Effects of exercise and EDTA administration on blood ionized calcium and parathyroid hormone in horses

Escolástico Aguilera-Tejero From the Departamento de Medicina y Cirugía Animal, Universidad de Córdoba, Campus Universitario de Rabanales, Ctra. Madrid-Cádiz Km 396, 14014, Córdoba, Spain (Aguilera-Tejero, Garfia, Estepa, López, Mayer-Valor) and Unidad de Investigación, Hospital Reina Sofía de Córdoba, Spain (Rodríguez).

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Bartolomé Garfia From the Departamento de Medicina y Cirugía Animal, Universidad de Córdoba, Campus Universitario de Rabanales, Ctra. Madrid-Cádiz Km 396, 14014, Córdoba, Spain (Aguilera-Tejero, Garfia, Estepa, López, Mayer-Valor) and Unidad de Investigación, Hospital Reina Sofía de Córdoba, Spain (Rodríguez).

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José C. Estepa From the Departamento de Medicina y Cirugía Animal, Universidad de Córdoba, Campus Universitario de Rabanales, Ctra. Madrid-Cádiz Km 396, 14014, Córdoba, Spain (Aguilera-Tejero, Garfia, Estepa, López, Mayer-Valor) and Unidad de Investigación, Hospital Reina Sofía de Córdoba, Spain (Rodríguez).

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Ignacio López From the Departamento de Medicina y Cirugía Animal, Universidad de Córdoba, Campus Universitario de Rabanales, Ctra. Madrid-Cádiz Km 396, 14014, Córdoba, Spain (Aguilera-Tejero, Garfia, Estepa, López, Mayer-Valor) and Unidad de Investigación, Hospital Reina Sofía de Córdoba, Spain (Rodríguez).

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Rafael Mayer-Valor From the Departamento de Medicina y Cirugía Animal, Universidad de Córdoba, Campus Universitario de Rabanales, Ctra. Madrid-Cádiz Km 396, 14014, Córdoba, Spain (Aguilera-Tejero, Garfia, Estepa, López, Mayer-Valor) and Unidad de Investigación, Hospital Reina Sofía de Córdoba, Spain (Rodríguez).

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Mariano Rodríguez From the Departamento de Medicina y Cirugía Animal, Universidad de Córdoba, Campus Universitario de Rabanales, Ctra. Madrid-Cádiz Km 396, 14014, Córdoba, Spain (Aguilera-Tejero, Garfia, Estepa, López, Mayer-Valor) and Unidad de Investigación, Hospital Reina Sofía de Córdoba, Spain (Rodríguez).

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Abstract

Objective

To determine effects of exercise on blood ionized calcium (Ca2+) and plasma parathyroid hormone (PTH) concentrations in horses and to compare the effects of exercise-induced and EDTA-induced hypocalcemia on PTH secretion.

Animals

17 horses entered in a show jumping competition and 5 horses given EDTA.

Procedure

Blood Ca2+ and plasma PTH concentrations were measured before and after exercise in the 17 horses entered in the jumping competition. In the other 5 horses, concentrations were measured during infusion of EDTA IV.

Results

Exercise resulted in a significant decrease in blood Ca2+ concentration and a significant increase in plasma PTH concentration, and blood Ca2+ concentration was correlated with plasma PTH concentration. Administration of EDTA resulted in hypocalcemia and an increase in PTH concentration. For the same decrease in Ca2+ concentration, magnitude of the exercise-induced increase in PTH concentration was similar to magnitude of the EDTA-induced increase.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance

Results suggest that the increase in plasma PTH concentration in horses after exercise is secondary to hypocalcemia and that the increase in PTH concentration seems to be commensurate with the decrease in Ca2+ concentration. (Am J Vet Res 1998;59:1605-1607)

Abstract

Objective

To determine effects of exercise on blood ionized calcium (Ca2+) and plasma parathyroid hormone (PTH) concentrations in horses and to compare the effects of exercise-induced and EDTA-induced hypocalcemia on PTH secretion.

Animals

17 horses entered in a show jumping competition and 5 horses given EDTA.

Procedure

Blood Ca2+ and plasma PTH concentrations were measured before and after exercise in the 17 horses entered in the jumping competition. In the other 5 horses, concentrations were measured during infusion of EDTA IV.

Results

Exercise resulted in a significant decrease in blood Ca2+ concentration and a significant increase in plasma PTH concentration, and blood Ca2+ concentration was correlated with plasma PTH concentration. Administration of EDTA resulted in hypocalcemia and an increase in PTH concentration. For the same decrease in Ca2+ concentration, magnitude of the exercise-induced increase in PTH concentration was similar to magnitude of the EDTA-induced increase.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance

Results suggest that the increase in plasma PTH concentration in horses after exercise is secondary to hypocalcemia and that the increase in PTH concentration seems to be commensurate with the decrease in Ca2+ concentration. (Am J Vet Res 1998;59:1605-1607)

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