Estimation of arcuate artery resistive index as a diagnostic tool for aminoglycoside-induced acute renal failure in dogs

Bill J. Rivers From the Departments of Small Animal Clinical Sciences (Rivers, Walter, Polzin), Clinical and Population Sciences (King), and Pathobiology (O'Brien), College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, 1352 Boyd Ave, St Paul, MN 55108; Department of Radiology, Louisiana State University Medical Center, New Orleans, LA 70112 (Letourneau); Department of Radiology, University of Texas Health Center, Tyler, TX 75708 (Finlay); and Department of Radiology, University of Minnesota Hospital and Clinic, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (Ritenour).

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Patricia A. Walter From the Departments of Small Animal Clinical Sciences (Rivers, Walter, Polzin), Clinical and Population Sciences (King), and Pathobiology (O'Brien), College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, 1352 Boyd Ave, St Paul, MN 55108; Department of Radiology, Louisiana State University Medical Center, New Orleans, LA 70112 (Letourneau); Department of Radiology, University of Texas Health Center, Tyler, TX 75708 (Finlay); and Department of Radiology, University of Minnesota Hospital and Clinic, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (Ritenour).

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Janis G. Letourneau From the Departments of Small Animal Clinical Sciences (Rivers, Walter, Polzin), Clinical and Population Sciences (King), and Pathobiology (O'Brien), College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, 1352 Boyd Ave, St Paul, MN 55108; Department of Radiology, Louisiana State University Medical Center, New Orleans, LA 70112 (Letourneau); Department of Radiology, University of Texas Health Center, Tyler, TX 75708 (Finlay); and Department of Radiology, University of Minnesota Hospital and Clinic, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (Ritenour).

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David E. Finlay From the Departments of Small Animal Clinical Sciences (Rivers, Walter, Polzin), Clinical and Population Sciences (King), and Pathobiology (O'Brien), College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, 1352 Boyd Ave, St Paul, MN 55108; Department of Radiology, Louisiana State University Medical Center, New Orleans, LA 70112 (Letourneau); Department of Radiology, University of Texas Health Center, Tyler, TX 75708 (Finlay); and Department of Radiology, University of Minnesota Hospital and Clinic, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (Ritenour).

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E. Russell Ritenour From the Departments of Small Animal Clinical Sciences (Rivers, Walter, Polzin), Clinical and Population Sciences (King), and Pathobiology (O'Brien), College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, 1352 Boyd Ave, St Paul, MN 55108; Department of Radiology, Louisiana State University Medical Center, New Orleans, LA 70112 (Letourneau); Department of Radiology, University of Texas Health Center, Tyler, TX 75708 (Finlay); and Department of Radiology, University of Minnesota Hospital and Clinic, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (Ritenour).

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Vickie L. King From the Departments of Small Animal Clinical Sciences (Rivers, Walter, Polzin), Clinical and Population Sciences (King), and Pathobiology (O'Brien), College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, 1352 Boyd Ave, St Paul, MN 55108; Department of Radiology, Louisiana State University Medical Center, New Orleans, LA 70112 (Letourneau); Department of Radiology, University of Texas Health Center, Tyler, TX 75708 (Finlay); and Department of Radiology, University of Minnesota Hospital and Clinic, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (Ritenour).

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Timothy D. O’Brien From the Departments of Small Animal Clinical Sciences (Rivers, Walter, Polzin), Clinical and Population Sciences (King), and Pathobiology (O'Brien), College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, 1352 Boyd Ave, St Paul, MN 55108; Department of Radiology, Louisiana State University Medical Center, New Orleans, LA 70112 (Letourneau); Department of Radiology, University of Texas Health Center, Tyler, TX 75708 (Finlay); and Department of Radiology, University of Minnesota Hospital and Clinic, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (Ritenour).

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David J. Polzin From the Departments of Small Animal Clinical Sciences (Rivers, Walter, Polzin), Clinical and Population Sciences (King), and Pathobiology (O'Brien), College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, 1352 Boyd Ave, St Paul, MN 55108; Department of Radiology, Louisiana State University Medical Center, New Orleans, LA 70112 (Letourneau); Department of Radiology, University of Texas Health Center, Tyler, TX 75708 (Finlay); and Department of Radiology, University of Minnesota Hospital and Clinic, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (Ritenour).

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Abstract

Objective

To determine the potential clinical usefulness of duplex Doppler estimation of arcuate artery resistive index (a measure of intrarenal blood flow impedance) for diagnosis of aminoglycoside-induced nephrotoxicosis.

Animals

30 adult, female, mixed-breed dogs, allotted to 3 groups of 10 dogs each as: toxic dosage of gentamicin, therapeutic dosage of gentamicin, and saline solution sham equivalent in volume to that of the toxic dosage of gentamicin.

Procedure

After baseline screening to establish normalcy (serum biochemical analysis, endogenous creatinine clearance determination, urinalysis, urine protein-to-creatinine ratio, urine culture, gray-scale sonography, and percutaneous ultrasound-guided renal biopsy), results of arcuate artery resistive index determination were compared with serum creatinine and urine specific gravity values on a Monday-Wednesday-Friday data collection schedule for 10 days. Endogenous creatinine clearance determination, ultrasound-guided renal biopsy, and urine culture were repeated at the end of data collection in all 3 groups.

Results

Significant differences in resistive index measurements were not observed, despite clinicopathologic and renal biopsy results compatible with severe acute tubular necrosis in dogs of the toxic dosage group.

Conclusions

Duplex Doppler sonography of arcuate artery blood flow impedance, expressed as the resistive index, appears to have poor clinical usefulness as a diagnostic tool in this disorder.

Clinical Relevance

Normal arcuate artery resistive index values obtained in dogs for which aminoglycoside-induced nephrotoxicosis is suspected do not exclude the disorder. If abnormal arcuate artery resistive index values are obtained for such dogs, further evaluation for nephropathies other than aminoglycoside-induced nephrotoxi-cosis may be considered. (Am J Vet Res 1996;57:1536–1544)

Abstract

Objective

To determine the potential clinical usefulness of duplex Doppler estimation of arcuate artery resistive index (a measure of intrarenal blood flow impedance) for diagnosis of aminoglycoside-induced nephrotoxicosis.

Animals

30 adult, female, mixed-breed dogs, allotted to 3 groups of 10 dogs each as: toxic dosage of gentamicin, therapeutic dosage of gentamicin, and saline solution sham equivalent in volume to that of the toxic dosage of gentamicin.

Procedure

After baseline screening to establish normalcy (serum biochemical analysis, endogenous creatinine clearance determination, urinalysis, urine protein-to-creatinine ratio, urine culture, gray-scale sonography, and percutaneous ultrasound-guided renal biopsy), results of arcuate artery resistive index determination were compared with serum creatinine and urine specific gravity values on a Monday-Wednesday-Friday data collection schedule for 10 days. Endogenous creatinine clearance determination, ultrasound-guided renal biopsy, and urine culture were repeated at the end of data collection in all 3 groups.

Results

Significant differences in resistive index measurements were not observed, despite clinicopathologic and renal biopsy results compatible with severe acute tubular necrosis in dogs of the toxic dosage group.

Conclusions

Duplex Doppler sonography of arcuate artery blood flow impedance, expressed as the resistive index, appears to have poor clinical usefulness as a diagnostic tool in this disorder.

Clinical Relevance

Normal arcuate artery resistive index values obtained in dogs for which aminoglycoside-induced nephrotoxicosis is suspected do not exclude the disorder. If abnormal arcuate artery resistive index values are obtained for such dogs, further evaluation for nephropathies other than aminoglycoside-induced nephrotoxi-cosis may be considered. (Am J Vet Res 1996;57:1536–1544)

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