriculture, Miyazaki University, Miyazaki 889-2192, Japan.

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Masahiro Ikeda From the Departments of Veterinary Pharmacology (Shiraishi, Ikeda, Ito) and Veterinary Surgery (Ogawa, Tu), Faculty of Agriculture, Miyazaki University, Miyazaki 889-2192, Japan.

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Hiroyuki Ogawa From the Departments of Veterinary Pharmacology (Shiraishi, Ikeda, Ito) and Veterinary Surgery (Ogawa, Tu), Faculty of Agriculture, Miyazaki University, Miyazaki 889-2192, Japan.

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Chien-Hsien Tu From the Departments of Veterinary Pharmacology (Shiraishi, Ikeda, Ito) and Veterinary Surgery (Ogawa, Tu), Faculty of Agriculture, Miyazaki University, Miyazaki 889-2192, Japan.

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Katsuaki Ito From the Departments of Veterinary Pharmacology (Shiraishi, Ikeda, Ito) and Veterinary Surgery (Ogawa, Tu), Faculty of Agriculture, Miyazaki University, Miyazaki 889-2192, Japan.

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Abstract

Objective

To examine whether impaired aggregation of platelets from Japanese Black cattle with Chediak-Higashi syndrome (CHS) was attributable to mobilization of cytosolic Ca2+.

Animals

4 healthy Japanese Black cattle and 3 Japanese Black cattle with CHS.

Procedure

Aggregation and mobilization of cytosolic Ca2+ in response to various receptor agonists was measured in platelets from healthy cattle and cattle with CHS. Involvement of endogenous ADP and arachidonic acid in collagen-induced responses was examined. Cytosolic Ca2+ concentration was measured after platelets were loaded with the Ca2+ indicator fura-PE3. Platelet aggregation was measured with an aggregometer.

Results

Collagen (3 to 15 μg/ml)-induced increases in cytosolic Ca2+ concentration and aggregation were markedly impaired for platelets from cattle with CHS, compared with values for platelets from healthy cattle. Although aggregation and the sustained phase of the cytosolic Ca2+ response to ADP were also decreased in platelets from cattle with CHS, these decreases were small, compared with those in response to collagen. A cyclooxygenase inhibitor and a phospholipase A2 inhibitor did not have any effect on peak cytosolic Ca2+ concentration or collagen-induced aggregation of platelets from healthy cattle. Responses to a P2T-purinoceptor antagonist suggested that decreased release of endogenous ADP was only partially involved in the impaired response to collagen among platelets from cattle with CHS.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance

Marked inhibition of collagen-induced Ca2+ mobilization, rather than decreased release of endogenous substances, appeared to be the major cause of impaired platelet response to collagen and the hemorrhagic tendency in cattle with CHS. (Am J Vet Res 1998;59:744-749)

Abstract

Objective

To examine whether impaired aggregation of platelets from Japanese Black cattle with Chediak-Higashi syndrome (CHS) was attributable to mobilization of cytosolic Ca2+.

Animals

4 healthy Japanese Black cattle and 3 Japanese Black cattle with CHS.

Procedure

Aggregation and mobilization of cytosolic Ca2+ in response to various receptor agonists was measured in platelets from healthy cattle and cattle with CHS. Involvement of endogenous ADP and arachidonic acid in collagen-induced responses was examined. Cytosolic Ca2+ concentration was measured after platelets were loaded with the Ca2+ indicator fura-PE3. Platelet aggregation was measured with an aggregometer.

Results

Collagen (3 to 15 μg/ml)-induced increases in cytosolic Ca2+ concentration and aggregation were markedly impaired for platelets from cattle with CHS, compared with values for platelets from healthy cattle. Although aggregation and the sustained phase of the cytosolic Ca2+ response to ADP were also decreased in platelets from cattle with CHS, these decreases were small, compared with those in response to collagen. A cyclooxygenase inhibitor and a phospholipase A2 inhibitor did not have any effect on peak cytosolic Ca2+ concentration or collagen-induced aggregation of platelets from healthy cattle. Responses to a P2T-purinoceptor antagonist suggested that decreased release of endogenous ADP was only partially involved in the impaired response to collagen among platelets from cattle with CHS.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance

Marked inhibition of collagen-induced Ca2+ mobilization, rather than decreased release of endogenous substances, appeared to be the major cause of impaired platelet response to collagen and the hemorrhagic tendency in cattle with CHS. (Am J Vet Res 1998;59:744-749)

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