Effect of sodium bisulfate on ammonia concentration, fly population, and manure pH in a horse barn

Corinne R. Sweeney From the Department of Clinical Studies, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, New Bolton Center, Kennett Square, PA 19148 (Sweeney, McDonnell, Russell) and Jones-Hamilton Company, 30354 Tracy Rd, Walbridge, OH 43465 (Terzich).

Search for other papers by Corinne R. Sweeney in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 DVM
,
Sue McDonnell From the Department of Clinical Studies, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, New Bolton Center, Kennett Square, PA 19148 (Sweeney, McDonnell, Russell) and Jones-Hamilton Company, 30354 Tracy Rd, Walbridge, OH 43465 (Terzich).

Search for other papers by Sue McDonnell in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 PhD
,
Gail E. Russell From the Department of Clinical Studies, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, New Bolton Center, Kennett Square, PA 19148 (Sweeney, McDonnell, Russell) and Jones-Hamilton Company, 30354 Tracy Rd, Walbridge, OH 43465 (Terzich).

Search for other papers by Gail E. Russell in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
Mac Terzich From the Department of Clinical Studies, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, New Bolton Center, Kennett Square, PA 19148 (Sweeney, McDonnell, Russell) and Jones-Hamilton Company, 30354 Tracy Rd, Walbridge, OH 43465 (Terzich).

Search for other papers by Mac Terzich in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 DVM

Click on author name to view affiliation information

Abstract

Objective

To evaluate the effectiveness of altering the pH of manure with sodium bisulfate, thereby decreasing ammonia concentration and fly population in a horse barn environment.

Animals

4 mixed-breed pony stallions.

Procedure

The 4-week study was scheduled with 2 weeks of treatment (with 2 application rates) end 2 weeks with no treatment (control weeks). During treatment weeks, sodium bisulfate was applied daily to the top of the bedding and straw, then spread on top. Ponies were kept in tne stalls 24 hours a day during the 7-day test period and stall cleaning was not done. On day 7 of each week, ammonia concentration, manure pH, number of flies on a fly tape, and fly-evasive behavior patterns were determined.

Results

Sodium bisulfate applied to the horse stall environment daily of either 2.3 or 4.5 kg/9.3 m2(5 or 10lb/100 ft2) decreased ammonia concentration, manure pF, and number of flies in the stall environment, compared with a control period with no sodium bisulfate. Fly-evasive behavior patterns of ponies occupying the stalls, including tail swishes, head tosses, and kicks/strikes, were decreased during the period of sodium bisulfate application.

Conclusion

Sodium bisulfate rnay be an effective method of decreasing ammonia concentration and may serve as a method of fly control in horse barns. (Am J Vet Res 1996;57:1795–1798)

Abstract

Objective

To evaluate the effectiveness of altering the pH of manure with sodium bisulfate, thereby decreasing ammonia concentration and fly population in a horse barn environment.

Animals

4 mixed-breed pony stallions.

Procedure

The 4-week study was scheduled with 2 weeks of treatment (with 2 application rates) end 2 weeks with no treatment (control weeks). During treatment weeks, sodium bisulfate was applied daily to the top of the bedding and straw, then spread on top. Ponies were kept in tne stalls 24 hours a day during the 7-day test period and stall cleaning was not done. On day 7 of each week, ammonia concentration, manure pH, number of flies on a fly tape, and fly-evasive behavior patterns were determined.

Results

Sodium bisulfate applied to the horse stall environment daily of either 2.3 or 4.5 kg/9.3 m2(5 or 10lb/100 ft2) decreased ammonia concentration, manure pF, and number of flies in the stall environment, compared with a control period with no sodium bisulfate. Fly-evasive behavior patterns of ponies occupying the stalls, including tail swishes, head tosses, and kicks/strikes, were decreased during the period of sodium bisulfate application.

Conclusion

Sodium bisulfate rnay be an effective method of decreasing ammonia concentration and may serve as a method of fly control in horse barns. (Am J Vet Res 1996;57:1795–1798)

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 59 59 24
PDF Downloads 23 23 6
Advertisement