Determinants of glomerular ultrafiltration in cats

Scott A. Brown From the Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, College of Veterinary Medicine, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602.

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 VMD, PhD

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Summary

To investigate the determinants of glomerular ultrafiltration, renal micropuncture studies were performed in 9 cats. Mean single nephron glomerular filtration rate (sngfr), directly measured in outer cortical nephrons, was 29.4 ± 3.0 nl/min. This was similar to the estimated value for sngfr (31.3 ± 4.6 nl/min) obtained by dividing left kidney total glomerular filtration rate (1.41 ± 0.12 ml/min/kg of body weight) by left glomerular count (175,200 ± 13,600 glomeruli/kidney). In micropuncture studies performed at mean renal perfusion pressure of 101.3 ± 1.0 mm of Hg, the glomerular capillary hydrostatic pressure was 58.0 ± 1.4 mm of Hg. The glomerular transcapillary hydrostatic pressure gradient (40.0 ± 1.8 mm of Hg) exceeded colloid osmotic pressure at the efferent end of the glomerular capillaries (28.4 ± 2.1 mm of Hg) in all cats studied, indicating existence of positive effective filtration pressure throughout the glomerular capillary bed. These results indicate that glomerular capillary pressure is sufficiently high to prevent forces from reaching filtration pressure equilibrium in feline outer cortical nephrons. Thus, the value of sngfr in feline nephrons depends on the glomerular transcapillary hydrostatic pressure gradient and the glomerular ultrafiltration coefficient.

Summary

To investigate the determinants of glomerular ultrafiltration, renal micropuncture studies were performed in 9 cats. Mean single nephron glomerular filtration rate (sngfr), directly measured in outer cortical nephrons, was 29.4 ± 3.0 nl/min. This was similar to the estimated value for sngfr (31.3 ± 4.6 nl/min) obtained by dividing left kidney total glomerular filtration rate (1.41 ± 0.12 ml/min/kg of body weight) by left glomerular count (175,200 ± 13,600 glomeruli/kidney). In micropuncture studies performed at mean renal perfusion pressure of 101.3 ± 1.0 mm of Hg, the glomerular capillary hydrostatic pressure was 58.0 ± 1.4 mm of Hg. The glomerular transcapillary hydrostatic pressure gradient (40.0 ± 1.8 mm of Hg) exceeded colloid osmotic pressure at the efferent end of the glomerular capillaries (28.4 ± 2.1 mm of Hg) in all cats studied, indicating existence of positive effective filtration pressure throughout the glomerular capillary bed. These results indicate that glomerular capillary pressure is sufficiently high to prevent forces from reaching filtration pressure equilibrium in feline outer cortical nephrons. Thus, the value of sngfr in feline nephrons depends on the glomerular transcapillary hydrostatic pressure gradient and the glomerular ultrafiltration coefficient.

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