Morphologic and cytochemical characteristics of blood cells from Hawaiian green turtles

Thierry M. Work From the US Geological Survey, Biological Resource Division, National Wildlife Health Center, Honolulu Field Station, PO Box 50167, Honolulu, HI 96850 (Work); the Department of Physiological Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610 (Raskin); the National Marine Fisheries Service, Southwest Fisheries Science Center, Honolulu Laboratory, 2570 Dole St, Honolulu, HI 96822 (Balazs); and the Electron Microscopy Core Laboratory, Interdisciplinary Center for Biotechnology Research, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 (Whittaker).

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Rose E. Raskin From the US Geological Survey, Biological Resource Division, National Wildlife Health Center, Honolulu Field Station, PO Box 50167, Honolulu, HI 96850 (Work); the Department of Physiological Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610 (Raskin); the National Marine Fisheries Service, Southwest Fisheries Science Center, Honolulu Laboratory, 2570 Dole St, Honolulu, HI 96822 (Balazs); and the Electron Microscopy Core Laboratory, Interdisciplinary Center for Biotechnology Research, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 (Whittaker).

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George H. Balazs From the US Geological Survey, Biological Resource Division, National Wildlife Health Center, Honolulu Field Station, PO Box 50167, Honolulu, HI 96850 (Work); the Department of Physiological Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610 (Raskin); the National Marine Fisheries Service, Southwest Fisheries Science Center, Honolulu Laboratory, 2570 Dole St, Honolulu, HI 96822 (Balazs); and the Electron Microscopy Core Laboratory, Interdisciplinary Center for Biotechnology Research, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 (Whittaker).

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Scott D. Whittaker From the US Geological Survey, Biological Resource Division, National Wildlife Health Center, Honolulu Field Station, PO Box 50167, Honolulu, HI 96850 (Work); the Department of Physiological Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610 (Raskin); the National Marine Fisheries Service, Southwest Fisheries Science Center, Honolulu Laboratory, 2570 Dole St, Honolulu, HI 96822 (Balazs); and the Electron Microscopy Core Laboratory, Interdisciplinary Center for Biotechnology Research, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 (Whittaker).

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Abstract

Objective

To identify and characterize blood cells from free-ranging Hawaiian green turtles, Chelonia mydas.

Sample Population

26 green turtles from Puako on the island of Hawaii and Kaneohe Bay on the island of Oahu.

Procedure

Blood was examined, using light and electron microscopy and cytochemical stains that included benzidine peroxidase, chloroacetate esterase, alpha naphthyl butyrate esterase, acid phosphatase, Sudan black B, periodic acid-Schiff, and toluidine blue.

Results

6 types of WBC were identified: lymphocytes, monocytes, thrombocytes, heterophils, basophils, and eosinophils (small and large). Morphologic characteristics of mononuclear cells and most granulocytes were similar to those of cells from other reptiles except that green turtles have both large and small eosinophils.

Conclusions

Our classification of green turtle blood cells clarifies improper nomenclature reported previously and provides a reference for future hematologic studies in this species. (Am J Vet Res 1998;59:1252–1257)

Abstract

Objective

To identify and characterize blood cells from free-ranging Hawaiian green turtles, Chelonia mydas.

Sample Population

26 green turtles from Puako on the island of Hawaii and Kaneohe Bay on the island of Oahu.

Procedure

Blood was examined, using light and electron microscopy and cytochemical stains that included benzidine peroxidase, chloroacetate esterase, alpha naphthyl butyrate esterase, acid phosphatase, Sudan black B, periodic acid-Schiff, and toluidine blue.

Results

6 types of WBC were identified: lymphocytes, monocytes, thrombocytes, heterophils, basophils, and eosinophils (small and large). Morphologic characteristics of mononuclear cells and most granulocytes were similar to those of cells from other reptiles except that green turtles have both large and small eosinophils.

Conclusions

Our classification of green turtle blood cells clarifies improper nomenclature reported previously and provides a reference for future hematologic studies in this species. (Am J Vet Res 1998;59:1252–1257)

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