Serogrouping of Bacteroides nodosus isolates from 62 sources in the United States

Joseph L. Gradin From the College of Veterinary Medicine, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331-4802.

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Anita E. Sonn From the College of Veterinary Medicine, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331-4802.

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Liljana Petrovska From the College of Veterinary Medicine, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331-4802.

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 DVM, MS

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Summary

Bacteroides nodosus isolates from 62 sources in the United States were obtained from sheep with infectious foot diseases. Serotypic analysis of these isolates revealed 21 serotypes (designated I-XXI). These serotypes were compared with British and Australian/ New Zealand B nodosus strains by use of reciprocal tube agglutination tests. These tests, as well as the cross-matching tube agglutination tests of the US serotypes, resulted in arranging the US serotypes into 11 serogroups, and comparing these serogroups with their Australian/New Zealand serogroup and British serotype counterparts. Three US serogroups and 1 additional British serotype had little or no relationship to any of the Australian/New Zealand serogroups A-H (the vaccine strains). One or more of these unrelated serogroups were found in 29% of the sources studied. The most frequently found US serotype was serotype XV at 29%. The most frequently found US serogroups were the serogroups analogous to serogroup B (43.5%) and serogroup H (37%); the other serogroups were found in 22.6% or less of the sources studied. Evaluation of 3 sources revealed that multiple serotypes in a single flock are common, multiple serotypes from a single lesion are possible, B nodosus isolates obtained from goats (unlike those from cattle) appear identical to the isolates obtained from sheep, and disease can appear in vaccinated animals, even in a flock that appears to be harboring only a single serogroup-B serotype (the serogroup for which there are 3 strains in the current vaccine).

Summary

Bacteroides nodosus isolates from 62 sources in the United States were obtained from sheep with infectious foot diseases. Serotypic analysis of these isolates revealed 21 serotypes (designated I-XXI). These serotypes were compared with British and Australian/ New Zealand B nodosus strains by use of reciprocal tube agglutination tests. These tests, as well as the cross-matching tube agglutination tests of the US serotypes, resulted in arranging the US serotypes into 11 serogroups, and comparing these serogroups with their Australian/New Zealand serogroup and British serotype counterparts. Three US serogroups and 1 additional British serotype had little or no relationship to any of the Australian/New Zealand serogroups A-H (the vaccine strains). One or more of these unrelated serogroups were found in 29% of the sources studied. The most frequently found US serotype was serotype XV at 29%. The most frequently found US serogroups were the serogroups analogous to serogroup B (43.5%) and serogroup H (37%); the other serogroups were found in 22.6% or less of the sources studied. Evaluation of 3 sources revealed that multiple serotypes in a single flock are common, multiple serotypes from a single lesion are possible, B nodosus isolates obtained from goats (unlike those from cattle) appear identical to the isolates obtained from sheep, and disease can appear in vaccinated animals, even in a flock that appears to be harboring only a single serogroup-B serotype (the serogroup for which there are 3 strains in the current vaccine).

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