Tidal breathing flow-volume loops in horses with recurrent airway obstruction (heaves)

Vicki M. Petsche From the Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824-1314.

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Frederik J. Derksen From the Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824-1314.

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N. Edward Robinson From the Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824-1314.

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Summary

Tidal breathing flow-volume (tbfv) loops were determined in a group of control horses and in horses affected with recurrent airway obstruction (heaves). The latter group was studied when the condition was in remission and under increasing amounts of airway obstruction as reflected by measurements of change in pleural pressure, pulmonary resistance, and dynamic compliance. The tbfv loops of control horses had biphasic inspiratory and expiratory patterns; peak inspiratory and peak expiratory flows were detected early in inspiration and expiration, respectively. Tidal volume was unaffected by heaves, but at all stages of heaves, respiratory frequency was increased principally because of shorter inspiratory time, and therefore, inspiratory flow rate was increased. In horses with heaves, tbfv loops did not have a biphasic pattern; peak inspiratory flow was observed late in inspiration, and peak expiratory flow was observed early in expiration. As airway obstruction became more severe, peak expiratory flow increased as pulmonary resistance increased so that, during severe airway obstruction, tbfv loops had a characteristic appearance with high peak expiratory flow early in expiration followed by low flow rate.

Summary

Tidal breathing flow-volume (tbfv) loops were determined in a group of control horses and in horses affected with recurrent airway obstruction (heaves). The latter group was studied when the condition was in remission and under increasing amounts of airway obstruction as reflected by measurements of change in pleural pressure, pulmonary resistance, and dynamic compliance. The tbfv loops of control horses had biphasic inspiratory and expiratory patterns; peak inspiratory and peak expiratory flows were detected early in inspiration and expiration, respectively. Tidal volume was unaffected by heaves, but at all stages of heaves, respiratory frequency was increased principally because of shorter inspiratory time, and therefore, inspiratory flow rate was increased. In horses with heaves, tbfv loops did not have a biphasic pattern; peak inspiratory flow was observed late in inspiration, and peak expiratory flow was observed early in expiration. As airway obstruction became more severe, peak expiratory flow increased as pulmonary resistance increased so that, during severe airway obstruction, tbfv loops had a characteristic appearance with high peak expiratory flow early in expiration followed by low flow rate.

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