Ground reaction force profiles from force platform gait analyses of clinically normal mesomorphic dogs at the trot

Paul F. Rumph From the Department of Anatomy and Histology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University, AL 36849 (Rumph, Kincaid, Baird, Kammermann), Department of Sports Health Science, Life College, Marietta, GA 30060 (Lander), and Miles Inc, West Haven, CT 06516 (Visco).

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Jeffry E. Lander From the Department of Anatomy and Histology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University, AL 36849 (Rumph, Kincaid, Baird, Kammermann), Department of Sports Health Science, Life College, Marietta, GA 30060 (Lander), and Miles Inc, West Haven, CT 06516 (Visco).

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Steven A. Kincaid From the Department of Anatomy and Histology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University, AL 36849 (Rumph, Kincaid, Baird, Kammermann), Department of Sports Health Science, Life College, Marietta, GA 30060 (Lander), and Miles Inc, West Haven, CT 06516 (Visco).

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Debra K. Baird From the Department of Anatomy and Histology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University, AL 36849 (Rumph, Kincaid, Baird, Kammermann), Department of Sports Health Science, Life College, Marietta, GA 30060 (Lander), and Miles Inc, West Haven, CT 06516 (Visco).

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John R. Kammermann From the Department of Anatomy and Histology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University, AL 36849 (Rumph, Kincaid, Baird, Kammermann), Department of Sports Health Science, Life College, Marietta, GA 30060 (Lander), and Miles Inc, West Haven, CT 06516 (Visco).

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Denise M. Visco From the Department of Anatomy and Histology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University, AL 36849 (Rumph, Kincaid, Baird, Kammermann), Department of Sports Health Science, Life College, Marietta, GA 30060 (Lander), and Miles Inc, West Haven, CT 06516 (Visco).

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Summary

Force platform analysis of gait provides ground reaction force information that can be used to study limbs with normal or abnormal function. When combined, the interrelated variables of ground reaction forces give a more thorough description of gait than when used individually.

To describe the pattern of ground reaction forces in clinically normal, conditioned, mesomorphic dogs, we studied the data from platform gait analyses of 43 dogs. Mediolateral (Fx), craniocaudal (Fy), and vertical (Fz) forces were measured and recorded. Torque (Tz) around the vertical axis also was calculated.

Mean stance times for forelimbs and hind limbs were 0.278 and 0.261 second, respectively. Among dogs, ground reaction forces were normalized and expressed as percentage of body weight (%bw). The vertical (Fz) peak, average force during stance phase, and force vs time impulses were 106.68, 60.82, and 17.2 %bw in forelimbs, and were 65.11, 35.3, and 9.33 %bw in hind limbs. The forelimb braking/ propulsive (Fy) peaks were −16.74 and +6.73 %bw. In hind limbs, these peaks were −3.76 and +7.69 %bw. The usual mediolateral force (Fx) pattern found in forelimbs was laterally directed, with average peak magnitude of 6.69 %bw, whereas the hind limb patterns were variable.

Summary

Force platform analysis of gait provides ground reaction force information that can be used to study limbs with normal or abnormal function. When combined, the interrelated variables of ground reaction forces give a more thorough description of gait than when used individually.

To describe the pattern of ground reaction forces in clinically normal, conditioned, mesomorphic dogs, we studied the data from platform gait analyses of 43 dogs. Mediolateral (Fx), craniocaudal (Fy), and vertical (Fz) forces were measured and recorded. Torque (Tz) around the vertical axis also was calculated.

Mean stance times for forelimbs and hind limbs were 0.278 and 0.261 second, respectively. Among dogs, ground reaction forces were normalized and expressed as percentage of body weight (%bw). The vertical (Fz) peak, average force during stance phase, and force vs time impulses were 106.68, 60.82, and 17.2 %bw in forelimbs, and were 65.11, 35.3, and 9.33 %bw in hind limbs. The forelimb braking/ propulsive (Fy) peaks were −16.74 and +6.73 %bw. In hind limbs, these peaks were −3.76 and +7.69 %bw. The usual mediolateral force (Fx) pattern found in forelimbs was laterally directed, with average peak magnitude of 6.69 %bw, whereas the hind limb patterns were variable.

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