Histologic evaluation of tissue reactivity and absorption in response to a new synthetic fluorescent pigmented polypropylene suture material in rats

Stephanie L. Beardsley From the Departments of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Small Animal Surgery (Beardsley, Smeak), and Pathobiology (Weisbrode), College of Veterinary Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210.

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Daniel D. Smeak From the Departments of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Small Animal Surgery (Beardsley, Smeak), and Pathobiology (Weisbrode), College of Veterinary Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210.

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Steven E. Weisbrode From the Departments of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Small Animal Surgery (Beardsley, Smeak), and Pathobiology (Weisbrode), College of Veterinary Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210.

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SUMMARY

The degree and type of tissue reactivity and the absorption of a new suture material was determined by implantation within rat gluteal muscles. Amount and type of tissue inflammatory reaction was compared among the new suture material, polypropylene, and coated polyamide.

Histologic evaluation of the tissues in which sutures were implanted indicated that the new suture material, polypropylene, and coated polyamide had similar amounts and types of reaction at 30 days or less after implantation, but differed after 30 days. The new suture material and polypropylene had an inflammatory reaction zone measuring less than 25% of the high-power field after 60 days, but the coated polyamide still induced reaction greater than 45% of the field at 90 days. At 60 and 90 days after implantation, the new suture material and polypropylene induced a mature fibrous reaction; the reaction to coated polyamide was either immature fibrous or granulomatous, depending on whether there was rupture of the suture coat. There was no observable absorption of the new suture material at 90 days.

This study indicated that the new suture material is nonabsorbable and is minimally reactive in rat muscle. The tissue reactions induced by this suture material are similar to those of polypropylene and significantly less than those induced by coated polyamide after 30 days following implantation.

SUMMARY

The degree and type of tissue reactivity and the absorption of a new suture material was determined by implantation within rat gluteal muscles. Amount and type of tissue inflammatory reaction was compared among the new suture material, polypropylene, and coated polyamide.

Histologic evaluation of the tissues in which sutures were implanted indicated that the new suture material, polypropylene, and coated polyamide had similar amounts and types of reaction at 30 days or less after implantation, but differed after 30 days. The new suture material and polypropylene had an inflammatory reaction zone measuring less than 25% of the high-power field after 60 days, but the coated polyamide still induced reaction greater than 45% of the field at 90 days. At 60 and 90 days after implantation, the new suture material and polypropylene induced a mature fibrous reaction; the reaction to coated polyamide was either immature fibrous or granulomatous, depending on whether there was rupture of the suture coat. There was no observable absorption of the new suture material at 90 days.

This study indicated that the new suture material is nonabsorbable and is minimally reactive in rat muscle. The tissue reactions induced by this suture material are similar to those of polypropylene and significantly less than those induced by coated polyamide after 30 days following implantation.

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